Mis Chapter 7

45 Questions  I  By Rvalatnational_edu
MIS Chapter 7
 MIS Chapter 7

  
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1.  Data consists of raw facts, such as an employee number, number of hours worked in a week, inventory part numbers, or sales orders.
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2.  Examples of data workers include writers, researchers, educators, and corporate designers.
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3.                   Some organizations and professions use communities of practice (COP) to create, store, and share knowledge.
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4.                   An effective KMS is based on learning new knowledge and changing procedures and approaches as a result.
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5.  Micro-electro-mechanical systems can be used in a person’s blood to monitor the body, and for other purposes in air bags, cell phones, refrigerators, and more.
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6.  Contemporary robotics combine both high-precision machine capabilities and sophisticated controlling software.
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7.  Neural network systems are effective at identifying people based on facial features.
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8.  The natural language processing system corrects spelling mistakes, converts abbreviations into words and commands, and allows people to ask questions in English.
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9.  A particular skill of natural language processing is analyzing detailed trends.
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10.  Neural networks can process many pieces of data at the same time and learn to recognize patterns.
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11.  A database system consists of a collection of integrated and related components, including a knowledge base, an inference engine, an explanation facility, a knowledge base acquisition facility, and a user interface.
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12.  A knowledge base is a natural extension of a database and an information and decision support system.
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13.                   As the number of rules that an expert system knows increases, the precision of the expert system decreases.
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14.  Knowledge acquisition can be a manual process or a mixture of manual and automated procedures.
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15.  Knowledge users require training in computers or expert systems.
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16.                   ____ are people who create, use, and disseminate knowledge.
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17.  A ____ system approximates the way a person sees, hears, and feels objects.
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18.  A(n) ____ system consists of hardware and software that stores knowledge and makes inferences, similar to those of a human expert.
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19.                    ____ involves the development of mechanical or computer devices that can paint cars, make precision welds, and perform other tasks that require a high degree of precision or are tedious or hazardous for human beings.
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20.                   ____ include hardware and software that permit computers to capture, store, and manipulate visual images.
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21.                   ____ convert sound waves into words.
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22.  A ____ is a combination of software and hardware that allows the computer to change how it functions or reacts to situations based on feedback it receives.
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23.  A(n) ____ is an approach to solving large, complex problems in which many repeated operations or models change and evolve until the best one emerges.
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24.  A(n) ____ consists of programs and a knowledge base used to perform a specific task for a person, a process, or another program.
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25.                   A(n) ____ is a conditional statement that links conditions to actions or outcomes.
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26.  The overall purpose of a(n) ____ is to seek information and relationships from the knowledge base and to provide answers, predictions, and suggestions the way a human expert would.
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27.                   ____ is the process of starting with conclusions and working backward to the supporting facts.
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28.  ____ starts with the facts and works forward to the conclusions.
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29.  The ____ is the person or group with the expertise or knowledge the expert system is trying to capture.
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30.  A(n) ____ is a collection of software packages and tools used to design, develop, implement, and maintain expert systems.
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31.                   ____ are available for both personal computers and mainframe systems.
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32.                   ____ is an expert system that uses fuzzy logic to perform plant layout.
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33.                   ____ is an expert system developed at Stanford University to analyze blood infections.
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34.  The ____ interface relays the sense of touch and other physical sensations in the virtual world.
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35.  ____ involves the use of information systems to develop competitive strategies for people, organizations, or even countries.
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36.  ____________________ is a collection of facts organized so that they have additional value beyond the value of the facts themselves.
37.  ____________________ is the awareness and understanding of a set of information and the ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or reach a decision.
38.  ____________________ knowledge is objective and can be measured and documented in reports, papers, and rules.
39.  ____________________ knowledge is hard to measure and document and typically is not objective or formalized.
40.  After knowledge is created, it is often stored in a(n) ____________________ that includes documents, reports, files, and databases.
41.                    ____________________ processing allows a computer to understand and react to statements and commands made in a “natural” language, such as English.
42.  ____________________ rules help computers evaluate the imperfect or imprecise conditions they encounter and make educated guesses based on the probability of correctness of the decision.
43.  The purpose of a(n) ______________________________ is to provide a convenient and efficient means for capturing and storing all components of the knowledge base.
44.  Because of the time and effort involved in the task, an expert system is developed to address only a specific area of knowledge. This area of knowledge is called the ____________________.
45.  ____________________ combines traditional disciplines, such as science and medicine, with information systems and technology.
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