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Endocrine System Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Agambino
Health Quizzes & Trivia
Endocrine System Quiz: I know we all want to forget about human structure and function but i figured i'd make this and hopefully it will help everyone out!!!

  
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1.  What are the 2 hormones that the posterior pituitary gland stores?
2.  These are hormones derived from lipids and are produced by the adrenal cortex and sex glands:
3.  An overactive growth hormone in an adult is called __________.  Removing this type of tumor will ________ changes but the ______ changes will not go back to normal.
4.  Most hormones are proteins or related compounds also made of amino acids.  These hormones exclude sex glands and adrenal cortex. These hormones are referred to as:
5.  The _______ is located in the neck and under the larynx. I have ____ lobes, which are attached by an _______.
6.  ____ regulates calcium metabolism and is secreted by the parathyroid.
7.  Since hormones of the female menstrual cycle follow a monthly pattern, these hormones are referred to as _______ or have a ________ pattern.
8.  The effects of tumors of the pituitary gland depend on the types of _____ in the excess _____.
9.  This hormone cause uterine contractions and allows milk production to be released:
10.  The pituitary gland is divided into the _______ lobe and the _________ lobe.
11.  Hyperparathyroidism is increased blood calcium levels.
A.
B.
12.  This gland secretes 7 hormones called the releasing hormones.
13.  Hyposecretion is an _________ __________ disorder, in which there is a decreased production of a gland.
14.  The cells that make up the target tissues have ________ in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm to which the hormone attaches.
15.  Check all the releasing hormones associated with the anterior pituitary gland:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
16.  This system provides slower but longer lasting control by hormones secreted into and circulated by the blood
17.  This system provides rapid, brief control by fast traveling nerve impulses to conduct information
18.  Check all the functions that apply to the thyroid:
A.
B.
C.
19.  The _________ system is a collection of ________ that produce _______ that regulate your body's growth, metabolism, sexual development, and function.
20.  The pituitary gland is connected to the __________ by a stalk called the ___________.
21.  The two main categories of hormones are:
22.  Pituitary dwarfism is a hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.
A.
B.
23.  The specific tissue acted on by each hormone is called the _________ __________.
24.  When the gland secretes its hormone into the bloodstream, where does it travel to?
25.  This hormone causes retention of water:
26.  This gland is pea shaped and is located at the base of the brain.  It is referred to as the "master gland" and regulates growth, development, homeostasis, and metabolism.this refers to the:
27.  The endocrine system is made up of _________ that secrete _________ directly into the bloodstream.
28.  This is the most common form of hyperthyroidism and is characterized by nervousness, weight loss, rapid pulse, tremors, and exophthalmos. What is my name?
29.  This is a disorder of the posterior pituitary, which is a hyposecretion of ADH, causing excessive loss of water.  What is my name?
30.  The thyroid also produces _________, which is responsible for calcium homeostasis.
31.  This is hypothyroidism in infants and children, in which the skeleton, brain, and nervous systems fail to grow:
32.  An overactive thyroid from excessive secretion is referred to as:
33.  Hormones are regulated by a :
34.  The endocrine system is much like the nervous system in that they both are the two main ___________ and ____________ systems of our body.
35.  When receptors become too active, there is a __________ effect on the __________ gland, which then ________ its secretory action.
36.  The posterior pituitary gland does not produce _________ but rather _______ them for the hypothalamus.
37.  This hypothyroidism occurs in adults, in which results in atrophy of the thyroid.  They tend to become sluggish, have dry hair and skin, have muscle weakness, and are always cold.
38.  The ________ in the target tissue become active.
39.  Once ______ to the cell, the ______ affects cell activities, regulating the manufacture of proteins, changing the permeability of the membrane, or affecting metabolic reactions.
40.  Behind the thyroid in its capsule are 4 tiny glands called _______ ________.
41.  ______________ is referred to as an underactive thyroid from hyposecretion.
42.  ____________ is the hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.
43.  This is a disorder where decreased blood calcium causes brittle bones and tetany:
44.  These are chemical messengers that have specific regulatory effects on certain cells or organs in the body  __________
45.  The _________ hormones leave the pituitary and stimulate a gland or tissue.
46.  ____________ is the production of too much hormones by a diseased gland.
47.  The thyroid produces 2 hormones that regulate metabolism. and need iodine for production.  What are they?
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