AP Psych Learing Unit

36 Questions  I  By Lillsar95

  
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1.  Who introduced the term behaviorism?
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2.  After recovering from a serious motorcycle accident, Gina was afraid to ride a motorcycle, but not a bicycle. Gina's pattern of fear best illustrates:
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3.  Because of the discomfort and embarrassment associated with his childhood bedwetting, Andrew becomes nervous whenever he has the urge to urinate. If genital arousal subsequently makes Andrew unusually anxious, this would best illustrate:
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4.  An experimenter plans to condition a dog to salivate to a light by pairing the light with food. The dog will learn to salivate to the light most quickly if the experimenter presents the light:
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5.  Ever since his mother began to give Julio gold stars for keeping his bed dry all night, Julio discontinued his habit of bedwetting. His change in behavior best illustrates the vaule of:
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6.  IN order to teach an animal to perform a complex sequence of behaviors, animal trainers are most likely to use a procedure known as:
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7.  Operant response rates remain highest when individuals anticipate their behavior will actually lead to further reinforcement. This best illustarates the importance of __________ in operant conditioning.
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8.  Laurie's thumbsucking has become havitual because she begins to feel less anxious whenever she sucks her thumb. This best illustrates the process of:
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9.  A patient who had long feared going into elevators was told by his therapist to force himself to go into 20 elevators a day. The therapist most likely wanted to encourage the _________________ of the patient's fear.
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10.  If rats are allowed to wander through a complicated maze, they will subsequently run the maze with few errors when a food reqards is placed at the end. Their good performance demonstrates:
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11.  The researcher most closely associated with the study of classical conditioning is:
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12.  A geometric figure is most likely to become sexually arousing if presented shortly:
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13.  Bandura's experiments indicate that ____________ is important in the process of learning
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14.  A trainer wants to train a chicken to peck a key to obtain food. If she wants the chicken to learn this trick quickly and the behavior to be resistant to extinction, she should use ______________ reinforcement until the response is mastered and then follow with a period of ____________ reinforcement.
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15.  The reappearance, after a time lapse, of an extinguished conditioned response is called:
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16.  The transmission of cultural fads and fashions best illustrates the impact of:
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17.  Dogs conditioned to salivate to stimulation of the thigh also begin to salivate whe stimulated on other body parts. This best illustrates:
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18.  An event that decreases the behavior that precedes it is a:
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19.  Animals most readily learn the specific associations that promote:
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20.  The predicability rather than the frequency of CS-US associations appears to be crucial for classical conditioning. This highlights the importance of ____________ in conditioning.
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21.  Which of the following provides evidence that a CR is not completely eliminated during extinction?
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22.  For the most rapid acuisition of a CR, the CS should be presented:
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23.  The removal of electric shock is to the reciept of good grades as ____________ is to ____________.
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24.  Seals in an aquarium will repeat behaviors, such as slapping and barking, that prompt people to toss them a herring. This best illustrates:
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25.  The tendency for a CR to be evoked by a stimuli similar to the CS is called:
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26.  After repeatedly taking alcohol spiked with a nausea-producing drug, people with alcoholism may fail to develop an aversive reaction to alcohol because they blame their nausea on the drug. This illustrates the importance of _____________ in classical conditioning.
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27.  Children often learn to associate pushing a vending machine button with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying:
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28.  Escape from an aversive stimulus is a __________ reinforcer.
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29.  Using rewards to bribe people to engage in an activity they already enjoy is most likely to inhibit:
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30.  Compared with apartment dwellers whose landlords pay their electricity costs, those apartment dwellers who pair their own electric bills use less electricity. This most clearly illustrates that consumer electricity usage is influenced by:
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31.  Dan and Joel, both 4-year-olds, have been watching reruns of "Superman" on television. Joel's mother recently found the boys standing on the garage roof, ready to try flying. What best accounts for the boys' behavior?
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32.  Which therapeutic approach emphasizes that people are often disturbed because of their negative interpretations of events?
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33.  By learning to associate a squirt of water with an electric shock, sea snails demonstrate the process of:
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34.  Long after being bitten by a stray dog, Alonzo found that his fear of dogs seemed to have disappeared. To his suprise, however, when he was recently confronted by a stray dog, he experienced a sudden twinge of anxiety. This sudden anxiety best illustrates:
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35.  In classical conditioning, the  _____________ signals the impending occurrence of the ____________.
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36.  A Skinner box is a(n):
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