American Government Exam 2

30 Questions  I  By Co350515

  
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1.  Like all other rights, the freedom of speech is
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B.
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D.
2.  The 10th Amendment addressed the concerns of Anti-Federalists about
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D.
3.  In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Supreme Court construed federal power narrowly and struck down legislative social reforms, like child labor laws, as exceeding Congress’s power to regulate interstate commerce.
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B.
4.  In the U.S., the relationship between the federal government and the states is a hierarchical one in which the federal government has authority over the states and directs the state to carry out federal policies.
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B.
5.  The Framers adopted a system of government known as federalism because they believed that such a system
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6.  According to the Supreme Court, it is a violation of the Establishment Clause for a state to prohibit the teaching of the theory of evolution in its public schools.
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7.  While the death penalty is not per se unconstitutional, it has been struck down
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8.  In Korematsu v. United States (1994), the Supreme Court upheld the forced evacuation of Japanese Americans from California coastal areas on the ground that
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9.  According to the Supreme Court, prayer in public schools violates
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10.  A state university can, consistent with the Fourteenth Amendment, employ an admission program that uses racial quotas as a means of ensuring that certain percentages of admitted students will be from minority groups.
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11.  The Constitution reserves to the states the power to
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12.  A public policy program that is jointly funded and jointly administered by both the federal government and states is an example of
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13.  The ___ Amendment prevents police from conducting unreasonable searches and seizures.
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14.  The Voting Rights Act was enacted by Congress under its power to enforce the ___ Amendment.
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15.  In Roe v. Wade (1973), the Supreme Court identified the constitutional basis for the right of privacy as
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16.  In Printz v. United States (1997), the Supreme Court struck down provisions of a federal law that required local government officials like sheriffs and police chiefs to conduct background checks on purchasers of handguns.
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B.
17.  In general, conservative Supreme Court Justices tend to give greater protection to civil liberties, while liberal Justices give greater deference to the will of the majority reflected in legislative enactments.
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B.
18.  A city can, consistent with the 1st Amendment, deny a demonstration permit to members of the American Nazi Party who want to march in a Jewish community, because the message of the Nazis is abhorrent and hurtful to that community.
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B.
19.  The absorption of certain provisions of the Bill of Rights into the 14th Amendment so that these rights are protected from infringement by the states is called
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20.  Devolution is
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21.  The Equal Protection Clause forbids private-sector employers from discriminating against employees and job applicants on the basis of race, sex, and ethnicity.
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22.  President Franklin Roosevelt’s “Court-packing plan” was motivated by his desire to create a more liberal Supreme Court that would vote to uphold New Deal programs.
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23.  In Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969), a Ku Klux Klan leader had been convicted under a law that made it a crime to advocate the violent overthrow of the government. He had assembled a group for a cross burning and given a speech in which he said that revenge might have to be taken if the U.S. continues to suppress the white race. The Supreme Court upheld his conviction because his speech constituted a “clear and present danger.”
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24.  In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court struck down a state law that prohibited blacks from riding on trains in the same passenger cars as whites.
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B.
25.  The strict scrutiny test applies to laws that use certain suspect classifications. To defend such a law, the government must show
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26.  In 1935 and 1936, a conservative Supreme Court took a very broad view of federal power and upheld a number of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs as constitutional.
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27.  In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court held that racial segregation in public schools violated the
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28.  The Supreme Court has declared unconstitutional some state laws or state-sponsored policies that used gender-based classifications, such as the male-only admissions policy of the Virginia Military Institute.
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29.  In cases involving state-sponsored discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, or sex, the Supreme Court applies the strict scrutiny test.
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B.
30.  Which of the following is true with regard to obscenity and the law?
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