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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy and physiology questions - The respiratory system
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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