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Physiology Quiz Questions

43 Questions  I  By Jondahl5
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1.  Reabsorption:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The major chemical digestive activity occurring in the stomach is:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following is the primary absorptive organ of the digestive system?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following does NOT occur in the mouth?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  If fertilization and subsequently implantation occur what hormone is produced by the embryo to prevent the corpus luteum from degenerating?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The penis becomes erect:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Secretion: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  If the plasma colloid osmotic pressure decreases while the glomerular capillary blood pressure and the Bowman’s capsule hydrostatic pressure stays the same the net filtration pressure will _____ leading to ______ fluid being filtered.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following is NOT accomplished by antibodies?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The primary function of the kidneys involves regulating the ________ and the ________ of plasma and interstitial fluid.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  During the ovarian cycle after the secondary oocyte has been ovulated the follicle cells become the _______ which secretes estrogen and progesterone.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Excretion: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Hay fever that occurs when people are exposed to pollen involves an excess release of IgE, which binds to ________ and causes them to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The exocrine portion of the pancreas:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  When virgin B cells come in contact with an antigen they have a receptor for, they proliferate and differentiate into ________, which secrete the antibodies that attack the antigen and _______, which remain in the body and provide a quick response upon re-exposure to the same antigen.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following parts of the innate or nonspecific immune system causes cells to produce virus blocking enzymes?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Digestive secretions include:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following parts of the innate or nonspecific immune system is present in the blood in an inactive form until it comes in contact with a bacteria bound with antibodies or the carbohydrate chains on a bacteria.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is an incorrect pairing of a structure in the female reproductive system and its function?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  ______ is released from the adrenal cortex and causes and increase in _______ reabsorption and an increase in ______ secretion from the kidneys.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Dietary fat:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  ______ increases blood calcium levels by increasing calcium reabsorption from the nephrons while _______ decreases blood calcium levels by decreasing calcium reabsorption from the nephrons.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The bacteria in the large intestine:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of the liver?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Excessive vomiting can cause metabolic _____ due to increased _________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the descriptions of the absorption of nutrients from the small intestine is correct? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Filtration: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is NOT an appropriate target for the immune system?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The loop of Henle in juxtamedullary nephrons sets up the vertical osmotic gradient found in the medulla of the kidney by allowing reabsorption of ______ only in the descending limb and reabsorption of _____ only in the ascending limb.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Spermatogenesis: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Ovulation is triggered by the release of _______ from the anterior pituitary.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Receptors on every T cell detect foreign antigens on cells of the body by their association with the ________ on the surface of the infected cells of the body.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Gametes like eggs and sperm are haploid containing ____ chromosomes, while somatic cells are diploid containing ___ chromosomes.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  A secondary response to an invading microorganism is:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The symptoms of inflammation, redness and swelling, are due to:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following statements concerning sex determination and sex differentiation is correct?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The number of primary oocytes in a female: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The chyme entering the intestine from the stomach is:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) increases ______ reabsorption from the _____ .  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A large, complex molecule that triggers a specific immune response against itself when it gains entry into the body is known as:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is TRUE concerning glucose reabsorption from the proximal tubule?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Leydig or interstitial cells:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is the body’s first line of defense against changes in pH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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