Western Civ. Reading Final Exam

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  • 1. 
    Significant features of the Paleolithic Age include each of the following except
    • A. 

      There was tool making

    • B. 

      Scavenging and hunting for food was no longer necessary

    • C. 

      They discovered how to cook meat

    • D. 

      They used fire as a protection against dangerous animals


  • 2. 
    Your text refers to which of the following as the central force in "primary" civilizations?
    • A. 

      A construction of irrigation canals

    • B. 

      Cooperative planning for war

    • C. 

      Religion

    • D. 

      Exchange of goods beyond the tribe


  • 3. 
    Who were the creators of the earliest civilizations?
    • A. 

      Hittites and Egyptians

    • B. 

      Egyptians and Sumerians

    • C. 

      Sumerians and Assyrians

    • D. 

      Persians and Egyptians


  • 4. 
    Sargon the Great may be said to have been
    • A. 

      One of a kind, benevolent ruler

    • B. 

      Aware of the need to centralize authority through appointed officials

    • C. 

      Reluctant to make demands of tribute from conquered peoples

    • D. 

      Able to utilize an organized army when danger appeared


  • 5. 
    The "land between rivers" refers to
    • A. 

      The Hittite kingdom

    • B. 

      Mesopotamia

    • C. 

      Egypt

    • D. 

      Persia


  • 6. 
    Which of the following civilizations provided a basis for Mesopotamian civilization?
    • A. 

      Sumerian

    • B. 

      Egyptian

    • C. 

      Assyrian

    • D. 

      Hittite


  • 7. 
    Cunieform was found in ancient
    • A. 

      Sumeria

    • B. 

      Egypt

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Anatolia


  • 8. 
    In Mesopotamian civilization, the temple administration functioned in the following ways except to
    • A. 

      Collect rents

    • B. 

      Provide employment for many

    • C. 

      Provide storage for weapons

    • D. 

      Employ scribes to keep records


  • 9. 
    Which factor best accounts for the fact that a Mesopotamian king was not seen as an all-powerful ruler?
    • A. 

      The king was only the youngest of the gods

    • B. 

      Kings in ritual ceremonies tried to command floods to end

    • C. 

      The king was selected by the gods to rule, but responsible to them like everyone else

    • D. 

      Kingship was not hereditary


  • 10. 
    Cunieform can be described as
    • A. 

      The first stage of planning for a pyramid

    • B. 

      The instrument used for writing on parchment

    • C. 

      The term for records that dealt with commercial transactions

    • D. 

      The symbol writing on clay tablets


  • 11. 
    According to your text, the "finest work of Mesopotamian literature" was the
    • A. 

      Old Testament

    • B. 

      Epic of Gilgamesh

    • C. 

      Code of Hammurabi

    • D. 

      Epic of Akkad


  • 12. 
    Which ruler of Upper Egypt conquered the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt?
    • A. 

      Menes

    • B. 

      Ramses

    • C. 

      Amenhotep

    • D. 

      Tutankhamen


  • 13. 
    All of the following are features of Egyptian belief in the afterlife except
    • A. 

      A longing for death

    • B. 

      Pyramid tombs

    • C. 

      Mummification of the dead

    • D. 

      Funerary art


  • 14. 
    The Egyptian writing known as hieroglyphics was
    • A. 

      A wedge-shaped writing system

    • B. 

      A form of picture writing in which physical figures represented words or sounds that could be combined to form words

    • C. 

      The world's first writing system

    • D. 

      The only writing system of the earliest high civilizations


  • 15. 
    It was said that Pharaoh
    • A. 

      Could never fail in a military undertaking

    • B. 

      Was a god

    • C. 

      Was a human with divine inspiration

    • D. 

      Ruled as the "alter-ego" of the Nile god


  • 16. 
    Qualities of truth and justice
    • A. 

      Were really lacking of the Egyptian religion

    • B. 

      Are associated with Ma'at

    • C. 

      Were traditions Egyptians absorbed from the Hebrews during their captivity

    • D. 

      Was the primary code of loyalty to pharaoh


  • 17. 
    All of the following were achievements of the Egyptians except
    • A. 

      Pyramid building

    • B. 

      The invention of the solar calendar

    • C. 

      Superb engineering skills

    • D. 

      The invention of the lunar calendar


  • 18. 
    Who is most associated with promoting monotheistic ideas?
    • A. 

      Ramses

    • B. 

      Ahmose

    • C. 

      Tutankhamen

    • D. 

      Akhenaton


  • 19. 
    Which of the following groups ended Egyptian independence?
    • A. 

      Libyans

    • B. 

      Nubians

    • C. 

      Assyrians

    • D. 

      Greeks


  • 20. 
    The Hittites are best associated with
    • A. 

      Early development of iron

    • B. 

      Early bone tools

    • C. 

      Bronze weapons

    • D. 

      The first war chariots


  • 21. 
    One can credit Ashurbanipal with
    • A. 

      Building the Hanging Gardens

    • B. 

      Maintaining a large library of clay tablets

    • C. 

      Furthering the ideas of Zoroaster

    • D. 

      Restoring Nineveh


  • 22. 
    Which religion came to be associated with Persian rulers?
    • A. 

      Worship of Marduk

    • B. 

      Judaism

    • C. 

      Zoroastrianism

    • D. 

      The monotheism of Akhenaten


  • 23. 
    The term satrap relates to
    • A. 

      A flat-bottomed sailboat that moved heavy goods

    • B. 

      A type of sandal that distinguished slaves from free peasants in Persia

    • C. 

      A governor in the Persian Empire

    • D. 

      A collection of cunieform tablets


  • 24. 
    Who founded a dualistic religion in the Near East?
    • A. 

      Zoroaster

    • B. 

      Moses

    • C. 

      Akhenaton

    • D. 

      Joshua


  • 25. 
    Which term is best associated with the "Wise Lord" or the god of light and justice?
    • A. 

      Ahriman

    • B. 

      Ma'at

    • C. 

      Ahura Mazda

    • D. 

      Isis


  • 26. 
    One Greek contribution to Western Civilization was
    • A. 

      The application of reason to understanding the meaning of life

    • B. 

      Hellenistic foreign policy

    • C. 

      Increasing women's political rights

    • D. 

      Joining together religion and politics to derive Greek ethics


  • 27. 
    The work of Heinrich Schliemann resulted in
    • A. 

      The discovery of Mycenaean civilization

    • B. 

      The earliest translation of Homeric works

    • C. 

      Excavations on the island of Crete

    • D. 

      An understanding of the Dorian invasions


  • 28. 
    Mycenaean civilization thrived between
    • A. 

      1700-1650 bc

    • B. 

      1400-1230 bc

    • C. 

      1000-850 bc

    • D. 

      800-600 bc


  • 29. 
    Homer's major epics were
    • A. 

      Illiad and Odyssey

    • B. 

      Lysistrata and The Frogs

    • C. 

      Antigone and The Bacchae

    • D. 

      The Symposium and The Republic


  • 30. 
    Mount Olympus was famous as
    • A. 

      The home of the Greek gods

    • B. 

      The area where the gods fought for supremacy

    • C. 

      A shrine for those who died in the Peloponnesian Wars

    • D. 

      Agamemnon's home


  • 31. 
    By the fifth century bc, Greeks believed the only way to the good life was through
    • A. 

      Loyalty the the family

    • B. 

      Ammassing enough wealth to live without fear

    • C. 

      The polis

    • D. 

      Devotion to the gods of their city


  • 32. 
    The early inhabitants of the area around Sparta
    • A. 

      Assimilated with their conquerors

    • B. 

      Moved to Athens

    • C. 

      Became known as helots

    • D. 

      Were trained as slave-warriors


  • 33. 
    Which period in Greek History is referred to as the Dark Age?
    • A. 

      1400-1230 bc

    • B. 

      1100-800 bc

    • C. 

      800-500 bc

    • D. 

      2000-1900 bc


  • 34. 
    The Greek term arete means
    • A. 

      A theory of the absolutist state

    • B. 

      The notion that laws had divine sanction

    • C. 

      The recognition that political power and morality could be separated

    • D. 

      Excellence


  • 35. 
    Of the following, the pair that is least well matched is
    • A. 

      Homer-Illiad

    • B. 

      Solon-Spartan military leader

    • C. 

      Draco-law code

    • D. 

      Pesistratus-tyrant


  • 36. 
    Helots were
    • A. 

      Agricultural slaves of the Spartans

    • B. 

      Athenian light infantry

    • C. 

      Oarsmen in the city-states' fleets

    • D. 

      Spartan hoplites


  • 37. 
    The reputation of Cleisthenes rests upon his work as
    • A. 

      A demagogue who rallied Athens against Sparta

    • B. 

      The father of Athenian democracy

    • C. 

      The oracle at Delphi

    • D. 

      A compiler of medical texts


  • 38. 
    The Athenian conception of excellence is best associated with
    • A. 

      Participating in civic affairs

    • B. 

      Loyalty to the clan

    • C. 

      Harmony of physical and mental attributes

    • D. 

      The full development and enrichment of the human personality


  • 39. 
    The First Persian Invasion of Greece was brought on by
    • A. 

      Persian king Darius's hatred of Greek culture

    • B. 

      Spartan raids on Persian territory in Phoenicia

    • C. 

      A Spartan invitation to the Persians to intervene in their war with Athens

    • D. 

      Athenian support for a Greek rebellion in Asia Minor


  • 40. 
    The Athenian statesman Solon wanted to
    • A. 

      Restore aristocracy

    • B. 

      Concentrate wealth in the hands of a few to make easier tax collection

    • C. 

      Balance the interests of the wealthy aristocrats and ordinary Athenians in politics

    • D. 

      Establish order in Athens with a law code enforcing very harsh punishments


  • 41. 
    During the era of the Delian League
    • A. 

      Athens dominated and abused other Greek states

    • B. 

      States could withdraw from the League only after paying a crushing fine

    • C. 

      Money from the League treasury was distributed equally to each member state

    • D. 

      There was increased admiration and loyalty to Athens among the Greeks


  • 42. 
    The oration delivered by Pericles demonstrated Athenian concern for
    • A. 

      The condition fo slaves

    • B. 

      Civic freedom

    • C. 

      Personal freedom

    • D. 

      Both b and c


  • 43. 
    The Peloponnesian War was
    • A. 

      The Persian invasion of Greece just after 500 BC

    • B. 

      A war between the Delian League adn the Peloponnesian League

    • C. 

      A war between Thebes and Sparta

    • D. 

      The Macedonian invasion of Greece


  • 44. 
    The Peloponnesian League was led by
    • A. 

      Macedonia

    • B. 

      Athens

    • C. 

      Sparta

    • D. 

      Thebes


  • 45. 
    Which of the following states emerged as a first-rate power in the fourth century BC?
    • A. 

      Sparta

    • B. 

      Syracuse

    • C. 

      Macedonia

    • D. 

      Thebes


  • 46. 
    Which of the following statement describes Anaximander's work with the Ionian school of philosophy?
    • A. 

      He believed the primary substance was fire

    • B. 

      He argues that Nature was lawful

    • C. 

      Water was referred to as the primary substance

    • D. 

      Floods were said to have been caused by Poseidon


  • 47. 
    The earliest Ionian philosophy
    • A. 

      Was associated with the priesthood

    • B. 

      Originated in Mesopotamia

    • C. 

      Began with Thales

    • D. 

      Still maintained the gods were the origin of nature


  • 48. 
    The term "matter philosophers" has been applied to
    • A. 

      The theoreticians of Miletus

    • B. 

      Early Athenian philosophers

    • C. 

      The Ionian School

    • D. 

      Teachers in the Sophist tradition


  • 49. 
    Which of the following speculated that the world was composed of atoms?
    • A. 

      Democritus

    • B. 

      Parmenides

    • C. 

      Thales

    • D. 

      Pythagoras


  • 50. 
    Hippocrates
    • A. 

      Ascribed a divine origin to epilepsy

    • B. 

      Treated epilepsy with "cupping"

    • C. 

      Denied that epilepsy was sacred or had a divine origin

    • D. 

      Believed epilepsy was a contagious disease spread by mosquitoes


  • 51. 
    Aristophanes was a comic playwright who
    • A. 

      Dramatized the story of Socrates's trial and execution

    • B. 

      Praised Socrates for his positive influence of Athenian youth

    • C. 

      Lampooned Athenian statesman, intellectuals, and governmental policies

    • D. 

      Accused Socrateds of embezzling state funds


  • 52. 
    Which of the following tragedians believed that the world was governed by divine justice?
    • A. 

      Sophocles

    • B. 

      Aeschylus

    • C. 

      Euripides

    • D. 

      Aristophanes


  • 53. 
    The term "sophrosyne" refers to
    • A. 

      Uncontrolled arrogance

    • B. 

      Moderation and self-descipline

    • C. 

      Inconsequential philosophical arguing

    • D. 

      Skillful rhetoric


  • 54. 
    Herodotus was a historian of the
    • A. 

      Punic Wars

    • B. 

      Trojan Wars

    • C. 

      Persian Wars

    • D. 

      Peloponnesian War


  • 55. 
    Which of the following poets established a school to teach music and singing to well-to-do girls and to prepare them for marriage?
    • A. 

      Sappho

    • B. 

      Euripides

    • C. 

      Aristophanes

    • D. 

      Sophocles


  • 56. 
    When the authorites in Athens charged Socrates, he
    • A. 

      Named others, who had incited the young

    • B. 

      Denied the charges

    • C. 

      Pleaded o be permitted to leave Athens

    • D. 

      Fled to Athens before the authorities could arrest him


  • 57. 
    When Plato wrote "The Republic", he
    • A. 

      Did it as a mental exercise rather than as something to be implemented

    • B. 

      Perceived the ruler to be a constitutional monarch

    • C. 

      Was specifically concerned about the decline of Athenian community spirit

    • D. 

      Intended to encourage a revival of democracy and freedom in Athens


  • 58. 
    Plato would have argued against which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      Those who were inclined toward intellectual pursuits should be rulers

    • B. 

      The adjective "courageous" should only be applied to those who are willing to become child bearers

    • C. 

      Humans must live and ethical life as citizens fo a rational state

    • D. 

      In an unjust state, people cannot achieve Socratic wisdom for their souls will mirror the state's wickedness


  • 59. 
    Aristotle believed the "best political community" should be composed of
    • A. 

      Both men and women

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      An oligarchy of the best citzens

    • D. 

      Intellectuals


  • 60. 
    Who may be remembered as the first actor in history because he engaged in dialogue?
    • A. 

      Pindar

    • B. 

      Thespis

    • C. 

      Sappho

    • D. 

      Aeschylus


  • 61. 
    Thucydides
    • A. 

      Ascribed the final outcome of the Peloponnesian Wars to divine intervention

    • B. 

      Rejection the idea that the gods interfere in History

    • C. 

      Commanded the Greek fleet at Salamis

    • D. 

      Commanded the Athenian Expedition to Syracuse


  • 62. 
    Which poet wrote poems of friendship and love?
    • A. 

      Pindar

    • B. 

      Sappho

    • C. 

      Sophocles

    • D. 

      Aeschylus


  • 63. 
    Which of the following dramatists beleived that through suffering, people acquired knowledge?
    • A. 

      Sophocles

    • B. 

      Euripides

    • C. 

      Aristophanes

    • D. 

      Aeschylus


  • 64. 
    In contrast to Plato, Aristotle
    • A. 

      Stressed the separation between the lower world of things and the higher world of forms

    • B. 

      Endorsed the rule fo law

    • C. 

      Believed that women should be allowed to participate in politics

    • D. 

      Insisted that universal ideas and forms could only be accessed through study of the particular


  • 65. 
    One of the chief concerns of Aeschylus involved the
    • A. 

      Decline of Minoan civilization

    • B. 

      Weakening moral fiber of Athenian youth

    • C. 

      Punishment of individuals when they demonstrated hubris

    • D. 

      Increasing freedom of Greek women


  • 66. 
    Which of the following tragic poets subjected the problems of human life to critical analysis and challenged human conventions?
    • A. 

      Euripides

    • B. 

      Sophocles

    • C. 

      Aristophanes

    • D. 

      Aeschylus


  • 67. 
    Which Greek tragedian held that individuals should shape their character in the way a sculptor shapes a form?
    • A. 

      Euripides

    • B. 

      Sophocles

    • C. 

      Aeschylus

    • D. 

      Aristophanes


  • 68. 
    In Plato's ideal republic
    • A. 

      The citizens were to elect a single leader

    • B. 

      The philosophers were to rule absolutely

    • C. 

      An aristocratic council would elect the leaders

    • D. 

      Democracy would be the ideal form of government


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