Psychiatric Nursing

50 Questions  I  By [email protected]
Welcome to Psychiatric Nursing (HESI EXAMINATION) Prepared by: Jeffrey Viernes Psychiatric Nursing or mental health nursing is the specialty of nursing that cares for people of all ages withmental illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia,bipolar disorder, psychosis, depression or dementia. Nurses in this area receive more training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication.  The most important duty of a psychiatric nurse is to maintain a positive therapeutic relationship with patients in a clinical setting. The fundamental elements of mental health care revolve around the interpersonal relations and interactions established between professionals and clients. Caring for people with mental illnesses demands an intensified presence and strong a desire to be supportive.

  
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1.  The client with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, who is in a state of starvation, is in a two-bed room. A newly admitted client will be assigned to this client's room. Which of the following clients would be an appropriate choice as this client's roommate? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The nurse employed in a mental health clinic is greeted by a neighbor in a local grocery store. The neighbor says to the nurse, “How is Carol doing? She is my best friend and is seen at your clinic every week.” The appropriate nursing response is which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The nurse is providing care to a client admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of acute anxiety disorder. While conversing with the client, the client says to the nurse, “I have a secret that I want to tell you. You won't tell anyone about it, will you?” The appropriate nursing response is which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  An 18-year-old woman is admitted to an inpatient mental health unit with the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. A cognitive behavioral approach is used as part of her treatment plan. The nurse understands that the purpose of this approach is to: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A nurse is preparing to care for a dying client, and several family members are at the client's bedside. Select the therapeutic techniques that the nurse will use when communicating with the family. Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
6.  The nurse is monitoring a client who abuses alcohol for signs of alcohol withdrawal. Which of the following would alert the nurse to the potential for withdrawal delirium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The nurse is conducting a group therapy session, and a client with a manic disorder is monopolizing the group. The appropriate nursing action is which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A nurse employed in a mental health unit of a hospital is the leader of a group psychotherapy session. The nurse's role in the termination stage of group development is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The community health nurse visits a client at home. The client states, “I haven't slept at all the last couple of nights.” Which response by the nurse illustrates a therapeutic communication technique for this client? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The nurse is preparing to perform an admission assessment on a client with a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa, and a nursing student will be observing the nurse. The nurse asks the student about the expected assessment findings and determines that the student needs to research the disorder further if the student states that which of the following is a characteristic finding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The nurse is preparing the client for the termination phase of the nurse-client relationship. The nurse prepares to implement which nursing task appropriate for this phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A hospitalized client with a history of alcohol abuse tells the nurse, “I am leaving now. I have to go. I don't want any more treatment. I have things that I have to do right away.” The client has not been discharged. In fact, the client is scheduled for an important diagnostic test to be performed in 1 hour. After the nurse discusses the client's concerns with the client, the client dresses and begins to walk out of the hospital room. The appropriate nursing action is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A client begins to experience extrapyramidal side effects from an antipsychotic medication. The nurse anticipates that the physician will prescribe which of the following to treat this condition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A female client with anorexia nervosa is a member of a predischarge support group. The client verbalizes that she would like to buy some new clothes, but her finances are limited. Group members have brought some used clothes to the client to replace the client's old clothes. The client believes that the new clothes were much too tight and has reduced her calorie intake to 800 calories daily. The nurse analyzes this behavior as: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A nurse enters a client's room, and the client is demanding release from the hospital. The nurse reviews the client's record and notes that the client was admitted 2 days ago for treatment of an anxiety disorder and that the admission was a voluntary admission. Which of the following actions will the nurse take? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  A client is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of major depression, severe, single episode. The nurse assesses the client and identifies a nursing diagnosis of nutrition: less than body requirements, imbalanced related to poor nutritional intake. The appropriate nursing intervention related to this diagnosis is: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Unresolved feelings related to loss most likely may be recognized during which phase of the therapeutic nurse-client relationship?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The nurse is caring for a female client who was admitted to the mental health unit recently for anorexia nervosa. The nurse enters the client's room and notes that the client is engaged in rigorous push-ups. Which nursing action is appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  All treatment team members are seen as equally important in helping clients meet their treatment goals. This type of therapy approach is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The client is admitted to the mental health unit with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. A nursing diagnosis formulated for the client is thought processes, disturbed related to paranoia. In formulating nursing interventions with the members of the health care team, the nurse provides instructions to: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The nurse observes that a client is pacing, agitated, and presenting aggressive gestures. The client's speech pattern is rapid, and affect is belligerent. Based on these observations, the nurse's immediate priority of care is to: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The supervisor reprimands the nurse in charge of the nursing unit because the charge nurse has not adhered to the unit budget. Later that afternoon, the charge nurse accuses the nursing staff of wasting supplies. This behavior is an example of: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A client who is delusional says to the nurse, “The federal guards were sent to kill me.” The nurse's best response is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A client with a diagnosis of major depression who has attempted suicide says to the nurse, “I should have died. I've always been a failure. Nothing ever goes right for me.” The therapeutic response to the client is: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.   A client is admitted to the mental health unit with a diagnosis of depression. The nurse develops a plan of care for the client and includes which appropriate activity in the plan?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  When planning the discharge of a client with chronic anxiety, the nurse directs the goals at promoting a safe environment at home. The appropriate maintenance goal should focus on which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A client is admitted to a mental health unit for treatment of psychotic behavior. The client is at the locked exit door and is shouting, “Let me out. There's nothing wrong with me. I don't belong here.” The nurse analyzes this behavior as: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The client with schizophrenia has been started on medication therapy with clozapine (Clozaril). The nurse assesses the results of which laboratory study to monitor for adverse effects from this medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The client is preparing to attend a Gambler's Anonymous meeting for the first time. The prototype used by this group is the 12-step program developed by Alcoholics Anonymous. The nurse tells the client that the first step in the 12-step program is which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The nurse is caring for a client with a phobia who is being treated for the condition. The client is introduced to short periods of exposure to the phobic object while in a relaxed state. The nurse understands that this form of behavior modification can best be described as: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The nurse is caring for a male client diagnosed with catatonic stupor. The client is lying on the bed with his body pulled into a fetal position. The appropriate nursing intervention is which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The client was admitted involuntarily to the mental health unit because of episodes of extremely violent behavior. The client is demanding to be discharged from the hospital and the nurse does not allow the client to leave. Which of the following represents the legal ramifications associated with the nurse's behavior? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The nurse is caring for a client who is scheduled for electroconvulsive therapy. The nurse notes that an informed consent has not been obtained for the procedure. On review of the record, the nurse notes that the admission was an involuntary hospitalization. Based on this information, the nurse determines: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Select the appropriate interventions for caring for the client in alcohol withdrawal. Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
35.  During the termination phase of the nurse-client relationship, the clinic nurse observes that the client has made several sarcastic remarks and has an angry affect. The most appropriate interpretation of the behavior is that the client: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A client with major depression is considering cognitive therapy. The client asks the nurse, “How does this treatment work?” The nurse responds and tells the client that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The nurse is performing an assessment on a client with dementia. Which data gathered during the assessment indicate a manifestation associated with dementia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The nurse determines that the wife of an alcoholic client is benefiting from attending an Al-Anon group when the nurse hears the wife say:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A client who has just been sexually assaulted is quiet and calm. The nurse analyzes this behavior as indicating which defense mechanism? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The client with schizophrenia has been started on medication therapy with clozapine (Clozaril). The nurse assesses the results of which laboratory study to monitor for adverse effects from this medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A client admitted to the mental health unit is experiencing disturbed thought processes and believes that the food is being poisoned. Which communication technique does the nurse plan to use to encourage the client to eat? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The client says to the nurse, “I'm going to die, and I wish my family would stop hoping for a cure! I get so angry when they carry on like this. After all, I'm the one who's dying.” The therapeutic response by the nurse is: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A client with a diagnosis of major depression, recurrent, with psychotic features, is admitted to the mental health unit. To create a safe environment for the client, the nurse most importantly devises a plan of care that deals specifically with the client's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Select the characteristics of the termination stage of group development. Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
45.  The nurse is working with a client who has sought counseling after trying to rescue a neighbor involved in a house fire. In spite of the client's efforts, the neighbor died. Which action does the nurse engage in with the client during the working phase of the nurse-client relationship? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The nurse assesses a client with the admitting diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder, mania. The symptom presented by the client that requires the nurse's immediate intervention is the client's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The home health nurse visits a client at home and determines that the client is dependent on drugs. Which of the following assessment questions would assist the nurse to provide appropriate nursing care?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The nurse is discharging a client with a history of command hallucinations to harm self or others. The nurse provides instructions to the client about interventions for hallucinations and anxiety and determines that the client understands the instructions if the client states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A male client with delirium becomes disoriented and confused in his room at night. The best initial nursing intervention is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The nurse develops a nursing diagnosis of self-care deficit for an older client with dementia. Which of the following is an appropriate goal for this client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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