Chapter 29: Vertebrate Evolution

47 Questions  I  By Daw2034
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Evolution Quizzes & Trivia
These questions are taken from a study guide for Biology 102 using the book Biology 10th edition by Sylvia S. Mader.

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
  • 1. 
    All of the following are characteristics of vertebrates EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A. internal organs.

    • B. 

      B. vertebral columns.

    • C. 

      C. postanal tails.

    • D. 

      D. exoskeletons.

    • E. 

      E. skulls.


  • 2. 
    Vertebrates without jaws would be the 
    • A. 

      A. rays.

    • B. 

      B. turtles.

    • C. 

      C. lampreys.

    • D. 

      D. eels.


  • 3. 
    The largest group of vertebrates is the 
    • A. 

      A. mammals.

    • B. 

      B. fishes.

    • C. 

      C. reptiles.

    • D. 

      D. amphibians.


  • 4. 
    The following are differences between amphibians and reptiles EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      A. amphibians have smooth non-scaly skin, whereas reptiles are covered with scales and their skin is dry.

    • B. 

      B. all reptiles respire by the use of lungs, while amphibians use small lungs supplemented by cutaneous respiration

    • C. 

      C. amphibian eggs are laid in water, but reptiles do not require water for reproduction.

    • D. 

      D. reptiles are ectothermic, while amphibians are endothermic.


  • 5. 
    Which phylum contains the vertebrates? 
    • A. 

      A. Arthropoda

    • B. 

      B. Chordata

    • C. 

      C. Annelida

    • D. 

      D. Mollusca

    • E. 

      E. Porifera


  • 6. 
    A notochord is 
    • A. 

      A. a strip of cartilage that forms a back and tail in all vertebrates.

    • B. 

      B. a stiff dorsal supporting rod.

    • C. 

      C. replaced by the vertebral column during development.

    • D. 

      D. All of the choices are correct.

    • E. 

      E. B and C are correct.


  • 7. 
    ______ were the first vertebrates to live on land and they evolved from ____. 
    • A. 

      A. Amphibians; fish

    • B. 

      B. Reptiles; amphibians

    • C. 

      C. Mammals; reptiles

    • D. 

      D. Amphibians; lancelets


  • 8. 
    The most likely ancestors of the vertebrates are 
    • A. 

      A. arthropods.

    • B. 

      B. sea squirts.

    • C. 

      C. annelids.

    • D. 

      D. molluscs.


  • 9. 
    The four defining characteristics of chordates are 
    • A. 

      A. segmentation, a dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal pouches, and an amniotic egg.

    • B. 

      B. a dorsal hollow nerve cord, a notochord, bilateral symmetry, and mammary glands.

    • C. 

      C. bilateral symmetry, segmentation, a well-developed coelom, and limbs.

    • D. 

      D. a well-developed coelom, pharyngeal pouches, a notochord, and jaws.

    • E. 

      E. pharyngeal pouches, a dorsal nerve cord, a notochord, and a postanal tail.


  • 10. 
    In some chordates, the _______ is (are) replaced by _______. 
    • A. 

      A. pharyngeal pouches; gills

    • B. 

      B. dorsal hollow nerve cord; a ventral solid nerve cord

    • C. 

      C. gill arches; pharyngeal pouches

    • D. 

      D. notochord; a dorsal hollow nerve cord

    • E. 

      E. a vertebral column; notochord


  • 11. 
    Which of these is NOT one of the characteristics of a vertebrate? 
    • A. 

      A. radial symmetry

    • B. 

      B. segmentation

    • C. 

      C. extreme cephalization

    • D. 

      D. closed circulation

    • E. 

      E. coelom


  • 12. 
    The cartilaginous fishes include all EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      A. skates.

    • B. 

      B. sharks.

    • C. 

      C. goldfish.

    • D. 

      D. rays.


  • 13. 
    The lancelets, or Branchiostoma, are found 
    • A. 

      A. in tropical Amazon streams.

    • B. 

      B. as parasites inside the tracts of fish.

    • C. 

      C. very rarely in mountain streams, where they are almost extinct.

    • D. 

      D. commonly in the sandy bottoms of coastal waters around the world.

    • E. 

      E. B and C are correct.


  • 14. 
    Sharks 
    • A. 

      A. lack bony skeletons.

    • B. 

      B. have placoid scales.

    • C. 

      C. have a keen sense of smell.

    • D. 

      D. have teeth derived from epidermal scales.

    • E. 

      E. All of the choices are correct.


  • 15. 
    The jawed fish and all other vertebrates are gnathostomes, which means they have 
    • A. 

      A. segmentation.

    • B. 

      B. jaws.

    • C. 

      C. a notochord that develops into a vertebral column.

    • D. 

      D. amniotic eggs.

    • E. 

      E. A and C are correct.


  • 16. 
    The fossil Tiktaalik roseae 
    • A. 

      A. provides insight into how the legs of tetrapods evolved.

    • B. 

      B. is a transitional fossil form.

    • C. 

      C. was found in Arctic Canada.

    • D. 

      D. is intermediate between reptiles and mammals.

    • E. 

      E. A, B, and C are correct.


  • 17. 
    Amphibians evolved from 
    • A. 

      A. darters.

    • B. 

      B. sharks.

    • C. 

      C. bass and bluegill.

    • D. 

      D. sturgeon and catfish.

    • E. 

      E. lobe-finned fishes with lungs.


  • 18. 
    The discovery of a living coelacanth off the coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean in 1938 proved that it 
    • A. 

      A. was a modern fish unrelated to fossil coelacanths.

    • B. 

      B. was the "missing link" between fish and amphibians.

    • C. 

      C. can now climb onto land and travel some distances.

    • D. 

      D. had changed very little and had not gone extinct.

    • E. 

      E. was both the "missing link" and it could climb onto land and travel.


  • 19. 
    Which of these characteristics is NOT found in the amphibians? 
    • A. 

      A. thin moist skin

    • B. 

      B. two-chambered heart

    • C. 

      C. small inefficient lungs

    • D. 

      D. aquatic larvae

    • E. 

      E. eggs with gelatinous covering


  • 20. 
    The amphibians' unique contribution to the evolution of land vertebrates was 
    • A. 

      A. respiration by gills.

    • B. 

      B. respiration through the skin.

    • C. 

      C. separation of lung/gill and systemic (body) circulation.

    • D. 

      D. development of the tail for propulsion.

    • E. 

      E. the leathery waterproof egg shell.


  • 21. 
    Amphibians were the dominant animal life during the ________ period. 
    • A. 

      A. Jurassic

    • B. 

      B. Carboniferous

    • C. 

      C. Devonian

    • D. 

      D. Silurian

    • E. 

      E. Cambrian


  • 22. 
    The amphibians' common receptacle for the urinary, genital, and digestive canals is the 
    • A. 

      A. vulva.

    • B. 

      B. glottis.

    • C. 

      C. cloaca.

    • D. 

      D. tympanum.

    • E. 

      E. operculum.


  • 23. 
    Lungless salamanders lack lungs and breathe through their skins after they lose their gills. You would expect lungless salamanders to 
    • A. 

      A. prefer drier habitats.

    • B. 

      B. prefer stagnant water.

    • C. 

      C. be larger than most salamanders.

    • D. 

      D. be restricted to smaller and/or thinner body plans.


  • 24. 
    Most salamanders practice internal fertilization 
    • A. 

      A. using spermatophores.

    • B. 

      B. externally in water.

    • C. 

      C. internally by copulation.

    • D. 

      D. just like frogs.


  • 25. 
    Reptiles evolved from ______ ancestors and were abundant by the ________ Period. 
    • A. 

      A. mammals; Carboniferous

    • B. 

      B. fish; Devonian

    • C. 

      C. echinoderms; Cambrian

    • D. 

      D. amphibians; Permian


  • 26. 
    Which of these characteristics first developed in reptiles? 
    • A. 

      A. amniotic egg

    • B. 

      B. scales on skin

    • C. 

      C. four-legged body

    • D. 

      D. skull and vertebral column

    • E. 

      E. animals living completely on land


  • 27. 
    The mammal-like reptiles that gave rise to mammals were the 
    • A. 

      A. coelacanths.

    • B. 

      B. therapsids.

    • C. 

      C. lampreys.

    • D. 

      D. archaeopteryx.


  • 28. 
    Reptiles dominated the Earth for about 170 million years until they died out at the end of the _________ Period. 
    • A. 

      A. Cambrian

    • B. 

      B. Cretaceous

    • C. 

      C. Ordivician

    • D. 

      D. Silurian


  • 29. 
    Several lineages of reptiles evolved from a common ancestral stem reptile, each adapting to different ways of life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 30. 
    Based on molecular data and skull features, what reptile(s) has an independent lineage from all other reptiles? 
    • A. 

      A. lizards

    • B. 

      B. snakes

    • C. 

      C. turtles

    • D. 

      D. crocodiles

    • E. 

      E. A and D have independent lineages.


  • 31. 
    The fossil record revealed that the largest flying animal to ever live had an estimated wing span of 13.5 meters. This animal is called 
    • A. 

      A. Tyrannosaurus.

    • B. 

      B. Thecodont.

    • C. 

      C. Quetzalcoatlus.

    • D. 

      D. Tiktaalik.


  • 32. 
    The term archosaurs refers to 
    • A. 

      A. crocodilians.

    • B. 

      B. dinosaurs.

    • C. 

      C. lizards.

    • D. 

      D. birds.

    • E. 

      E. A, B, and D are correct.


  • 33. 
    Characteristics of birds include all of the following EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      A. aquatic reproduction.

    • B. 

      B. endotherms.

    • C. 

      C. modified reptilian scales as feathers.

    • D. 

      D. hard-shelled eggs.

    • E. 

      E. a modified skeleton with a fused collarbone and a keel.


  • 34. 
    Generally the respiratory system in birds 
    • A. 

      A. is identical to the human breathing system.

    • B. 

      B. is merely accelerated by the flight muscles.

    • C. 

      C. resembles the positive pressure system of a frog.

    • D. 

      D. is a one-way circulation of air so constant oxygen absorption can meet the high oxygen demand.


  • 35. 
    All of the following statements concerning birds are true EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      A. birds have small, relatively under-developed brains.

    • B. 

      B. some birds do not have the ability to fly.

    • C. 

      C. birds have acute vision.

    • D. 

      D. birds use the sun, stars, and the Earth's magnetic field to guide them.


  • 36. 
    Mammals are different from birds in all these characteristics EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      A. hair.

    • B. 

      B. mammary glands.

    • C. 

      C. constant body temperature.

    • D. 

      D. young born alive.


  • 37. 
    The organ of nutrition used in fetal development in the most successful mammals is the 
    • A. 

      A. mammary gland.

    • B. 

      B. egg.

    • C. 

      C. pouch

    • D. 

      D. placenta.

    • E. 

      E. marsupium.


  • 38. 
    The duckbill platypus is different than most mammals because it 
    • A. 

      A. lacks hair.

    • B. 

      B. is "cold-blooded."

    • C. 

      C. doesn't secrete milk.

    • D. 

      D. doesn't give birth, but lays eggs.

    • E. 

      E. All of the choices are correct.


  • 39. 
    The position of mammals in evolution is best described as 
    • A. 

      A. they dominate life in the sea.

    • B. 

      B. they were among the first animals to live on land and their diversity is greater than all living things known.

    • C. 

      C. they arose from mammal-like reptiles in the Jurassic but remained small and insignificant while dinosaurs dominated the land.

    • D. 

      D. mammals gave rise to birds.

    • E. 

      E. All of the choices are correct.


  • 40. 
    Monotremes 
    • A. 

      A. are egg laying mammals.

    • B. 

      B. include the anteater and duck-billed platypus.

    • C. 

      C. nurse their young.

    • D. 

      D. All of the above are true.

    • E. 

      E. A and C are true.


  • 41. 
    The mammalian lineages include 
    • A. 

      A. placental mammals.

    • B. 

      B. marsupials.

    • C. 

      C. monotremes.

    • D. 

      D. All of the above are correct.

    • E. 

      E. None of the above are correct.


  • 42. 
    Marsupials are thought to have arisen in 
    • A. 

      A. Australia.

    • B. 

      B. the Americas.

    • C. 

      C. Antarctica.

    • D. 

      D. Eurasia.


  • 43. 
    Marsupials include 
    • A. 

      A. spiny anteaters.

    • B. 

      B. kangaroos.

    • C. 

      C. Tasmanian devils.

    • D. 

      D. All of the above are correct.

    • E. 

      E. B and C only are correct.


  • 44. 
    Predacious meat eaters with large and conical-shaped canines are 
    • A. 

      A. cetaceans.

    • B. 

      B. chiroptera.

    • C. 

      C. carnivores.

    • D. 

      D. proboscidea.


  • 45. 
    All chordates are also vertebrates.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 46. 
    The most successful mammals belong to the marsupials group.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 47. 
    In humans the pharyngeal pouches of the embryo develop into auditory tubes, tonsils, thymus glands, and the parathyroid glands.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.