Principles of Biology - Quiz on chapter 3 (lecture handouts: part of 4 and 5)54 Questions I 52 Attempts I Created By djdupre 1223 days ago
|Q.1)||The 4 macromolecules that make up the cell are called ______________, ______________, ______________, and ________________.|
A long chain of repeating subunits is called a ______________.
|Q.3)||A single subunit is called a _______________.|
|Q.4)||Which of the 4 macromolecules is not a polymer?|
|Q.5)||The organic molecules that make up the cell are called _________________.|
|Q.6)||The monomer of the polymer carbohydrates is _________________.|
|Q.7)||The monomer of the polymer proteins is _________________.|
The monomer of the polymer nucleic acids is ___________________.
|Q.9)||Mono means _________________.|
|Q.10)||Poly means _______________.|
|Q.11)||Oligo means _______________.|
|Q.12)||There are _________ macromolecules.|
|Q.13)||Which macromolecules are also polymers? (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
One type of monomer is _____________.
|Q.15)||Amino acid is the monomer of the _____________ polymer.|
|Q.16)||In the drawing of the amino acid the left group is called the ___________ group.|
|Q.17)||In the drawing of the amino acid the right group is called the ___________ group.|
|Q.18)||In the drawing of the amino acid the "R" stands for the _____________.|
|Q.19)||The specific bond that holds amino acids together is called a ______________ bond.|
|Q.20)||A _____________ bond is a form of covalent bond.|
|Q.21)||What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?|
|Q.22)||The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process called _______________.|
|Q.23)||When 2 amino acids join together through dehydration synthesis they form a _____________.|
|Q.24)||Through dehydration synthesis a _________________ bond is formed.|
|Q.25)||Why does the covalent bond hold the monomers of polymers together?|
|Q.26)||The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers are broken is called __________.|
|Q.27)||_____________ amino acids make up the proteins in the human body.|
|Q.28)||The 3 monosaccharides we need to know are _____________, _____________, and _____________. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
The molecular formula for the 3 monosaccharides we need to know is _______________.
|Q.30)||2 monosaccharides joined together by a covalent bond is called a _______________.|
|Q.31)||The 3 disaccharides we need to know are ______________, _______________, and _______________. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
|Q.32)||The disaccharide maltose is formed when you add ____________ + _____________ together. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
|Q.33)||The disaccharide sucrose is formed when you add ___________ + ____________ together. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
|Q.34)||The disaccharide lactose is formed when you add _____________ + _____________ together. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
|Q.35)||The disaccharide sucrose is another name for _______________.|
|Q.36)||Milkshakes and malt liquor are made from the disaccharide _____________.|
The disaccharide lactose is another name for ______________.
|Q.38)||Long chains of repeating monosaccharides are called ________________.|
|Q.39)||_________________ all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats.|
|Q.40)||____________, _____________, and ____________ are all examples of homopolysaccharides. (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)|
|Q.41)||Which monosaccharide repeats in a long chain to form the homopolysaccharides starch, glycogen, OR cellulose?|
|Q.42)||_____________ has only one monomer: glucose; is used as energy storage by plants and stains purple with iodine as an indicator.|
|Q.43)||___________ has only one monomer: glucose; is more highly branched in structure than starch; animals use this for energy storage and it is stored in the liver and skeletal muscle.|
|Q.44)||____________ has only one monomer: glucose; structural polysaccharide found in plant cell walls; is the most abundant organic molecule on earth; non-nutrient (not digestible by many animals including humans v. grazing animals) (think corn kernels skin) and serves as dietary fiber.|
|Q.45)||True or False: As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes less soluble?|
|Q.46)||____________ means to "love water"|
|Q.47)||____________ means to "fear water"|
|Q.48)||What distinguishes one amino acid from another?|
|Q.49)||What are the 2 properties of carbohydrates?|
|Q.50)||True or False: A protein may be complete when it consists of a single polypeptide chain?|
True or False: Some proteins may require several polypeptide chains for their complete structure?
|Q.52)||_____________ is a protein made up of 4 polypeptide chains.|
|Q.53)||_____________ is the sequence and number of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.|
|Q.54)||True or False: Are proteins a polymer?|
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