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Dilation of the afferent arteriole -dilation of the afferent arteriole will increase both renal plasma flow (rpf) [because renal vascular resistance is decreased] and glomerular filtration rate (gfr) [because glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure is increased]. dilation of the efferent...Read More
There are many ways that a person must prepare for a marathon. Besides, practicing the ways in which someone runs in order to gain endurance and stamina during the race, the marathon runner must also prepare with the equipment and supplies that they will need during and right after the...Read More
Several things can lead to kidney stone formation. First, it is important to know that they are different kinds of kidney stones. Calcium oxalate stones, ammonium magnesium phosphate stones (struvite), uric acid stones and cysteine stones are the types of kidney stones.
Calcium oxalate st...Read More
The kidneys play a very important role in osmoregulation. They are the main organs of osmoregulation in mammalian systems. The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron that filters the blood and generates urine. The kidneys regulate the water reabsorbed from the glomerulus in the kidney...Read More
Many things can cause kidney failure. Many conditions can contribute to kidney damage, some are primary kidney diseases and some are conditions that indirectly affect the kidney.
Some of the leading causes are:
Polycystic kidney disease – are hereditary kidney disease. There a...Read More
A UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection. It is a common occurrence to get a UTI. Many people get them. They involve your urinary system. The urinary system includes your kidneys, bladder, urethra, and ureters. Infection takes place somewhere in this urinary system.
They usually occur in...Read More
Bp -when blood volume is low, juxtaglomerular cells in the kidneys secrete renin directly into circulation. plasma renin then carries out the conversion of angiotensinogen released by the liver to angiotensin i. angiotensin i is subsequently converted to angiotensin ii by the enzyme angiotensin...Read More
Acidosis-when kidneys fail.
less waste is removed
more waste remains in the blood
toxic to cns, rbcs, and platelets
nitrogenous compounds build up in the blood
bun: blood urea nitrogen
renal function apprroxiimatted by: initial creatinine level/current creatinine level
Concentration in the renal vein is close to zero- at plasma concentrations that are lower than at the transport maximum (tm) for para-aminohippuric acid (pah) secretion, pah concentration in the renal vein is nearly zero because the sum of filtration plus secretion removes virtually all pah from...Read More