Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817 on April 22, 2012
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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