Principles Of Biology - Quiz On Chapter 3 (lecture Handouts: Part Of 4 And 5)

54 Questions  I  By Djdupre
This quiz is designed to help the student see where they stand in regards to the upcoming quiz on chapter 3 and see what areas they need to improve on.  This quiz comes right off of the handouts from the Professor as well as the lectures that we had in class.

  
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1.  What are the 2 properties of carbohydrates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  When 2 amino acids join together through dehydration synthesis they form a _____________.
3.  Mono means _________________.
4.  Which of the 4 macromolecules is not a polymer?
5.  The disaccharide sucrose is another name for _______________.
6.  2 monosaccharides joined together by a covalent bond is called a _______________.
7.  True or False:   Are proteins a polymer?
A.
B.
8.  ____________ has only one monomer: glucose; structural polysaccharide found in plant cell walls; is the most abundant organic molecule on earth; non-nutrient (not digestible by many animals including humans v. grazing animals) (think corn kernels skin) and serves as dietary fiber.
9.  There are _________ macromolecules.
10.  The 4 macromolecules that make up the cell are called ______________, ______________, ______________, and ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What distinguishes one amino acid from another?  
12.  Why does the covalent bond hold the monomers of polymers together?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Long chains of repeating monosaccharides are called ________________.
14.  The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers are broken is called __________.
15.  ____________ means to "love water"
16.  ____________, _____________, and ____________ are all examples of homopolysaccharides.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
17.  Poly means _______________.
18.  The 3 monosaccharides we need to know are _____________, _____________, and _____________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
19.  _____________ amino acids make up the proteins in the human body.
20.  In the drawing of the amino acid the right group is called the ___________ group.
21.  The molecular formula for the 3 monosaccharides we need to know is _______________.
22.  The organic molecules that make up the cell are called _________________.
23.  One type of monomer is _____________.
24.  True or False: As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes less soluble?
A.
B.
25.  A single subunit is called a _______________.
26.  The 3 disaccharides we need to know are ______________, _______________, and _______________.   (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
27.  The monomer of the polymer proteins is _________________.
28.  What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?
29.  Which monosaccharide repeats in a long chain to form the homopolysaccharides starch, glycogen, OR cellulose?
30.  True or False:  A protein may be complete when it consists of a single polypeptide chain?
A.
B.
31.  Amino acid is the monomer of the _____________ polymer.
32.  In the drawing of the amino acid the "R" stands for the _____________.
33.  _____________ has only one monomer: glucose; is used as energy storage by plants and stains purple with iodine as an indicator.
34.  In the drawing of the amino acid the left group is called the ___________ group.
35.  _____________ is a protein made up of 4 polypeptide chains.
36.  Through dehydration synthesis a _________________ bond is formed.
37.  _________________ all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats.
38.  The disaccharide lactose is another name for ______________.
39.  The specific bond that holds amino acids together is called a ______________ bond.
40.  The disaccharide sucrose is formed when you add ___________ + ____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
41.  The monomer of the polymer carbohydrates is _________________.
42.  _____________ is the sequence and number of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
43.  A _____________ bond is a form of covalent bond.
44.  The disaccharide lactose is formed when you add _____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
45.  Milkshakes and malt liquor are made from the disaccharide _____________.
46.  The monomer of the polymer nucleic acids is ___________________.
47.  ___________ has only one monomer: glucose; is more highly branched in structure than starch; animals use this for energy storage and it is stored in the liver and skeletal muscle.
48.  A long chain of repeating subunits is called a ______________.
49.  Which macromolecules are also polymers? (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
50.  True or False:   Some proteins may require several polypeptide chains for their complete structure?
A.
B.
51.  The disaccharide maltose is formed when you add ____________ + _____________ together.  (don't use "and" in your answer, but do use commas)
52.  ____________ means to "fear water"
53.  The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process called _______________.
54.  Oligo means _______________.
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