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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Respiratory System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Respiratory system questions. Related to the 'Young adult' case unit. Also contains some questions from the "Fetal" case unit (haemoglobin dissociation curve, surfactant questions)

  
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1.  Where is the structure that regulates air flow to the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  What is B pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What lines are pointing to tertiary bronchi?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What is line D pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Where is the right bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Where are the olfactory receptors found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  In this portion of the lungs, the epithelial lining is simple squamous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following is not part of the upper respiratry system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Where is the middle nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which cells are the main sites of gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  During swallowing, which structures rises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The conducting zone's role is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Where is the uvulva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the below tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  These are triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage located at the posterior and superior border of the cricoid cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What is E pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the below tissues provides the functions of the inner layer of the conducting organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This is the primary gas exchange site.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is direction of diffusion of gasese at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The conducting airways with the air that does not undergo respiratory exchange are known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  These are cells of the alveoli that produces surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This provides disease resistance within the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Where are the palatine tonsils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  What is also referred to as the Adam's Apple?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following is a passageway for air, food and water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This is direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Where is the cricoid cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This is the primary gas exchange structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The point where the trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi is a ridge called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Where is the soft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The nose connects with the pharynx through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This portion of the pharynx has five openings in its wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Pitch is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which tonsils are found in the oropharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is C pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Where is the terminal bronchiole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which cell secretes surfactant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What is line A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Where is the inferior nasal concha?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Where is the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  What is line J pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Where are the nasal conchae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Where is the tracheal cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This is a ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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