Patient Care

48 Questions  I  By Denise_gov
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Health Quizzes & Trivia
Patient care study guide

  
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  • 1. 
    HUman diversity consists of characteristics associated with:
    • A. 

      Age

    • B. 

      Ethnicity

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      Lifestyle

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 2. 
    Government statutes to protect people from discrimination are based on:
    • A. 

      Ethnicity and race

    • B. 

      Disability

    • C. 

      Age

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 3. 
    Approximately what percentage of the world's population has some type of disability?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20


  • 4. 
    Of the following, which one is not considered an element what may contribute to the ability of an organization to become culturally competent?
    • A. 

      Valuing diversity

    • B. 

      Institutionalizing cultural knowledge

    • C. 

      Possessing the capacity for cultural self-assessment

    • D. 

      Ignoring cultural norms and values

    • E. 

      Developing of adaptations for the delivery of services that reflect an understanding of a multicultural enviroment


  • 5. 
    The word abulatory means that the patient
    • A. 

      Must be confined to a wheelchair

    • B. 

      Must be moved by ambulance

    • C. 

      Can be moved by stretcher

    • D. 

      Can walk


  • 6. 
    Which method is effective in communicating with a patient?1. professional appearance 2. touch3. pantomime technique
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 & 2

    • C. 

      2 & 3

    • D. 

      1, 2, & 3


  • 7. 
    Of the changes that occur in geriatric patients that are especially important when patients are undergoing radiologic examinations, which of the following may produce patient paranoia about potential falls with potential for permanent loss of mobility
    • A. 

      Osteoporotic loss of bone mass

    • B. 

      Arthritis

    • C. 

      Decreased muscle strength

    • D. 

      Atrophied muscle mass


  • 8. 
    Which of the following includes a description of the color, quantity, and consistency of blood or other body substances?
    • A. 

      Localization

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Quality

    • D. 

      Occurrence


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is the determination of a precise area, usually through gentle palpation or careful wording of question?
    • A. 

      Localization

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Quality

    • D. 

      Occurence


  • 10. 
    What term describes the primary medical problem as defined by the patient
    • A. 

      Chief complaint

    • B. 

      Palpation

    • C. 

      Onset

    • D. 

      Nonverbal communication


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is (are) desireable method(s) of conducting a clinical history interview?
    • A. 

      Positive nonverbal communication

    • B. 

      Defining and specifying terms

    • C. 

      Subjectiveness

    • D. 

      A & b


  • 12. 
    Which of the following is the foundation on which a body rests?
    • A. 

      Center of gravity

    • B. 

      Base of support

    • C. 

      Orthostatic hypotension

    • D. 

      Biomechanics


  • 13. 
    What term is used to describe the drop in blood pressure some patients experience when they stand up to quickly?
    • A. 

      Center of gravity

    • B. 

      Base of support

    • C. 

      Orthostatic hypotension

    • D. 

      A & b


  • 14. 
    Where is the human center of gravity located?
    • A. 

      At the center of the diaphragm

    • B. 

      Within 1 to 2 inches of the umbilicus

    • C. 

      Midway between the hip joints

    • D. 

      At approximately sacral level two


  • 15. 
    Which of the following transfers can be used to move a patient from a wheelchair to an examination table?
    • A. 

      Pivot

    • B. 

      Assisted standing

    • C. 

      Standby assist

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 16. 
    Toward which side should all transfers be initiated?
    • A. 

      Left

    • B. 

      Right

    • C. 

      Patient's strong side

    • D. 

      Patient's weak side


  • 17. 
    What causes patients to feel lightheaded, queasy, or faint when they stand up too quickly from a sitting or supine position?
    • A. 

      Increased respiration from the effort of standing

    • B. 

      Decreased blood pressure

    • C. 

      Increased body temperature

    • D. 

      Increased pulse rate


  • 18. 
    Which term describes the hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated?
    • A. 

      Center of gravity

    • B. 

      Base of support

    • C. 

      Orthostatic hypotension

    • D. 

      A & b


  • 19. 
    If a patient arrives in a wheelchair and on a sling, which type of transfer is indicated?
    • A. 

      Hydraulic lift

    • B. 

      Pivot

    • C. 

      Standby assist

    • D. 

      Cart to table by means of a moving device


  • 20. 
    How can the base of support be increased?
    • A. 

      Standing on one toe

    • B. 

      Standing on one foot

    • C. 

      Standing with legs far apart

    • D. 

      Bending the knees with the feet together


  • 21. 
    What is the minimum number of persons to use for a cart-to table transfer when no moving devices are available?
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Three

    • D. 

      Four


  • 22. 
    Voluntary motion is under the control of the:
    • A. 

      Technologist

    • B. 

      Patient

    • C. 

      Radiologist

    • D. 

      Student


  • 23. 
    The most important communication that occurs in a radiology department takes place between the radiographer and the:
    • A. 

      Administrator

    • B. 

      Patient

    • C. 

      Radiologist

    • D. 

      Student


  • 24. 
    A key component to effective communication with a patient is:
    • A. 

      Establishing rapport

    • B. 

      Assessing the patient's physical condition

    • C. 

      Introducing the patient to the radiologist

    • D. 

      Giving a detailed, technical explination of the examination


  • 25. 
    What is the most commonly used immobilization device?
    • A. 

      Sheet restraint

    • B. 

      Cervical collar

    • C. 

      Positioning sponge

    • D. 

      Velcro straps


  • 26. 
    Which of the following is an example of a spinal trauma immobilization device?
    • A. 

      Air splint

    • B. 

      Antishock garment

    • C. 

      Backboard

    • D. 

      Traction splint


  • 27. 
    When is removing a cervical collar permissable?
    • A. 

      Before the initial radiographic examiniation

    • B. 

      After a radiographic procedure

    • C. 

      At the conclusion of the entire exam

    • D. 

      After a paramedic approves the images

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 28. 
    Which of the following devices might a radiographer encounter when hemorrhage is thought to exist as a result of pelvic trauma?
    • A. 

      Air splint

    • B. 

      Compression band

    • C. 

      Antishock garment

    • D. 

      Traction splint


  • 29. 
    A patient arrives to the emergency department with an oral temp of 99.8 degrees.  This finding is consistent with:
    • A. 

      Normal temp

    • B. 

      Hyperthermia

    • C. 

      Hypothermia

    • D. 

      Bradypnea


  • 30. 
    Pa tient is thought to have suffered cardiac arrest.  THe pulse should be checked at the
    • A. 

      Radial artery

    • B. 

      Brachial artery

    • C. 

      Carotid artery

    • D. 

      Femoral artery


  • 31. 
    In the healthy adult the normal range for blood pressure is
    • A. 

      Systolic less than 95 mm Hg, diastolic less than 60 mm Hg

    • B. 

      Systolic less than 60 mm Hg, diastolic less than 95 mm Hg

    • C. 

      Systolic less than 120 mm Hg, diastolic less than 80 mm Hg

    • D. 

      Systolic less than 80 mm Hg, diastolic less than 120 mm Hg


  • 32. 
    Hypoxia
    • A. 

      A drug that must be prescribed by a md

    • B. 

      Necessary for cellular repair

    • C. 

      A state describing oxygen-deficient tissue

    • D. 

      Necessary for cellular funtion


  • 33. 
    Which of the following devices can be classifed as a high-flow oxygen delivery device?
    • A. 

      Air-entrainment mask

    • B. 

      Nasal cannula

    • C. 

      Simple mask

    • D. 

      Nonrebreathing mask


  • 34. 
    Regarding oxygen delivery, all of the following are true except
    • A. 

      Oxygen dose is ordered in liters per minute or in concentration as a fractional concentration of oxygen

    • B. 

      The maximum dose should always be given to obtain the desired results

    • C. 

      The oxygen flowmeter is green in color

    • D. 

      The regulator attached to the oxygen tank consists of a flowmeter and pressure manometer


  • 35. 
    Oxygen therapy is administered to
    • A. 

      Minimize cardiopulmonary workload

    • B. 

      Counteract hypoxemia

    • C. 

      Treat tissue hypoxia

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 36. 
    A properly placed endotracheal tube will be radiographically confirmed when the
    • A. 

      Distal tip is positioned 1 inch inferior to the tracheal bifurcation

    • B. 

      Distal tip is positioned 1 inch superior to the tracheal bifurcation

    • C. 

      Distal tip is positioned adjacent to the vocal folds

    • D. 

      Cuff is positioned between the vocal folds


  • 37. 
    Thoracostomy tubes are
    • A. 

      Used to monitor pulmonary arterial pressures

    • B. 

      Central venous lines used to adminter parenteral nutrition

    • C. 

      Chest tubes used to drain the intrapleural space

    • D. 

      Used to administer oxygen with mechanical ventilators


  • 38. 
    Which of the following is a common complication associated with central venous line placement?
    • A. 

      Pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Pleural effusion

    • C. 

      Atelectasis

    • D. 

      Tracheal erosion


  • 39. 
    Microorganisms that cause infectious diseases can be classified as
    • A. 

      Lytic

    • B. 

      Endogenous

    • C. 

      Pathogenic

    • D. 

      Nosocomial


  • 40. 
    The best method of preventing the spread of aerosol infections is by
    • A. 

      The patient wearing a mask

    • B. 

      The health care worker's wearing a gown

    • C. 

      Hand washing

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 41. 
    All of the following are types of indirect transmission except
    • A. 

      Fomite

    • B. 

      Vector

    • C. 

      Aerosol

    • D. 

      Touching


  • 42. 
    The common cold is an example of an infection by a
    • A. 

      Bacterium

    • B. 

      Virus

    • C. 

      Fungus

    • D. 

      Protozoan


  • 43. 
    The term that best describesthe absolute removal of all life forms is
    • A. 

      Antisepsis

    • B. 

      Medical asepsis

    • C. 

      Disinfection

    • D. 

      Sterilization


  • 44. 
    A person is bitten by a mosquito and develops an infection.  This type of transmission is known as
    • A. 

      Vector

    • B. 

      Fomite

    • C. 

      Nosocomial

    • D. 

      Iatrogenic


  • 45. 
    A health care worker is accidentally punctured with a contaminated needle. This type of transmission is known as
    • A. 

      Vector

    • B. 

      Fomite

    • C. 

      Nosocomial

    • D. 

      Iatrogenic


  • 46. 
    An outpatient develops a staphylococcal infection after a surgical procedure.  This type of transmission is known as
    • A. 

      Vector

    • B. 

      Fomite

    • C. 

      Nosocomial

    • D. 

      More than one of the above but not all


  • 47. 
    An infectious microbe can gain entrance into the human body by
    • A. 

      Ingression

    • B. 

      Penetration

    • C. 

      Both a & b

    • D. 

      Neither a nor b


  • 48. 
    Hand washing employs which of the following methods of infection control?
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Physical

    • C. 

      Sterile

    • D. 

      A and b


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