Endocrine System Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Agambino
Endocrine system quiz: i know we all want to forget about human structure and function but i figured i'd make this and hopefully IT will help everyone out!!!

  
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1.  The pituitary gland is divided into the _______ lobe and the _________ lobe.
2.  Most hormones are proteins or related compounds also made of amino acids.  These hormones exclude sex glands and adrenal cortex. These hormones are referred to as:
3.  When the gland secretes its hormone into the bloodstream, where does it travel to?
4.  Check all the functions that apply to the thyroid:
A.
B.
C.
5.  ______________ is referred to as an underactive thyroid from hyposecretion.
6.  What are the 2 hormones that the posterior pituitary gland stores?
7.  Once ______ to the cell, the ______ affects cell activities, regulating the manufacture of proteins, changing the permeability of the membrane, or affecting metabolic reactions.
8.  This gland secretes 7 hormones called the releasing hormones.
9.  Hyposecretion is an _________ __________ disorder, in which there is a decreased production of a gland.
10.  The cells that make up the target tissues have ________ in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm to which the hormone attaches.
11.  This hormone causes retention of water:
12.  These are chemical messengers that have specific regulatory effects on certain cells or organs in the body  __________
13.  The specific tissue acted on by each hormone is called the _________ __________.
14.  The thyroid produces 2 hormones that regulate metabolism. and need iodine for production.  What are they?
15.  This is the most common form of hyperthyroidism and is characterized by nervousness, weight loss, rapid pulse, tremors, and exophthalmos. What is my name?
16.  This is hypothyroidism in infants and children, in which the skeleton, brain, and nervous systems fail to grow:
17.  ____ regulates calcium metabolism and is secreted by the parathyroid.
18.  ____________ is the hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.
19.  This system provides slower but longer lasting control by hormones secreted into and circulated by the blood
20.  The endocrine system is much like the nervous system in that they both are the two main ___________ and ____________ systems of our body.
21.  These are hormones derived from lipids and are produced by the adrenal cortex and sex glands:
22.  An overactive thyroid from excessive secretion is referred to as:
23.  This hypothyroidism occurs in adults, in which results in atrophy of the thyroid.  They tend to become sluggish, have dry hair and skin, have muscle weakness, and are always cold.
24.  This hormone cause uterine contractions and allows milk production to be released:
25.  The posterior pituitary gland does not produce _________ but rather _______ them for the hypothalamus.
26.  This is a disorder of the posterior pituitary, which is a hyposecretion of ADH, causing excessive loss of water.  What is my name?
27.  The thyroid also produces _________, which is responsible for calcium homeostasis.
28.  ____________ is the production of too much hormones by a diseased gland.
29.  Behind the thyroid in its capsule are 4 tiny glands called _______ ________.
30.  When receptors become too active, there is a __________ effect on the __________ gland, which then ________ its secretory action.
31.  The effects of tumors of the pituitary gland depend on the types of _____ in the excess _____.
32.  The two main categories of hormones are:
33.  This system provides rapid, brief control by fast traveling nerve impulses to conduct information
34.  Hyperparathyroidism is increased blood calcium levels.
A.
B.
35.  The ________ in the target tissue become active.
36.  The endocrine system is made up of _________ that secrete _________ directly into the bloodstream.
37.  This gland is pea shaped and is located at the base of the brain.  It is referred to as the "master gland" and regulates growth, development, homeostasis, and metabolism.this refers to the:
38.  Since hormones of the female menstrual cycle follow a monthly pattern, these hormones are referred to as _______ or have a ________ pattern.
39.  The _________ hormones leave the pituitary and stimulate a gland or tissue.
40.  The pituitary gland is connected to the __________ by a stalk called the ___________.
41.  The _________ system is a collection of ________ that produce _______ that regulate your body's growth, metabolism, sexual development, and function.
42.  Check all the releasing hormones associated with the anterior pituitary gland:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
43.  The _______ is located in the neck and under the larynx. I have ____ lobes, which are attached by an _______.
44.  An overactive growth hormone in an adult is called __________.  Removing this type of tumor will ________ changes but the ______ changes will not go back to normal.
45.  Pituitary dwarfism is a hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.
A.
B.
46.  This is a disorder where decreased blood calcium causes brittle bones and tetany:
47.  Hormones are regulated by a :
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