Biology Final Exam Practice

62 Questions  I  By 2theheavens
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Biology Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    Restriction enzymes are
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Protein, produced by bacteria, which cuts DNA apart

    • C. 

      Ribonucleic acid

    • D. 

      DNA that joins another enzyme


  • 2. 
    The Proteins of a restriction enzymes helps the bacteria from infections caused by
    • A. 

      Malaria

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Virus

    • D. 

      Other bacteria


  • 3. 
    The enzymes are _______________ aftered the bacteria they are isolated from.

  • 4. 
    Restriction enzymes cut the DNA at a specific locations called
    • A. 

      Restriction site

    • B. 

      Restriction enzyme

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosome

    • E. 

      Chloroplast


  • 5. 
    The restriction site is always within a sequence of bases called a
    • A. 

      DNA sequence

    • B. 

      RNA sequence

    • C. 

      Amino acid sequence

    • D. 

      Recognition sequence


  • 6. 
    The sequence of a restriction enzyme is always
    • A. 

      Tall

    • B. 

      Weird

    • C. 

      Specific

    • D. 

      Palindrome


  • 7. 
    The recognition sequence of EcoR1 is
    • A. 

      GCCATT, ATTGCC

    • B. 

      ACCTGG, ACCTGG

    • C. 

      GAATTC, CCTAAG

    • D. 

      GAATTC, CTTAGG


  • 8. 
    The restriction site of an EcoR1 is between
    • A. 

      A and T

    • B. 

      G and A

    • C. 

      A and U

    • D. 

      C and T

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 9. 
    ___________ ends are staggered cuts
    • A. 

      Blunt ends

    • B. 

      Sticky ends


  • 10. 
    RFLP is short for
    • A. 

      Retrovirus For Lamb Poop

    • B. 

      Restriction Friction Link Palindrome

    • C. 

      Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism

    • D. 

      Restriction Fragment Length Polysaccharides


  • 11. 
    The length and number of fragments (RFLP) will be unique for each (pick a specific mammal)
    • A. 

      Dog

    • B. 

      Cat

    • C. 

      Fish

    • D. 

      Person


  • 12. 
    The DNA is loaded into a gel and separated with electricity to create a barcode map is called
    • A. 

      The Gel

    • B. 

      Electricity separator

    • C. 

      Gel Electrophoresis

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 13. 
    The separation is based on size of the
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Restriction enzyme

    • D. 

      DNA

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 14. 
    If the fragment cut is large, then
    • A. 

      It will fall apart

    • B. 

      It will be close to the well

    • C. 

      It will retrain its position

    • D. 

      It will move far away from the well


  • 15. 
    When you combine the following, they make DNA fingerprinting possible
    • A. 

      DNA, ribosome

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid, ribosome

    • C. 

      DNA, RNA

    • D. 

      RFLP, Restriction enzyme

    • E. 

      RFLP, Gel Electrophoresis


  • 16. 
    DNA fingerprinting is used for
    • A. 

      Paternity tests

    • B. 

      Crime scenes

    • C. 

      Identification

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 17. 
    Media usually talk about ______________ cloning.

  • 18. 
    Three types of cloning are
    • A. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • B. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • C. 

      Cell cloning

    • D. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • E. 

      A, B, and D


  • 19. 
    This type of cloning is the transfer of a DNA fragment from one organism to another organism.
    • A. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • B. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • C. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • D. 

      Cell cloning


  • 20. 
    Which method of cloning utilizes a vector to insert DNA fragment into a host cell?
    • A. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • B. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • C. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      B and C


  • 21. 
    This cloning method produces an organism that has the same DNA as a previously existing organism
    • A. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • B. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • C. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 22. 
    DNA is moved from a nucleus of a donor cell in an egg whose DNA has been removed.
    • A. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • B. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • C. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • D. 

      Super reproductive cloning


  • 23. 
    Use of a patient's own genetic material to generate new stem cells.
    • A. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • B. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • C. 

      Therapeutic cloning

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 24. 
    GMO stands for
    • A. 

      Great Moss Orientation

    • B. 

      Genotypes Moving Outward

    • C. 

      Genetically Modified Organisms

    • D. 

      None


  • 25. 
    Bacterial proteins that have the ability to both strands of the DNA molecule at a certain point is a
    • A. 

      Transgenic organism

    • B. 

      Plasmid

    • C. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • D. 

      Vector

    • E. 

      Restriction enzyme


  • 26. 
    ________________ contains foreign DNA
    • A. 

      Restriction enzyme

    • B. 

      Plasmid

    • C. 

      Vector

    • D. 

      Retrovirus

    • E. 

      Transgenic organism


  • 27. 
    ________________ is made by connecting segments of DNA from other sources
    • A. 

      Plasmid

    • B. 

      DNA site

    • C. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • D. 

      Ribonucleic acid


  • 28. 
    General term for a vehicle used to transfer a foreign DNA fragment into a host cell.
    • A. 

      Host cell

    • B. 

      Transfer RNA

    • C. 

      Vector

    • D. 

      Plasmis

    • E. 

      GMO


  • 29. 
    ___________ is a small ring of DNA found in a bacteria cell
    • A. 

      Plasmid

    • B. 

      Retrovirus

    • C. 

      EcoR1

    • D. 

      Reproductive cloning

    • E. 

      Yes, all of the above


  • 30. 
    ___________________ is the procedure for cleaving DNA from an organism into small segments, and inserting the segments into other organism.
    • A. 

      Recombinant DNA

    • B. 

      Messenger RNA

    • C. 

      Genetic breeding

    • D. 

      Genetic engineering

    • E. 

      Binary fission


  • 31. 
    Two of the are biological. What are they?
    • A. 

      Virus and metal bullets

    • B. 

      Micropipette and plasmid

    • C. 

      Virus and plasmid

    • D. 

      Plasmid and metal bullets


  • 32. 
    ______________ are empolyed in the production of growth of growth hormone to treat dwarfism and insulin to treat diabetes.
    • A. 

      Virus

    • B. 

      Transgenic plants

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Shrubs

    • E. 

      EcoR1


  • 33. 
    ______________ are organisms that are genetically identical.
    • A. 

      Identical DNA

    • B. 

      Twins

    • C. 

      Clones

    • D. 

      Similar traits


  • 34. 
    Genomes are
    • A. 

      Thousands of genes that make up 46 human chromosomes

    • B. 

      Stupid

    • C. 

      The property of all living organism

    • D. 

      Essential to fishes

    • E. 

      Not specific as to where they cut enzymes


  • 35. 
    DNA made by connecting pieces of DNA from different sources.
    • A. 

      Biotic genes

    • B. 

      Clone

    • C. 

      Plasmid

    • D. 

      Recombinant DNA


  • 36. 
    Small ring of DNA is called
    • A. 

      Donkey

    • B. 

      Cells

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Sister chromatins

    • E. 

      Plasmid


  • 37. 
    A ________________ involves an individual of unknown genotype and an invidual of known genotype.
    • A. 

      Genome

    • B. 

      Fingerprinting

    • C. 

      Cross test

    • D. 

      DNA sequencing


  • 38. 
    A ____________ map showing the location of genes of a chromosome.
    • A. 

      Gene

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Linkage

    • D. 

      Dual LAN


  • 39. 
    Transgenic bacteria are currently used to produce
    • A. 

      Human growth hormone, PKU, and interferon

    • B. 

      Hexosaminidase A, phenylalanine, and insulin.

    • C. 

      PKU, insulin, and interferon

    • D. 

      Human growth hormone, insulin, and phenylalanine


  • 40. 
    Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to
    • A. 

      Clone chromosomes of various species

    • B. 

      Cut DNA into fragments of various sizes

    • C. 

      Separate DNA fragments by charge and length

    • D. 

      Inject foreign DNA into animal and plant cells


  • 41. 
    How might a breeder determine if a certain golden retriever is a carrier of an undesirable trait?
    • A. 

      Prepare a linkage map

    • B. 

      Perform test cross

    • C. 

      Clone the dog

    • D. 

      Splice the undesirable allele into the dog's genome


  • 42. 
    (T/F) The human genome consists of approximately 1000 genes located on 46 chromosomes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 43. 
    (T/F) Scientists have determined the exact chromsomal location of all genes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    (T/F) The genetic map that shows the location of genes on a chromsome is called a pedigree map.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 45. 
    (T/F) Earth is thought to be 4.6 billion years old.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 46. 
    (T/F) The conditions on the primitive Earth were suitable for life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 47. 
    (T?F) Violent rainstorms beginning 3.9 billion years ago formed Earth's ocean.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 48. 
    A footprint, trail, or burrow, providing evidence of animal activity are called
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Fossil

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Imprint


  • 49. 
    A fossil embedded in tree sap, valuable because the organism is preserved intact is called
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Amber-preserved

    • C. 

      Cast

    • D. 

      Imprint


  • 50. 
    An exact same copy of an organism, the hard parts which have been penetrated and replaced by minerals is called
    • A. 

      Imprint

    • B. 

      Cast

    • C. 

      Petrified fossil

    • D. 

      Mold


  • 51. 
    A clear fish imprint in a rock indicates that the rock is probably
    • A. 

      Volcanic

    • B. 

      Sedimentary

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

    • D. 

      Igneous


  • 52. 
    A theory concerning the origin of life of life states that Earth's ancient atmosphere contained
    • A. 

      Water vapor, methane, and ammonia

    • B. 

      Water vapor, oxygen, and hydrogen

    • C. 

      Methane, ammonia, and oxygen

    • D. 

      Methane, carbon dioxide, and oxygen


  • 53. 
    Which group of organisms is believed to haven been the earliest to evolve?
    • A. 

      Land plants

    • B. 

      Cyanobacteria

    • C. 

      Aquatic dinosaurs

    • D. 

      Mammals


  • 54. 
    (T/F) H.M.S. Beagle, upon which Charles Darwin served as naturalist, set sail on a collecting and mapping expedition in 1831.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 55. 
    (T/F) The environments that Darwin studied exhibited little biological diversity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 56. 
    (T/F) After returning to England, Darwin studied his collections for 10 years.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 57. 
    (T/F) Darwin named the process by which evolution proceeds artificial selection.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 58. 
    Enables an organism to blend in with its surroundings.
    • A. 

      Camouflage

    • B. 

      Mimicry

    • C. 

      Both


  • 59. 
    Provide(s) protection for an organism by copying the appearance ofanother species
    • A. 

      Camouflage

    • B. 

      Mimicry

    • C. 

      Both


  • 60. 
    The coloration of a flounder that allows the fish to avoid predators
    • A. 

      Camouflage

    • B. 

      Mimicry

    • C. 

      Both


  • 61. 
    Involve(s) changes to the external appearance of an organism
    • A. 

      Camouflage

    • B. 

      Mimicry

    • C. 

      Both


  • 62. 
    A flower that looks like a female bee
    • A. 

      Camouflage

    • B. 

      Mimicry

    • C. 

      Both


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