Chapter 4 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Hruka22
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Psychopharmacology

  
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  • 1. 
    Carrots, when eaten in high enough quantities, will turn your skin orange (it's true!). However, they're not considered drugs, why not?
    • A. 

      They're not exogenous.

    • B. 

      The effect requires too high a dosage.

    • C. 

      The effect doesn't actually change how the bodily cells function, only how they appear

    • D. 

      They are a drug, most people just don't view them like that


  • 2. 
    ___________ is the study of what the body does to a drug.
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C. 

      Psychopharmacology

    • D. 

      Psychopharmodynamics


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is the slowest drug absorption? 
    • A. 

      Intravenous

    • B. 

      Intramuscular

    • C. 

      Oral administration

    • D. 

      Inhalation


  • 4. 
    A low therapeutic index is an indicator that ____________.
    • A. 

      Care must be given to prescribing because the margin of safety is small.

    • B. 

      The drug is incredibly safe because the median lethal dose is relatively low

    • C. 

      The drug is incredibly safe because the median lethal dose is relatively high

    • D. 

      The drug is not very effective


  • 5. 
    ____________ is a phenomena where drugs bind with proteins in the blood.
    • A. 

      Inactivation

    • B. 

      Depot binding

    • C. 

      Covalent binding

    • D. 

      Ionic binding


  • 6. 
    A drug with high affinity generally requires ________.
    • A. 

      A higher dose

    • B. 

      A lower dose

    • C. 

      A same size dose as it would with a low affinity

    • D. 

      The drug to be administered intravenously


  • 7. 
    ____________ is the study of what a drug does to the body.
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C. 

      Therapeutic Index

    • D. 

      Drug distribution


  • 8. 
    Enzymes in the __________ deactivate drugs in the body.
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Pancreas


  • 9. 
    Why are many drugs used to treat mental illness lipid-soluble?
    • A. 

      You can attach chemicals in a more dense form onto a lipid-soluble drug than a water-soluble drug

    • B. 

      The immune system would recognize water-soluble drugs as invaders and fight them

    • C. 

      The blood brain barrier is only a barrier for water-soluble molecules so lipid soluble drugs pass through

    • D. 

      Water-soluble drugs would alter the pH value of the bloodstream and therefore have significant side effects compared to lipid-soluble drugs.


  • 10. 
    ____________ is an example of drug tolerance.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank


  • 11. 
    __________ is an example of drug withdrawal.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank


  • 12. 
    __________ is an example of drug sensitization.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank


  • 13. 
    ___________ is an example of placebo effect.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank


  • 14. 
    A drug that attaches itself to a postsynaptic binding site and opens the corresponding ion channel is an example of a ________________.
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Receptor blocker


  • 15. 
    A drug that attaches itself to a postsynaptic binding site but does not open the corresponding ion channel is an example of a ________________.
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Drug mimic


  • 16. 
    A drug that engages in noncompetitive binding, thereby preventing the ion channel from opening, is an example of a _____________
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Drug mimic


  • 17. 
    A hetereoreceptor is said to have _____________.
    • A. 

      The ability to depot bind

    • B. 

      The ability to activate enzymatic deactivation

    • C. 

      Low specificity

    • D. 

      High specificity


  • 18. 
    Autoreceptors are different from normal postsynaptic receptors because _______________.
    • A. 

      They do not require neurotransmitters to activate; they activate automatically.

    • B. 

      They are activated by neurotransmitters within the cell

    • C. 

      They react to hormones, not neurotransmitters

    • D. 

      They activate AChE to destroy ACh


  • 19. 
    Drug tolerance is an example of _____________.
    • A. 

      The body down-regulating

    • B. 

      The body up-regulating

    • C. 

      The body attaining lower specificity

    • D. 

      The body attaining higher affinity


  • 20. 
    The primary excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain is ____________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate


  • 21. 
    The primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain is ___________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate


  • 22. 
    __________ can alter the action of systems of neurons that transmit information using glutamate or GABA.
    • A. 

      M-system

    • B. 

      Norepineprhine

    • C. 

      A neuromodulator

    • D. 

      D-system


  • 23. 
    The primary neurotransmitter secreted by efferent CNS cells is _____________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate


  • 24. 
    When released in the brain, Acetylcholine usually results in ___________.
    • A. 

      Facilitory effects

    • B. 

      Inhibitory effects

    • C. 

      Activation of autoreceptors

    • D. 

      Activation of heteroreceptors


  • 25. 
    AChE's primary function in the body is to ______________.
    • A. 

      Synthesize more ACh

    • B. 

      Serve as a binding receptor to ACh

    • C. 

      Destroy ACh during enzymatic deacitvation

    • D. 

      Serve as a catecholamine


  • 26. 
    Nicotinic receptors are _______________ for ACh, and muscarinic receptors are ___________ for ACh.
    • A. 

      Metabotropic antagonist; metabotropic agonists

    • B. 

      Metabotropic agonist; ionotropic agonists

    • C. 

      Ionotropic antagonist; metabotropic antagonist

    • D. 

      Ionotropic agonists; metabotropic agonist


  • 27. 
    Which of the following is a monamine but not a catecholamine?
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine


  • 28. 
    Which of the following correctly describes the synthesis of norepinephrine?
    • A. 

      Tyrosine -> 5HTP -> Serotonin -> Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Tryptophan -> 5HTP -> Epinephrine -> Norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Tryptophan -> L-DOPA -> Dopamine -> Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Tyrosine -> L-DOPA -> Dopamine -> Norepinephrine


  • 29. 
    _________ is involved in movement, attention, learning, and addiction.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine


  • 30. 
    _________ is involved in the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine


  • 31. 
    Which of the following correctly describes the synthesis of serotonin?
    • A. 

      Tryptophan -> L-DOPA -> Serotonin

    • B. 

      Tryptophan -> 5HTP -> Serotonin

    • C. 

      Tyrosine -> 5HTP -> Serotonin

    • D. 

      Tyrosine -> L-DOPA -> Serotonin


  • 32. 
    98% of the serotonin in the body can be found in _____________.
    • A. 

      The brain

    • B. 

      The heart

    • C. 

      The bloodstream

    • D. 

      The gut


  • 33. 
    ___________, originating in the _________  does forms synapses.
    • A. 

      D System; dorsal raphe nucleus

    • B. 

      V System; ventral raphe nucleus

    • C. 

      M System; median raphe nucleus

    • D. 

      C System; caudal raphe nucleus


  • 34. 
    Prozac is an example of a drug that serves a reuptake inhibitor of ____________. It is used to treat depression, some types of anxiety disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine


  • 35. 
    Which of these is not true about GABA?
    • A. 

      It is the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain

    • B. 

      Tetanus toxin is a GABA antagonist by inhibiting its release

    • C. 

      Parkinson's Disease involves degeneration of GABA cells in basal ganglia

    • D. 

      Strychnine is a GABA antagonist by blocking its receptors


  • 36. 
    ____________ is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord and lower portions of the brain.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Glycine

    • C. 

      Glutamate

    • D. 

      Choline


  • 37. 
    Similar to ____________, tetanus toxin and strychnine serve as antagonists toward glycine.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      GABA

    • C. 

      Glutamate

    • D. 

      Choline


  • 38. 
    After a cell releases peptides, what occurs?
    • A. 

      Reuptake cycle

    • B. 

      Enzymatic deactivation

    • C. 

      AChE destroys the peptides

    • D. 

      Nothing


  • 39. 
    Which of the following is not a common side effect of THC (despite the best efforts of an old nun to persuade me she commonly experiences it, funny story, ask me sometime)?
    • A. 

      Analgesia

    • B. 

      Sedation

    • C. 

      Distorted perception of the passage of time

    • D. 

      Vivid visual hallucinations


  • 40. 
    What is anandamide and where is it stored?
    • A. 

      Natural analgesic; liver

    • B. 

      Peptide neurotransmitter; synaptic vesicles

    • C. 

      Natural ligand for THC receptor; not stored at all

    • D. 

      Predecessor to formation of epinephrine; formed from enzymatic deactivation of norepinephrine


  • 41. 
    Which of the following is not a drug that causes sedation?
    • A. 

      Barbiturates

    • B. 

      Dopamine receptor blockers

    • C. 

      Ethyl Alcohol

    • D. 

      Benzodiazepines


  • 42. 
    Which of the following is not a drug that causes excitation?
    • A. 

      Nicotine

    • B. 

      Amphetamine

    • C. 

      Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)

    • D. 

      Cocaine


  • 43. 
    Which of the following is not a drug that modifies perception or produces hallucinations?
    • A. 

      PCP

    • B. 

      THC

    • C. 

      Mescaline

    • D. 

      Opiates


  • 44. 
    Which of the following is not a psychotherapeutic drug?
    • A. 

      Adenosine agonist

    • B. 

      Inhibitors of serotonin or norepinephrine re-uptake

    • C. 

      Lithium carbonate

    • D. 

      Monoamine oxidase inhibitors


  • 45. 
    Which of the following is not an analgesic drug?
    • A. 

      Opiates

    • B. 

      Antidepressant drugs

    • C. 

      Aspirin

    • D. 

      Opium


  • 46. 
    Barbiturates facilitate ________ binding, and are therefore said to _______ it's affinity.
    • A. 

      GABA; decrease

    • B. 

      GABA; increase

    • C. 

      Glutamate; decrease

    • D. 

      Glutamate; increase


  • 47. 
    Valium, a benzodiazepine, has the behavior effect of ___________.
    • A. 

      Reducing anxiety but suppressing dreaming (bad sleep medication)

    • B. 

      Reducing anxiety and facilitating sleep

    • C. 

      Making the individual happier but suppressing dreaming (bad sleep medication)

    • D. 

      Making the individual happier and facilitating sleep


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