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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1. 
What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. 
Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3. 
In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10. 
Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12. 
This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13. 
Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15. 
This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16. 
Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17. 
What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20. 
Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21. 
Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22. 
Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24. 
This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25. 
Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26. 
Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34. 
What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35. 
What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37. 
What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38. 
This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39. 
Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40. 
Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41. 
What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42. 
Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44. 
Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46. 
Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47. 
What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48. 
Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50. 
Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51. 
Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55. 
What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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