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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy and physiology questions - The respiratory system
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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