Memory - AP Psychology

12 Questions  I  By Jarmstrong
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 memory - AP psychology
Memory Chapter

  
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  • 1. 
    Encoding that occurs with no effort or a minimal level of conscious attention in known as:
    • A. 

      Implicit memory

    • B. 

      Long term potentiation

    • C. 

      Automatic processing

    • D. 

      State dependent memory

    • E. 

      Chuncking


  • 2. 
    Which pioneering researcher made extensive use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memeory?
    • A. 

      Pavlov

    • B. 

      James

    • C. 

      Loftus

    • D. 

      Freud

    • E. 

      Ebbinhaus


  • 3. 
    The next in line effect best illustrates
    • A. 

      Encoding failure

    • B. 

      Long term potentiation

    • C. 

      Automatic processing

    • D. 

      Retroactive inerference

    • E. 

      Source amnesia


  • 4. 
    We remember words that lend themselves to mental images better than we remember abstract low imagery words.  This best illustrates the value of:
    • A. 

      Iconic memory

    • B. 

      Visual encoding

    • C. 

      Flashbulb memory

    • D. 

      Long term potentiation


  • 5. 
    By presenting research participants with three rowns of three letters each for only a fraction of a second, Sperling demonstrated that people have _______ memory.
    • A. 

      Echoic

    • B. 

      Flashbulb

    • C. 

      State dependent

    • D. 

      Iconic

    • E. 

      Implicit


  • 6. 
    Long Term potentiation refers to:
    • A. 

      The impact of overlearning on retention

    • B. 

      An automatic tendency to recall emotionally significant

    • C. 

      An increased neural readiness for impulse transmission

    • D. 

      The process of learning something without any conscious memory fo having learned it

    • E. 

      The relatively premanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system


  • 7. 
    The cerebellum plays a critical role in _________ memory.
    • A. 

      Echoic

    • B. 

      Implicit

    • C. 

      Iconic

    • D. 

      Explicit


  • 8. 
    An eyewitness to a grocery store robbery is asked to identify the suspects in a police lineup.  Which test of memory is being utilized?
    • A. 

      Recall

    • B. 

      Relearning

    • C. 

      Recognition

    • D. 

      Rehearsal

    • E. 

      Reconstruction


  • 9. 
    The often unconscious activation of particular associations in memory is called:
    • A. 

      Chunking

    • B. 

      Automatic processing

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      Priming

    • E. 

      State dependent memory


  • 10. 
    The discovery that words heard underwater are later better recalled underwater than on land best illustrates the value of:
    • A. 

      The method of loci

    • B. 

      State dependent memory

    • C. 

      The spacing effect

    • D. 

      Retrieval cues

    • E. 

      Implicit memory


  • 11. 
    After studying biology all afternoon, Alonso is having difficulty remembering details of the chemistry lecture he heard that morning.  Alonso's difficulty best illustrates:
    • A. 

      Encoding failure

    • B. 

      Retroactive interference

    • C. 

      The spacing effect

    • D. 

      Proactive inerference

    • E. 

      Source amnesia


  • 12. 
    When Loftus and Plamer asked observers of a filmed car accident how fast the vehicles were going when they "smashed" into each other,The observers developed memories of the accident that:
    • A. 

      Omitted some of the most painful aspects of the event.

    • B. 

      Were more accurate than the memories of subjects who had not been immediately questioned about what they saw.

    • C. 

      Were influenced by whether or not Loftus and Plamer identified them selves as police officers

    • D. 

      Portrayed the event as more serious than it had actually been.


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