Chapter 1 & 2 Quiz

12 Questions  I  By Trinalg
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Knowledge Quizzes & Trivia
This is a brief quiz to test your knowledge on some of the concepts from chapters 1 & 2.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    A life-span theorist believes that:
    • A. 

      Developmental changes occur in the child and adolescent years of life.

    • B. 

      The most important developmental changes occur during the first 10 years of life.

    • C. 

      Developmental changes occur in the early, middle, and late years of life.

    • D. 

      The most important developmental changes occur in the middle of life.


  • 2. 
    What does the traditional view of human development state about developmental change in adulthood?
    • A. 

      There are few or no changes that occur during adulthood.

    • B. 

      There are extreme changes that occur during adulthood.

    • C. 

      There are constant changes that occur during adulthood.

    • D. 

      There are more changes in earlier adulthood than in later adulthood.


  • 3. 
    Development is multidimensional occurring in three distinct dimensions. These three dimensions include:
    • A. 

      Cognitive, biological, and socioemotional.

    • B. 

      Biological, social, and cognitive.

    • C. 

      Socioemotional, cognitive, and cultural.

    • D. 

      Social, emotional, and cultural.


  • 4. 
    Many older adults become wiser by being able to call on experience, yet they perform poorly on cognitive speed tests. This can be explained by which of the following life-span characteristics?
    • A. 

      plasticity

    • B. 

      Contextualism

    • C. 

      Multidimensionality

    • D. 

      Multidirectionality


  • 5. 
    Which characteristic best exemplifies the statement “individuals are changing beings in a changing world”?
    • A. 

      Development is plastic.

    • B. 

      Development is contextual.

    • C. 

      Development is normative.

    • D. 

      Development is multicultural.


  • 6. 
    Which type of influence is most likely to occur to people of a particular generation?
    • A. 

      Nonnormative

    • B. 

      Normative age-graded

    • C. 

      Nonnormative age-graded

    • D. 

      Normative history-graded


  • 7. 
    According to evolutionary theory, there is a specific reason that certain animals live in the regions that they do. Polar bears, for instance, are found only in the Arctic regions of the world. An evolutionary theorist would say that the polar bear was best adapted for this type of environment, unlike a grizzly bear, who would freeze to death. In this case, the polar bear is a good example of:
    • A. 

      How to keep warm.

    • B. 

      Adaptive coloration.

    • C. 

      Natural selection.

    • D. 

      The idea that all creatures have their own niche.


  • 8. 
    By definition, evolutionary psychology emphasizes the importance of:
    • A. 

      Unconscious behavior.

    • B. 

      Repetitive behavior.

    • C. 

      Motivated behavior.

    • D. 

      Adaptive behavior.


  • 9. 
    According to Baltes, the benefits conferred with evolution ________ with age.
    • A. 

      Increase

    • B. 

      Stay the same

    • C. 

      Decrease

    • D. 

      Increase and decrease


  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements about the activity of genes is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Genes collaborate with each other.

    • B. 

      A single gene is usually the source of an inherited trait.

    • C. 

      Genetic expression is affected by environmental factors.

    • D. 

      Events inside of the cell can excite or inhibit genetic expression.


  • 11. 
    A recessive gene can only assert itself when:
    • A. 

      Both genes in a pair are recessive.

    • B. 

      It is a stronger gene.

    • C. 

      The environment is right.

    • D. 

      There is an interaction between nature and nurture.


  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements about sex-linked genes is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Hemophilia is an example of an X-linked inherited disease.

    • B. 

      Females with one changed copy of the X gene are carriers.

    • C. 

      Females with one changed copy of the X gene may not show signs of the X-linked disease

    • D. 

      Females are more likely than males to have an X-linked disease because they have two X


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