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Human Anatomy & Physiology: The Urinary System 1

23 Questions  I  By Dmclover73
Urinary System Quizzes & Trivia
I created these quizzes to help me study for my A&P exams. This is the first quiz that deals with the urinary system.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  The primary function of the kidneys is to regulate the _________ and ____ of body fluids.
2.  Although the urinary system is responsible for producing urine, it also is a ________ balancer. Each kidney processes incoming ______ in ways that allow it to leave the kidney in better condition. (same answer in both blanks, only need to type it once)
3.  The primary organ(s) of the urinary system is/are the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The kidneys are located on either side of the _________ high on the ________ wall of the _______. They are located between the ____ thoracic and _____ lumbar vertebrae. The left kidney is usually about ________ cm higher than the right kidney.
5.  The right kidney sits lower than the left kidney because the right kidney is usually displaced by the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The kidneys are positioned behind the _______________. Because of this they are referred to as __________.
7.  The following three questions deal with the tissue layers that cover the kidneys. The ________ is the outermost CT layer that serves to anchor the kidney to surrounding tissues.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This tissue layer is the innermost fibrous tissue layer that directly surrounds the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This tissue layer is the middle layer which consists of a layer of fat. This fat helps to cushion the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The _____ is the indentation in the medial border of the kidney. It serves as an entrance to the _______ and is the point at which the _______ leaves the kidney and _________, _______ and ______ communicate with the kidney.
11.  Internally, the hilum opens into a space or a hollow chamber called the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The renal sinus contains the ___________ and the _______ which is a funnel-shaped sac.
13.  The renal sinus is located at the superior end of the ________ and is the receiving area for ________.
14.  The ________ is the reddish, outer region of the kidney that is in contact to the renal capsule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The renal cortex appears somewhat _______ due to the random arrangement of tiny tubules associated with the ______.
16.  __________ are continuations of the renal cortex that separate the renal pyramids.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The _____ is the inner region of the kidneys composed of conical masses of tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The ________ are conical (triangular) masses of tissue located within the renal medulla of the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The renal medulla of each kidney contains between ______ renal pyramids.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Each renal pyramid contains a wide base that is directed toward the ________ and an apex which is the pointed ______ end. It appears as a small elevation that projects into the _________.
21.  The apexes form the _______ of the pyramids.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The renal papillae project into a small tube called a ___________. Several of these small tubes converge to form the ___________.
23.  The major calyces merge to form the _________, which is the expanded portion of the _______.
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