Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1. 
Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. 
Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4. 
What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7. 
Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9. 
What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13. 
What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14. 
Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16. 
Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17. 
Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18. 
Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20. 
What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21. 
Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24. 
Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25. 
This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26. 
This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28. 
Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29. 
Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33. 
Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37. 
What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38. 
Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39. 
This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40. 
Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41. 
Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46. 
Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47. 
What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49. 
This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50. 
What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54. 
In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55. 
Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56. 
What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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