Neurological Terminology

21 Questions  I  By Phil_newton
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Neurology Quizzes & Trivia
Basic neurological terminology test for Medical Students

  
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  • 1. 
    Allodynia is
    • A. 

      A loss of touch sensation

    • B. 

      A feeling that normal touch sensation is painful

    • C. 

      Hypersensitivity to loud noises

    • D. 

      Impaired co-ordination

    • E. 

      Inability to read written text


  • 2. 
    Anosmia is
    • A. 

      Degradation of the blood-brain barrier

    • B. 

      Loss of memory

    • C. 

      Inability to articulate speech

    • D. 

      Drooping of the eyelid

    • E. 

      Loss of sense of smell


  • 3. 
    Hemianopia is
    • A. 

      Loss of half the visual field

    • B. 

      Loss of sensation on one side of the body

    • C. 

      Loss of motor co-ordination on one side of the body

    • D. 

      Loss of self-recognition affecting only one half of the body

    • E. 

      Loss of hearing on one side


  • 4. 
    Dysgraphia is
    • A. 

      A specific impairment in the ability to perform simple mathematical calculations (other cognitive abilities remain unchanged)

    • B. 

      An inability to swallow

    • C. 

      Weakness or paralysis of both legs

    • D. 

      Inability to write

    • E. 

      Slow or sustained abnormal movement of a limb


  • 5. 
    A tic is a
    • A. 

      Sterotyped brief movement

    • B. 

      Rhythmic oscillatory movement

    • C. 

      Inability to articulate speech

    • D. 

      Slow, repetitive involuntary movement, particularly of distal limb

    • E. 

      Feeling of movement, either in the environment or of self in the environment


  • 6. 
    Pick the best definition of Paraesthesia from the list below
    • A. 

      Loss of sensation

    • B. 

      Abnormal sensation

    • C. 

      Unpleasant abnormal sensation

    • D. 

      Pleasant abnormal sensation

    • E. 

      Feeling that normal touch sensation is painful


  • 7. 
    Agnosia is best described as  
    • A. 

      An visual impairment defined by an inability to see anything more than fuzzy outlines and shade

    • B. 

      Inability to swallow

    • C. 

      An inability to recognise objects/self in the absence of a visual impairment

    • D. 

      Loss of the senses of taste and smell

    • E. 

      Complete loss of all sight


  • 8. 
    Proprioception is 
    • A. 

      Heightened sensitivity to pain

    • B. 

      Inability to feel any pain - other tactile sensations remain intact

    • C. 

      The perception of sounds as odours

    • D. 

      Awareness of position and movement

    • E. 

      The ability to hold a pen above the head without falling over


  • 9. 
    Dyscalculia is 
    • A. 

      An inability to read or understand numbers

    • B. 

      An inability to write

    • C. 

      The sensation that persons well known are actually are strangers

    • D. 

      The sensation that strangers are actually persons well known

    • E. 

      An inability to move the muscles required to form speech


  • 10. 
     Hemiparesis means
    • A. 

      Paralysis on one side of the body

    • B. 

      Loss of half the visual field

    • C. 

      Burning sensation on one half of the body

    • D. 

      Weakness on one side of the body

    • E. 

      Weakness of one limb


  • 11. 
    Ptosis is?
    • A. 

      Absence of the Babinski reflex

    • B. 

      Diminished muscle stretch reflexes

    • C. 

      Drooping of the eyelid

    • D. 

      Enlarged pupil

    • E. 

      Small pupil


  • 12. 
    The neurological term for a small pupil is
    • A. 

      Athetosis

    • B. 

      Miosis

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Paresis

    • E. 

      Praxis


  • 13. 
    Angiography is principally used to visualize
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Grey matter

    • D. 

      Neuromuscular Junction

    • E. 

      White matter


  • 14. 
    Radiculopathy is damage to/results from 
    • A. 

      Decussation of the Pyramids

    • B. 

      Meninges

    • C. 

      Nerve root

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

    • E. 

      Thalamocortical projections


  • 15. 
    An inability perform a learned motor task, in the absence of weakness or a sensory disturbance, is called
    • A. 

      Agnosia

    • B. 

      Alexithymia

    • C. 

      Amnesia

    • D. 

      Apraxia

    • E. 

      Ataxia


  • 16. 
    Quadrantanopia is 
    • A. 

      Defect affecting half the visual field

    • B. 

      Defect affecting a quarter of the visual field

    • C. 

      A 1979 film about Mods and mopeds, starring Sting as a BELL BOY

    • D. 

      Weakness/paralysis of the upperlimbs

    • E. 

      Weakness/paralysis of all four limbs


  • 17. 
    Ataxia is
    • A. 

      Impaired co-ordination

    • B. 

      Inability to read

    • C. 

      Inability to swallow

    • D. 

      Inability to understand language

    • E. 

      Libertarian economic policy


  • 18. 
    Myelitis is
    • A. 

      Inflammation of the eye

    • B. 

      Inflammation of the meninges

    • C. 

      Inflammation of muscle

    • D. 

      Inflammation of peripheral nerve(s)

    • E. 

      Inflammation of the spinal cord


  • 19. 
    Athetosis is best described as 
    • A. 

      Brief, involuntary, fidgety movements

    • B. 

      Rhythmic contraction of muscle at rest

    • C. 

      Rhythmic oscillatory movement

    • D. 

      Slow, involuntary and repetitive writhing movement

    • E. 

      Stereotyped brief movement


  • 20. 
    An inability to understand speech is
    • A. 

      Dysaesthesia

    • B. 

      Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Dyskinesia

    • D. 

      Dysphagia

    • E. 

      Dysphasia


  • 21. 
    An inability to articulate speech is
    • A. 

      Dysaethesia

    • B. 

      Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Dyslexia

    • D. 

      Dyspepsia

    • E. 

      Dystonia


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