Human Anatomy & Physiology: The Urinary System 1

23 Questions  I  By Dmclover73
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Human Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
I created these quizzes to help me study for my A&P exams. This is the first quiz that deals with the urinary system.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    The primary function of the kidneys is to regulate the _________ and ____ of body fluids.

  • 2. 
    Although the urinary system is responsible for producing urine, it also is a ________ balancer. Each kidney processes incoming ______ in ways that allow it to leave the kidney in better condition. (same answer in both blanks, only need to type it once)

  • 3. 
    The primary organ(s) of the urinary system is/are the:
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Bladder

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      Ureters

    • E. 

      Pancreas


  • 4. 
    The kidneys are located on either side of the _________ high on the ________ wall of the _______. They are located between the ____ thoracic and _____ lumbar vertebrae. The left kidney is usually about ________ cm higher than the right kidney.

  • 5. 
    The right kidney sits lower than the left kidney because the right kidney is usually displaced by the ________.
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Liver


  • 6. 
    The kidneys are positioned behind the _______________. Because of this they are referred to as __________.

  • 7. 
    The following three questions deal with the tissue layers that cover the kidneys. The ________ is the outermost CT layer that serves to anchor the kidney to surrounding tissues.
    • A. 

      Renal capsule

    • B. 

      Hilum capsule

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Adipose capsule

    • E. 

      Adipose fascia


  • 8. 
    This tissue layer is the innermost fibrous tissue layer that directly surrounds the kidney.
    • A. 

      Renal capsule

    • B. 

      Hilum capsule

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Adipose capsule

    • E. 

      Adipose fascia


  • 9. 
    This tissue layer is the middle layer which consists of a layer of fat. This fat helps to cushion the kidney.
    • A. 

      Renal capsule

    • B. 

      Hilum capsule

    • C. 

      Renal fascia

    • D. 

      Adipose capsule

    • E. 

      Adipose fascia


  • 10. 
    The _____ is the indentation in the medial border of the kidney. It serves as an entrance to the _______ and is the point at which the _______ leaves the kidney and _________, _______ and ______ communicate with the kidney.

  • 11. 
    Internally, the hilum opens into a space or a hollow chamber called the ________.
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Renal vessel

    • C. 

      Renal medulla

    • D. 

      Renal papillae

    • E. 

      Renal sinus


  • 12. 
    The renal sinus contains the ___________ and the _______ which is a funnel-shaped sac.

  • 13. 
    The renal sinus is located at the superior end of the ________ and is the receiving area for ________.

  • 14. 
    The ________ is the reddish, outer region of the kidney that is in contact to the renal capsule.
    • A. 

      Renal sinus

    • B. 

      Renal cortex

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis

    • D. 

      Renal medulla

    • E. 

      Renal papillae


  • 15. 
    The renal cortex appears somewhat _______ due to the random arrangement of tiny tubules associated with the ______.

  • 16. 
    __________ are continuations of the renal cortex that separate the renal pyramids.
    • A. 

      Renal capsules

    • B. 

      Renal papillae

    • C. 

      Renal vessels

    • D. 

      Renal columns

    • E. 

      Minor calyces


  • 17. 
    The _____ is the inner region of the kidneys composed of conical masses of tissue.
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Renal medulla

    • C. 

      Renal sinus

    • D. 

      Renal capsule

    • E. 

      Renal cortex


  • 18. 
    The ________ are conical (triangular) masses of tissue located within the renal medulla of the kidney.
    • A. 

      Renal columns

    • B. 

      Renal papillae

    • C. 

      Renal pyramids

    • D. 

      Renal vessels

    • E. 

      Renal capsules


  • 19. 
    The renal medulla of each kidney contains between ______ renal pyramids.
    • A. 

      6-19

    • B. 

      4-17

    • C. 

      7-20

    • D. 

      5-18

    • E. 

      3-16


  • 20. 
    Each renal pyramid contains a wide base that is directed toward the ________ and an apex which is the pointed ______ end. It appears as a small elevation that projects into the _________.

  • 21. 
    The apexes form the _______ of the pyramids.
    • A. 

      Renal medulla

    • B. 

      Renal columns

    • C. 

      Renal capsules

    • D. 

      Renal sinuses

    • E. 

      Renal papillae


  • 22. 
    The renal papillae project into a small tube called a ___________. Several of these small tubes converge to form the ___________.

  • 23. 
    The major calyces merge to form the _________, which is the expanded portion of the _______.

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