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Principles Of Biology - Quiz On Chapter 3 (lecture Handouts: Part Of 4 And 5)

54 Questions  I  By Djdupre
Principles of Biology - Quiz on chapter 3 (lecture handouts: part of 4 and 5)
This quiz is designed to help the student see where they stand in regards to the upcoming quiz on chapter 3 and see what areas they need to improve on.   This quiz comes right off of the handouts from the Professor as well as the lectures that we had in class.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  In the drawing of the amino acid the "R" stands for the _____________.
2.  In the drawing of the amino acid the right group is called the ___________ group.
3.  Amino acid is the monomer of the _____________ polymer.
4.  Long chains of repeating monosaccharides are called ________________.
5.  The monomer of the polymer nucleic acids is ___________________.
6.  ___________ has only one monomer: glucose; is more highly branched in structure than starch; animals use this for energy storage and it is stored in the liver and skeletal muscle.
7.  There are _________ macromolecules.
8.  A _____________ bond is a form of covalent bond.
9.  _____________ is a protein made up of 4 polypeptide chains.
10.  True or False: As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes less soluble?
A.
B.
11.  ____________ means to "fear water"
12.  The disaccharide lactose is formed when you add _____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
13.  The molecular formula for the 3 monosaccharides we need to know is _______________.
14.  _____________ has only one monomer: glucose; is used as energy storage by plants and stains purple with iodine as an indicator.
15.  Milkshakes and malt liquor are made from the disaccharide _____________.
16.  A long chain of repeating subunits is called a ______________.
17.  Which macromolecules are also polymers? (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
18.  What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?
19.  In the drawing of the amino acid the left group is called the ___________ group.
20.  ____________, _____________, and ____________ are all examples of homopolysaccharides.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
21.  _____________ is the sequence and number of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
22.  ____________ has only one monomer: glucose; structural polysaccharide found in plant cell walls; is the most abundant organic molecule on earth; non-nutrient (not digestible by many animals including humans v. grazing animals) (think corn kernels skin) and serves as dietary fiber.
23.  What distinguishes one amino acid from another?  
24.  Poly means _______________.
25.  The 3 disaccharides we need to know are ______________, _______________, and _______________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
26.  Which monosaccharide repeats in a long chain to form the homopolysaccharides starch, glycogen, OR cellulose?
27.  ____________ means to "love water"
28.  Why does the covalent bond hold the monomers of polymers together?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process called _______________.
30.  Which of the 4 macromolecules is not a polymer?
31.  The 3 monosaccharides we need to know are _____________, _____________, and _____________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
32.  One type of monomer is _____________.
33.  The disaccharide sucrose is formed when you add ___________ + ____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
34.  The disaccharide maltose is formed when you add ____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
35.  The disaccharide sucrose is another name for _______________.
36.  True or False:  A protein may be complete when it consists of a single polypeptide chain?
A.
B.
37.  When 2 amino acids join together through dehydration synthesis they form a _____________.
38.  2 monosaccharides joined together by a covalent bond is called a _______________.
39.  The 4 macromolecules that make up the cell are called ______________, ______________, ______________, and ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The monomer of the polymer carbohydrates is _________________.
41.  Oligo means _______________.
42.  Through dehydration synthesis a _________________ bond is formed.
43.  The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers are broken is called __________.
44.  A single subunit is called a _______________.
45.  The disaccharide lactose is another name for ______________.
46.  True or False:   Some proteins may require several polypeptide chains for their complete structure?
A.
B.
47.  What are the 2 properties of carbohydrates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The specific bond that holds amino acids together is called a ______________ bond.
49.  The monomer of the polymer proteins is _________________.
50.  True or False:   Are proteins a polymer?
A.
B.
51.  The organic molecules that make up the cell are called _________________.
52.  _________________ all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats.
53.  Mono means _________________.
54.  _____________ amino acids make up the proteins in the human body.
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