Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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