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New Jersey Cosmetology Review Exam 2

100 Questions
Cosmetology State Board Quizzes & Trivia

This is a Cosmetology Review Exam created to assist in preparing Cosmetology students for the NJ State Board Exam. Please let me know if you feel a question/answer is wrong by e-mail, which is my [email protected] Com.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    To avoid back strain while giving a shampoo or other service, maintain a ______ posture.
    • A. 

      Sway-back

    • B. 

      Lordosis

    • C. 

      Good

    • D. 

      Kyphosis

  • 2. 
    In order to give the body support and balance and to help maintain good posture, the cosmetologist should wear:
    • A. 

      Ankle support boots

    • B. 

      High-heeled shoes

    • C. 

      Low-heeled shoes

    • D. 

      Sandals

  • 3. 
    Thoughfulness of others is considered to be the basis of:
    • A. 

      Good grooming

    • B. 

      Salesmanship

    • C. 

      Vitality

    • D. 

      Courtesy

  • 4. 
    One of cosmetologists' most important personal assets is their:
    • A. 

      Aggressiveness

    • B. 

      Personality

    • C. 

      Clothes

    • D. 

      Indifference

  • 5. 
    One important part of professionalism is
    • A. 

      Arrogance

    • B. 

      Posture

    • C. 

      Punctuality

    • D. 

      Antecedents

  • 6. 
    To be liked, it is important to handle clients with:
    • A. 

      Familiarity

    • B. 

      Tact

    • C. 

      Timidity

    • D. 

      Patronization

  • 7. 
    The science that deals with healthful living is:
    • A. 

      Chemistry

    • B. 

      Hygiene

    • C. 

      Bacteriology

    • D. 

      Cosmetology

  • 8. 
    The practice of public hygiene is important because it helps to preserve the:
    • A. 

      Quality of cosmetology services

    • B. 

      Health of the individual

    • C. 

      Health of the community

    • D. 

      Quality of cosmetic products

  • 9. 
    Bad or offensive breath may be treated and minimized by:
    • A. 

      Gargling with an astringent

    • B. 

      Spraying with a disinfectant

    • C. 

      Spraying with a perfumed caustic

    • D. 

      Rinsing with mouthwash

  • 10. 
    One of the best advertisements of an effectively run salon is a cosmetologist who is:
    • A. 

      Well groomed

    • B. 

      Behind schedule

    • C. 

      Fatigued

    • D. 

      Reading styling magazines

  • 11. 
    Pathogenic bacteria are especially common
    • A. 

      In dry places

    • B. 

      On implements

    • C. 

      In dirty places

    • D. 

      On clean towels

  • 12. 
    Pustules and boils are infections containing
    • A. 

      Non-pathogenic organisms

    • B. 

      Pathogenic bacteria

    • C. 

      Sebum

    • D. 

      Ringworm

  • 13. 
    Disease may be spread in a salon by:
    • A. 

      Dry hands

    • B. 

      Unclean hands

    • C. 

      Laundered towels

    • D. 

      Sanitized implements

  • 14. 
    A wet sanitizer should contain
    • A. 

      A disinfectant solution

    • B. 

      30% alcohol

    • C. 

      An antiseptic solution

    • D. 

      2% formalin

  • 15. 
    The active gas in formalin is:
    • A. 

      Chlorine

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Sulfur

    • D. 

      Formaldehyde

  • 16. 
    Chemical solutions used in a beauty salon should be stored in
    • A. 

      Heated cabinets

    • B. 

      The reception area

    • C. 

      Properly labeled containers

    • D. 

      Wet sanitizers

  • 17. 
    A formalin solution is commonly used as a
    • A. 

      Deodorant

    • B. 

      Styptic

    • C. 

      Sanitizing agent

    • D. 

      Cleansing agent

  • 18. 
    To be effective, a dry sanitizer may contain (depending upon each state):
    • A. 

      A peroxide solution

    • B. 

      70% alcohol

    • C. 

      A disinfectant solution

    • D. 

      An active fumigant

  • 19. 
    Combs and brushes are sanitized by immersion in a ________ solution.
    • A. 

      Deodorant

    • B. 

      Boric acid

    • C. 

      Disinfectant

    • D. 

      Thio

  • 20. 
    Freedom from disease-bearing germs is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Bactericide

    • B. 

      Antiseptic

    • C. 

      Germicide

    • D. 

      Asepsis

  • 21. 
    Sanitized implements are stored in a/an
    • A. 

      Open box

    • B. 

      Open cabinet

    • C. 

      Dry sanitizer

    • D. 

      Wet sanitizer

  • 22. 
    Cosmetologists should clean their hands:
    • A. 

      In the morning

    • B. 

      Every morning and afternoon

    • C. 

      Whenever they get dirty

    • D. 

      Before and after serving a client

  • 23. 
    A person who, although immune to a disease himself, can infect other persons with a disease is known as a/an:
    • A. 

      Infector

    • B. 

      Carrier

    • C. 

      Immunizer

    • D. 

      Pathogen

  • 24. 
    A chemical agent that destroys germs is called a/an
    • A. 

      Disinfectant

    • B. 

      Antiseptic

    • C. 

      Fumigant

    • D. 

      Sepsis

  • 25. 
    To create vapors in a cabinet sanitizer, place one tablespoon of formalin in a small tray with one tablespoon of:
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Cresol

    • C. 

      Lysol

    • D. 

      Borax

  • 26. 
    The outer protective layer of the skin is called the
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Adipose

    • C. 

      Epidermis

    • D. 

      Subcutaneous

  • 27. 
    The largest organ of the human body is the:
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Lungs

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 28. 
    The color the skin depends on the blood supply to the skin and the coloring pigment called:
    • A. 

      Keratin

    • B. 

      Melanin

    • C. 

      Collagen

    • D. 

      Tyrosine

  • 29. 
    Of the following skin structures, the most active in heat regulation are the _________ glands.
    • A. 

      Follicle

    • B. 

      Sebaceous

    • C. 

      Sweat

    • D. 

      Oil

  • 30. 
    The ability of the skin to stretch and regain its natural shape reveals it:
    • A. 

      Tension

    • B. 

      Oiliness

    • C. 

      Dryness

    • D. 

      Elasticity

  • 31. 
    The primary purpose of hair is to
    • A. 

      Keep the scalp moist

    • B. 

      Protect and adorn

    • C. 

      Keep the scalp dry

    • D. 

      Maintain body temperature

  • 32. 
    The cold shaft is that portion of the hair that:
    • A. 

      Projects into the skin

    • B. 

      Projects 1 inch beyond the skin

    • C. 

      Fits into the follicle

    • D. 

      Fits the papilla

  • 33. 
    Hair growth starts at the hair's:
    • A. 

      Shaft

    • B. 

      Bulb

    • C. 

      Nape

    • D. 

      Papilla

  • 34. 
    Eyelashes and eyebrows are replaced approximately every:
    • A. 

      Other month

    • B. 

      Two months

    • C. 

      Eight to nine months

    • D. 

      Four to five months

  • 35. 
    Texture refers to the degree of the hair's
    • A. 

      Tensile strength

    • B. 

      Coarseness or fineness

    • C. 

      Elasticity

    • D. 

      Pliability

  • 36. 
    Itching is an example of a/an:
    • A. 

      Subjective symptom

    • B. 

      Objective symptom

    • C. 

      Primary skin lesion

    • D. 

      Secondary skin lesion

  • 37. 
    Another name for a vesicle is a/an
    • A. 

      Cicatrix

    • B. 

      Abrasion

    • C. 

      Blister

    • D. 

      Scab

  • 38. 
    A disease that lasts a long time is described as being:
    • A. 

      Chronic

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Objective

    • D. 

      Subjective

  • 39. 
    Comedone is the technical name for a:
    • A. 

      Whitehead

    • B. 

      Pimple

    • C. 

      Blackhead

    • D. 

      Rash

  • 40. 
    Persons exposed to too much moisture and heat may develop a condition known as:
    • A. 

      Anidrosis

    • B. 

      Chromidrosis

    • C. 

      Hemidrosis

    • D. 

      Hyperidrosis

  • 41. 
    Patches of dry, silvery scales on the scalp or skin may indicate the presence of:
    • A. 

      Psoriasis

    • B. 

      Eczema

    • C. 

      Venenata

    • D. 

      Naevus

  • 42. 
    The medical term for ringworm is:
    • A. 

      Seborrhea

    • B. 

      Tinea

    • C. 

      Canities

    • D. 

      Naevus

  • 43. 
    Continued friction of the skin may result in the formation of a:
    • A. 

      Naevus

    • B. 

      Keloid

    • C. 

      Keratoma

    • D. 

      Verruca

  • 44. 
    Another name for dandruff is:
    • A. 

      Alopecia

    • B. 

      Steatoma

    • C. 

      Pityriasis

    • D. 

      Dermatitis

  • 45. 
    Small, white scales that usually appear on the scalp and hair are a sign of:
    • A. 

      Dermatitis

    • B. 

      Eczema

    • C. 

      Alopecia

    • D. 

      Pityriasis

  • 46. 
    Alopecia areata occurs most frequently after an injury to the ________ system.
    • A. 

      Circulatory

    • B. 

      Muscular

    • C. 

      Nervous

    • D. 

      Digestive

  • 47. 
    Superfluous hair, or abnormal development of hair on the body, is called:
    • A. 

      Alopecia

    • B. 

      Hypertrichosis

    • C. 

      Canities

    • D. 

      Monilethrix

  • 48. 
    Elasticity is the ability of the hair to
    • A. 

      Stretch until breaking

    • B. 

      Stretch and return without breaking

    • C. 

      Stretch

    • D. 

      Constrict when dry

  • 49. 
    The first consideration of the cosmetologist always should be the:
    • A. 

      Fee to be charged

    • B. 

      Protection of the client

    • C. 

      Time consumed

    • D. 

      Client's tip

  • 50. 
    When draping for thermal curling or waving, a plastic cape may create:
    • A. 

      Toxic fumes

    • B. 

      A fire hazard

    • C. 

      Technical failures

    • D. 

      Short circuits

  • 51. 
    During the shampoo, a scalp massage is given with:
    • A. 

      The cushions of the fingertips

    • B. 

      Effleurage movements

    • C. 

      Heavy friction

    • D. 

      The tips of the fingernails

  • 52. 
    After a regular shampoo, rinse away all lather from the hair with ___ water.
    • A. 

      Tepid

    • B. 

      Cold

    • C. 

      Hot

    • D. 

      Warm

  • 53. 
    After a shampoo, lightened hair will be more manageable if given a/an ____ rinse.
    • A. 

      Acid-balanced

    • B. 

      Neutral

    • C. 

      Medicated

    • D. 

      Color

  • 54. 
    Cleansing the hair without shampoo and water is done by giving a ____ shampoo.
    • A. 

      Liquid dry

    • B. 

      Peroxide

    • C. 

      Henna

    • D. 

      Plain

  • 55. 
    To prevent stripping of tints or toners from the hair, use a shampoo that is:
    • A. 

      Alkaline

    • B. 

      Highlighting

    • C. 

      Anti-dandruff

    • D. 

      Acid-balanced

  • 56. 
    When an acidic rinse is used, it is followed with a:
    • A. 

      Clear warm water rinse

    • B. 

      Soapless oil shampoo

    • C. 

      Dry shampoo

    • D. 

      Henna rinse

  • 57. 
    A rince that helps close and harden the cutcle layer after a tint or toner is a/an ___ rinse.
    • A. 

      Acidic

    • B. 

      Alkaline

    • C. 

      Henna

    • D. 

      Medicated

  • 58. 
    A cream rinse is a commercial product that tends to:
    • A. 

      Add temporary color

    • B. 

      Rinse easily from the hair

    • C. 

      Remove soap curds

    • D. 

      Detangle hair

  • 59. 
    Scalp massage is beneficial because it stimulates the
    • A. 

      Sudoriferous secretions

    • B. 

      Blood circulation

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland

    • D. 

      Thyroid gland

  • 60. 
    A basic requisite for a healthy scalp is:
    • A. 

      Vitamin E

    • B. 

      A medicated rinse

    • C. 

      Cleanliness

    • D. 

      Yearly scalp massage

  • 61. 
    A tight scalp can be made more flexible by
    • A. 

      An egg dry shampoo

    • B. 

      Scalp manipulations

    • C. 

      A tar shampoo

    • D. 

      An antiseptic shampoo

  • 62. 
    Dust and dirt may be removed by
    • A. 

      Frequent bleachings

    • B. 

      Finishing sprays

    • C. 

      Hair brushing

    • D. 

      Scalp massage

  • 63. 
    One important benefit of scalp manipulations is that they
    • A. 

      Irrigate the scalp

    • B. 

      Curl hair ends

    • C. 

      Remove sebum

    • D. 

      Stimulate the flow of blood

  • 64. 
    The more common causes of dandruff are improper diet, uncleanliness, and:
    • A. 

      Over-active sebaceous glands

    • B. 

      Poor circulation

    • C. 

      Hormonal disturbances

    • D. 

      Weak arrector pili muscles

  • 65. 
    Hairstyles are designed to accentuate the client's
    • A. 

      Facial features

    • B. 

      Physical strength

    • C. 

      Hair color

    • D. 

      Makeup

  • 66. 
    The thinning of hair involves:
    • A. 

      Cutting it straight off

    • B. 

      Blunt cutting

    • C. 

      Decreasing its bulk

    • D. 

      Trimming the ends

  • 67. 
    Cutting the hair in graduated lengths from the nape of the neck toward the crown of the head is known as:
    • A. 

      Layer cutting

    • B. 

      Razor cutting

    • C. 

      Club cutting

    • D. 

      Shingling

  • 68. 
    Hair that can be thinned closest to the scalp without bouncing up is:
    • A. 

      Fine

    • B. 

      Medium

    • C. 

      Coarse

    • D. 

      Weak

  • 69. 
    Hair cutting is a basis for:
    • A. 

      Pin curls

    • B. 

      Thinning

    • C. 

      Roller curls

    • D. 

      Suitable styles

  • 70. 
    The method of cutting hair straight across without tapering is referred to as _______ cutting.
    • A. 

      Slither

    • B. 

      Feather

    • C. 

      Razor

    • D. 

      Blunt

  • 71. 
    Best results in finger waving are obtained when the hair is naturally:
    • A. 

      Straight

    • B. 

      Wavy

    • C. 

      Frizzy

    • D. 

      Curly

  • 72. 
    For a hairstyle with a side part, finger waving should start on the:
    • A. 

      Thin side of the hair

    • B. 

      Back of the head

    • C. 

      Heavy side of the hair

    • D. 

      Crown part of the head

  • 73. 
    To emphasize the ridge of a finger wave:
    • A. 

      Press the teeth of the comb against the head

    • B. 

      Use the comb and back of hand

    • C. 

      Press the ridge between the fingers

    • D. 

      Push the hair down with fingers

  • 74. 
    After a finger wave, excessive drying of the hair will:
    • A. 

      Overdry the scalp and hair

    • B. 

      Add oil to hair and scalp

    • C. 

      Make the wave longer-lasting

    • D. 

      Upset the wave

  • 75. 
    Another name for pin curl is ____ curl.
    • A. 

      Roller

    • B. 

      Barrel

    • C. 

      Spiral

    • D. 

      Sculpture

  • 76. 
    The three parts of a pin curl are its base, circle, and:
    • A. 

      Volume

    • B. 

      Parting

    • C. 

      Stem

    • D. 

      Mobility

  • 77. 
    The curl obtains its direction, action, and mobility from its:
    • A. 

      Pivot

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Circle

    • D. 

      Stem

  • 78. 
    A firm, immovable position, permitting only the circle of the curl to move, is created by a ______ curl.
    • A. 

      No-stem

    • B. 

      Half-stem

    • C. 

      Full-stem

    • D. 

      Flair-stem

  • 79. 
    The size of the pin curl determines the curl
    • A. 

      Direction

    • B. 

      Mobility

    • C. 

      Foundation

    • D. 

      Size

  • 80. 
    The instrument used for trimming the cuticle is a
    • A. 

      Buffer

    • B. 

      Pusher

    • C. 

      Nipper

    • D. 

      Brush

  • 81. 
    Minor bleeding in manicuring is stopped with:
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      A disinfectant

    • C. 

      A styptic powder

    • D. 

      A sealer

  • 82. 
    A healthy nail is smooth, curved, and without hollows or:
    • A. 

      Ridges

    • B. 

      Flexibility

    • C. 

      Firmness

    • D. 

      Color

  • 83. 
    The nail is composed of a substance called:
    • A. 

      Melanin

    • B. 

      Elastin

    • C. 

      Keratin

    • D. 

      Collagen

  • 84. 
    Effleurage is used in massage for its ____ effects.
    • A. 

      Stimulating

    • B. 

      Smoothing

    • C. 

      Invigorating

    • D. 

      Magnetic

  • 85. 
    Friction in massage requires the use of _______ movements.
    • A. 

      Vibratory

    • B. 

      Slapping

    • C. 

      Deep rubbing

    • D. 

      Light stroking

  • 86. 
    Frim kneading massage movements usually produce a sensation to body tissues that is:
    • A. 

      Stimulating

    • B. 

      Cooling

    • C. 

      Soothing

    • D. 

      Relaxing

  • 87. 
    Massage should not be given when:
    • A. 

      Moles are present

    • B. 

      Albinism is present

    • C. 

      Abrasions are present

    • D. 

      Tightness is present

  • 88. 
    When giving a facial, eye pads should be applied before using:
    • A. 

      Massage manipulations

    • B. 

      Astringent lotion

    • C. 

      Comedone extractor

    • D. 

      Red dermal light

  • 89. 
    After removing blackheads, apply a/an
    • A. 

      Deodorant

    • B. 

      Styptic

    • C. 

      Antiseptic

    • D. 

      Caustic

  • 90. 
    A facial pack is recommended for ____ skin.
    • A. 

      Aging

    • B. 

      Pale

    • C. 

      Oily

    • D. 

      Dry

  • 91. 
    For dry skin avoid using lotions that have a large percentage of:
    • A. 

      Lanolin

    • B. 

      Emollients

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Oil

  • 92. 
    The directions of pressure in facial massage movements should be from the muscle
    • A. 

      Origin to insertion

    • B. 

      Insertion to origin

    • C. 

      Posterior to interior

    • D. 

      Superior to inferior

  • 93. 
    Eyebrows should be tweezed in the direction
    • A. 

      Opposite to their natural growth

    • B. 

      Of their natural growth

    • C. 

      Toward the chin

    • D. 

      Toward the scalp

  • 94. 
    For a more natural look, strip eyelashes should be
    • A. 

      Shortened

    • B. 

      Darkened

    • C. 

      Lightened

    • D. 

      Feathered

  • 95. 
    Unwanted hair may be temporarily removed by:
    • A. 

      Diathermy

    • B. 

      Depilatories

    • C. 

      Shortwaves

    • D. 

      Galvanic current

  • 96. 
    Before applying a chemical depilatory, it is necessary to give a ___ test.
    • A. 

      Hair

    • B. 

      Strand

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Acid

  • 97. 
    For those clients who cannot tolerate hot wax, another method available for the temporary removal of superfluous hair is:
    • A. 

      Cold wax

    • B. 

      Electrolysis

    • C. 

      Thermolysis

    • D. 

      Diathermy

  • 98. 
    An excessive growth of hair is called:
    • A. 

      Hypertrichosis

    • B. 

      Themolysis

    • C. 

      Trichoptilosis

    • D. 

      Papilla

  • 99. 
    The method of permanent hair removal is:
    • A. 

      Electrolysis

    • B. 

      Arching

    • C. 

      Tweezing

    • D. 

      Dipilatories

  • 100. 
    The known causes of superfluous hair are glandular disturbances, unique racial characteristics, and:
    • A. 

      Senility

    • B. 

      Contagion

    • C. 

      Alopecia

    • D. 

      Heredity