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American Government Exam 2

30 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Framers adopted a system of government known as federalism because they believed that such a system
    • A. 

      Would be more efficient than a unitary system of government.

    • B. 

      Would preserve greater sovereignty for the states than would a confederacy.

    • C. 

      Would accommodate both a strong national government and already existing sovereign states.

    • D. 

      Would be more democratic than any other system of government.

  • 2. 
    In the U.S., the relationship between the federal government and the states is a hierarchical one in which the federal government has authority over the states and directs the state to carry out federal policies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The Constitution reserves to the states the power to
    • A. 

      Make treaties.

    • B. 

      Provide for law and order.

    • C. 

      Wage war.

    • D. 

      Do anything that is “necessary and proper.”

  • 4. 
    In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Supreme Court construed federal power narrowly and struck down legislative social reforms, like child labor laws, as exceeding Congress’s power to regulate interstate commerce.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In 1935 and 1936, a conservative Supreme Court took a very broad view of federal power and upheld a number of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs as constitutional.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    President Franklin Roosevelt’s “Court-packing plan” was motivated by his desire to create a more liberal Supreme Court that would vote to uphold New Deal programs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The 10th Amendment addressed the concerns of Anti-Federalists about
    • A. 

      Individual freedoms.

    • B. 

      The meaning of the Commerce Clause.

    • C. 

      Popular representation in Congress.

    • D. 

      The powers of state governments.

  • 8. 
    A public policy program that is jointly funded and jointly administered by both the federal government and states is an example of
    • A. 

      Dual federalism.

    • B. 

      Cooperative federalism.

    • C. 

      Unitary federalism.

    • D. 

      Confederate federalism.

  • 9. 
    In Printz v. United States (1997), the Supreme Court struck down provisions of a federal law that required local government officials like sheriffs and police chiefs to conduct background checks on purchasers of handguns.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Devolution is
    • A. 

      The passing of authority from the national government to the states.

    • B. 

      The expansion of national authority that began in the 1930s.

    • C. 

      The expansion of national authority that began in the 1960s.

    • D. 

      The passing of authority from states to the federal government.

  • 11. 
    In Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969), a Ku Klux Klan leader had been convicted under a law that made it a crime to advocate the violent overthrow of the government. He had assembled a group for a cross burning and given a speech in which he said that revenge might have to be taken if the U.S. continues to suppress the white race. The Supreme Court upheld his conviction because his speech constituted a “clear and present danger.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    A city can, consistent with the 1st Amendment, deny a demonstration permit to members of the American Nazi Party who want to march in a Jewish community, because the message of the Nazis is abhorrent and hurtful to that community.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Like all other rights, the freedom of speech is
    • A. 

      Defined in precise terms in the Bill of Rights.

    • B. 

      Not absolute.

    • C. 

      Fully respected by public officials.

    • D. 

      Protected from action by federal officials but not state officials.

  • 14. 
    According to the Supreme Court, it is a violation of the Establishment Clause for a state to prohibit the teaching of the theory of evolution in its public schools.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true with regard to obscenity and the law?
    • A. 

      Obscenity is not protected by the 1st Amendment.

    • B. 

      Obscenity is fully protected by the 1st Amendment.

    • C. 

      Child pornography is protected by the 1st Amendment.

    • D. 

      Obscenity is protected under the 19th Amendment.

  • 16. 
    According to the Supreme Court, prayer in public schools violates
    • A. 

      The Free Exercise Clause.

    • B. 

      The Establishment Clause.

    • C. 

      The Exclusionary Rule.

    • D. 

      Due process.

  • 17. 
    In Roe v. Wade (1973), the Supreme Court identified the constitutional basis for the right of privacy as
    • A. 

      The 9th Amendment.

    • B. 

      The 14th Amendment.

    • C. 

      The 14th Amendment Due Process Clause.

    • D. 

      The 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause.

  • 18. 
    In general, conservative Supreme Court Justices tend to give greater protection to civil liberties, while liberal Justices give greater deference to the will of the majority reflected in legislative enactments.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The absorption of certain provisions of the Bill of Rights into the 14th Amendment so that these rights are protected from infringement by the states is called
    • A. 

      The preferred position doctrine.

    • B. 

      Selective incorporation.

    • C. 

      The absorption doctrine.

    • D. 

      Procedural change.

  • 20. 
    The ___ Amendment prevents police from conducting unreasonable searches and seizures.
    • A. 

      4th

    • B. 

      5th

    • C. 

      6th

    • D. 

      8th

  • 21. 
    While the death penalty is not per se unconstitutional, it has been struck down
    • A. 

      As a punishment for the mentally retarded.

    • B. 

      As a punishment for juvenile offenders.

    • C. 

      Where there were great racial disparities in the imposition of the penalty.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court held that racial segregation in public schools violated the
    • A. 

      5th Amendment Due Process Clause.

    • B. 

      14th Amendment Due Process Clause.

    • C. 

      14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause.

    • D. 

      Civil Rights Act.

  • 23. 
    In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court struck down a state law that prohibited blacks from riding on trains in the same passenger cars as whites.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    In Korematsu v. United States (1994), the Supreme Court upheld the forced evacuation of Japanese Americans from California coastal areas on the ground that
    • A. 

      The Equal Protection Clause does not apply to discrimination against people of Japanese ancestry.

    • B. 

      The government’s national security interest outweighed the civil rights and civil liberties of the Japanese Americans.

    • C. 

      The government’s action did not constitute government-sponsored racial discrimination.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 25. 
    In cases involving state-sponsored discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, or sex, the Supreme Court applies the strict scrutiny test.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    The Supreme Court has declared unconstitutional some state laws or state-sponsored policies that used gender-based classifications, such as the male-only admissions policy of the Virginia Military Institute.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    The strict scrutiny test applies to laws that use certain suspect classifications. To defend such a law, the government must show
    • A. 

      That the law serves a legitimate government interest and that use of classification is reasonably related to achieving that interest.

    • B. 

      That the law serves an important government interest and that the use of the classification is substantially related to achieving that interest.

    • C. 

      That the law serves a compelling government interest and that the use of the classification is narrowly tailored to achieving that interest.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 28. 
    The Voting Rights Act was enacted by Congress under its power to enforce the ___ Amendment.
    • A. 

      13th

    • B. 

      14th

    • C. 

      15th

    • D. 

      16th

  • 29. 
    The Equal Protection Clause forbids private-sector employers from discriminating against employees and job applicants on the basis of race, sex, and ethnicity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    A state university can, consistent with the Fourteenth Amendment, employ an admission program that uses racial quotas as a means of ensuring that certain percentages of admitted students will be from minority groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False