Human Biology Practice Test For Final

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Human Biology Practice Test For Final
This is the practice test (from last year? ) for the Final.

  
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1.  Stimulates release of LH/FSH when in high concentration in blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  When an immune system cell ingests an antigen, it may become an antigen-presenting cell. This means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Assume A is normal vision, a is colorblind vision. In the cross XAXa x XaY, one can say that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4. 
The name of the process shown here is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The type of hormone which activates a pathway which is already present in the cell, but in an inactive state, is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  If the neutrons in a nucleus of an atom are more numerous than the number of protons in the nucleas, then:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The pharynx is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8. 
There is a mistake in the following DNA. Which numbered arrow points to this mistake?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  If one sees the chromosomes of a cell aligned at the center of the cell in a straight line, this cell will be in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The only peptide formed by the testis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11. 
A ribosome has 3 sites, An E, a P and an A site.  Into which site does tRNA enter in order to attach to mRNA?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which bond is the weakest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Stimulates ovary to cause ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  A common characteristic of the formation of polymers is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following releases amylase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16. 
Which of the following regions which are indicated by letters, is a nitrogenous base of a DNA nucleotide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  In the hormonal stimulation of cAMP formation, the molecule which is activates adenylyl cyclase to form cAMP is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Air enters the human lung because of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What is a codon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21. 
Assume 2 pair of chromosomes in the parent cell, which have already undergone DNA replication. This diagram below illustrates the Mendel's Law of Segregation because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Causes buildup of uterine lining.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Produced by corpus luteum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The smallest unit of matter which cannot be broken down chemically is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The ______ causes contractions of the ventricles of the heart.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Assume a cell normally has receptors for a hormone, then for some reason it no longer has those receptors. The loss of receptors will mean that the cell:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What is a characteristic of DNA?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  If A is dominant to a, the offspring of the cross AA  x aa will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29. 
One can say about the membrane protein in the following illustration:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following is a characteristic of living organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This changes shape to move actin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This causes the membrane potential to rise (depolarize) all along the axon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Cell membrane proteins called Major Histocompatability Complex (MHC) serve to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Hormone which maintains the corpus luteum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is a non-polar molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A specific immune response means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  DNA replication occurs during:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which organelle is the site of most ATP formation in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This is composed of one cell type, i.e. neurosecretory cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Stimulates interstitial cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  In the nitrogen cycle, __________ are responsible for fixing nitrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The waste product urea is formed in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This controls the level of glucose in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44. 
In the following molecule of mRNA, the number underneath the start codon(s) is (are):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  In an ecosystem, _________ move(s) in a one way path, while ________ move(s) in a cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46. 
In the following negative feedback loop, a hormone controls the level of a material in the blood.  What will occur at the site marked with an X? [Start at the fat, open arrow.]
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47. 
In the following diagram, water is entering the cell.  Which of the following is a true statement concerning that diagram, or is (e) the correct reply?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Where would one find MHC proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Anti-diuretic hormone, (ADH) will cause less _________ to be released in the urine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following is a lipid (= fat) and is found in cell membranes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  __________ hormones have receptors which bind the hormone and then the hormone/receptor complex attaches to DNA.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The tissue type that can be found covering organs and lining openings in the body is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  This produces both progesterone and estrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  After an mRNA molecule has been produced:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Glucose is removed from the nephron and reabsorbed into the blood from the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56. 
A tendon is indicated by arrow number _____?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  CAMP is formed from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  One thing which helps make a vaccination work is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The last heart chamber to which blood flows before going to the body is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The material which acts upon pepsinogen to change it to pepsin is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Steroid which helps to stimulate sperm maturation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  This releases about 10 different hormones, all of which are peptides.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The epiglottis functions to prevent food from entering the trachea. It is necessary to do this because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64. 
The following diagram is of 2 chromosomes of one pair, even though they are of different colors. A true statement concerning this diagram is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65. 
Which of the following diagrams would accurately depict how water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other?  [The squiggle represents a hydrogen bond].
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following type of bond is used when a peptide bond is formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  This is found in the membrane and forms ATP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  In the human body, the food we eat is ultimately stored in what form of energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  This is stimulated by LH (Luteinizing hormone) to produce testosterone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  __________ in an ecosystem.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Present in the female but not the male.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  If a parent cell (assume 1 pair of chromosomes) is to undergo normal mitosis, then each of the daughter cells will have:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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