Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817 on April 22, 2012
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  

Question Excerpt

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1.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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