Medical Law And Ethics Final Exam

113 Questions  I  By Melissa_earley
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1.  The replacement of a defective or malfunctioning gen by splicing or connecting onto the DNA of body cells to control production of a particular substance is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Consent granted by a person after the patient has received knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits is known as expressed or _____ consent.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  When a noncompliant patient leaves a hospital without a physician's permission, it is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The _____ approves all nonemergent services, hospitalization, or tests before they are provided.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  _____  is the stiffnes that occurs in a dead body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  _____ is any injury caused by the defendant; usually a monetary award is given as compensation.
7.  "Let the master answer" is _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The illegal appropriation of property is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Beyond a _____ doubt is a stricter standard by which criminal evidence is proved.
10.  The _____ (use only the initials) monitors Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
11.  _____ is another term for voluntary euthanasia.
12.  A type of health care system that falls under managed care and uses capitation is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Res ipsa loquitur means the thing _____ for itself.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The person being sued is called the _____.
15.  Insurance companies, HMOs, and government policies are examples of _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving intolderable and incurable suffering is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A  method of documentation in medical records that focuses on the patient's problems, not just on the diagnosis is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Res judicata means the thing has been _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Consideration is something of _____.
20.  _____ torts are injuries caused by not exercising due standard of care.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  _____ is the failure to perform an action when it is necessary.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Medical coverage for >65 years old and certain disabled people, and ESRD patients is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  _____ contracts are agreements that are shown by inference, by signs, inaction, or silence.
24.  _____ are master cells in the body that can generate specialized cells.
25.  Man-made rules for the protection of society are called _____.
26.  In the case of a fetus, it is _____ when it has the ability to survive outside the uterus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A written command to appear in court with appropriate documentation is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Someone who is _____ is inclined to sue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Care for the terminally ill patients consisting of comfort measures and symptom control is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  When the state privacy laws are stricter that the privacy standards established by HIPAA, this is called state _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Malfeasance is performing a(n) _____ act.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  _____ cause is the continuous sequence of events, unbroken by any intervening cause, that produces an injury and without which the injury would not have occured.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Thread like structures withing the nuclus of a cell that transmit genetic information are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Negative generalities concerning specific characteristics about a group that are applied to an entire population are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  _____ ensures that no one branch of the government can have more power than another.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Any individually indentifiable information that relates to the physical or mental condition of the provision of healthcare to an individual is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Stare decisis means let the _____ stand.
38.  A _____ is a private or public healthcare entity that facilitates the process of standard electronic transactions into HIPAA transactions.
39.  _____ is submitting a dispute for resolution to a person other than a judge.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The mortality rate is also called the _____ rate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Posthumous refers to after _____.
42.  The uniform Anatomical Gift Act is a _____ statute allowing persons 18 years and of sound mind to make a gift of any or all body parts to others or for research.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Preponderance of the _____ is the less stringent standard by which civil cases are held; it means that more likely than not the incident did occur.
44.  A federal statute that regulates the manufacture and distribution of the drugs that are capable of causing depedency is the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  An adult who acts on behalf of a child in litigation is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A test for the presence of genetic defects in which a needle is used to withdraw a small amount of amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus is known as a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A postmortem examination of organs and tissues to determine the cause of death is known as a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  To allege is to assert or declare without _____.
49.  Fraudulent is defined as the attempt to _____ another person.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Medical etiquette are standards of _____ behavior.
51.  A _____ is the predicition for the course of a disease.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The rate of sick people or cases of a disease in relationship to a specific population is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  _____ laws are rules that are supposed to protect the public.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  _____ is neglect, as in neglect of duty.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  An unborn child from the third month after conception until birth is called a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  _____ consent is an agreement that is made through inference by signs, inaction, or silence.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  In loco parentis is a person assigned by a _____ to stand in place of the parents and possess their legal rights and responsibilities toward the child.
58.  A _____ is a decision made by a court when there is no need for a trial.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Written command to appear in court is known as a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A legal reason, as for firing someone, is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The Doctrine of professional discretion means that a _____ may determine, based on his or her best judgement, if a patient with mental or emotional problems should view the medical record.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  A _____ is a past case that serves as a future model.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  _____ is legal responsibility for one's own actions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The various methods by which a patient has the right to self-determination prior to a medical necessity is known as a(n) _____ directive.
65.  The time before birth during which the fetus is developing, usually nine months is called the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Assumption of ______ is a legal defense that prevents a plaintiff from recovering damages if the plaintiff voluntarily accepts a risk associated with the activity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  _____ is the improper performance of an otherwise proper or lawful act.
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Medical coverage for indigent; especially pregnant women and children.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  A person without funds is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  _____ authority occurs when the state takes responsibility from the parents for the core and custody of minors under the age of 18.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  A _____ is a civil injury.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  _____ is written, print, or pictures that injur a reputation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Health care organizations covered under HIPAA are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  When an employee believes that the employer does not have a just-cause, or legal reason, for firing the employee, this is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  A predetermined fee per member per period is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  You are _____ if you are of sound mind and body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Groups of identical matching cells that came from a single common cell are called _____.
78.  Unfair or unequal treatment is known as _____.
79.  _____ are themahor events or facts from a person's life, such as live births, deaths, marriages, and divorces.
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  An _____ contract is an agreement that clearly states all terms; oral or written.
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  A _____ is a crime that is punishable by death or imprisonment for more than one year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  _____ insemination is the injection of seminal fluid that contains male sperm into the female's vagina from her husband, partner, or donor by some means other than intercourse.
83.  _____ law concerns promises and agreements.
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  To _____ is to find fault with, criticize, or condemn.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  A public health officer who holds an investigation if a person's death is from an unknown or violent cause is a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  _____ of contract is neglecting to uphold that contract.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  An unborn child between the second and twelfth week after conception is _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  _____ law involves one citizen vs. another citizen and usually results in monetary damages.
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Disease producing microorganisms transmitted by means of blood and body fluids containing blood are called _____ pathogens.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  _____ is the ability to understand someone without actually experiencing what they have experienced.
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The _____ Person Rule asks, "What would other reasonable people have done in the same situation?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  When the state is the plaintiff, we call this the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  _____ is genetic testing on embryos for genese that cause untreatable or severe diseases.
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Functions that a healthcare provider can perform without authorization from the patient are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  A _____ is a less serious crime which is punishable by fines or imprisonment for less than one year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Withdrawing medical care from a patient without providing sufficient notice to the patient is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The person bringing action into litigation is called the _____.
98.  _____ is the voluntary agreement that a patient gives to allow a medically trained person permission to touch, examine, and perform a treatment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  _____ varies by state and defines what the "practice of medicine" is for that state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  An agency that oversees hospital accreditation standards is known as _____ (use only the initials).
101.  _____ is obligation or responsibility.
102.  _____ is the expectation that your individual rights will be protected.
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  _____ is spoken false or malicious words that injur a reputation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  _____ is granting credentials based on another state's records.
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  A division of the Department of Justice that enforces the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 is called the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  _____ is the study of good vs. evil.
107.  Certain electronic operations of health care information that are mandated under HIPAA are known as ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  _____ (use only the initials) of 1996 regulates the privacy of patients' health information.
109.  The _____ means that the provider must make a reasonable effort to limit the disclosure of patient information to only the minimum amount that is necessary to accomplish the purpose of the request.
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  The ordinary skill and care that must be used is called _____ of care.
111.  The legal obligation to a patient is known as _____ of care.
112.  An agreed fee due on DOS for managed care plans is called a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  An individual who stops at the scene of an accident cannot be successfully sued as long as he or she behaves as a reasonable, prudent person; this is the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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