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American Government Exam 2

30 Questions  I  By Co350515
American Government Exam 2

  
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1.  The 10th Amendment addressed the concerns of Anti-Federalists about
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The Equal Protection Clause forbids private-sector employers from discriminating against employees and job applicants on the basis of race, sex, and ethnicity.
A.
B.
3.  Like all other rights, the freedom of speech is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The Framers adopted a system of government known as federalism because they believed that such a system
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A public policy program that is jointly funded and jointly administered by both the federal government and states is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The Supreme Court has declared unconstitutional some state laws or state-sponsored policies that used gender-based classifications, such as the male-only admissions policy of the Virginia Military Institute.
A.
B.
7.  Which of the following is true with regard to obscenity and the law?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In 1935 and 1936, a conservative Supreme Court took a very broad view of federal power and upheld a number of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs as constitutional.
A.
B.
9.  While the death penalty is not per se unconstitutional, it has been struck down
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The ___ Amendment prevents police from conducting unreasonable searches and seizures.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Devolution is
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B.
C.
D.
12.  The Voting Rights Act was enacted by Congress under its power to enforce the ___ Amendment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Supreme Court construed federal power narrowly and struck down legislative social reforms, like child labor laws, as exceeding Congress’s power to regulate interstate commerce.
A.
B.
14.  In Printz v. United States (1997), the Supreme Court struck down provisions of a federal law that required local government officials like sheriffs and police chiefs to conduct background checks on purchasers of handguns.
A.
B.
15.  In general, conservative Supreme Court Justices tend to give greater protection to civil liberties, while liberal Justices give greater deference to the will of the majority reflected in legislative enactments.
A.
B.
16.  In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court held that racial segregation in public schools violated the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  In cases involving state-sponsored discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, or sex, the Supreme Court applies the strict scrutiny test.
A.
B.
18.  The absorption of certain provisions of the Bill of Rights into the 14th Amendment so that these rights are protected from infringement by the states is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  In Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969), a Ku Klux Klan leader had been convicted under a law that made it a crime to advocate the violent overthrow of the government. He had assembled a group for a cross burning and given a speech in which he said that revenge might have to be taken if the U.S. continues to suppress the white race. The Supreme Court upheld his conviction because his speech constituted a “clear and present danger.”
A.
B.
20.  In Korematsu v. United States (1994), the Supreme Court upheld the forced evacuation of Japanese Americans from California coastal areas on the ground that
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  According to the Supreme Court, prayer in public schools violates
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In Roe v. Wade (1973), the Supreme Court identified the constitutional basis for the right of privacy as
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The strict scrutiny test applies to laws that use certain suspect classifications. To defend such a law, the government must show
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The Constitution reserves to the states the power to
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  In the U.S., the relationship between the federal government and the states is a hierarchical one in which the federal government has authority over the states and directs the state to carry out federal policies.
A.
B.
26.  A city can, consistent with the 1st Amendment, deny a demonstration permit to members of the American Nazi Party who want to march in a Jewish community, because the message of the Nazis is abhorrent and hurtful to that community.
A.
B.
27.  A state university can, consistent with the Fourteenth Amendment, employ an admission program that uses racial quotas as a means of ensuring that certain percentages of admitted students will be from minority groups.
A.
B.
28.  According to the Supreme Court, it is a violation of the Establishment Clause for a state to prohibit the teaching of the theory of evolution in its public schools.
A.
B.
29.  In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court struck down a state law that prohibited blacks from riding on trains in the same passenger cars as whites.
A.
B.
30.  President Franklin Roosevelt’s “Court-packing plan” was motivated by his desire to create a more liberal Supreme Court that would vote to uphold New Deal programs.
A.
B.
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