APUSH I Finals Review

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Before 1492, Native American societies that existed in what is now the United States filled their food needs by

  
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  • 1. 
    Alliances among the various Indian societies in what is now the United States were
    • A. 

      Extremely strong due to directly shared cultures east of the Mississippi River

    • B. 

      Nonexistent because the tribes fought each other almost continuously

    • C. 

      Fragile because the tribes did not view themselves as part of a single civilization

    • D. 

      Moderately strong because they shared similar cultures

    • E. 

      Extremely strong because they were united in opposition to European encroachments on their lands


  • 2. 
    By 1500, the incentives for Europeans to engage in overseas exploration did not include
    • A. 

      Belief in fulfilling divine mission

    • B. 

      Significant growth in population

    • C. 

      More powerful and united governments

    • D. 

      Increased prosperity & desire for commerce

    • E. 

      The return of the Bubonic Plague


  • 3. 
    By 1550, Spanish explorers had achieved all the following objects except
    • A. 

      Explored much of Caribbean

    • B. 

      Crossed Isthmus of Panama

    • C. 

      Devoted great resources for voyages

    • D. 

      Sailed around the world

    • E. 

      Discovering Brazil


  • 4. 
    The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs was, in part, due to
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      An overwhelming superiority in numbers

    • C. 

      The diseases the Spaniards had given the Indians

    • D. 

      The pacifism of the Aztecs

    • E. 

      The Spaniards' humane treatment of the Indians


  • 5. 
    When the Europeans arrived in the Americas, they brought with them all of the following things except
    • A. 

      The practice of human sacrifice for religious practices

    • B. 

      Diseases

    • C. 

      Yearning for silver & gold

    • D. 

      New crops

    • E. 

      New livestock


  • 6. 
    Between 1500 and 1600, the reasons that the Spanish traveled to the Americas included all of the following except
    • A. 

      Getting rich by finding gold/silver

    • B. 

      Replacing Portugal as leading seafaring nation

    • C. 

      Spreading Christianity

    • D. 

      To destroy large English colonies in South America

    • E. 

      Profitable agricultural economy


  • 7. 
    Interest in colonization grew in England because
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      A desire to compete with Spain

    • C. 

      Almost constant religious strife

    • D. 

      Growth of merchant capitalism

    • E. 

      Increasing population and decreasing food supply


  • 8. 
    According to the principles of mercantilism
    • A. 

      The individual is key to economic progress

    • B. 

      The world's supply of wealth is almost unlimited

    • C. 

      Free trade is good for a country because it maximizes both imports and exports

    • D. 

      A successful nation should export its own goods in exchange for gold and silver

    • E. 

      Wealth should be shared by all social classes


  • 9. 
    The English believed the colonies would be
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      A place to send excess population

    • C. 

      A place where human settlement could start anew

    • D. 

      Relieve England of dependence on foreign supply of natural resources

    • E. 

      Offer new markets for the wool industry


  • 10. 
    Because of their experiences in Ireland, English colonists came to believe they should
    • A. 

      Try to rule native population

    • B. 

      Civilize native population

    • C. 

      Establish an English society separate from the native population

    • D. 

      Brutally conquer the eastern half of North America

    • E. 

      Attempt to convert the native population to Christianity


  • 11. 
    What is not true of the French colonists in North America
    • A. 

      Their numbers grew rapidly because of success in building industries

    • B. 

      Included Jesuit missionaries

    • C. 

      Depended on fur traders

    • D. 

      Developed seignuries

    • E. 

      Made enemies with powerful Indian tribe


  • 12. 
    The first few British expeditions to North America resulted in
    • A. 

      Finding gold & silver

    • B. 

      An end of Spanish explorations in Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      The overthrow of James I

    • D. 

      The failure to establish successful permanent settlements

    • E. 

      Britain's decision to stop exploring the coastal region of VA


  • 13. 
    The religious dissatisfactions that ultimately propelled English “Separatists” into the New World can be traced back to the 1517 protests of the German priest
    • A. 

      Martin Luther

    • B. 

      John Calvin

    • C. 

      John Wesley

    • D. 

      James Stuart

    • E. 

      Richard Hakluyt


  • 14. 
    The early 1600s, common characteristics of the English colonies included all of the following except
    • A. 

      They were business enterprises designed to produce a profit

    • B. 

      They made efforts to blend English society with native societies

    • C. 

      They were part of a complex and changing society

    • D. 

      They could not get things to work as they had planned

    • E. 

      They were tied only indirectly to the British crown


  • 15. 
    The colony of VA was the first colony to
    • A. 

      All the below

    • B. 

      Hold a meeting of elected legislature

    • C. 

      Import Africans as laborers

    • D. 

      Use headright system

    • E. 

      Engage in major warfare with natives


  • 16. 
    Bacon’s Rebellion began as
    • A. 

      A revolt by easterners against western control of government

    • B. 

      A democratic movement of the tidewater region

    • C. 

      A fight between Indians and frontiersmen over western lands

    • D. 

      A struggle over what faction would dominate the slave trade

    • E. 

      An effort by landowners to force former indentured servants to leave the settled areas


  • 17. 
    The Pilgrims of Plymouth Plantation benefited from their relationship with the Indians in that
    • A. 

      All the below

    • B. 

      They settled on land that had already been cleared

    • C. 

      The Indians in the area were too weak to cause difficulty

    • D. 

      A few Indians showed how to gather seafood/cultivate corn

    • E. 

      Pilgrims were less hostile to Indians than Virginians were


  • 18. 
    The longest and bloodiest war between whites and Indians in the 1600s was
    • A. 

      King Philip’s War

    • B. 

      The Pequot War

    • C. 

      The Tobacco War

    • D. 

      King John’s War

    • E. 

      The Mohawk War


  • 19. 
    During the Revolution, the Americans had all of the advantages over the British except
    • A. 

      Fighting on familiar ground

    • B. 

      British only half-heartedly supporting war

    • C. 

      British had long lines of communication and supply

    • D. 

      Their troops were generally superior to the British regulars

    • E. 

      Their cause was more inspired


  • 20. 
    The Battle of Breed’s Hill resulted in
    • A. 

      A heavy loss of life for the attacking British army

    • B. 

      The withdrawal of George Washington’s forces from Long Island

    • C. 

      France’s full military and financial support for the Revolution

    • D. 

      Benedict Arnold being hailed as a national hero

    • E. 

      The removal of William Howe as a British Commander


  • 21. 
    The legal systems that granted almost absolute authority to white masters over their slaves in the 1700s were known as

  • 22. 
    The ability of people to move up and down the “ladder of success” is called

  • 23. 
    Five middle colonies supplied _____, an important cash crop, to NE and the S

  • 24. 
    _____ is the English legal principle under which the firstborn son inherits all of his father’s estate

  • 25. 
    The most famous outbreak of the witchcraft hysteria of the 1680s and 1690s occurred in

  • 26. 
    During 1777, British General Burgoyne attempted to implement a plan for dividing the colonies by capturing the
    • A. 

      Hudson River Valley

    • B. 

      Tidewater Region

    • C. 

      St. Lawrence River Valley

    • D. 

      Chesapeake Bay Region

    • E. 

      Potomac River Valley


  • 27. 
    Congress appointed ______ as the Continental Army’s commander-in-chief

  • 28. 
    General ______, British commander in 1776, wanted to awe the Americans into submission rather than fight them

  • 29. 
    By the late 1780s, many Americans had become dissatisfied with the weaknesses of the Confederation.  The Confederation government was hampered by
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      Factions and instability

    • C. 

      An inability to deal with economic problems

    • D. 

      The lack of power to deal with social uprisings

    • E. 

      Its failure to deal quickly with Shay’s Rebellion


  • 30. 
    Alexander Hamilton and James Madison joined forces in an attempt to
    • A. 

      Call for a convention to correct the defects in the Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      Defend the power of the Confederation Congress to impose a tariff duty on imports

    • C. 

      Produce a quorum in the Confederation Congress to ratify the Peace of Paris

    • D. 

      Strengthen states’ rights under the Articles of Confederation

    • E. 

      End slavery in the Tidewater Region


  • 31. 
    One of the major differences between the VA and NJ plans for the new US Constitution was whether
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      States would have equal representation in Congress

    • C. 

      The national government would have the authority to levy taxes directly

    • D. 

      Congress would be able to regulate commerce between the states

    • E. 

      The president would be elected or appointed


  • 32. 
    The “Great Compromise” at the Constit. Convention of 1787 resulted in all agreements except
    • A. 

      Representation in the lower house of Congress would be based on population

    • B. 

      Each slave counted as three-fifths of a free person in the determination of representation and direct taxation

    • C. 

      The national government would be prohibited from exercising any powers not specifically granted in it

    • D. 

      Each state would have an equal number of votes in the upper house of Congress

    • E. 

      An assumption that slave labor was not as productive as free labor


  • 33. 
    The men who wrote the Constitution resolved the question of sovereignty by deciding that in the US political power resided ultimately with the
    • A. 

      National government

    • B. 

      President

    • C. 

      State governments

    • D. 

      Local governments

    • E. 

      People


  • 34. 
    The Republican vision of America as proposed by Jefferson included the ideal of
    • A. 

      A diversified and complex economy

    • B. 

      A large and powerful federal government

    • C. 

      A society of sturdy, independent farmers

    • D. 

      An urbanized nation with cities to rival those of Europe

    • E. 

      A sole emphasis on education of the elite


  • 35. 
    In the early 1800s, women were
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Commonly encourages to join professional fields

    • C. 

      Frequently admitted to secondary schools

    • D. 

      Occasionally admitted to colleges and universities

    • E. 

      Often educated to be better wives and mothers


  • 36. 
    During the Jeffersonian era, American education exhibited the characteristic of
    • A. 

      Males and females being granted a free public education until the age of twelve

    • B. 

      Most states creating a system of free public schools

    • C. 

      Private institutions dominating the educational system

    • D. 

      Nearly one-half of the white male population gaining access to a college education

    • E. 

      African-Americans finally receiving equal opportunity


  • 37. 
    Many early American literary figures
    • A. 

      Wrote stories about horror and deviant behavior

    • B. 

      Provided criticism of European cultures

    • C. 

      Glorified the virtues of American political leaders

    • D. 

      Portrayed the weaknesses of American political leaders

    • E. 

      Gave a realistic and unemotional evaluation of the events of American history


  • 38. 
    Overall, the Second Great Awakening resulted in
    • A. 

      Increased belief in salvation attained through faith and good works

    • B. 

      A greater number of male converts than female converts

    • C. 

      Renewed acceptance of the doctrine of predestination

    • D. 

      The growth of “rational theology

    • E. 

      Less active piety and an acceptance of the rational religions


  • 39. 
    To protect the country from the problems of concentrated authority, the writers of the Constitution used the idea of a
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Separation of powers

    • C. 

      System of checks and balances

    • D. 

      Federal structure of government

    • E. 

      Government that derives its authority from below


  • 40. 
    The “Revolution of 1800” refers to
    • A. 

      The social upheaval that occurred when America became more democratic at the turn of the century

    • B. 

      The attempt by revolutionaries to overthrow the govt. after the passage of the Alien & Sedition Acts

    • C. 

      The belief of Thomas Jefferson that the Republican victory signaled a fundamental change in American politics

    • D. 

      The control of the judiciary branch that Federalists seized after the election

    • E. 

      The violent resistance of western farmers to the excise tax on whiskey


  • 41. 
    Because of opposition to the War of 1812, a movement toward succession was made by
    • A. 

      Carolina Federalists

    • B. 

      Western Republicans

    • C. 

      New England Federalists

    • D. 

      Chesapeake Republicans

    • E. 

      Mid-Atlantic Republicans


  • 42. 
    The "Great Compromise" at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 resulted in all the following agreements except
    • A. 

      Representation in the lower house of Congress would be based on population

    • B. 

      Each slave would be counted as 3/5's of a free person in the determination of representation and direct taxation

    • C. 

      The national government would be prohibited from exercising any powers not specifically granted to it

    • D. 

      Each state would have an equal number of votes in the upper house of Congress

    • E. 

      An assumption that slave labor was not as productive as free labor


  • 43. 
    During the Jeffersonian era, American education exhibited all the following characteristics except
    • A. 

      Many schools became available to the poor

    • B. 

      The number of colleges and universities increased

    • C. 

      Professional education did not increase significantly

    • D. 

      Private institutions were more common than public

    • E. 

      The Republican party’s commitment to public education


  • 44. 
    Alexander Hamilton believed in all of the following ideas except
    • A. 

      The country should be governed by an elite ruling class

    • B. 

      A large and permanent national debt is a good idea

    • C. 

      The federal government should assume state debts incurred during the war

    • D. 

      One bank should have a monopoly of the federal government’s own banking business

    • E. 

      The nat’l govt. should reward only those who had originally loaned it money during Revolution


  • 45. 
    Aaron Burr’s trial for treason ended in
    • A. 

      His conviction, following which he was sentenced to a long prison term

    • B. 

      A hung jury, not being retried because the govt. believed it would not get a conviction

    • C. 

      His acquittal, because he was clearly innocent

    • D. 

      His acquittal, because the judge imposed strict standards of evidence that the govt. could not meet

    • E. 

      His conviction, which was hailed as a victory for the Jefferson administration


  • 46. 
    President Jefferson’s embargo was intended to
    • A. 

      Minimize losses by American merchants

    • B. 

      Promote growth of American industry

    • C. 

      Punish all European powers

    • D. 

      Force Britain and France into leaving American ships alone

    • E. 

      Benefit northeastern merchants


  • 47. 
    The slave culture of the large plantations
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      Place special emphasis on extended kinship networks

    • C. 

      Developed a religion that blended Christianity with African folklore

    • D. 

      Was subject to constant intrusion from and interaction with white society

    • E. 

      Included a strong and elaborate family structure


  • 48. 
    The Declaration of Independence contained
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      An indictment against the king of Britain for crimes against Americans

    • C. 

      An endorsement of the idea that all men are created equal

    • D. 

      A statement of the contract theory of government

    • E. 

      Beliefs that influenced the French Revolution


  • 49. 
    During the 1800s, the Second Great Awakening featured
    • A. 

      All of the below

    • B. 

      The creation of the camp meeting

    • C. 

      The spread of highly emotional behavior at religious revivals

    • D. 

      An increase in religious fervor across the nation

    • E. 

      The decline of widespread belief in predestination


  • 50. 
    In the second phase of the American Revolution, between early 1776 and early 1778, the fighting resulted in the British forces
    • A. 

      Being on the verge of total defeat

    • B. 

      Doing very little, because they remained in their city fortresses

    • C. 

      Achieving several important victories but failing to crush the Americans because of mistakes and blunders

    • D. 

      Almost succeeding in achieving total victory

    • E. 

      Surrendering key positions in Canada


  • 51. 
    President Jefferson was reluctant to accept the treaty for purchasing the Louisiana Territory because
    • A. 

      The purchase price was too high

    • B. 

      He feared that the Senate would embarrass him by rejecting his treaty

    • C. 

      He doubted that he had constitutional authority for such a purchase

    • D. 

      His secretary of state recommended that the treaty be scrapped

    • E. 

      He saw no economic potential in the new territory


  • 52. 
    After 1763, the new imperial program of Prime Minister Grenville included all of the following revenue-producing measures except
    • A. 

      The Mutiny Act

    • B. 

      The Sugar Act

    • C. 

      The Stamp Act

    • D. 

      The Molasses Act

    • E. 

      The Currency Act


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