Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  What is E pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is line D pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
48.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What is B pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What is C pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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