Prevent respiratory alkalosis.
Lower arterial pH.
Promote carbon dioxide elimination.
Maintain partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) above 80 mm Hg
Head turned to the side
Neck in neutral position
Head of bed elevated 30 to 45 degrees
Headache, nausea, and vomiting
Papilledema, dizziness, mental status changes
Obvious motor deficits
increased pulse rate, drop in blood pressure
52 mm Hg
88 mm Hg
48 mm Hg
68 mm Hg
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Histamine receptor blockers
Decreased systolic blood pressure
Headache and vomiting
Inability to wake the patient with noxious stimuli
Dilated pupils that don’t react to light
Increased pulse rate
Decreased blood pressure
Narrowed pulse pressure
Large amounts of very dilute urine.
Restlessness and confusion.
Widened pulse pressure.
Bulging anterior fontanel.
Signs of sleepiness at 10 PM.
Inability to read short words from a distance of 18 inches.
Client is oriented when aroused from sleep, and goes back to sleep immediately.
Blood pressure is decreased from 160/90 to 110/70.
Client refuses dinner because of anorexia.
Pulse is increased from 88-96 with occasional skipped beat.