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Biology Final Exam Practice

62 Questions  I  By 2theheavens
Biology Final Exam Practice
This quiz is to help you study for your biology final exam. This will help you with your score on the exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Restriction enzymes are
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The Proteins of a restriction enzymes helps the bacteria from infections caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The enzymes are _______________ aftered the bacteria they are isolated from.
4.  Restriction enzymes cut the DNA at a specific locations called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The restriction site is always within a sequence of bases called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The sequence of a restriction enzyme is always
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The recognition sequence of EcoR1 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The restriction site of an EcoR1 is between
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  ___________ ends are staggered cuts
A.
B.
10.  RFLP is short for
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The length and number of fragments (RFLP) will be unique for each (pick a specific mammal)
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The DNA is loaded into a gel and separated with electricity to create a barcode map is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The separation is based on size of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  If the fragment cut is large, then
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  When you combine the following, they make DNA fingerprinting possible
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  DNA fingerprinting is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Media usually talk about ______________ cloning.
18.  Three types of cloning are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This type of cloning is the transfer of a DNA fragment from one organism to another organism.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which method of cloning utilizes a vector to insert DNA fragment into a host cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This cloning method produces an organism that has the same DNA as a previously existing organism
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  DNA is moved from a nucleus of a donor cell in an egg whose DNA has been removed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Use of a patient's own genetic material to generate new stem cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  GMO stands for
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Bacterial proteins that have the ability to both strands of the DNA molecule at a certain point is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  ________________ contains foreign DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  ________________ is made by connecting segments of DNA from other sources
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  General term for a vehicle used to transfer a foreign DNA fragment into a host cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  ___________ is a small ring of DNA found in a bacteria cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ___________________ is the procedure for cleaving DNA from an organism into small segments, and inserting the segments into other organism.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Two of the are biological. What are they?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  ______________ are empolyed in the production of growth of growth hormone to treat dwarfism and insulin to treat diabetes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ______________ are organisms that are genetically identical.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Genomes are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  DNA made by connecting pieces of DNA from different sources.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Small ring of DNA is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  A ________________ involves an individual of unknown genotype and an invidual of known genotype.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A ____________ map showing the location of genes of a chromosome.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Transgenic bacteria are currently used to produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How might a breeder determine if a certain golden retriever is a carrier of an undesirable trait?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  (T/F) The human genome consists of approximately 1000 genes located on 46 chromosomes.
A.
B.
43.  (T/F) Scientists have determined the exact chromsomal location of all genes.
A.
B.
44.  (T/F) The genetic map that shows the location of genes on a chromsome is called a pedigree map.
A.
B.
45.  (T/F) Earth is thought to be 4.6 billion years old.
A.
B.
46.  (T/F) The conditions on the primitive Earth were suitable for life.
A.
B.
47.  (T?F) Violent rainstorms beginning 3.9 billion years ago formed Earth's ocean.
A.
B.
48.  A footprint, trail, or burrow, providing evidence of animal activity are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A fossil embedded in tree sap, valuable because the organism is preserved intact is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  An exact same copy of an organism, the hard parts which have been penetrated and replaced by minerals is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  A clear fish imprint in a rock indicates that the rock is probably
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A theory concerning the origin of life of life states that Earth's ancient atmosphere contained
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which group of organisms is believed to haven been the earliest to evolve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  (T/F) H.M.S. Beagle, upon which Charles Darwin served as naturalist, set sail on a collecting and mapping expedition in 1831.
A.
B.
55.  (T/F) The environments that Darwin studied exhibited little biological diversity.
A.
B.
56.  (T/F) After returning to England, Darwin studied his collections for 10 years.
A.
B.
57.  (T/F) Darwin named the process by which evolution proceeds artificial selection.
A.
B.
58.  Enables an organism to blend in with its surroundings.
A.
B.
C.
59.  Provide(s) protection for an organism by copying the appearance ofanother species
A.
B.
C.
60.  The coloration of a flounder that allows the fish to avoid predators
A.
B.
C.
61.  Involve(s) changes to the external appearance of an organism
A.
B.
C.
62.  A flower that looks like a female bee
A.
B.
C.
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