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Principles Of Biology - Quiz On Chapter 3 (lecture Handouts: Part Of 4 And 5)

54 Questions
Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is designed to help the student see where they stand in regards to the upcoming quiz on chapter 3 and see what areas they need to improve on. This quiz comes right off of the handouts from the Professor as well as the lectures that we had in class.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The 4 macromolecules that make up the cell are called ______________, ______________, ______________, and ________________.
    • A. 

      Protein, carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids

    • B. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose, and lipids

    • C. 

      Protein, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Starch, glycogen, cellulose, and nucleic acids

  • 2. 
    A long chain of repeating subunits is called a ______________.
  • 3. 
    A single subunit is called a _______________.
  • 4. 
    Which of the 4 macromolecules is not a polymer?
  • 5. 
    The organic molecules that make up the cell are called _________________.
  • 6. 
    The monomer of the polymer carbohydrates is _________________.
  • 7. 
    The monomer of the polymer proteins is _________________.
  • 8. 
    The monomer of the polymer nucleic acids is ___________________.
  • 9. 
    Mono means _________________.
  • 10. 
    Poly means _______________.
  • 11. 
    Oligo means _______________.
  • 12. 
    There are _________ macromolecules.
  • 13. 
    Which macromolecules are also polymers? (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 14. 
    One type of monomer is _____________.
  • 15. 
    Amino acid is the monomer of the _____________ polymer.
  • 16. 
    In the drawing of the amino acid the left group is called the ___________ group.
  • 17. 
    In the drawing of the amino acid the right group is called the ___________ group.
  • 18. 
    In the drawing of the amino acid the "R" stands for the _____________.
  • 19. 
    The specific bond that holds amino acids together is called a ______________ bond.
  • 20. 
    A _____________ bond is a form of covalent bond.
  • 21. 
    What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?
  • 22. 
    The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process called _______________.
  • 23. 
    When 2 amino acids join together through dehydration synthesis they form a _____________.
  • 24. 
    Through dehydration synthesis a _________________ bond is formed.
  • 25. 
    Why does the covalent bond hold the monomers of polymers together?
    • A. 

      Because its the weakest and it will dissolve easily in water.

    • B. 

      Because its the strongest and it won't dissolve in water.

    • C. 

      Because its the weakest and it won't dissolve in water.

    • D. 

      Because its the strongest and it will dissolve easily in water.

  • 26. 
    The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers are broken is called __________.
  • 27. 
    _____________ amino acids make up the proteins in the human body.
  • 28. 
    The 3 monosaccharides we need to know are _____________, _____________, and _____________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 29. 
    The molecular formula for the 3 monosaccharides we need to know is _______________.
  • 30. 
    2 monosaccharides joined together by a covalent bond is called a _______________.
  • 31. 
    The 3 disaccharides we need to know are ______________, _______________, and _______________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 32. 
    The disaccharide maltose is formed when you add ____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 33. 
    The disaccharide sucrose is formed when you add ___________ + ____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 34. 
    The disaccharide lactose is formed when you add _____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 35. 
    The disaccharide sucrose is another name for _______________.
  • 36. 
    Milkshakes and malt liquor are made from the disaccharide _____________.
  • 37. 
    The disaccharide lactose is another name for ______________.
  • 38. 
    Long chains of repeating monosaccharides are called ________________.
  • 39. 
    _________________ all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats.
  • 40. 
    ____________, _____________, and ____________ are all examples of homopolysaccharides.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
  • 41. 
    Which monosaccharide repeats in a long chain to form the homopolysaccharides starch, glycogen, OR cellulose?
  • 42. 
    _____________ has only one monomer: glucose; is used as energy storage by plants and stains purple with iodine as an indicator.
  • 43. 
    ___________ has only one monomer: glucose; is more highly branched in structure than starch; animals use this for energy storage and it is stored in the liver and skeletal muscle.
  • 44. 
    ____________ has only one monomer: glucose; structural polysaccharide found in plant cell walls; is the most abundant organic molecule on earth; non-nutrient (not digestible by many animals including humans v. grazing animals) (think corn kernels skin) and serves as dietary fiber.
  • 45. 
    True or False: As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes less soluble?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    ____________ means to "love water"
  • 47. 
    ____________ means to "fear water"
  • 48. 
    What distinguishes one amino acid from another?  
  • 49. 
    What are the 2 properties of carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      They are water soluble, and they taste sweet

    • B. 

      They are not water soluble, and they taste sweet

    • C. 

      They are water soluble, and they taste bitter

    • D. 

      They are not water soluble, and they taste bitter

  • 50. 
    True or False:  A protein may be complete when it consists of a single polypeptide chain?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    True or False:   Some proteins may require several polypeptide chains for their complete structure?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    _____________ is a protein made up of 4 polypeptide chains.
  • 53. 
    _____________ is the sequence and number of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
  • 54. 
    True or False:   Are proteins a polymer?
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True