Human Biology Practice Test For Final

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Human Biology Practice Test For Final
This is the practice test (from last year? ) for the Final.

  
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1. 
The following diagram is of 2 chromosomes of one pair, even though they are of different colors. A true statement concerning this diagram is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following releases amylase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This produces both progesterone and estrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Air enters the human lung because of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  __________ hormones have receptors which bind the hormone and then the hormone/receptor complex attaches to DNA.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  After an mRNA molecule has been produced:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Stimulates release of LH/FSH when in high concentration in blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  If the neutrons in a nucleus of an atom are more numerous than the number of protons in the nucleas, then:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Stimulates ovary to cause ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which bond is the weakest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  What is a codon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  One thing which helps make a vaccination work is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  In the hormonal stimulation of cAMP formation, the molecule which is activates adenylyl cyclase to form cAMP is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  In the human body, the food we eat is ultimately stored in what form of energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  If one sees the chromosomes of a cell aligned at the center of the cell in a straight line, this cell will be in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Causes buildup of uterine lining.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17. 
Which of the following diagrams would accurately depict how water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other?  [The squiggle represents a hydrogen bond].
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Where would one find MHC proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The only peptide formed by the testis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20. 
Which of the following regions which are indicated by letters, is a nitrogenous base of a DNA nucleotide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21. 
A tendon is indicated by arrow number _____?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Glucose is removed from the nephron and reabsorbed into the blood from the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This releases about 10 different hormones, all of which are peptides.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Hormone which maintains the corpus luteum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The type of hormone which activates a pathway which is already present in the cell, but in an inactive state, is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  CAMP is formed from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Assume a cell normally has receptors for a hormone, then for some reason it no longer has those receptors. The loss of receptors will mean that the cell:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This is stimulated by LH (Luteinizing hormone) to produce testosterone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The smallest unit of matter which cannot be broken down chemically is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The material which acts upon pepsinogen to change it to pepsin is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31. 
One can say about the membrane protein in the following illustration:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32. 
Assume 2 pair of chromosomes in the parent cell, which have already undergone DNA replication. This diagram below illustrates the Mendel's Law of Segregation because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A common characteristic of the formation of polymers is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The epiglottis functions to prevent food from entering the trachea. It is necessary to do this because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  If A is dominant to a, the offspring of the cross AA  x aa will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Produced by corpus luteum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This is composed of one cell type, i.e. neurosecretory cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is a non-polar molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Assume A is normal vision, a is colorblind vision. In the cross XAXa x XaY, one can say that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The pharynx is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42. 
The name of the process shown here is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following type of bond is used when a peptide bond is formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A specific immune response means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Steroid which helps to stimulate sperm maturation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  If a parent cell (assume 1 pair of chromosomes) is to undergo normal mitosis, then each of the daughter cells will have:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Anti-diuretic hormone, (ADH) will cause less _________ to be released in the urine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  In an ecosystem, _________ move(s) in a one way path, while ________ move(s) in a cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The last heart chamber to which blood flows before going to the body is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following is a characteristic of living organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is found in the membrane and forms ATP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52. 
A ribosome has 3 sites, An E, a P and an A site.  Into which site does tRNA enter in order to attach to mRNA?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Stimulates interstitial cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54. 
There is a mistake in the following DNA. Which numbered arrow points to this mistake?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This controls the level of glucose in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  When an immune system cell ingests an antigen, it may become an antigen-presenting cell. This means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  DNA replication occurs during:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The ______ causes contractions of the ventricles of the heart.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Cell membrane proteins called Major Histocompatability Complex (MHC) serve to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The tissue type that can be found covering organs and lining openings in the body is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61. 
In the following diagram, water is entering the cell.  Which of the following is a true statement concerning that diagram, or is (e) the correct reply?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  What is a characteristic of DNA?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  This changes shape to move actin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  In the nitrogen cycle, __________ are responsible for fixing nitrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The waste product urea is formed in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  __________ in an ecosystem.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67. 
In the following negative feedback loop, a hormone controls the level of a material in the blood.  What will occur at the site marked with an X? [Start at the fat, open arrow.]
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68. 
In the following molecule of mRNA, the number underneath the start codon(s) is (are):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following is a lipid (= fat) and is found in cell membranes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which organelle is the site of most ATP formation in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Present in the female but not the male.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  This causes the membrane potential to rise (depolarize) all along the axon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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