Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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