AP Psych Learing Unit

36 Questions  I  By Lillsar95 on December 12, 2011

  

Question Excerpt

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1.  Which therapeutic approach emphasizes that people are often disturbed because of their negative interpretations of events?
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2.  Using rewards to bribe people to engage in an activity they already enjoy is most likely to inhibit:
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D.
E.
3.  Animals most readily learn the specific associations that promote:
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4.  Escape from an aversive stimulus is a __________ reinforcer.
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5.  Seals in an aquarium will repeat behaviors, such as slapping and barking, that prompt people to toss them a herring. This best illustrates:
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6.  The predicability rather than the frequency of CS-US associations appears to be crucial for classical conditioning. This highlights the importance of ____________ in conditioning.
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7.  Which of the following provides evidence that a CR is not completely eliminated during extinction?
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8.  The transmission of cultural fads and fashions best illustrates the impact of:
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9.  A patient who had long feared going into elevators was told by his therapist to force himself to go into 20 elevators a day. The therapist most likely wanted to encourage the _________________ of the patient's fear.
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10.  Laurie's thumbsucking has become havitual because she begins to feel less anxious whenever she sucks her thumb. This best illustrates the process of:
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11.  The researcher most closely associated with the study of classical conditioning is:
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12.  Because of the discomfort and embarrassment associated with his childhood bedwetting, Andrew becomes nervous whenever he has the urge to urinate. If genital arousal subsequently makes Andrew unusually anxious, this would best illustrate:
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13.  By learning to associate a squirt of water with an electric shock, sea snails demonstrate the process of:
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14.  A geometric figure is most likely to become sexually arousing if presented shortly:
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15.  Ever since his mother began to give Julio gold stars for keeping his bed dry all night, Julio discontinued his habit of bedwetting. His change in behavior best illustrates the vaule of:
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16.  Dogs conditioned to salivate to stimulation of the thigh also begin to salivate whe stimulated on other body parts. This best illustrates:
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17.  Operant response rates remain highest when individuals anticipate their behavior will actually lead to further reinforcement. This best illustarates the importance of __________ in operant conditioning.
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18.  IN order to teach an animal to perform a complex sequence of behaviors, animal trainers are most likely to use a procedure known as:
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19.  An experimenter plans to condition a dog to salivate to a light by pairing the light with food. The dog will learn to salivate to the light most quickly if the experimenter presents the light:
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B.
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20.  The removal of electric shock is to the reciept of good grades as ____________ is to ____________.
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21.  For the most rapid acuisition of a CR, the CS should be presented:
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22.  Dan and Joel, both 4-year-olds, have been watching reruns of "Superman" on television. Joel's mother recently found the boys standing on the garage roof, ready to try flying. What best accounts for the boys' behavior?
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23.  An event that decreases the behavior that precedes it is a:
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24.  A Skinner box is a(n):
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25.  Compared with apartment dwellers whose landlords pay their electricity costs, those apartment dwellers who pair their own electric bills use less electricity. This most clearly illustrates that consumer electricity usage is influenced by:
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26.  After recovering from a serious motorcycle accident, Gina was afraid to ride a motorcycle, but not a bicycle. Gina's pattern of fear best illustrates:
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27.  Long after being bitten by a stray dog, Alonzo found that his fear of dogs seemed to have disappeared. To his suprise, however, when he was recently confronted by a stray dog, he experienced a sudden twinge of anxiety. This sudden anxiety best illustrates:
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28.  Who introduced the term behaviorism?
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29.  In classical conditioning, the  _____________ signals the impending occurrence of the ____________.
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30.  If rats are allowed to wander through a complicated maze, they will subsequently run the maze with few errors when a food reqards is placed at the end. Their good performance demonstrates:
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31.  A trainer wants to train a chicken to peck a key to obtain food. If she wants the chicken to learn this trick quickly and the behavior to be resistant to extinction, she should use ______________ reinforcement until the response is mastered and then follow with a period of ____________ reinforcement.
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B.
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32.  Children often learn to associate pushing a vending machine button with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying:
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33.  The reappearance, after a time lapse, of an extinguished conditioned response is called:
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34.  After repeatedly taking alcohol spiked with a nausea-producing drug, people with alcoholism may fail to develop an aversive reaction to alcohol because they blame their nausea on the drug. This illustrates the importance of _____________ in classical conditioning.
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35.  The tendency for a CR to be evoked by a stimuli similar to the CS is called:
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36.  Bandura's experiments indicate that ____________ is important in the process of learning
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D.
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