Vitamins And Minerals Quiz

98 Questions  I  By Gemstonejas
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Health Quizzes & Trivia
This quiz will test your knowledge on everything you need to know on fat soluble and water soluble vitamins along with trace and major minerals

  
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Questions and Answers

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1.  What type of compunds are vitamins
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  How do plants manufacture vitamins
A.
B.
C.
3.  Vitamins exist in what to forms
4.  Vitamins can supply energy and contribute to body mass
A.
B.
5.  If vitamins taken in excess can be stored in
6.  Excess fat soluble vitamins intake has a high potential for toxicity
A.
B.
7.  Water soluble vitamins in excess have a low potential for toxicity
A.
B.
8.  Excess water soluble vitamins are excretes through the
9.  B1 vitamins is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Vitamin B2 is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Vitamin B3 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Vitamin B5 is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Vitamin B6 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Vitamin B7 is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Vitamin B9 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Vitamin B12 is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Vitamin C, A, D, E, K and chloine are all water soluble vitamins
A.
B.
18.  Vitamin k is mainly stored in the
19.  Fat soluble vitamins can be taken in excess without medical supervision
A.
B.
20.  Water soluble vitamins act mainly as
21.  Water soluble vitamins influence after digestion are
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  If water soluble vitamin in the diet regularly contains less than 50% of recommended amount of , marginal deficiencies could develop within about four weeks.
A.
B.
23.   coenzymes consist of two parts: one part is a protein molecule and second part is a coenzyme.
A.
B.
24.  For coenzyme to function only one part needs to be present
A.
B.
25.  What two factors alter enzyme activity
26.  Small rise in body temperature increases enzyme activity
A.
B.
27.  –Changes in pH reduces enzyme activity
A.
B.
28.  The role of coenzyme is for activation of enzymes
A.
B.
29.  In normal condition, our body cells produce many antioxidant enzymes to help neutralize free radicals and prevent cellular (DNA), lipids, protein , and other molecule damage.
A.
B.
30.  Which three vitamins are also known as the antioxodant vitamins
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which vitamin promotes bone and tooth formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Occurs when vitamins are not excreted effectively and accumulate in the tissue → toxic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.   which fat soluble vitamin Forms visual purple for night vision (visual pigment).Maintains epithelial tissue in skin and mucous membranes.Promotes bone formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Anti-inflection vitamin” is The maintenance of epithelial tissues (membrane) in preventing infection
A.
B.
35.  Some of carotenoids  (not vitamins; from most colorful fruits and vegetables) can be converted to vitamin A
A.
B.
36.  One of carotenoid, beta-carotene, is a powerful antioxidant to  interfere with free radical activity
A.
B.
37.   which  fat soluble vitamin acts as hormone to increase intestinal absorption of calcium
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Rickets in children and Osteomalacia in adult is a result in the deficiency of vitamin D
A.
B.
39.  Excessive vitamin E can affect vitamin K’s blood-clotting functions 
A.
B.
40.  Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Absorbic Acid is most commonly known as
42.  Which vitamin 1.Forms collagen essential for connective tissue development  (e.g. tendons and ligaments)   2.Helps in absorption of iron.   3.Help the formation of epinephrine.   4.Serves as antioxidant
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Vitamin E is distributed through what tissue
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.   RDA recommendation for vitamin A for  women and men are
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Recommendation for vitamin D in both women and men are both
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Vitamin D is also know as the sunshine vitamin
A.
B.
47.  Recommnedation for both men and women of vitamin E are
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Recommendation for vitamin k in women is 120ug and 90ug in men
A.
B.
49.  Which water soluble vitamin has function that can; 1.Serve as coenzyme for energy production from CHO.   2.Maintain the normal function of nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.   what vitamin functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and fats
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.   Vitamin B3 Functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and Affect fat metabolism by blocking free acid release from adipose tissue to increase CHO use
A.
B.
52.  What water soluble vitamin  is component of coenzyme A (CoA) in energy metabolism for CHO, fats, and protein into Krebs cycle
53.  What water soluble vitamin can: 1.Functions as coenzyme in protein metabolism and glycogen metabolism   2.Neurotransmitter formation   3.Necessary for formation of hemoglobin and red blood cells.
54.   vitamin B7 can Functions as coenzyme in the metabolism of CHO, fats, and protein
A.
B.
55.   vitamin B6 can Functions as coenzyme for DNA formation and red blood cell development
A.
B.
56.  What two vitamins can function as coenzyme for DNA formation and red blood cell development
57.  It is a vitamin-like compound, but is NOT classified as a B vitamin.  its function include The formation of  neurotransmitter, acetylcholine which is involved in muscle activation and Maintain the structural integrity of cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  B-complex vitamins play key roles as coenzymes during CHO, fat, and protein catabolism.
A.
B.
59.  Supplementing Vitamin B6, an essential coenzyme in glycogen and amino acid metabolism, did NOT benefit people, exercising in high-intensity aerobic exercise.
A.
B.
60.  Vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene serve important protective functions as antioxidants.
A.
B.
61.  Exhaustive maximal exercise induces free radical generation while submaximal exercise (i.e. less than 70% VO2max) may inhibit free radical production
A.
B.
62.  Malonaldehyde (MDA)  and pentane are
63.  Antioxidant vitamins prevent muscle damage during training and enhance exercise performance
A.
B.
64.  Regular exercise training can increase the body’s natural antioxidant defense mechanisms and decrease free radicals
A.
B.
65.  Minerals are organing compunds with caloric value
A.
B.
66.  Provide structure in forming bones and teeth. Help maintain normal heart rhythm, muscle contraction, neural conductivity, and acid base balance Regulate cellular metabolism by becoming part of enzymes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.   how many major minerals
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Major minerals required higher amounts > 100  mg daily  
A.
B.
69.  What minerals required smaller amounts < 100  mg daily
70.  (1)Calcium (2)Phosphorus (3)Magnesium (4)Sodium (5)Chloride (6)Potassium (7)Sulfur Are all major minerals
A.
B.
71.  (1)Iron (2) Zinc (3)Chromium (4)Fluoride (5)Copper (6)Manganese (7)Iodine (8)Selenium    are all trace minerals
A.
B.
72.   which major mineral  functions as Bone and tooth formation, Blood clotting, Nerve impulse transmissio,n Muscle contraction
73.  bone has two types of cells what are they
74.   which bone cell secrete collagen and then pull calcium and phosphorus from the blood to form a hardened material that provide structure of bone
A.
B.
75.  Which bone cell breaks down hardened materials, releasing calcium and phosphorus into the blood
76.  What percentage of calcium is absorbed
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Adequate calcium intake and regular weight-bearing exercise or resistance training help prevent bone loss at any age.
A.
B.
78.  Trabecular bone is more susceptible to calcium loss than the more dense compact bone
A.
B.
79.  RDA recommnedation for calcium in both men and women are
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.   name of major mineral that functions with calcium for Bone and tooth formation,Cell membrane structure,Enzyme activation, and is  A component of ATP and CP
81.  Phosphorus combines with calcium to form hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate to provide rigidity (hardness) to bones and tooth. Phosphorus combines with lipids to form phospholipids to provide integrity to cell membranes. Phosphorus can activate or deactivate enzymes through phosphorylation
A.
B.
82.  Magnesium RDA for men are 400-420ug and 310-320ug for women
A.
B.
83.  What mineral Activates enzymes that involved in protein synthesis, Bone metabolism (to maintain bone strength) and Serves as enzymes for CHO metabolism Regulate (lower) blood pressure
84.  Both women and men RDA recommnedation for Sodium is 1000ug
A.
B.
85.  Sodium function is
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Which are minerals have electrical chared particles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   Electrolyte Establish the proper electrical gradient across cell membranes.Modulate fluid exchange within the body's fluid compartments.Regulate the acid and base qualities of body fluids
A.
B.
88.  Chloride + hydrogen  → hydrochloric acid (help to kill bacteria in the stomach)
A.
B.
89.  If high potassium and Clhoride are low in intakes → then blood pressure will be high
A.
B.
90.  RDA recommnedations for Potassium are
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.   what trace mineral function include: Formation of Hemoglobin and myoglobin, Forms some enzymes for energy metabolisms and is Important for immune functionBrain development 
92.  Zinc is a Cofactor of many enzymes in energy metabolism, functions in Protein synthesis, and Plays a role in wound healing, which enhance immune function
A.
B.
93.  Proper use of iron in the body. *** converted ferrous iron (F2+) to ferric iron (F3+) so that iron (F3+ ) can be transported in the blood. Help to protect the body against free radical damage Involved in connective tissue formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.   whih trace mineral Activates the enzymes that involve in the reduction of free radicals.Activates the enzymes that involve in the energy metabolism (CHO and Fat) and Activates the enzymes that involve in the protein synthesis.
95.  Which trace mineral is Essential for synthesis of thyroid hormone
96.  Iodine RDA recommnedation are
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.   T3 (triiodothyronine) and  T4 (thyroxine) are both thyroid hormones
A.
B.
98.  Actions of T4 and T3: (1) high metabolic rate (2) high O2 consumption (3) high heat production (4) high Necessary for CNS development (5) high metabolic reactions: protein and lipid synthesis. (6) high activity of many hormone, especially catecholamines. (7) high needed for normal GH function
A.
B.
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