A&p Final Exam Practice Test

45 Questions  I  By Sgallagher87
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AP Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    Epineprhene and norepinepherine are considered to be...?
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Catecoylemines

    • C. 

      Mineralcorticoids


  • 2. 
    Simple cuboidal epithelium is found...?
    • A. 

      Most glands

    • B. 

      Skin, esophagus, vagina

    • C. 

      Stomach, Large and Small Intestine


  • 3. 
    Stratifed squamous epithelium is found...?
    • A. 

      Capillary endothelium, aveoli

    • B. 

      Most glands

    • C. 

      Skin, esophagus, vagina


  • 4. 
    Simple squamous epithelium is found...?
    • A. 

      Capillary endothelium, aveoli

    • B. 

      Bladder, ureters, proximal urethra

    • C. 

      Trachea, Bronchi, Fallopian tubes, male reproductive tract


  • 5. 
    Transitional epithelium is found...?
    • A. 

      Bladder, ureters, proximal urethra

    • B. 

      Trachea, Bronchi, Fallopian tubes, male reproductive tract

    • C. 

      Respiratory tract


  • 6. 
    Pseudostratified ciliated columnar is found...?
    • A. 

      Trachea, Bronchi, Fallopian tubes, male reproductive tract

    • B. 

      Bladder, ureters, proximal urethra

    • C. 

      Most glands


  • 7. 
    In regards to neural stimuli of endocrine glands, most of this stimuli is under control by the ____ nervous system
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic


  • 8. 
    Catecoylemines epineprhene and norepinepherine are secreted by neural stim from the ...?
    • A. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • B. 

      Adrenal cortex

    • C. 

      Posterior adrenals


  • 9. 
    Hormone levels in the blood are maintained by positive feedback. True or false?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    The pancreas is a mixed gland (contains both endocrine and exocrine functions). True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    When there is not enough sugar in the blood, ____ is released.
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Glucagon

    • C. 

      Both Insulin and Glucagon


  • 12. 
    ____ is a hormone that gets sugar in the cells and out of the blood stream when there is too much sugar in the blood stream.
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Glucagon

    • C. 

      Both Insulin and Glucagon


  • 13. 
    Which gland secretes melatonin, which helps establish the body’s wake and sleep cycles?
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Pituitary

    • C. 

      Pineal


  • 14. 
    The pineal gland is found on the third ventricle (_______ of diencephalon) of the brain.
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Epithalamus

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus


  • 15. 
    The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    The adrenal medulla secretes catecholamines Epinephrine andNorepinephrine to deal with ____-term stress.
    • A. 

      Short

    • B. 

      Long

    • C. 

      Mid


  • 17. 
    In the PNS, the sensory (afferent) division's nerve fibers carry impulses away from the central nervous system. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    In the PNS, the motor (efferent) division's nerve carry impulses away from the central nervous system. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    In the PNS, the sensory (afferent) division's nerve fibers carry information to the central nervous system
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    The human peripheral nervous system has ___ pairs of spinal nerves
    • A. 

      30

    • B. 

      31

    • C. 

      32


  • 21. 
    How many cranial nerves does a human have?
    • A. 

      11

    • B. 

      12

    • C. 

      13


  • 22. 
    Pick the 7 correct answers.The hypothalamus is...
    • A. 

      Under the thalamus

    • B. 

      Above the thalamus

    • C. 

      Important autonomic nervous system center

    • D. 

      Regulates metabolism

    • E. 

      Important somatic nervous system center

    • F. 

      Controls water balance

    • G. 

      Controls sleep and wake cycles

    • H. 

      Helps regulate body temperature

    • I. 

      The relay station for sensory impulses

    • J. 

      An important part of the limbic system (emotions)

    • K. 

      The pineal gland is attached to the hypothalamus

    • L. 

      The pituitary gland is attached to the hypothalamus


  • 23. 
    Pick the 3 correct answers.The thalamus is...
    • A. 

      Includes the choroid plexus—forms cerebrospinal fluid

    • B. 

      Forms the roof of the third ventricle

    • C. 

      Surrounds the third ventricle

    • D. 

      The relay station for motor impulses

    • E. 

      An important part of the limbic system

    • F. 

      Transfers impulses to the correct part of the cortex for localization and interpretation

    • G. 

      Houses the pituitary gland

    • H. 

      The relay station for sensory impulses


  • 24. 
    Pick the 3 correct answers. The epithalamus is...
    • A. 

      Includes the choroid plexus—forms cerebrospinal fluid

    • B. 

      Surrounds the third ventricle

    • C. 

      The relay station for motor impulses

    • D. 

      Houses the pineal body (an endocrine gland)

    • E. 

      Houses the pituitary (an endocrine gland)

    • F. 

      Forms the roof of the third ventricle

    • G. 

      An important part of the limbic system


  • 25. 
    The midbrain has four rounded protrusions called corpora quadrigeminathat are reflex centers for vision and hearing. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    The midbrain has two bulging fiber tracts called cerebral peduncles. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    The pons includes nuclei that are involved in the control of breathing. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    The medulla oblongata merges with the spinal cord. True or false.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    Neuroglia are support cells in the ____.
    • A. 

      CNS

    • B. 

      PNS

    • C. 

      Both CNS and PNS


  • 30. 
    Plasma is ___% of blood, while formed elements are ___%.
    • A. 

      45; 55

    • B. 

      55; 45

    • C. 

      60;40


  • 31. 
    The main function of erythrocytes is to ____________
    • A. 

      Carry water

    • B. 

      Carry oxygen

    • C. 

      Carry vitamins


  • 32. 
    The most abundant white blood cell is the ________
    • A. 

      Basophils

    • B. 

      Eosinophils

    • C. 

      T-Lympocytes

    • D. 

      B-Lymphocytes

    • E. 

      Neutrophils

    • F. 

      Monocytes


  • 33. 
    ______ cells are found in response to allergies and parasitic worms
    • A. 

      Basophils

    • B. 

      Monocytes

    • C. 

      Eosinophils


  • 34. 
    ____ cells turn into mast cells, have histamine-containing granules, and initiate inflammation
    • A. 

      Eosinophils

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Monocytes

    • D. 

      Basophils

    • E. 

      Lymphocytes


  • 35. 
    ______ are the largest of the white blood cells, function as macrophages, and are important in fighting chronic infection
    • A. 

      Basophils

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Monocytes

    • D. 

      Lymphocytes

    • E. 

      Eosinophils


  • 36. 
    Macrophages arrive at the site of injury _______ days after the event
    • A. 

      1-2 days

    • B. 

      2-3 days

    • C. 

      3-4 days


  • 37. 
    What is pulmonary ventilation?
    • A. 

      Gas exchange between pulmonary blood and alveoli

    • B. 

      Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream

    • C. 

      Moving air in and out of the lungs

    • D. 

      Gas exchange between blood and tissue cells in systemic capillaries


  • 38. 
    What is Internal respiration?
    • A. 

      Moving air in and out of the lungs

    • B. 

      Gas exchange between blood and tissue cells in systemic capillaries

    • C. 

      Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream

    • D. 

      Gas exchange between pulmonary blood and alveoli


  • 39. 
    What is Respiratory gas transport?
    • A. 

      Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream

    • B. 

      Gas exchange between blood and tissue cells in systemic capillaries

    • C. 

      Moving air in and out of the lungs

    • D. 

      Gas exchange between pulmonary blood and alveoli


  • 40. 
    What is external respiration?
    • A. 

      Moving air in and out of the lungs

    • B. 

      Gas exchange between pulmonary blood and alveoli

    • C. 

      Gas exchange between blood and tissue cells in systemic capillaries

    • D. 

      Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream


  • 41. 
    The pulmonary semilunar valve separates _______ and ____________
    • A. 

      Right ventricle; left pulmonary artery

    • B. 

      Right atrium; right ventricle

    • C. 

      Left ventricle; aorta


  • 42. 
    The aortic semilunar valve separates _______ and _________.
    • A. 

      Right ventricle; left pulmonary artery

    • B. 

      Left ventricle; aorta

    • C. 

      Right atrium; right ventricle


  • 43. 
    The (mitral) Bicuspid valve separates ______ and __________
    • A. 

      Left atrium; left ventricle

    • B. 

      Right atrium; right ventricle

    • C. 

      Left ventricle; aorta


  • 44. 
    The tricuspid valve separates ______ and _________.
    • A. 

      Left atrium; left ventricle

    • B. 

      Right atrium; right ventricle

    • C. 

      Right ventricle; left pulmonary artery


  • 45. 
    Write the correct order of the passage of food through the alimentary canal.Put in order: Transverse colon, Small intestine, Duodenum, Rectum, Ileum, Ascending colon, Mouth, Sigmoid Colon, Anus, Esophagus, Jejunum, Stomach, Descending colon, Cecum, Large intestine

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