Medical Law And Ethics Final Exam

113 Questions  I  By Melissa_earley
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1.  _____ authority occurs when the state takes responsibility from the parents for the core and custody of minors under the age of 18.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  An adult who acts on behalf of a child in litigation is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Unfair or unequal treatment is known as _____.
4.  _____ is obligation or responsibility.
5.  _____ consent is an agreement that is made through inference by signs, inaction, or silence.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The replacement of a defective or malfunctioning gen by splicing or connecting onto the DNA of body cells to control production of a particular substance is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Preponderance of the _____ is the less stringent standard by which civil cases are held; it means that more likely than not the incident did occur.
8.  An agreed fee due on DOS for managed care plans is called a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  _____ contracts are agreements that are shown by inference, by signs, inaction, or silence.
10.  A division of the Department of Justice that enforces the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 is called the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Medical coverage for indigent; especially pregnant women and children.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The person being sued is called the _____.
13.  A public health officer who holds an investigation if a person's death is from an unknown or violent cause is a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  An unborn child between the second and twelfth week after conception is _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  An individual who stops at the scene of an accident cannot be successfully sued as long as he or she behaves as a reasonable, prudent person; this is the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  _____ is written, print, or pictures that injur a reputation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Insurance companies, HMOs, and government policies are examples of _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  An unborn child from the third month after conception until birth is called a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A _____ is a civil injury.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Posthumous refers to after _____.
21.  _____ is the study of good vs. evil.
22.  Consideration is something of _____.
23.  _____ torts are injuries caused by not exercising due standard of care.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A predetermined fee per member per period is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A type of health care system that falls under managed care and uses capitation is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  _____ is the expectation that your individual rights will be protected.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving intolderable and incurable suffering is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  _____ is another term for voluntary euthanasia.
29.  A  method of documentation in medical records that focuses on the patient's problems, not just on the diagnosis is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A legal reason, as for firing someone, is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Certain electronic operations of health care information that are mandated under HIPAA are known as ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Medical etiquette are standards of _____ behavior.
33.  _____ is any injury caused by the defendant; usually a monetary award is given as compensation.
34.  Written command to appear in court is known as a _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  _____ law concerns promises and agreements.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  _____ insemination is the injection of seminal fluid that contains male sperm into the female's vagina from her husband, partner, or donor by some means other than intercourse.
37.  _____ is the failure to perform an action when it is necessary.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  _____ laws are rules that are supposed to protect the public.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The _____ (use only the initials) monitors Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
40.  Res judicata means the thing has been _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Any individually indentifiable information that relates to the physical or mental condition of the provision of healthcare to an individual is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  When a doctor gets paid for referrals, he is guilty of _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A _____ is the predicition for the course of a disease.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Stare decisis means let the _____ stand.
45.  _____ are master cells in the body that can generate specialized cells.
46.  The _____ means that the provider must make a reasonable effort to limit the disclosure of patient information to only the minimum amount that is necessary to accomplish the purpose of the request.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The rate of sick people or cases of a disease in relationship to a specific population is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The _____ approves all nonemergent services, hospitalization, or tests before they are provided.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The Doctrine of professional discretion means that a _____ may determine, based on his or her best judgement, if a patient with mental or emotional problems should view the medical record.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The ordinary skill and care that must be used is called _____ of care.
51.  _____ is neglect, as in neglect of duty.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A _____ is a less serious crime which is punishable by fines or imprisonment for less than one year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  An _____ contract is an agreement that clearly states all terms; oral or written.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Someone who is _____ is inclined to sue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  _____ are themahor events or facts from a person's life, such as live births, deaths, marriages, and divorces.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  A test for the presence of genetic defects in which a needle is used to withdraw a small amount of amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus is known as a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  _____ cause is the continuous sequence of events, unbroken by any intervening cause, that produces an injury and without which the injury would not have occured.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  When the state is the plaintiff, we call this the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Functions that a healthcare provider can perform without authorization from the patient are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A _____ is a private or public healthcare entity that facilitates the process of standard electronic transactions into HIPAA transactions.
61.  A person without funds is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  A _____ is a crime that is punishable by death or imprisonment for more than one year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  _____ is submitting a dispute for resolution to a person other than a judge.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Malfeasance is performing a(n) _____ act.
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  In loco parentis is a person assigned by a _____ to stand in place of the parents and possess their legal rights and responsibilities toward the child.
66.  Assumption of ______ is a legal defense that prevents a plaintiff from recovering damages if the plaintiff voluntarily accepts a risk associated with the activity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  When a noncompliant patient leaves a hospital without a physician's permission, it is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  _____ is the improper performance of an otherwise proper or lawful act.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  _____ is granting credentials based on another state's records.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  A federal statute that regulates the manufacture and distribution of the drugs that are capable of causing depedency is the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  _____ law involves one citizen vs. another citizen and usually results in monetary damages.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Beyond a _____ doubt is a stricter standard by which criminal evidence is proved.
73.  _____ ensures that no one branch of the government can have more power than another.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  When the state privacy laws are stricter that the privacy standards established by HIPAA, this is called state _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Groups of identical matching cells that came from a single common cell are called _____.
76.  Res ipsa loquitur means the thing _____ for itself.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Thread like structures withing the nuclus of a cell that transmit genetic information are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The legal obligation to a patient is known as _____ of care.
79.  Withdrawing medical care from a patient without providing sufficient notice to the patient is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  To allege is to assert or declare without _____.
81.  Health care organizations covered under HIPAA are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  A written command to appear in court with appropriate documentation is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The uniform Anatomical Gift Act is a _____ statute allowing persons 18 years and of sound mind to make a gift of any or all body parts to others or for research.
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  _____ is legal responsibility for one's own actions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The _____ Person Rule asks, "What would other reasonable people have done in the same situation?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  _____ is the voluntary agreement that a patient gives to allow a medically trained person permission to touch, examine, and perform a treatment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The person bringing action into litigation is called the _____.
88.  "Let the master answer" is _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  In the case of a fetus, it is _____ when it has the ability to survive outside the uterus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The time before birth during which the fetus is developing, usually nine months is called the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  _____ is the ability to understand someone without actually experiencing what they have experienced.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  A _____ is a past case that serves as a future model.
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  _____ varies by state and defines what the "practice of medicine" is for that state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The mortality rate is also called the _____ rate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  A _____ is a decision made by a court when there is no need for a trial.
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Fraudulent is defined as the attempt to _____ another person.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Medical coverage for >65 years old and certain disabled people, and ESRD patients is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  _____ (use only the initials) of 1996 regulates the privacy of patients' health information.
99.  When an employee believes that the employer does not have a just-cause, or legal reason, for firing the employee, this is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  To _____ is to find fault with, criticize, or condemn.
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  The various methods by which a patient has the right to self-determination prior to a medical necessity is known as a(n) _____ directive.
102.  _____ is spoken false or malicious words that injur a reputation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  _____  is the stiffnes that occurs in a dead body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Negative generalities concerning specific characteristics about a group that are applied to an entire population are called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  _____ of contract is neglecting to uphold that contract.
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Care for the terminally ill patients consisting of comfort measures and symptom control is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  _____ is genetic testing on embryos for genese that cause untreatable or severe diseases.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Man-made rules for the protection of society are called _____.
109.  Consent granted by a person after the patient has received knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits is known as expressed or _____ consent.
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  The illegal appropriation of property is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Disease producing microorganisms transmitted by means of blood and body fluids containing blood are called _____ pathogens.
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  A postmortem examination of organs and tissues to determine the cause of death is known as a(n) _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  An agency that oversees hospital accreditation standards is known as _____ (use only the initials).
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