Child Development 2

100 Questions  I  By Hmchurch on October 24, 2011

  
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1.  Which of the following statements is true about the newbord baby's appearance
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Devin is given a combinated apgar score of 7. The medical professionals should
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B.
C.
D.
3.  Dorita is given an Apgar appearance rating of 1. This means her
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B.
C.
D.
4.  In South America, the Jarara mother
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B.
C.
D.
5.  Which mother is a good candidate for a home delivery?
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B.
C.
D.
6.  Henrietta is concerned about using epidural analgesia during labor. You can tell her that newborns exposed to epidural analgesia tend to
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Tonya is pregnant for a second time. She hopes to have a vaginal devliery, although her first delivery was cesarean. You should advice Tonya that
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Abbie was born seven weeks premature. Her tiny lungs were so poorly developed that the air sacs collapse. A mechanical respirator is being used to keep Abbie breathing. Abbie suffers from
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Travis is born three days after his due date and weighs five pounds. Travis is an_______ infant.
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B.
C.
D.
10.  Dawn and Richard have the economic and personal resources to care for Amelia, their preterm infant. Research shows that
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B.
C.
D.
11.  Carol lives in Wyoming and works for a small company with 12 employees. Carol hopes to take 12 weeks of maternity leave. What advice can you give Carol?
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B.
C.
D.
12.  Unlike her two sisters, when Tersea gives birth, she does not choose rooming in. Teresa should know that
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B.
C.
D.
13.  Baby Sunni quickly closes her eyelids when her father claps his hands near her head. The function of this relex is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Although baby Irina's eyelids are closed., ocassional rapid eye movements can been seen beneath them. Her breathing is irregular. She stirs occasionally and grimaces while she sleeps. Irina is MOST likely in which of the following states of arousal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following individual's is the most likely to spend the greatest amount of time in REM sleep?
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B.
C.
D.
16.  Arthur wakes frequently to check to see if his sleeping infant, Sam, is breathing. Arthur can reduce the risk of SIDS by
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B.
C.
D.
17.  Maddy is babysitting an infant for the first time. What can you tell her is the most effective way to soothe the baby if she cries?
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B.
C.
D.
18.  Wanda is concerned that her son Max will be in pain during his circumcision. You can tell Wanda that
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Dagwood and Marcia postponed parenthood until Dagwood as 31 and Marcia was 31. They have a happy marriage and both have fulfilling careers. Compared to younger parents, which of the following statements is most likely to be true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Laura is the nany of Jackson, a six month old infant whose single mother is depressed. You can tell Laura that
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Damon is injected with a radioactive substance and then lies on an apparatus with a scanner that emits fine streams of xrays which detect increased blood flow and oxygen metabolism in areas of the brain as Damon processes particular stimuli Damon's brain functioning is being measured using
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Alexia was born with cataracts in both eyes. What can you tell her parents about when she should have corrective surgery?
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B.
C.
D.
23.  Nicole is considering sending her 8 month old son Austin to a new academic leaning center where infants are trained with letter and number flash cards. You can advise Nicole that
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B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following is an activity associated with experience-expectant brain growth?
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B.
C.
D.
25.  Garrett, 2 months is an enthusiastic eater who nurses vigorously and gains weight quickly. Garrett's mom Christine is concerned that Garrett might be at risk being permantently overweight. You can advise Christine that
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B.
C.
D.
26.  Zahara age 3 months is painfully thin. Her mother is too malnourished to produce enough breast milk and the supply of formula is inadequate for bottle-feeding. Zahara is probably in danger of dying from
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B.
C.
D.
27.  Osita is a four year old Ethiopian boy. He survivied kwashiorkor and was recently adopted by a Canadian couple. Osita will probably
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B.
C.
D.
28.  Six month olds Luka's weight, height, and head circumference are substantially below age related growth norms. LUka is withdrawn and apathetic. A distrubed parent-infant relationship contributed to Luka's failture to grow normally. Luka most likely suffers from
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Baby Paul's mother strokes his hair just before he eats. Now when Paul's mother strokes his hair, Paul begins to suck. Paul's response to the stroking illustrates
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B.
C.
D.
30.  Prim has classically conditioned young Rue to suck when Prim touches Rue's stomach during feeding. If Prim repeatedly touches Rue's stomach without feeding her. Rue will
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C.
D.
31.  Which of the following motor skils typically develops the latest?
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B.
C.
D.
32.  Baby Issac learned to combine control of his head and upper chest into sitting with support. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  In a dimly lit room, Baby Ursula actively works to bring her hands into her field of vision. She makes poorly coordinated swipes toward objects in front of her. Ursula is demonstrating
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Children whose parents postpone intensive toliet training until the beginning or middle of the third year are generally trained
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B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following infants is most likely to refuse to cross the deep side of the visual cliff?
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B.
C.
D.
36.  As infants become familiar with many types of objects, they rely more on __________ and less on ___________.
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B.
C.
D.
37.  Baby Wanda uses ________ to learn that dropping her heavy plastic dish on the hardwood flood will cause a loud, banging sound.
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B.
C.
D.
38.  Eleanor and James Gibson describe their theory as _______ because over time a baby detects finer and finer invarieant features among stimuli
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C.
D.
39.  According to the Gibsons, perception is guided by the discovery of
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D.
40.  Between 3 and 4 months, babies can
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D.
41.  At 6 months, Annabelle dropped her rattle in a fairly right way, by 12 months she tossed objects down the basebment stairs, bounced them off walls and threw them in the air. Annabelle's modifications of her dropping scheme are an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Baby Franklin practiced his dropping and throwing schemes, and eventually developed an understanding of height. The achievement is an example of
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B.
C.
D.
43.  Baby Faith sucks, grasps, and looks in much the same way, no matter what experiences she encounters. Faith is probably in Substage ____ of Piaget's sensorimotor period
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B.
C.
D.
44.  Baby Sabrina opens her mouth differently for a nipple than for a spoon. In piaget's theory this is an example of a _________ circular reaction
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B.
C.
D.
45.  When 12 month old Barrett's mom asks him "where is your teddy bear?" Barrett responds by pointing to the place on his bed where the teddy bear usuaslly rests. Barrett is displaying
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B.
C.
D.
46.  The core knowledge perspective emphasizes
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D.
47.  According to the information-processing framework, ________ make(s) more complex forms of thinking possible with age
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C.
D.
48.  After 2 to 6 month olds forget an operant response
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D.
49.  Korean toddlers develop object-sorting skills later than their English speaking counterparts because
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D.
50.  Which of the following tasks would be within Lucy's zone of proximal development?
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B.
C.
D.
51.  18 month old Liam is putting together a puzzle. Liam's father begins to pointing to where each piece needs to go and then straightening out each piece as Liam places them on the puzzle board. As Liam's competence with the task increases, his father gradually withdraws support. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Kegan was given a test that indicates the extent to which his raw score deviates from the typical performance of same age individuals. Kegan's score is known as a(n)
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C.
D.
53.  Molly has an IQ of 130. Molly performed better than ______ percent of her agemates
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C.
D.
54.  Research shows the young children exposed to long hours of mediocre to poor-quality child care
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D.
55.  Which of the following statements is true about child care in the United States?
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B.
C.
D.
56.  Damange to the frontal lobes area of the adult left hemisphere usually yields _________ problems
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B.
C.
D.
57.  Which of the following statements is supported by research on babbling and deaf infants?
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B.
C.
D.
58.  10 month old Thad and his 12 year old brother watch their cat play with a ball. Thad looks at the cat hen looks at his brother to ensure that he is also watching the cat. Thad's brother labels the cat and the ball. Thad and his brother are engaged in
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Sally and her granddaughter play peekaboo regularly. At first Sally starts the game and her granddaughter is an amused observer. by 12 months he granddaughter actively participates, trading roles with Sally. Sally is helping her granddaughter.
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B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following is most likely to be one of Baby Raj's first words?
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B.
C.
D.
61.  In Erikson's theory the conflict of toddlerhood is resolved favorably when parents
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D.
62.  Sheldon, age 1 will most likely display a ______ smile for a friendly stranger
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B.
C.
D.
63.  When an unfamiliar adult picks up Louisa, age 9 months the baby begins to cry and struggles to get down Lousia is exhibiting
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Baby Emma is learning to stand. Each time she falls she looks at her caregiver. If the caregiver looks concerned Emma cries. If her caregiver smiles, Emma tries again. Emma is using
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Self-concious emotions
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B.
C.
D.
66.  Evan covered his eyes when the witch appeared on the screen while he was watching The Wizard of Oz. Evan was using
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Gil describes his son as calm and cautious. He describes his daughter as cheerful and energetic. Gil's descriptions refer to the children's
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Baby Dak quickly establishes regular routines, is generally cheerful and adapts easily to new experiences. Dak would be classified by Thomas and Chess as
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Brendon reacts negatively to and withdraws from novel stimuli. He could be classified as a  _______ _child
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Baby Jane has begun to develop a sense of trust. She expects that her mother will respond when signaled. But Jane does not protest when separated from her mother. IN which of Bowlby's phases does Jane best fit?
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B.
C.
D.
71.  Baby matthew recognizes his own mother's smell, voice, and face. But matthew does not mind being left with an unfamiliar adult. In which of Bowlby' phrases does Matthew best fit?
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B.
C.
D.
72.  Troy, age 3 understands that his father goes to work in the morning and picks Troy up from his babysitter's house after naptime. Troy seeks his father's comfort during time of stress. These examples show that Troy has developed
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  In the Strange Situation, Juan uses his mother as a secure baese. When she leaves the room, Juan cries for a few minutes. When she returns, Juan seeks contact with her and then begins to explore toys once again. Juan is displaing characteristics of __________ attachment
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Studies of adopted chidlren who spent their first year or more in deprived Eastern Europe orphanges indicate that
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Baby Ashley picks up her ball and says "Ball!" ashley's father responds with a big smile and an enthusiatic "thats right ball!" In return, Ashley laughs. When Ashley is tired and crying, her father picks her up, rubs her back and sings softly to her. Ashley and her father are engaged in
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following children is most likely to be receiving abusive or neglectful care?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Highly involved fathers
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B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is a true statement about grandparents who are primary caregivers?
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B.
C.
D.
79.  Newborn Uli displays a stronger rooting reflex in response to an adult's finger touching her cheek than to her own hand touching her cheek. This finding demonstrates that Uli has the beginnings of
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Ahmed age 2 gives her favorite stuffed toy to his little brother when his brother falls down and starts to cry. Ahmed is displaying
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  _____ the appearance of permanent teeth in children
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B.
C.
D.
82.  ____ help doctors measure skeltal age
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  During early childhood
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Felicity and Samantha are identical twins. They are
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The ___________ plays a critical role in the rate of physical growth
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Growth hormone (GH)
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B.
C.
D.
87.  Dmitri, age 5 is very short in stature, show decreased GH secretion has an immature skeletal age and has serious adjustment problems. Dmitri probably has
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  When young children with psychosocial dwarfism are removed from their emotionally inadquate environments,
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  On average 2 and 3 year olds sleep ______ hours per day which 4 to 6 year olds sleep _____ hours
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Research on sleep demonstrates that
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Brianna age 4 eats on pasta bread and chicken. Which of the following would you suggest to Brianna's parents to encourage their daughter to eat new food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Sophia's parents will not allow her to eat any sugary foods. This practice usually
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following children is the most likely to lack immuniations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  3 year old billy caught five colds during his first year in preschool. he also experienes repeated otitis media. If billy is like other children with frequent otitis media he may have trouble
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Childhood injuries
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B.
C.
D.
96.  Which of the following is a true statement about preventing childhood injury?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Caitlyn age 4 can properly
A.
B.
C.
D.