Endocrine System Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Agambino
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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia
Endocrine System Quiz: I know we all want to forget about human structure and function but i figured i'd make this and hopefully it will help everyone out!!!

  
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  • 1. 
    These are chemical messengers that have specific regulatory effects on certain cells or organs in the body  __________

  • 2. 
    The endocrine system is made up of _________ that secrete _________ directly into the bloodstream.

  • 3. 
    The endocrine system is much like the nervous system in that they both are the two main ___________ and ____________ systems of our body.

  • 4. 
    This system provides rapid, brief control by fast traveling nerve impulses to conduct information

  • 5. 
    This system provides slower but longer lasting control by hormones secreted into and circulated by the blood

  • 6. 
    The two main categories of hormones are:

  • 7. 
    These are hormones derived from lipids and are produced by the adrenal cortex and sex glands:

  • 8. 
    Most hormones are proteins or related compounds also made of amino acids.  These hormones exclude sex glands and adrenal cortex. These hormones are referred to as:

  • 9. 
    The _________ system is a collection of ________ that produce _______ that regulate your body's growth, metabolism, sexual development, and function.

  • 10. 
    The specific tissue acted on by each hormone is called the _________ __________.

  • 11. 
    The cells that make up the target tissues have ________ in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm to which the hormone attaches.

  • 12. 
    Once ______ to the cell, the ______ affects cell activities, regulating the manufacture of proteins, changing the permeability of the membrane, or affecting metabolic reactions.

  • 13. 
    Hormones are regulated by a :

  • 14. 
    Since hormones of the female menstrual cycle follow a monthly pattern, these hormones are referred to as _______ or have a ________ pattern.

  • 15. 
    When the gland secretes its hormone into the bloodstream, where does it travel to?

  • 16. 
    The ________ in the target tissue become active.

  • 17. 
    When receptors become too active, there is a __________ effect on the __________ gland, which then ________ its secretory action.

  • 18. 
    This gland is pea shaped and is located at the base of the brain.  It is referred to as the "master gland" and regulates growth, development, homeostasis, and metabolism.this refers to the:

  • 19. 
    The pituitary gland is divided into the _______ lobe and the _________ lobe.

  • 20. 
    The pituitary gland is connected to the __________ by a stalk called the ___________.

  • 21. 
    This gland secretes 7 hormones called the releasing hormones.

  • 22. 
    The _________ hormones leave the pituitary and stimulate a gland or tissue.

  • 23. 
    Check all the releasing hormones associated with the anterior pituitary gland:
    • A. 

      TSH

    • B. 

      FSH

    • C. 

      GH

    • D. 

      ACTH

    • E. 

      MSH

    • F. 

      PRL

    • G. 

      LH

    • H. 

      ADH


  • 24. 
    Pituitary dwarfism is a hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    Hyposecretion is an _________ __________ disorder, in which there is a decreased production of a gland.

  • 26. 
    ____________ is the production of too much hormones by a diseased gland.

  • 27. 
    The effects of tumors of the pituitary gland depend on the types of _____ in the excess _____.

  • 28. 
    ____________ is the hypersecretion of growth hormone in childhood.

  • 29. 
    An overactive growth hormone in an adult is called __________.  Removing this type of tumor will ________ changes but the ______ changes will not go back to normal.

  • 30. 
    This is a disorder of the posterior pituitary, which is a hyposecretion of ADH, causing excessive loss of water.  What is my name?

  • 31. 
    What are the 2 hormones that the posterior pituitary gland stores?

  • 32. 
    This hormone cause uterine contractions and allows milk production to be released:

  • 33. 
    The posterior pituitary gland does not produce _________ but rather _______ them for the hypothalamus.

  • 34. 
    This hormone causes retention of water:

  • 35. 
    The _______ is located in the neck and under the larynx. I have ____ lobes, which are attached by an _______.

  • 36. 
    The thyroid produces 2 hormones that regulate metabolism. and need iodine for production.  What are they?

  • 37. 
    The thyroid also produces _________, which is responsible for calcium homeostasis.

  • 38. 
    Check all the functions that apply to the thyroid:
    • A. 

      Increase rate of metabolism in body cells

    • B. 

      Increase energy metabolism

    • C. 

      Increase protein metabolism


  • 39. 
    An overactive thyroid from excessive secretion is referred to as:

  • 40. 
    This is the most common form of hyperthyroidism and is characterized by nervousness, weight loss, rapid pulse, tremors, and exophthalmos. What is my name?

  • 41. 
    ______________ is referred to as an underactive thyroid from hyposecretion.

  • 42. 
    This is hypothyroidism in infants and children, in which the skeleton, brain, and nervous systems fail to grow:

  • 43. 
    This hypothyroidism occurs in adults, in which results in atrophy of the thyroid.  They tend to become sluggish, have dry hair and skin, have muscle weakness, and are always cold.

  • 44. 
    Behind the thyroid in its capsule are 4 tiny glands called _______ ________.

  • 45. 
    ____ regulates calcium metabolism and is secreted by the parathyroid.

  • 46. 
    This is a disorder where decreased blood calcium causes brittle bones and tetany:

  • 47. 
    Hyperparathyroidism is increased blood calcium levels.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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