Chapter 29: Vertebrate Evolution

47 Questions  I  By Daw2034
These questions are taken from a study guide for Biology 102 using the book Biology 10th edition by Sylvia S. Mader.

  
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1.  All of the following are characteristics of vertebrates EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Vertebrates without jaws would be the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The largest group of vertebrates is the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The following are differences between amphibians and reptiles EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which phylum contains the vertebrates? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A notochord is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  ______ were the first vertebrates to live on land and they evolved from ____. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The most likely ancestors of the vertebrates are 
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The four defining characteristics of chordates are 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  In some chordates, the _______ is (are) replaced by _______. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of these is NOT one of the characteristics of a vertebrate? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The cartilaginous fishes include all EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The lancelets, or Branchiostoma, are found 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Sharks 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The jawed fish and all other vertebrates are gnathostomes, which means they have 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The fossil Tiktaalik roseae 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Amphibians evolved from 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The discovery of a living coelacanth off the coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean in 1938 proved that it 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of these characteristics is NOT found in the amphibians? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The amphibians' unique contribution to the evolution of land vertebrates was 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Amphibians were the dominant animal life during the ________ period. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The amphibians' common receptacle for the urinary, genital, and digestive canals is the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Lungless salamanders lack lungs and breathe through their skins after they lose their gills. You would expect lungless salamanders to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Most salamanders practice internal fertilization 
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Reptiles evolved from ______ ancestors and were abundant by the ________ Period. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of these characteristics first developed in reptiles? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The mammal-like reptiles that gave rise to mammals were the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Reptiles dominated the Earth for about 170 million years until they died out at the end of the _________ Period. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Several lineages of reptiles evolved from a common ancestral stem reptile, each adapting to different ways of life.
A.
B.
30.  Based on molecular data and skull features, what reptile(s) has an independent lineage from all other reptiles? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The fossil record revealed that the largest flying animal to ever live had an estimated wing span of 13.5 meters. This animal is called 
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The term archosaurs refers to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Characteristics of birds include all of the following EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Generally the respiratory system in birds 
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  All of the following statements concerning birds are true EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Mammals are different from birds in all these characteristics EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The organ of nutrition used in fetal development in the most successful mammals is the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The duckbill platypus is different than most mammals because it 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The position of mammals in evolution is best described as 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Monotremes 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The mammalian lineages include 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Marsupials are thought to have arisen in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Marsupials include 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Predacious meat eaters with large and conical-shaped canines are 
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  All chordates are also vertebrates.
A.
B.
46.  The most successful mammals belong to the marsupials group.
A.
B.
47.  In humans the pharyngeal pouches of the embryo develop into auditory tubes, tonsils, thymus glands, and the parathyroid glands.
A.
B.
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