Chapter 21: An Emerging World Power, 1877-1914

25 Questions  I  By Dnozik
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United States Quizzes & Trivia
This quiz is a review of US expansion; the conflicts in Hawaii, Cuba, and the Philippines; other foreign policy; and the views of Cleveland, McKinley, and Roosevelt.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    After the Civil War, Americans felt greatly involved in world affairs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    Americans were attracted to Hawaii because of
    • A. 

      The excess of cheap land.

    • B. 

      The profitable sugarcane.

    • C. 

      It's wealth of natural resources.


  • 3. 
    Why did sugar planters plot an American takeover of Hawaii?
    • A. 

      To secure military protection from America.

    • B. 

      They didn't.

    • C. 

      The McKinley tariffs placed taxes on foreign goods, like the Hawaiian sugar.

    • D. 

      To escape the oppressive Hawaiian monarchy.


  • 4. 
    America had a cohesive foreign policy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    Which of the following was NOT a cause of American expansion?
    • A. 

      The need to achieve a favorable import-export balance.

    • B. 

      Americans associated stability with the sale of surplus goods.

    • C. 

      Americans needed foreign markets to provide raw materials for industry.


  • 6. 
    Which of the following was NOT involved in trade with America?
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      Latin America

    • C. 

      Canada

    • D. 

      China


  • 7. 
    The _______  _______  _______ (three words) threatened America's social stability.

  • 8. 
    The Influence of Seapower upon History was written by  
    • A. 

      William Randolph Hearst

    • B. 

      William H. Seward

    • C. 

      Alfred T. Mahan


  • 9. 
    According to The Influence of Seapower upon History, America would need all of the following EXCEPT WHAT to control the seas?
    • A. 

      A strong executive branch.

    • B. 

      A merchant marine force.

    • C. 

      A powerful navy.

    • D. 

      Overseas bases.


  • 10. 
    The US was involved in a border dispute in which country?
    • A. 

      Cuba

    • B. 

      Venezuela

    • C. 

      China


  • 11. 
    Which of the following was NOT used to justify expansionism?
    • A. 

      Individualism

    • B. 

      Anglo-Saxonism

    • C. 

      Social Darwinism


  • 12. 
    Which of the following was NOT an effect of the sensational articles in the New York Journal?
    • A. 

      Sympathy toward the Cubans’ desire for freedom

    • B. 

      Humanitarian concern toward the suffering Cubans

    • C. 

      Jingoism

    • D. 

      Decreased desire for Cuban trade


  • 13. 
    Which of the following were immediate causes of the Spanish-American War? I. Dupuy de Lome letter II. Zimmerman telegram III. Sinking of the Maine
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      I and II

    • C. 

      II and III

    • D. 

      I and III

    • E. 

      I, II, and III


  • 14. 
    The decisive engagement of the Spanish-American War took place in
    • A. 

      The Philippines.

    • B. 

      Cuba.

    • C. 

      Spain.


  • 15. 
    When Spain and America signed an armistice ending the Spanish-American War, Spain agreed to I. Free Cuba II. Cede Puerto Rico and Guam to the U.S. III. Cede Guantanamo Bay to the U.S.
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      I and II

    • C. 

      II only

    • D. 

      II and III

    • E. 

      I, II, and III


  • 16. 
    Antiexpansionism quickly became a popular movement in the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    After the Spanish-American War, McKinley decided not to give the Filipinos independence, instead concluding that they were unfit for self-rule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    When fighting in the Philippines, Americans used tactics like those the Spanish used against the Cubans.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    “Speak softly and carry a big stick" meant
    • A. 

      To renounce direct American involvement in Latin America.

    • B. 

      To demonstrate America's strength through naval power.

    • C. 

      To engage in discussion with other countries, in addition to maintaining a strong military.


  • 20. 
    The Colombian legislature ratified a proposed treaty letting the United States lease a strip of land across Panama to build a canal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    The Platt Amendment gave the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuba if Cuban independence was threatened or if internal order collapsed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    The Teller Amendment stated that the U.S. could take possesion of Cuba at any time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 23. 
    Emilio Aguinaldo led the independence movement in the Philippines.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    In the Gentlemen's Agreement, the U.S. promised not to restrict Japanese immigration into the country, and Japan would allow no further emigration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary general.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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