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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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