Professor Tate's Test 2: Ch 18-21

120 Questions  I  By Chamula
Practice test for Professor Tate's final anatomy & physiology  exam. Questions taken from 2nd test of the semester. Chapters 18-21.

  
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1.  The lymphatic capillaries are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The only immunoglobulin to exist as a pentamer is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is not an autoimmune disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Noreprinephrine acts on heart muscle cells by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Complement proteins and antibodies coat a microorganism and roughen its surface, Enabling macrophages and neutrophils to phagocytize the organism. This phenomenon is termed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Suppressor T cells:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following is a part of the second line of defense against microorganisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Aldosterone will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Select the correct statement about the movement of materials at the capillary level.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Toll-like receptors (TLRs) trigger the release of ______ to attract white blood cells to the scene.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The term blood islands refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The system that recognizes foreign molecules and acts to immobilize, neutralize, or destroy them is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Cardiac output is about _______ L/min.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Small molecules that bind with self-proteins to produce antigenic substances are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The ligamentum arteriosum connects the?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following is not a blood vessel attached to the circle of Willis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  _______ predominate at the site of chronic infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following is characteristic of complete antigens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The form of circulatory shock known as hypovolemic shock is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The circulatory route that runs from the digestive tract to the liver is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following is likely during vigorous exercise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The left coronary artery branches into the anterior interventricular and _____ arteries.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A rapid heart beat of over 100 beats per minute is called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The primary immune response:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Select the correct statement about phagocytic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The pulse pressure is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following would not be classified as a lymphatic structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Graft rejection may be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Select the correct statement about the function of myocardial cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Permitting the exchange of nutrients and gases between the blood and tissue cells is the primary function of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  B lymphocytes develop immuno-competence in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Hemorrhage with a large loss of blood causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  This blood vessel becomes the dorsalis pedis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Blood flow to the skin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Small organs associated with lymphatic vessels are termed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Particularly large clusters of lymph nodes occur in all of the following locations except the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following is true about veins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The P wave of a normal electrocardiogram indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the statements is true about T cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  ________ are released by activated T cells and macrophages to mobilize immune cells and attract other leukocytes into area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which tunic of an artery contains endothelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following is characteristic of antibodies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  If the length of the absolute refractory period in cardiac muscle cells was the same as it is for skeletal muscle cells:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which lymphatic structure drains lymph from the right upper limb and the right side of the head and thorax?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The term for pain associated with deficient blood delivery to the heart that may be caused by the transient spasm of coronary arteries is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Cardiac reserve:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The velocity of blood flow:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The absolute refractory period in cardiac muscle:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Interferons:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  When the femoral artery passes behind the knee it becomes the?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which of the following is associated with passive immunity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Blood enters which of these vessels during ventricular systole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Select the correct statement about complement.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Antibody functions include all the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  A ring of lymphoid tissue that appears as a swelling of the mucosa in the oral cavity is called a (n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following is NOT an important inflammatory mediator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the adaptive immune system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Blood within the pulmonary veins returns to the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The thymus is most active during:
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following factors does NOT influence heart rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Foramen ovale:
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The left ventricular wall of the heart is thicker than the right wall in order to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The tricuspid valve is closed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The chief antibody-mediated mechanism used against cellular antigens such as bacteria is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Damage to the _____ is referred to as heart block.
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  When the lymphatics are blocked due to tumors the result is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The pericardial cavity:
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Blood is carried to capillaries in the myocardium by way of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Cancer cells and virus-infected body cells can be killed before activation of the immune system by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Select the correct statement about the function of antibodies.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Which tunic of an artery is most responsible for maintaining blood pressure and continuous blood circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which of the following would be classified a delayed hypersensitivity reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Antibodies that act against a particular foreign substance are released by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Which statement best describes arteries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The process whereby neutrophils and other white blood cells are attracted to an inflammatory site is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  If cardiac muscle is deprived of its normal blood supply damage would primarily result from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following i not a function of the inflammatory response?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  A thrombus (blood clot) in the first branch of the arch of the aorta would affect the flow of blood to the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Both lymph and venous blood flow are heavily dependent on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Where in the body would you find low oxygen levels causing vasoconstriction and high levels causing vasodilation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Select the correct statement about the heart valves.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Normal heart sounds are caused by which of the following events?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Select the correct definition about tissue grafts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Which of the following veins is often used in cardiac bipass operations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following is a type of circulatory shock?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The influence of blood vessel diameter on peripheral resistance is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  What is the function of a Hassall's corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  In clonal selection of B cells which substance is responsible for determining which cells will eventually become cloned?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Venous anastomoses:
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Which of the following is not a midline vessel coming off the abdominal aorta?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The only t cells that can directly attack and kill other cells are the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  In what specific area of the chest is the heart found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  _______  determines what specific foreign substances our adaptive immune system will be able to recognize and resist.
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The redness and heat of an inflamed area are due to local hyperemia caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Innate immune system defenses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Peripheral resistance:
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Which of the following is not a mechanism for the development of autoimmune disorders?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The distal portion of the small intestine contains clumps of lymph follicles called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  B cells respond to the initial antigen challenge by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Select the correct statement about the role of the nervous system in regulating the immune response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  In the fetal heart there is a foramen ______ that allows blood to flow from the right atrium directly to the left atrium.
102.  The _____ cells of the heart do not maintain stable resting membrane potentials; therefore they continually depolarize.
103.  The _____ are the simplest lymphoid organs and are found at the entrance to the pharynx.
104.  The thoracic duct of the lymphatic system empties into the ______.
105.  Highly specialized lymph capillaries called ________ are present in the villi of the intestinal mucosa.
106.  The ECG T wave interval represents _________.
107.  The _______ valve of the heart has three valves with chordae tendineae.
108.  CO = ______ x SV.
109.  The first major branch of the aortic arch is the _____ branch.
110.  Arterial ________ provide alternate pathways for blood to get to an organ.
111.  Harmful or disease-causing microorganisms are called _____.
112.  The ______ pulp of the spleen forms cuffs around the central arteries.
113.  The ______ artery is a blood vessel on the arm used as a pressure point.
114.  _____ cells can lyse and kill cancer cells and virus-infected body cells before the immune system is activated.
115.  Which type of blood vessels contain valves and what is their function?
116.  The lowest venous blood pressure is found in the ______.
117.  ______ are grafts taken from another animal species.
118.  What are the two most important antimicrobial proteins?
119.  _______ becomes bound to mast cells and basophils and causes cells to release histamine and other chemicals.
120.  _______ refers to a group of at least 20 plasma proteins that normally circulate in an inactive state and are a major mechanism for destroying foreign substances in the body.
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