The ancient chemists used the concept of groups and periods to arrange the elements in rows and columns. The periods are horizontal rows, counting from left to right, while groups, also called families are vertical columns, counting from top to the bottom. We have seven (7) periods and eighteen (18) groups. The elements in a group have similar physical and chemical properties. The elements in the same periods share the same electron configuration, and they have equal numbers of valence electron.

Electronegativity increases as you go down the group, and decreases as you go up the group in the periodic table. Also, electronegativity increases as you go from left to right of the periods, and decreases as you go from right to left. As you go from left towards the right across the group on the periodic table, the proton and atomic numbers increase. When you go up on the periodic table, electron affinity increases, but as you go down the groups, the energy shells increase.

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The standard deviation is the approximate variation between the absolute middle of the data set (the median) and the highest and lowest numbers. This often sets a bell curve, which is what a lot of classes use now to grade on. The 100% (or whatever happens to be the highest) is the highest grade, so it’s set at the furthest right of the graph. The 0% (or lowest grade) sits at the furthest left. Everything else falls between those grades, plus or minus some from the median 50% (varies based on other grades).

The standard deviation has a bit of a complicated formula. It’s too complicated to go into here, but basically, it’s a square root of all the data put together in a convoluted way. A quick search online will yield the equation and what goes in each spot.

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"1. groups are extremely unequal in power" is not an essential part of group theory politics

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3.Aggravate large groups more than small groups. THis is because "free-riders" are defined as people who seek to benefit from the actual groups work that represents their interests in government but don't actually do any of the work themselves to achieve the groups goals. However, selective benefits are offered to specifically and only actual group members such as travel discounts, information publications, and special insurance policies for actual group members, and not free-riders so more free-riders or every potential group member not an actual group member to join the actual group to eliminate this free-riders problem as Olson's law describes, particularyly AGRIVATING LARGE GROUPS. that is why

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13400

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Think about true things to settle all of the confllict problem

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