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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy and physiology questions - The respiratory system
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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