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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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