Pathophysiology Practice Test I

53 Questions  I  By Klunker
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 Pathophysiology Practice Test I
This practice test is based on the lecture outline for Introduction to Pathophysiology.

  
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  • 1. 
    What is the name for the study of disease involving the functional or physiological changes in the body that result from disease processes?
    • A. 

      Pathophysiology

    • B. 

      Pharmacology

    • C. 

      Immunology

    • D. 

      Pathology

    • E. 

      Pathogenicity


  • 2. 
    What is a deviation from the normal state of health or from a state of wellness?
    • A. 

      Functional impairment

    • B. 

      Debilitated state

    • C. 

      Dysfunction

    • D. 

      Disease

    • E. 

      Infirmity


  • 3. 
    An objective indication of disease that is obvious to an observer is referred to as a:
    • A. 

      Suffering

    • B. 

      Sign

    • C. 

      Syndrome

    • D. 

      Symptom

    • E. 

      Stupor


  • 4. 
    A subjective indication of disease that is not obvious to an observer is referred to as a:
    • A. 

      Suffering

    • B. 

      Sign

    • C. 

      Syndrome

    • D. 

      Symptom

    • E. 

      Stupor


  • 5. 
    A rash is an example of a:
    • A. 

      Suffering

    • B. 

      Sign

    • C. 

      Syndrome

    • D. 

      Symptom

    • E. 

      Stupor


  • 6. 
    Patient reported perceptions such as pain, nausea and chills are known as:
    • A. 

      Suffering

    • B. 

      Signs

    • C. 

      Syndromes

    • D. 

      Symptoms

    • E. 

      Stupors


  • 7. 
    A collection of signs and symptoms that usually occur together in response to a certain condition is referred to as a:
    • A. 

      Illness

    • B. 

      Symptomatic

    • C. 

      Synarthrosis

    • D. 

      Syndrome

    • E. 

      Pathogen


  • 8. 
    What is a term that is used to refer to the clinical evidence or effects of disease?
    • A. 

      Manifestations

    • B. 

      Indications

    • C. 

      Causal factors

    • D. 

      Outward appearance

    • E. 

      Diagnosis


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is an example of a local manfestation.
    • A. 

      Fever

    • B. 

      Lethargy

    • C. 

      Redness

    • D. 

      General body aches


  • 10. 
    Which of the following is an example of a symptom.
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Lethargy

    • C. 

      Nausea

    • D. 

      Chills

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of a sign.
    • A. 

      Rash

    • B. 

      Bruise

    • C. 

      Altered vitals

    • D. 

      Drainage

    • E. 

      Tingling sensation


  • 12. 
    What is the process of identifying specific diseases through evaluation of signs and symptoms?
    • A. 

      Pathogenesis

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Prognosis

    • D. 

      Assessment

    • E. 

      Etiology


  • 13. 
    The study of the causes or origins of disease is known as:
    • A. 

      Etiology

    • B. 

      Pathophysiology

    • C. 

      Disease causology

    • D. 

      Epidemiology

    • E. 

      Forensic pathology


  • 14. 
    A disease that arises from the activity (treatment, procedures or errors) of a physician is known as:
    • A. 

      Adverse event

    • B. 

      Idiopathic

    • C. 

      Iatrogenic

    • D. 

      Malpractice

    • E. 

      Psychogenic


  • 15. 
    A designation assigned to a disease of unknown cause:
    • A. 

      Idiopathic

    • B. 

      Enigmatic

    • C. 

      Illusory illness

    • D. 

      Indeterminate origin

    • E. 

      Mysterious origin


  • 16. 
    Tendencies that promote the development of disease are referred to as:
    • A. 

      Risk factors

    • B. 

      Causal factors

    • C. 

      Underlying disease threats

    • D. 

      Infectious agents

    • E. 

      Stressors


  • 17. 
    Which of the following are considered to be risk factors:
    • A. 

      Age

    • B. 

      Sex

    • C. 

      Occupation

    • D. 

      Dietary deficiencies

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 18. 
    A disease that originates or is produced within the body is known as:
    • A. 

      Indigenous

    • B. 

      Ergogenic

    • C. 

      Exogenous

    • D. 

      Endogenous

    • E. 

      Emergent


  • 19. 
    A disease that originates or is produced outside the body is called:
    • A. 

      Indigenous

    • B. 

      Exergonic

    • C. 

      Exogenous

    • D. 

      Endogenous

    • E. 

      Endergonic


  • 20. 
    Genetics is an example of which of the following causal factors:
    • A. 

      Indigenous

    • B. 

      Exergonic

    • C. 

      Exogenous

    • D. 

      Endogenous

    • E. 

      Endergonic


  • 21. 
    Carcinogens are an example of which of the following causal factors:
    • A. 

      Indigenous

    • B. 

      Exergonic

    • C. 

      Exogenous

    • D. 

      Endogenous

    • E. 

      Endergonic


  • 22. 
    What are the structures in the nucleus of a cell that store genetic information?
    • A. 

      Centrosome

    • B. 

      Chromesomes

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Genotype

    • E. 

      Mitochondria


  • 23. 
    How many pairs of chromesomes are present in each cell in the human body?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      46

    • D. 

      23

    • E. 

      92


  • 24. 
    A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that contains information on protein synthesis is called:
    • A. 

      Chromesome

    • B. 

      Gene

    • C. 

      Nucleotide

    • D. 

      Genome

    • E. 

      Lysosome


  • 25. 
    What is the term that is used to identify a factor that triggers an acute episode?
    • A. 

      Precipitating factor

    • B. 

      Stress-inducing factor

    • C. 

      Contributing factor

    • D. 

      Determining factor

    • E. 

      Causal factor


  • 26. 
    What is the term that applies to situations in which the disease progression is gradual with only vague or mild signs?
    • A. 

      Acute

    • B. 

      Chronic

    • C. 

      Insidious

    • D. 

      Invasive

    • E. 

      Terminal


  • 27. 
    What is the development of disease or the sequence of events that leads to a disease process?
    • A. 

      Etiology

    • B. 

      Disease Intensity

    • C. 

      Pathogenesis

    • D. 

      Pathophysiology

    • E. 

      Pathology


  • 28. 
    What is a disease that develops gradually and persists for a long period of time?
    • A. 

      Chronic

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Infectious

    • D. 

      Communicable

    • E. 

      Idiopathic


  • 29. 
    When a disease emerges suddenly, but usually has a short duration, it is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Chronic

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Infectious

    • D. 

      Communicable

    • E. 

      Idiopathic


  • 30. 
    Influenza is classified as a(n) ___________________ disease, with regard to its onset.
    • A. 

      Chronic

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Infectious

    • D. 

      Communicable

    • E. 

      Idiopathic


  • 31. 
    Arthritis is classified as a(n) ___________________ disease, with regard to its onset.
    • A. 

      Chronic

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Infectious

    • D. 

      Communicable

    • E. 

      Idiopathic


  • 32. 
    What is the term that applies to a period in the development of disease in which pathologic changes occur but no obvious manifestations are detectable?
    • A. 

      Latent stage

    • B. 

      Clinical stage

    • C. 

      Sub-clinical stage

    • D. 

      Prodromal period

    • E. 

      Festering stage


  • 33. 
    What is the term that refers to a period when a person is aware that something is wrong, but does not exhibit specific signs of the disease?
    • A. 

      Latent stage

    • B. 

      Clinical stage

    • C. 

      Sub-clinical stage

    • D. 

      Prodromal period

    • E. 

      Festering stage


  • 34. 
    What is the period of time between the initial exposure and the appearance of clinical signs of the disease condition?
    • A. 

      Latent stage

    • B. 

      Clinical stage

    • C. 

      Sub-clinical stage

    • D. 

      Prodromal period

    • E. 

      Festering stage


  • 35. 
    What is the term for a period in which the manifestations of a disease subside?
    • A. 

      Exacerbation

    • B. 

      Remission

    • C. 

      Aggravation

    • D. 

      Recuperation


  • 36. 
    What is the term that describes conditions in which the the signs and symptoms increase?
    • A. 

      Exacerbation

    • B. 

      Remission

    • C. 

      Aggravation

    • D. 

      Recuperation

    • E. 

      Infestation


  • 37. 
    What is the term that is applied to new secondary problems that develop after the emergence of the original disease?
    • A. 

      Side effects

    • B. 

      Complications

    • C. 

      Mutations

    • D. 

      Sequelae

    • E. 

      Collateral damage


  • 38. 
    What is the name for potential unwanted outcomes that arise from the primary condition?
    • A. 

      Side effects

    • B. 

      Complications

    • C. 

      Mutations

    • D. 

      Sequelae

    • E. 

      Collateral damage


  • 39. 
    What is the term that is used to refer to the period of recovery and the resulting return to a normal, healthy state following an illness?
    • A. 

      Convalescence

    • B. 

      Relapse

    • C. 

      Remission

    • D. 

      Infirmity

    • E. 

      Exacerbation


  • 40. 
    What is the term that indicates the probability of recovery or likelihood of other health outcomes?
    • A. 

      Diagnosis

    • B. 

      Synopsis

    • C. 

      Apoptosis

    • D. 

      Prognosis

    • E. 

      Halitosis


  • 41. 
    ___________________ is the ability to maintain a relatively stable internal environment.

  • 42. 
    ___________________ is programmed cell death.

  • 43. 
    ___________________ is the science of tracking the pattern and occurrence of disease.

  • 44. 
    ___________________ is the number of new and old disease cases in a given population at a specific time.

  • 45. 
    ___________________ is the number of new disease cases in a given population at a specific time.

  • 46. 
    ___________________ is the frequency with which a disease appears in a population.

  • 47. 
    ___________________ is the number of deaths from a particular disease in a population.

  • 48. 
    In a ___________________ research study, the researcher and the test subjects are unaware of who is receiving the placebo and who is receiving the treatment.

  • 49. 
    ___________________ refers to the process in which subjects are randomly assigned to the test and control groups.

  • 50. 
    A ___________________ is presumed to be a medication but has no therapeutic effect.

  • 51. 
    The test group receives the ___________________.

  • 52. 
    The control group receives the ___________________.

  • 53. 
    Nurses need to have an understanding of pathophysiology in order to provide information on diseases and prevention to patients so patients can make informed decisions regarding their health.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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