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Emt I Exam Practice - Medical Emergencies - Part I

50 Questions  I  By BBHAGAN
EMT I EXAM PRACTICE - MEDICAL EMERGENCIES - part I
PRACTICE TEST FOR EMT-I SEMESTER EXAM

  
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1.  CNS depression would lead to a problem with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Pulmonary edema would lead to a problem with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  While you are gathering a history of an asthma patient she tells you, "they had to intubate me last time this happened" this information is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The term "blue bloater" is used to describe which of the following conditions:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Drugs like albuterol help asthma patients by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  While treating a patient with COPD, she advises you not to adminsiter oxygen because she breathes on the basis of her "hypoxic drive". Her pulse oximety reading is 85%. You should:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Excessive positive intrathoracic pressure during an asthma attack may lead to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which adventitious lung sounds are most commonly associated with asthma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  One factor that may help differentiate pneumonia from COPD is the presence of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  PEEP is used to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Air entering the pleural space that is not related to trauma is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Blood supply to the brain is supplied by the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Cerebral perfusion pressure is determined by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  If a patient is hyperventilating, you would expect blood flow to the brain to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A suspected stroke patient is exhibiting decorticate posturing and sluggish pupil reaction time. Ventilation for this patient should be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Cushings triad consists of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The single best indicator of a serious neurological condition is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following carries the worst prognosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the floowing assessment tools is most helpful when trying to differentiate metabolic causes from structural causes of coma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Adminstration of thiamine should be considered if the cause of coma is suspected to be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Why would a comatose patient regain consciousness after the administration of naloxone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Naloxone is effective in reversing teh effects of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The two major events that occur to cause a stroke are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Your patient complains of the abrubt onset of the worst headache she has ever felt in her life. this is indicative of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A TIA differs from a stroke in that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The arm drift in the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale is abnormal if:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The most important action a paramedic can take in the treatment of a stroke patient is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Epilepsy is a seizure disorder
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Your partner suddenly falls to th efloor and becomes very rigid, withoccasional relaxation of the muscles. His temperature is normal. He is apneic and incontinent of urine. This type of seizure activity is best described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Your 4 year old son stares off into space and doesn't respond to y our repeated questioning about whether he's all right. he displays no movement and remains in a standing position. this type of seizure activity is best defined as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Status epilepticus is defined as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following is typical of syncope?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Endocrine glands secreete their hormones into the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Diabetes is cased primarily by a disorder of the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The primary function of insulin is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  When testing a patient's blood glucose level, you obtain a reading of 12 mg/dL. this reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following hormones is secreted when serum glucose levels rise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Type I diabetes is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Type II diabetes is caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A diabetic patient exhibits Kussmaul breathing to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  You are called to treat a 13 year old girl with a history of diabetes. her mother said she began acting strange and then lapsed into unconsciousness. you treat her by administering:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia may include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Administration of dextrose 50% can precipitate neurological complications in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  You are called to treat a patient with a known history of diabetes and alcoholism. the patient's friend reports that he didn't eat all day while they were attending a tailgate party. thate patient ingested mixed drinks. the patient is currently unresponsive. you note that he has an insulin pump in place. befoer adminstering dextrose, you should consider the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Glucogen should be considered when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Glocagon is effective in treating hypoglcemia because it stimulates the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Localized allergic reactions ar best managed with
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The chemical released ain an anaphylactic reaction that causes rapidly increased vascular permeability and capillary and venule dilation is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Histamines promote the contraction of nonvascular smooth muscle, expecially muscles in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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