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Nursing - Diagnostic Examinations Exam 1

40 Questions
Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

This is an online interactive exam for Nursing. I got this from an online review site and do not entirely know if the answers are rightor wrong. This exam is timed with 60 seconds per question. Please be reminded that every set of exam does not necessarily have 100 questions in them. DO YOUR BEST AND HAVE FUN EVERYONE! GOD BLESS :)

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Heart rate

    • B. 

      Neurologic status

    • C. 

      Urine output

    • D. 

      Blood pressure

  • 2. 
    2.  The nurse is assessing a woman in early labor. While positioning for a vaginal exam, she complains of dizziness and nausea and appears pale. Her blood pressure has dropped slightly. What should be the initial nursing action?
    • A. 

      Call the health care provider

    • B. 

      Encourage deep breathing

    • C. 

      Elevate the foot of the bed

    • D. 

      Turn her to her left side

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Recognizing findings of toxicity

    • B. 

      Taking the medication at specified times

    • C. 

      Increasing the dosage based on blood glucose

    • D. 

      Distinguishing hypoglycemia from hyperglycemia

  • 4. 
    The nurse is teaching a group of college students about breast self-examination. A woman asks for the best time to perform the monthly exam. What is the best reply by the nurse?  
    • A. 

      "The first of every month, because it is easiest to remember"

    • B. 

      ) "Right after the period, when your breasts are less tender"

    • C. 

      "Do the exam at the same time every month"

    • D. 

      "Ovulation, or mid-cycle is the best time to detect changes"

  • 5. 
    What must be the priority consideration for nurses when communicating with children?
    • A. 

      Present environment

    • B. 

      Physical condition

    • C. 

      Nonverbal cues

    • D. 

      Developmental level

  • 6. 
    Initial postoperative nursing care for an infant who has had a pyloromyotomy would initially include
    • A. 

      Bland diet appropriate for age

    • B. 

      intravenous fluids for 3-4 days

    • C. 

      NPO then glucose and electrolyte

    • D. 

      Formula or breast milk as tolerated

  • 7. 
    The visiting nurse makes a postpartum visit to a married female client. Upon arrival, the nurse observes that the client has a black eye and numerous bruises on her arms and legs. The initial nursing intervention would be to
    • A. 

      Call the police to report indications of domestic violence

    • B. 

      confront the husband about abusing his wife

    • C. 

      Leave the home because of the unsafe environment

    • D. 

      Interview the client alone to determine the origin of the injuries

  • 8. 
    A client has been started on a long term corticosteroid therapy. Which of the following comments by the client indicate the need for further teaching?
    • A. 

      "I will keep a weekly weight record."

    • B. 

      "I will take medication with food."

    • C. 

      "I will stop taking the medication for 1 week every month."

    • D. 

      "I will eat foods high in potassium."

  • 9. 
    The nurse is administering lidocaine (Xylocaine) to a client with a myocardial infarction. Which of the following assessment findings requires the nurse's immediate action?
    • A. 

      Central venous pressure reading of 11

    • B. 

      Respiratory rate of 22

    • C. 

      Pulse rate of 48 BPM

    • D. 

      Blood pressure of 144/92

  • 10. 
    The nurse is caring for a 2 month-old infant with a congenital heart defect. Which of the following is a priority nursing action?
    • A. 

      Provide small feedings every 3 hours

    • B. 

      Maintain intravenous fluids

    • C. 

      Add strained cereal to the diet

    • D. 

      Change to reduced calorie formula

  • 11. 
    The nurse is working in a high risk antepartum clinic. A 40 year-old woman in the first trimester gives a thorough health history. Which information should receive priority attention by the nurse?
    • A. 

      Her father and brother are insulin dependent diabetics

    • B. 

      She has taken 800 mcg of folic acid daily for the past year

    • C. 

      Her husband was treated for tuberculosis as a child

    • D. 

      She reports recent use of over-the counter sinus remedies

  • 12. 
    .  A client is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. During the initial assessment, the client complains of sudden shortness of breath. The SaO2 is 87. The priority nursing assessment at this time is
    • A. 

      Bowel sounds

    • B. 

      Heart rate

    • C. 

      Peripheral pulses

    • D. 

      Lung sounds

  • 13. 
    The nurse is teaching a client about the difference between tardive dyskinesia (TD) and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Which statement is true with regards to tardive dyskinesia?
    • A. 

      TD develops within hours or years of continued antipsychotic drug use in people under 20 and over 30

    • B. 

      It can occur in clients taking antipsychotic drugs longer than 2 years

    • C. 

      Tardive dyskinesia occurs within minutes of the first dose of antipsychotic drugs and is reversible

    • D. 

      TD can easily be treated with anticholinergic drugs

  • 14. 
    A client, admitted to the unit because of severe depression and suicidal threats, is placed on suicidal precautions. The nurse should be aware that the danger of the client committing suicide is greatest
    • A. 

      During the night shift when staffing is limited

    • B. 

      When the client’s mood improves with an increase in energy level

    • C. 

      At the time of the client's greatest despair

    • D. 

      After a visit from the client's estranged partner

  • 15. 
    A nurse is caring for a client who has just been admitted with an overdose of aspirin. The following lab data is available: PaO2 95, PaCO2 30, pH 7.5, K 3.2 mEq/l. Which should be the nurse's first action?
    • A. 

      Monitor respiratory rate

    • B. 

      Monitor intake and output every hour

    • C. 

      Assist the client to breathe into a paper bag

    • D. 

      Prepare to administer oxygen by mask

  • 16. 
    The nurse is aware that the effect of antihypertensive drug therapy may be affected by a 75 year-old client's
    • A. 

      Poor nutritional status

    • B. 

      Decreased gastrointestinal motility

    • C. 

      Increased splanchnic blood flow

    • D. 

      Altered peripheral resistance

  • 17. 
    Which medication is more helpful in treating bulimia than anorexia?
    • A. 

      Amphetamines

    • B. 

      Sedatives

    • C. 

      Anticholinergics

    • D. 

      Narcotics

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Begin intravenous therapy

    • B. 

      Initiate continuous blood pressure monitoring

    • C. 

      Administer oxygen therapy

    • D. 

      Institute cardiac monitoring

  • 19. 
    A client diagnosed with chronic depression is maintained on tranylcypromine (Parnate). An important nursing intervention is to teach the client to avoid which of the following foods?
    • A. 

      , beer, cheese, liver and chocolate

    • B. 

      Wine, citrus fruits, yogurt and broccoli

    • C. 

      Beer, cheese, beef and carrots

    • D. 

      Wine, apples, sour cream and beef steak

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Link the caregiver with a support group

    • B. 

      Ask friends to visit regularly

    • C. 

      Schedule a home visit each week

    • D. 

      Request anti-anxiety prescriptions

  • 21. 
    Which clinical finding would the nurse expect to assess first in a newborn with spastic cerebral palsy?
    • A. 

      Cognitive impairment

    • B. 

      Hypotonic muscular activity

    • C. 

      Seizures

    • D. 

      Criss-crossing leg movement

  • 22. 
    A client is treated in the emergency room for diabetic ketoacidosis and a glucose level of 650mg.D/L. In assessing the client, the nurse's review of which of the following tests suggests an understanding of this health problem?  
    • A. 

      Serum calcium

    • B. 

      Serum magnesium

    • C. 

      Serum creatinine

    • D. 

      Serum potassium

  • 23. 
    The nurse is assessing a client's home in preparation for discharge. Which of the following should be given priority consideration?
    • A. 

      Family understanding of client needs

    • B. 

      Financial status

    • C. 

      Location of bathrooms

    • D. 

      Proximity to emergency services

  • 24. 
    A client is receiving lithium carbonate 600 mg T.I.D. to treat bipolar disorder. Which of these indicate early signs of toxicity?  
    • A. 

      Ataxia and course hand tremors

    • B. 

      Vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy

    • C. 

      Pruritus, rash and photosensitivity

    • D. 

      Electrolyte imbalance and cardiac arrhythmias

  • 25. 
    After 4 electroconvulsive treatments over 2 weeks, a client is very upset and states “I am so confused. I lose my money. I just can’t remember telephone numbers.” The most therapeutic response for the nurse to make is
    • A. 

      "You were seriously ill and needed the treatments."

    • B. 

      "Don't get upset. The confusion will clear up in a day or two."

    • C. 

      "It is to be expected since most clients have the same results."

    • D. 

      "I can hear your concern and that your confusion is upsetting to you."

  • 26. 
    As a general guide for emergency management of acute alcohol intoxication, it is important for the nurse initially to obtain data regarding which of the following?  
    • A. 

      What and how much the client drinks, according to family and friends

    • B. 

      The blood alcohol level of the client

    • C. 

      The blood pressure level of the client

    • D. 

      The blood glucose level of the client

  • 27. 
    The nurse is assessing a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving oxygen for low PaO2 levels. Which assessment is a nursing priority?
    • A. 

      Evaluating SaO2 levels frequently

    • B. 

      Observing skin color changes

    • C. 

      Assessing for clubbing fingers

    • D. 

      Identifying tactile fremitus

  • 28. 
    A male client calls for a nurse because of chest pain. Which statement by the client would require the most immediate action by the nurse?
    • A. 

      "When I take in a deep breath, it stabs like a knife."

    • B. 

      "The pain came on after dinner. That soup seemed very spicy."

    • C. 

      "When I turn in bed to reach the remote for the TV, my chest hurts."

    • D. 

      "I feel pressure in the middle of my chest, like an elephant is sitting on my chest."

  • 29. 
     A woman in labor calls the nurse to assist her in the bathroom. The nurse notices a large amount of clear fluid on the bed linens. The nurse knows that fetal monitoring must now assess for what complication?
    • A. 

      Early decelerations

    • B. 

      Late accelerations

    • C. 

      Variable decelerations

    • D. 

      Periodic accelerations

  • 30. 
    Clients taking lithium must be particularly sure to maintain adequate intake of which of these elements?
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 31. 
    In response to a call for assistance by a client in labor, the nurse notes that a loop on the umbilical cord protrudes from the vagina. What is the priority nursing action?
    • A. 

      Call the health care provider

    • B. 

      Check fetal heart beat

    • C. 

      put the client in knee-chest position

    • D. 

      Turn the client to the side

  • 32. 
     A client is taking tranylcypromine (Parnate) and has received dietary instruction. Which of the following food selections would be contraindicated for this client?
    • A. 

      Fresh juice, carrots, vanilla pudding

    • B. 

      Apple juice, ham salad, fresh pineapple

    • C. 

      Hamburger, fries, strawberry shake

    • D. 

      Red wine, fava beans, aged cheese

  • 33. 
    The client asks the nurse how the health care provider could tell she was pregnant “just by looking inside.” What is the best explanation by the nurse?
    • A. 

      Bluish coloration of the cervix and vaginal walls

    • B. 

      Pronounced softening of the cervix

    • C. 

      Clot of very thick mucous that obstructs the cervical canal

    • D. 

      Slight rotation of the uterus to the right

  • 34. 
    A male client is preparing for discharge following an acute myocardial infarction. He asks the nurse about his sexual activity once he is home. What would be the nurse's initial response?
    • A. 

      Give him written material from the American Heart Association about sexual activity with heart disease

    • B. 

      Answer his questions accurately in a private environment

    • C. 

      Schedule a private, uninterrupted teaching session with both the client and his wife

    • D. 

      Assess the client's knowledge about his healthproblems

  • 35. 
    When teaching a client with a new prescription for lithium (Lithane) for treatment of a bi-polar disorder which of these should the nurse emphasize?
    • A. 

      Maintaining a salt restricted diet

    • B. 

      Reporting vomiting or diarrhea

    • C. 

      Taking other medication as usual

    • D. 

      Substituting generic form if desired

  • 36. 
    The nurse is caring for a post-operative client who develops a wound evisceration. The first nursing intervention should be to
    • A. 

      medicate the client for pain

    • B. 

      Call the provider

    • C. 

      cover the wound with sterile saline dressing

    • D. 

      Place the bed in a flat position

  • 37. 
    The nurse can best ensure the safety of a client suffering from dementia who wanders from the room by which action?
    • A. 

      Repeatedly remind the client of the time and location

    • B. 

      Explain the risks of walking with no purpose

    • C. 

      Use protective devices to keep the client in the bed or chair in the room

    • D. 

      Attach a wander-guard sensor band to the client's wrist

  • 38. 
    After assessing a 70 year-old male client's laboratory results during a routine clinic visit, which one of the following findings would indicate an area in which teaching is needed:
    • A. 

      Serum albumin 2.5 g/dl

    • B. 

      LDL Cholesterol 140 mg/dl

    • C. 

      Serum glucose 90 mg/dl

    • D. 

      RBC 5.0 million/mm3

  • 39. 
     A client telephones the clinic to ask about a home pregnancy test she used this morning. The nurse understands that the presence of which hormone strongly suggests a woman is pregnant?
    • A. 

      Estrogen

    • B. 

      HCG

    • C. 

      Alpha-fetoprotein

    • D. 

      Progesterone

  • 40. 
    A client is discharged on warfarin sulfate (Coumadin). Which statement by the client indicated a need for further teaching?  
    • A. 

      "I know I must avoid crowds."

    • B. 

      "I will keep all laboratory appointments."

    • C. 

      "I plan to use an electric razor for shaving."

    • D. 

      "I will report any bruises for bleeding."