AP World History Final Exam Semester 1

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  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements about the Emma Elish is NOT true?
    • A. 

      It probably dates to about 2000 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      Humans were created by gods out of earth and water.

    • C. 

      A rebelling god and goddess were destroyed by Marduk.

    • D. 

      It is the creation myth of the people of Akkad.


  • 2. 
    The Purusa-sakta:
    • A. 

      Is the myth from the Akkad culture

    • B. 

      Sets humans apart from nature

    • C. 

      Helped justify the caste system in India

    • D. 

      Holds that humans are not subject to the laws of nature


  • 3. 
    The book of Genesis holds that:
    • A. 

      God created the world in seven days.

    • B. 

      God created man "in his own image".

    • C. 

      Humans are on equal footing with animals.

    • D. 

      There are many gods worthy of worship.


  • 4. 
    In the mid-1700s, the more astute natural scientists:
    • A. 

      Had developed the genetic theory of mutation transmission

    • B. 

      Had provided a substantial body of evidence that the Earth was many of millions of years old

    • C. 

      Had proved the biblical account of creation

    • D. 

      Had questioned the idea that all plant and animal species had been separately created


  • 5. 
    Charles Darwin:
    • A. 

      Based his ideas on evolution on data he gathered while traveling in southeast Asia

    • B. 

      Refused to acknowledge that Alfred Russle Wallace had any useful ideas on evolution

    • C. 

      Acknowledged that there was a "Creator"

    • D. 

      Argued that teology was an integral of all life


  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reason put forth in the text for the disappearance of Neanderthals?
    • A. 

      Neaderthals warred with each other and droved themselves to extinction

    • B. 

      Homo sapiens sapiens destroyed the Neaderthals through violence

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens sapiens out-competed Neaderthals for resources

    • D. 

      Neanderthals interbred with Homo sapiens sapiens


  • 7. 
    Linguist Noam Chomsky argues that the ability to use language is:
    • A. 

      Learned from parents

    • B. 

      Learned from the environment

    • C. 

      Genetic

    • D. 

      A gift of the gods


  • 8. 
    Global migration of Homo sapiens sapiens:
    • A. 

      Began around 450,000 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      Was often spurred by major climate changes

    • C. 

      First occurred in the Americas

    • D. 

      Was usually random


  • 9. 
    The first animals to be domesticated in the "Fertile Crescent" were:
    • A. 

      Goats and sheep

    • B. 

      Pigs and cattle

    • C. 

      Dogs

    • D. 

      Llamas and turkeys


  • 10. 
    Which of the following empires was organized first?
    • A. 

      Persian

    • B. 

      Hittite

    • C. 

      Neo-Babylonias

    • D. 

      Assyrian


  • 11. 
    In Sumer after about 2800 B.C.E., members of this group ruled in conjunction with kings:
    • A. 

      Temple priests

    • B. 

      Large landowners

    • C. 

      Rich artisans

    • D. 

      Peasants' representatives


  • 12. 
    Which type of writing occurred first?
    • A. 

      Pictographic writing

    • B. 

      Assyrian writing

    • C. 

      Phonetic writing

    • D. 

      Cuneiform writing


  • 13. 
    The city-states of Mesopotamia were especially vulnerable due to:
    • A. 

      Inter-urban warfare

    • B. 

      Powerful external enemies

    • C. 

      Their lack of organized armies

    • D. 

      Inability to grow enough foo to adquately feed their population


  • 14. 
    This people invented writing:
    • A. 

      Egyptians

    • B. 

      Akkadians

    • C. 

      Babylonians

    • D. 

      Sumerians


  • 15. 
    Sumerian cuneiform writing was primarily displaced due to the actions of:
    • A. 

      Alexander the Great

    • B. 

      Hammurabi

    • C. 

      Jewish immigrants entering the Mesopotamian region around 1,000 B.C.E.

    • D. 

      The Hittites


  • 16. 
    The Sumerians:
    • A. 

      Originally came from northern Africa

    • B. 

      Were eventually defeated by the Ubaid peoples

    • C. 

      Dominated Mesopotamia for nearly a millenium

    • D. 

      Were eventually conquered by Alexander the Great


  • 17. 
    The Bronze Age:
    • A. 

      Preceded the Paleolithic Age

    • B. 

      Was a time of significant technological breakthroughs

    • C. 

      Was a time when little of relevance occurred

    • D. 

      Occurred before there were written records


  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the four legacies of the Harappa described in the text?
    • A. 

      Aryan invaders adopted some of the settlement characteristics of the Indus valley civilization

    • B. 

      Aryan invaders adopted some of the Indus valley agricultural techniques

    • C. 

      Aryan invaders nearly completely destroyed the Indus valley civilization

    • D. 

      Aryan invaders may have adopted some religious ideas of the Indus valley civilization


  • 19. 
    The use of iron occurred:
    • A. 

      Before the use of the plow and cart

    • B. 

      Adter the use of bronze

    • C. 

      Before the use of pottery

    • D. 

      After the time of Christ


  • 20. 
    The art and craftwork of the Indus valley indicates:
    • A. 

      That the civilization was not very well developed

    • B. 

      That they participated in active interregion trade

    • C. 

      They did not possess metallurgic skills

    • D. 

      They were a nomadic people


  • 21. 
    Neolithic groups on China began the transition from hunting and gathering to farming and village life a early as:
    • A. 

      1700 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      9000 B.C.E.

    • C. 

      8000 B.C.E.

    • D. 

      2700 B.C.E.


  • 22. 
    Which of the following innovations was developed first?
    • A. 

      The crossbow

    • B. 

      Longshan ceramics

    • C. 

      Farming with domesticated animasl

    • D. 

      Yangshao penal code


  • 23. 
    Chinese three earliest known dynasties:
    • A. 

      Were centered on the Yangzi River

    • B. 

      Were each at one time the most powerful dynasty

    • C. 

      Did not overlap each other

    • D. 

      Showed a reverential respect for the sanctity of human life


  • 24. 
    The Xia dynasty:
    • A. 

      Apparently did not make pottery

    • B. 

      Was ruled by a single king who controlled all the powers of the state

    • C. 

      Did not leave any significant archeological sites, so little is known about it

    • D. 

      Had rulers that engaged in rituals and divinations


  • 25. 
    Chinese oracle bones:
    • A. 

      Have been useful to archeologists, anthropologists, and historians for at least three centuries

    • B. 

      First came to the attention of scientists after they were found at excavation sites

    • C. 

      Have provided useful information about the rulers of the Shang dynasty

    • D. 

      Were usually made from human bones


  • 26. 
    The Shang state was characterized by a:
    • A. 

      A king who allowed relatives to rule regional areas

    • B. 

      Loose network of independent towns and cities

    • C. 

      Leader who traveled from city to city, with no set capital

    • D. 

      Time of little warfare


  • 27. 
    Scholars know the least about thsi civilization:
    • A. 

      Greek city-states

    • B. 

      Indus valley

    • C. 

      Nile valley

    • D. 

      Tigris-Euphrates


  • 28. 
    We know the least about ancient Egyptian cities when compared with ancient Mesopotamia cities primarily because the Egyptian cities were:
    • A. 

      Destroyed by war

    • B. 

      Few and far between

    • C. 

      Destroyed by the Nile River

    • D. 

      Changed so drastically by the British in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries


  • 29. 
    The economies of the villages that developed along the Nile River were based on:
    • A. 

      Commercial trade

    • B. 

      Cereal agriculture

    • C. 

      Fishing

    • D. 

      Warfare


  • 30. 
    Egyptians wrote on paper made from:
    • A. 

      Limestone flakes

    • B. 

      Linen

    • C. 

      Papyrus pith

    • D. 

      Cotton


  • 31. 
    The earliest known writing samples were concerned primarily with:
    • A. 

      Commerce

    • B. 

      The activities of royalty

    • C. 

      Religious practices

    • D. 

      Law codes


  • 32. 
    The Indus valley civilization:
    • A. 

      Began around 7000 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      Reached its apex around 1000 B.C.E.

    • C. 

      Made little use of agricultural practices

    • D. 

      Built numerous temples and palaces


  • 33. 
    Anyang:
    • A. 

      Was the last capital of the Zhou dynasty

    • B. 

      Was the center of a small empire about 30 miles in diameter

    • C. 

      Is one of the most extensively archaeological sites in China

    • D. 

      Was mentioned in Shang texts, though it was referred to by a different name


  • 34. 
    The Popul Vuh contains the creation myth of the:
    • A. 

      Roman Catholic conquistadores from Spain

    • B. 

      The Inca civilization

    • C. 

      The Mayan civilization

    • D. 

      The Aztec civilization


  • 35. 
    Which the following timeframes was NOT incoporated into the Maya calendar?
    • A. 

      The yearly agricultural cycle

    • B. 

      Dates and events in “cosmic” periods of thousands of years

    • C. 

      Historic events in the lives of specific rulers

    • D. 

      “lifecycle” stages for each individual


  • 36. 
    The South American civilization known for its enormous pebble patterns, can be seen in an ariel view is:
    • A. 

      The Huari

    • B. 

      The Inca

    • C. 

      The Nazca

    • D. 

      The Twanaka


  • 37. 
    Iron Smelting West Africa:
    • A. 

      Took place after urbanization had progressed sudsatantially

    • B. 

      Developed gradually

    • C. 

      Began around 200 C.E.

    • D. 

      Was introduced from outside the region


  • 38. 
    In the Niger River valley the primary urban settlements that have been excavated suggests that:
    • A. 

      That cities may develop without the need for hierarchy, centralization, government structure, or written language

    • B. 

      The development of cities is contingent upon the development of a centralized political authority

    • C. 

      Written language is fundamental for the organization of an urban center

    • D. 

      Cities cannot develop without the pre-existence of hierarchical social organization


  • 39. 
    The impact of the Bantu culture can be seen in which of the following regions:
    • A. 

      Egypt

    • B. 

      The Saharan Desert

    • C. 

      The Kalahari Desert

    • D. 

      Madagascar


  • 40. 
    The agricultural settlments found in North America aaround 1200 C.E. are not usually considered sites of primary urbanization because:
    • A. 

      They better fit the model of tertiary urbanization

    • B. 

      They were far north of Mesoamerica

    • C. 

      Their populations were too low

    • D. 

      They cultivated only one crop


  • 41. 
    The Teotihuacan civilization:
    • A. 

      Flourished on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico

    • B. 

      Was destroyed by Spanish conquistadors

    • C. 

      Never expanded more than a few miles beyond the borders of the city

    • D. 

      Built the Pyramid of the Sun


  • 42. 
    The Bantu:
    • A. 

      Only settled regions far south of the Niger River

    • B. 

      Never did practice agriculture

    • C. 

      Migrated thousands of miles to southern Africa

    • D. 

      Were well-known for their copper-shaping skills


  • 43. 
    Empires:
    • A. 

      Usually grow through conquest

    • B. 

      By definition share rule with conquered peoples

    • C. 

      Have been few and far between in human history over the last five millennia

    • D. 

      Exist primarily to enrich conquered areas


  • 44. 
    The phrase "All roads lead to Rome" refers to:
    • A. 

      The extensive construction of roads by the Romans as they expanded their empire

    • B. 

      The concept that a vast market place was brought together under the centralized rule of Rome

    • C. 

      The lack of a developed transportation network leading to destinations other than Rome

    • D. 

      The requirement that all imperial subjects make a trip to Rome once in their lifetimes


  • 45. 
    Imperial Dominance:
    • A. 

      Has little effect on the likelihood of revolt by subjugated peoples

    • B. 

      Exists when rulers make no attempt to gain the allegiance of conquered peoples

    • C. 

      Requires the use of sheer power to enforce rule

    • D. 

      Is another term for imperial hegemony


  • 46. 
    Of the following which is not a major cause of the decline and fall of empires:
    • A. 

      Overextension of the administration

    • B. 

      Fanatical belief in the ideology of the empire

    • C. 

      Economic collapse

    • D. 

      Failure of leadership


  • 47. 
    The teachings of Zoroastrianism spread under the rule of which of the following:
    • A. 

      Cyrus I

    • B. 

      Cambyses II

    • C. 

      Darius I

    • D. 

      Cyrus II


  • 48. 
    During the reign of Cyrus II, the royal orad of the Persian Empire connected with which of the following cities:
    • A. 

      Athens and Kandahar

    • B. 

      Memphis and Babylon

    • C. 

      Byzantium and Persepolis

    • D. 

      Sardis and Susa


  • 49. 
    Crete:
    • A. 

      Has, because of its location, never been a significant trade center

    • B. 

      Was once controlled by Mycenae

    • C. 

      Was the home of Troy

    • D. 

      Was first settled in about 1400 B.C.E.


  • 50. 
    The Greek city-state
    • A. 

      Had the political powers analogous to that of a state within the United states

    • B. 

      Was kept small by wars with the Persian Empire

    • C. 

      Typically had population exceeding 100,000

    • D. 

      Usually centered on a single city


  • 51. 
    Which of the following explains why Alexander failed to carry his empire as far as Ganges India:
    • A. 

      His troops mutinied

    • B. 

      He died before he could reach India

    • C. 

      The Persian forces overwhelmed his troops

    • D. 

      He lacked the financial resources to accomplished the task


  • 52. 
    Which two leaders built kingdoms from the wreckage of Alexander's Empire?
    • A. 

      Peisistratus and Xerxes

    • B. 

      Demosthenes and Pericles

    • C. 

      Ptolemy and Seleucus

    • D. 

      Philipp II and Thebes


  • 53. 
    Which of the following began as a city-state?
    • A. 

      Egyptian and Persian

    • B. 

      Mesopotamian and Greek

    • C. 

      Macedonian and Greek

    • D. 

      Mesopotamian and Egyptian


  • 54. 
    Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as which of the following:
    • A. 

      Arabia

    • B. 

      Egypt

    • C. 

      The Aral sea

    • D. 

      the Indus River


  • 55. 
    Ancient Egypt:
    • A. 

      Was often a unified state

    • B. 

      Was quite vulnerable to attack from the south

    • C. 

      Was quite vulnerable to attack from the west

    • D. 

      Was quite vulnerable to attack from the east


  • 56. 
    Which Persian ruler was the least benevolent to his subjects?
    • A. 

      Cambyses II

    • B. 

      Cyrus II

    • C. 

      Darius I

    • D. 

      Alexander the Great


  • 57. 
    Under Sargon, the Mesopotamian empire connected which of the following bodies of water?
    • A. 

      The Black Sea and the Caspian Sea

    • B. 

      The Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf

    • C. 

      The Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea

    • D. 

      The Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea


  • 58. 
    Our understanding of Persian artistic design is based primarily on:
    • A. 

      The painting found in Persepolis

    • B. 

      The imperial architecture of Persepolis

    • C. 

      The iron-work wall that surrounds the city of Persepolis

    • D. 

      The sculptures uncovered from the ruins of Persepolis


  • 59. 
    The Persian Empire:
    • A. 

      Maintained itself through a balance of power among the major Middle East states

    • B. 

      Reached its greatest geographic extent under Cyrus the Great

    • C. 

      Failed to defeat Greece at the battle of Marathon

    • D. 

      Easily conquered the Scythians


  • 60. 
    Alexander the Great
    • A. 

      Forced conquered peoples to worship Greek gods and goddesses

    • B. 

      Typically ruled though local hierachies

    • C. 

      Saw his empire slowly disintergrate during the last years of his life

    • D. 

      Never managed to conquer Egypt


  • 61. 
    Solon:
    • A. 

      Instituted a law providing for debtors' prisons

    • B. 

      Relied on hereditary aristocracy for power

    • C. 

      Allowed common people to have an impact on government

    • D. 

      Has his important reforms last for nearly two centuries after his death


  • 62. 
    The city of Rome was founded in approximately:
    • A. 

      753 B.C.E.

    • B. 

      509 B.C.E.

    • C. 

      405 B.C.E.

    • D. 

      241 B.C.E


  • 63. 
    Rome became a republic in this year:
    • A. 

      753 B.C.E

    • B. 

      509 B.C.E.

    • C. 

      405 B.C.E.

    • D. 

      241 B.C.E.


  • 64. 
    Carthage:
    • A. 

      Lay nearly 800 miles away from Italy

    • B. 

      Lost all three Punic Wars

    • C. 

      Had little military success when Hannibal invaded Italy

    • D. 

      Was eventually defeated by Rome, but was given an honored place within the empire


  • 65. 
    Which of the following was last conquered by Rome:
    • A. 

      Syria

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Carthage


  • 66. 
    Rome:
    • A. 

      Believed in the domino theory

    • B. 

      Never could expel the Greeks from southern Italy

    • C. 

      Usually chose conquest of a state rather than an alliance with it

    • D. 

      Often granted some level of Rome citizenship to conquered peoples


  • 67. 
    Which of the following occurred first?
    • A. 

      Sulla conquered Greece

    • B. 

      The Third Punic War

    • C. 

      Hannibal invaded Italy

    • D. 

      Egypt was annexed


  • 68. 
    Which of the following was first made party of the Roman Empire?
    • A. 

      Egypt

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      Syria

    • D. 

      Sicily


  • 69. 
    The Roman patron-client relationship:
    • A. 

      Applied primarily to the business sector

    • B. 

      Defined a state of reciprocity between the weak and the strong

    • C. 

      Led to the end of the role of the paterfamilias

    • D. 

      Allowed for an approximate equality between people of different classes


  • 70. 
    The Struggle of the Orders was:
    • A. 

      Primarily a religious conflict

    • B. 

      A conflict between plebeians and patricians

    • C. 

      Settled when the patricians suppressed the plebeians by force

    • D. 

      Ameliorated substantially by the expansion of imperial Rome


  • 71. 
    The "barbarians"
    • A. 

      Were usually considered inferior by Romans

    • B. 

      Had their own written language

    • C. 

      Were labeled by that term by the Romans because of their viciousness

    • D. 

      Built large cities beyond the boundaries of the Roman Empire


  • 72. 
    Which of the following migrated to Carthage then across the Mediterranean Sea to Rome?
    • A. 

      Huns

    • B. 

      Visigoths

    • C. 

      Angles, Saxons, Jutes

    • D. 

      Vandels


  • 73. 
    Which of the following controlled the largest Geographic region?
    • A. 

      Kingdom of the Visigoths

    • B. 

      The Byzantine Empire

    • C. 

      Kingdom of the Ostrogoths

    • D. 

      Kingdom of the Vandels


  • 74. 
    The Zhou dynasty:
    • A. 

      Created the first true Chinese empire

    • B. 

      Stayed strong up to the point it was overthrown

    • C. 

      Disintegrated, leading to the Warring States period

    • D. 

      Was briefly interrupted by a 24-year interregnum


  • 75. 
    The Warring States Period:
    • A. 

      Was ended by the Zhou dynasty

    • B. 

      Led to the rule of the Qin dynasty

    • C. 

      Occurred in part in the first century B.C.E.

    • D. 

      Influenced the teachings of Laozi


  • 76. 
    Which dynasty completed the construction of the 1500-mile Great Wall of China?
    • A. 

      Zhou

    • B. 

      Han

    • C. 

      Qin

    • D. 

      Tang


  • 77. 
    Confucius:
    • A. 

      Was made a high ranking advisor to a Chinese leader

    • B. 

      Lived during the period of the Warring States

    • C. 

      Had little lasting impact on the conduct of government in China

    • D. 

      Felt that some people were born evil and could not be changed


  • 78. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the first five texts
    • A. 

      The Good Life

    • B. 

      Book of Changes

    • C. 

      Book of Songs

    • D. 

      Rites and Rituals


  • 79. 
    Which of the following was the first emperor of the Flavian dynasty:
    • A. 

      Flavian

    • B. 

      Trajan

    • C. 

      Valerian

    • D. 

      Vespasian


  • 80. 
    The silk road linked which of the following cities?
    • A. 

      Sarapion and Asabon

    • B. 

      Luoyang and Bactra

    • C. 

      Luoyang and Guangzhou

    • D. 

      Antioch and Alexandria


  • 81. 
    Which of the following Greek and Roman gods are linked correctly?
    • A. 

      Zeus and Apollo

    • B. 

      Aphrodite and Persephone

    • C. 

      Dionysus and Bacchus

    • D. 

      Ares and Mercury


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