Biology-transcription And Translation

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Biology-transcription And Translation
This quiz will show you how well you comprehend transcription and translation of DNA in Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes. This material is from "Biological Science" by Scott Freeman and is the material taught in College level biology/General Biology.  

  
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  • 1. 
    A cell builds it's proteins from the instructions encoded in its _________?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Cell Membrane

    • C. 

      Amino acid

    • D. 

      Lysosome

    • E. 

      Genome


  • 2. 
    What process occurs before the other?
    • A. 

      Transcription and then Translation

    • B. 

      Translation and then Transcription

    • C. 

      Transcription and then Ionization

    • D. 

      Translation and then Polymerization

    • E. 

      Translation and then differentiation


  • 3. 
    Messenger RNA (mRNA) can be best described as:
    • A. 

      A really cool way of rewriting RNA

    • B. 

      The atom that carries information to an RNA template

    • C. 

      A short lived RNA molecule that carries encoded information, transcribed from DNA.

    • D. 

      A chromosome that is only present in prokaryotes and is involved in DNA synthesis

    • E. 

      A molecule that has no life and is basically the news reporter of the cellular environment.


  • 4. 
    Just like DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase performs a template directed synthesis in the:
    • A. 

      3'---->5' direction

    • B. 

      5'---->3' direction

    • C. 

      5'---->5' direction

    • D. 

      3'---->3' direction

    • E. 

      3'---->4' direction


  • 5. 
    A gene is:
    • A. 

      A piece of clothing that is placed upon the bipedal legs of human.

    • B. 

      A chromosome carrier

    • C. 

      A section of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.

    • D. 

      A regulatory sequence

    • E. 

      An exon


  • 6. 
    Transcription is:
    • A. 

      A word that teacher use to confuse the noodles out of people

    • B. 

      The synthesis of RNA from a DNA template

    • C. 

      The synthesis of proteins from information on a mRNA

    • D. 

      The synthesis of polydiester linkages from an exon

    • E. 

      The synthesis of brain cells by neurokinetic means


  • 7. 
    What type of bond forms between complementary base pairs?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Covalent

    • C. 

      Ionic

    • D. 

      Interkinetic

    • E. 

      Philial


  • 8. 
    To understand the structure of RNA polymerase, researchers employed what technique to view this enzyme?
    • A. 

      X-ray crystallography

    • B. 

      Gas Chromatography

    • C. 

      Gel Electrophoresis

    • D. 

      PCR amplification

    • E. 

      Hardy-Weinberg equillibrium


  • 9. 
    How does transcription begin?
    • A. 

      It doesn't, transcription doesn't exist

    • B. 

      When RNA polymerase binds to a sigma to create a holoenzyme and the sigma guides the RNA polymerase to certain locations where transcription should begin

    • C. 

      Some dude brings a flag and says "Hey! Over here!"

    • D. 

      The non-template strand signals to the binding receptor that a phospodiester bond is present and ready for action

    • E. 

      The RNA polymerase binds to a coding strand located downstream


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