Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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