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Medical Assistant- Medical Terminology

17 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following terms means “surgical removal of the uterus”?
    • A. 

      Appendectomy

    • B. 

      Cholecystectomy

    • C. 

      Hysterectomy

    • D. 

      Nephrectomy

    • E. 

      Splenectomy

  • 2. 
    The word roots vas/o means:
    • A. 

      Vein

    • B. 

      Artery

    • C. 

      Vessel

    • D. 

      Capillary

  • 3. 
    The word root pneumon/o means:
    • A. 

      Air

    • B. 

      Breathing

    • C. 

      Bronchus

    • D. 

      Pleura

    • E. 

      Lung

  • 4. 
    The suffix -rrhexis means:
    • A. 

      Discharge

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Flow

    • D. 

      Rupture

  • 5. 
    The term rhinorrhea means:
    • A. 

      Inflammation of the nose

    • B. 

      Suturing of the nostrils

    • C. 

      Discharge from the nose

    • D. 

      Enlargement of the nose

  • 6. 
    The word root myc/o means:
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Many

    • C. 

      Middle

    • D. 

      Mold

    • E. 

      Mucus

  • 7. 
    The term hepatomegaly means:
    • A. 

      Dysfunction of the kidneys

    • B. 

      Underdevelopment of the liver

    • C. 

      Increased production of blood liver

    • D. 

      Enlargement of the liver

    • E. 

      Hemorrhage from the liver

  • 8. 
    The suffix -lysis refers to:
    • A. 

      Formation

    • B. 

      Hardening

    • C. 

      Abnormal

    • D. 

      Destruction

  • 9. 
    Which of the following terms refers to an excessive amount of menstrual flow?
    • A. 

      Amenorrhea

    • B. 

      Dysmenorrhea

    • C. 

      Menarche

    • D. 

      Menorrhagia

    • E. 

      Polymenorrhea

  • 10. 
    Which of the following terms describes the body's ability to maintain its normal state?
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Tolerance

    • D. 

      Homeostasis

    • E. 

      Metabolism

  • 11. 
    Each of the following is known to help prevent infection EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Hair in the nose

    • B. 

      Mucous membranes

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts

    • D. 

      Saliva

    • E. 

      Tears

  • 12. 
    Each of the following mature cells has a nucleus EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Lymphocyte

    • B. 

      Monocyte

    • C. 

      Erythrocyte

    • D. 

      Basophil

    • E. 

      Neutrophil

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joints?
    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Cartilage

    • C. 

      Epithelial

    • D. 

      Muscle

    • E. 

      Nerve

  • 14. 
    Each of the following is located in the mediastinum EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Esophagus

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Pancreas

    • E. 

      Trachea

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is the body cavity that contains the pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      Abdominal

    • B. 

      Cranial

    • C. 

      Pleural

    • D. 

      Spinal

    • E. 

      Thoracic

  • 16. 
    Which of the following closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing?
    • A. 

      Alveoli

    • B. 

      Epiglottis

    • C. 

      Larynx

    • D. 

      Uvula

    • E. 

      Vocal cords

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is located beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity?
    • A. 

      Appendix

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Spleen

    • E. 

      Stomach