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Anatomy & Physiology Exam#2

78 Questions  I  By A&pstudy
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
(Bones and joints and muscles)

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Which of the following is not a step in the formation of endochondral bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The hard palate is composed of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The coxal bones include the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following is an example of the intramembranous bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The presence of a cartilaginous epiphyseal disk indicates that 
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  At what age are all bones normally ossified?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Endochondral ossification involves ___________, whereas intramembranous ossification involves _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Osteoblasts are _________, whereas osteoclasts are _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Osteoclast cells are defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The effects of exercise on bones are to _________ and to __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The proximal ___________ is an expanded portion of the bone that articulates with another bone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The white substance that reduces friction, found at the ends of bones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Articular cartilage is made from
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Osteoclasts are large cells that cause breakdown of osseous tissue
A.
B.
16.  The tarsal bones form the wrist
A.
B.
17.  The appendicular skeleton consists of parts that support and protect the head, neck and trunk.
A.
B.
18.  Osteocytes become osteoblasts when they are completely surrounded by bony matrix.
A.
B.
19.  The tough, fibrous tissue that encloses a long bone is called the ________.
20.  The xyphoid process is part of the _______.
21.  Bone forming cells are called __________.
22.  The joints between the bodies of the vertebrae of the backbone are best described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following is a synovial joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A suture is an example of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Cartilaginous joints are connected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Bones of a synovial joint are held together by
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Fluid filled sacs found between the skin and underlying bony prominences are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  In which of the following is rotational movement possible?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A muscle end attached to a relatively immovable part is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following movements could occur at the hip joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Joints serve to
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A gomphosis is an example of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following allows the most possible movements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Articular cartilage receives oxygen and nutrients from
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Movements permitted by the elbow are
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A joint capsule is reinforced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Synovial fluid moistens and lubricates the cartilaginous surfaces within a joint
A.
B.
38.  The hip joint is a ball and socket joint
A.
B.
39.  The basic structure of the knee joint permits flexion and extension
A.
B.
40.  Straightening the leg at the knee is a type of movement called _______.
41.  Closed, fluid filled sacs that act as cushions are called _________.
42.  The type of synovial joint in which only rotation may occur is a
43.  The outermost layer of connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Myofibrils are primarily composed of
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Neorotransmitters are stored in vesicles within
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The enzyme acetycholinesterase causes acetylcholine to
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The amount of oxygen needed to support the conversion of lactic acid to glycogen and restore intracellular ATP and creatine phosphate to normal levels, is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Creatine phosphate serves to
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The all or none response means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Multiunit smooth muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Compared to skeltal muscle, smooth muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The striated appearance of the skeltal muscle results from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What is the function of the transverse tubules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The botulinus toxin that causes botulism acts by
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Rigor mortis occurs in the skeletal muscles a few hours after death is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  In a recording of a muscle twitch, the delay between the time a stimulus is applied and the time the muscle responds is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The very brief moment following stimulation when the muscle remains unresponsive to additional stimulation is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  A neuromusculer junction can be decribed as
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The first event in muscle fiber contraction is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following major events in muscle contraction are stated properly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The role of ATP in muscle contraction is to supply energy for
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Short muscle cells with centrally located nuclei are
A.
B.
63.  Transverse tubules and sarcoplasmic reticulum are well developed in
A.
B.
64.  Both actylcholine and norepinephrine can affect
A.
B.
65.  The functional unit of contraction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The endomysium separates individual muscle fibers.
A.
B.
67.  A motor neuron and the muscle fibers that it controls constitute a motor unit.
A.
B.
68.  During muscle contraction, calcium ions combine with tropomyosin, and this exposes the active sites for cross bridge formation.
A.
B.
69.  The enzyme ATPase occurs in the globular portion of myosin molecules
A.
B.
70.  The anaerobic phase phase of respiration occurs primarily in the mitochondria
A.
B.
71.  Liver cells convert lactic acid to ATP
A.
B.
72.  If a muscle contracts and its fibers shorten, the contraction is isometric
A.
B.
73.  A broad, fibrous sheet of connective tissue that attaches the coverings of adjacent muscles is called a
74.  During anaerobic respiration, glucose molecules are converted into molecules of
75.  A forceful sustained muscle contraction is called a
76.  In order to stimulate skeletal muscle fibers, motor neurons release the neurotransmitter
77.  Muscles that assist a prime mover are called ____________.
78.  The combining of a series of twitches to produce a sustained contraction is called _________.
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