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Anatomy And Physiology II Mid-term

106 Questions  I  By Bismarkf

  
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1.  Tremors, increase heart rate, weight loss, and heat intolerance are symptoms of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Gigantism is an excess growth hormone that occurs in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  This gland is divided into anterior and posterior segments:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The glands that are responsible for the production of milk are called the
A.
B.
C.
5.  Which of the endocrine organs can effectively control the pituitary gland?
A.
B.
C.
6.  Chemical messengers released directly into the bloodstream, with the ability to affect cells for hours or days, are called ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The ________ gland is important in regulating blood glucose.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  _______  steroids are a class of molecules that cause an increase in muscle mass
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.   Insulin and glucagon are produced by the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Melatonin is produced by the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Diabetes insipidus is an endocrine disorder characterized by too little ADH or when the kidneys don't respond to ADH. 
A.
B.
12.  In Graves disease there is an overproduction of thyroid hormone.
A.
B.
13.  The Thymus sits behind the sternum.
A.
B.
14.  The adrenals are located on top of the kidneys.
A.
B.
15.  The adrenals are divided into 2 layers.
A.
B.
16.  The adrenal cortex produces cortisol as one of its hormones.
A.
B.
17.  The adrenal cortex produces epinephrine.
A.
B.
18.  Prolactin is produced in the anterior pituitary.
A.
B.
19.  The hypothalamus produces LH and FSH.
A.
B.
20.  Diabetes type II is an autoimmune disease.
A.
B.
21.  The pituitary gland is located _________to the hypothalamus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The thyroid is located in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A 45 year-old patient with insulin resistance, obesity, using medications for diabetes, and is on a diet and exercise program most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  In homeostasis, the process that opposes or shuts down a stimulus is known as____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Chemical messengers released by the endocrine glands are called hormones.
A.
B.
26.  The posterior pituitary produces the hormone(s) __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
27.  The following substance(s) can shut down ADH
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
28.  In a patient with diabetes insipidus, if they stop the intake of fluids you would expect__________
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The most common cause of Cushing's syndrome is ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A 45 year-old male presents with complaints of fatigue, depressiion and weight gain. Vital signs are within normal limits except the blood pressure which is elevated. On physical exam you note truncal obesity, blue to purplish striations, and a moon face. What is the most likely cause of this patient's condition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A 47 year-old male presents with complaints of headache and hearing loss.  He has been a patient of your for 20 years. You notice that over the years his voice is become deeper and his hands have been getting larger. He also tells you that he shoe size has increased over the years. All physical exam findings are normal including weight and height. A picture is shown below. What is the most likely cause of his condiiton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The sign shown below is characteristic of____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  If serum calcium levels fall, this hormone is likely to increase:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Normal levels of fasting blood sugar are_____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Diabetes type 2 is considered a multifactoral disease
A.
B.
36.  Diabetes type 2 may be autoimmune in most cases
A.
B.
37.  The prolonged use of Anabolic steroids may shutdown the hypothalamus and cause the body not to make its own testosterone leading to testicular atrophy (shrinkage). 
A.
B.
38.  High cortisol levels are associated with stroke in overweight patients
A.
B.
39.  Loss of bone density is a common side effect of steroids
A.
B.
40.  What are the vessels that lead from the renal cortex to the glomeruli
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A patient with multiple births and urination with sneezing or lauging most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  This is the most common type of stone: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A knot or network of capillaries found within the corpuscle is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The nephron is divided into two major parts:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can cause urinary obstruction and lead to urinary frequency and decreased urinary stream.
A.
B.
47.   The 3 layers of the kidneys are the renal capsule, cortex, renal medulla  Renal capsule, cortex, renal medulla Renal capsule, cortex, renal medulla  
A.
B.
48.  Examination of the hymen is still an acceptable way to check for virginity.
A.
B.
49.  Diabetes type II is an autoimmune disease.
A.
B.
50.   Type II diabetes is characterized by  insulin resistance, obesity, age greater than 30 years-old,.
A.
B.
51.  The adrenal cortex produces epinephrine.
A.
B.
52.  Some of the hormones produced in the ANTERIOR pituitary include ACTH, TSH, PRL, LH, FSH .
A.
B.
53.   These hormones control the gonads: LH, FSH .
A.
B.
54.   A disease caused by low thyroid levels during fetal development and leading to severe mental retardation is known as hyperthyroidism.
A.
B.
55.  Symptoms of kidney stones include  hematuria, fever, nausea, flank pain, nausea .
A.
B.
56.   Diagnosis of kidney stones include history, physical exam, U/A, ultrasound . History, physical exam, U/A, ultrasound History, physical exam, U/A, ultrasound  
A.
B.
57.  A genetic disorder where large cysts are found in the kidney is known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. 
A.
B.
58.   The functional unit of the kidney is the neuron. 
A.
B.
59.  The ureter is the tubing that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
A.
B.
60.  In order to form urine the nephron must perform three major processes: glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion 
A.
B.
61.   Painful urination, urinary frequency, nighttime urination, and foul smelling, cloudy urine are symptoms of ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The process by which most of the material in the nephron moves back into the blood is called
A.
B.
C.
63.  The only cure for end-stage renal disease is ________.
A.
B.
C.
64.  Urinary tract infections may often be caused by ________ bacteria from the GI tract
A.
B.
C.
65.  As the blood leaves the kidney, this filtered blood is carried away by the ________
A.
B.
C.
66.  The smooth muscle layer of the uterus is called the
A.
B.
C.
67.  This Hormone causes ovulation in the mid-cycle
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The glands that are responsible for the production of milk are called the
A.
B.
C.
69.  Which pair of chromosomes would result in the birth of a male?
A.
B.
C.
70.  Which of the following is associated with cervical cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  The gland is divided into anterior and posterior segments:
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The following describes the recommended screening for prostate:
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  screening for pap smears is recommended by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Gigantism is an excess growth hormone that occurs in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Using the picture in question 80, the structure labeled B is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Using the picture in question 80, the structure labeled C is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Using the picture in question 80, the structure labeled D is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  A pap smear should start at 17 years old or 2 years after first sexual intercourse.
A.
B.
79.  HPV has been highly associated with cervical cancer.
A.
B.
80.  Select the multiple choice answer that correspond to the structure labeled A
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  BPH is diagnosed by DRE (digital rectal exam) and PTH levels.
A.
B.
82.  Breast cancer screening is done with self-breast exam, physical exam by the physician, and mammogram. 
A.
B.
83.  The average gestational period is ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  A 25 year-old female presents with breast tenderness. She is currently breast feeding her 6 weeks old infant. On exam you note the breast to be engorged, red, and swollen more on the right side. The doctor recommends heat application and analgesics that are safe for the infant. She asks if she should continue breast feeding, your response should be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  A patient presents with difficulty maintaining an erection. He is 25 years-old. After a complete physical exam, and testing him for diabetes, and performong a full work up, everything comes back normal. The most likely cause of his condition is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The sperm mature in the ___________________
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  This hormones stimulates the production of testosterone:
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  A 32 year-old patient presents with painless vaginal bleeding. She is 34 weeks gestation. On ultrasound you notice that the placenta in over the cervical os. This conditon is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  A patient is diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). You want to find out if she really meets the criteria for PMS. You should as the patient to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  A 25 year-old female patient presents difficulty conceiving for 1 year. On physical exam you notice truncal obesity, facial hair, and a deep voice. Ultrasound of the pelvis demonstrates multiple large cysts taking up the entire ovaries bilaterally (both sides) She asks you if there are any long term complications of her condition. Your best response is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The absence of menstruation is known as_______________
A.
B.
C.
92.  The production of breast milk takes place in the___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  A condition where endometrial tissue escapes from the uterus is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The inner layer of the uterus is known as_______
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  This layer of tissue gets shed during the menses:
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The fertilized ovum is helped into the uterus by this structure:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Ovulation is stimulated by this hormone:
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The union of the sperm and ovum is known as _________
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Asexual cellular reproduction is referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  These hormone(s) control the female and male gonads
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Using the figure below, the structure labeled A is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Using the figure above in question 101, the structure labeled B is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Using the figure above in question 101, the structure labeled C is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Using the figure above in question 101, the structure labeled E is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Using the figure above in question 101, the structure labeled D is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Down syndrome can be confirmed with amniocentesis.
A.
B.
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