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Vitamins And Minerals Quiz

98 Questions
Health Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will test your knowledge on everything you need to know on fat soluble and water soluble vitamins along with trace and major minerals

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What type of compunds are vitamins
    • A. 

      Organic

    • B. 

      Streroid

    • C. 

      Non-organic

    • D. 

      Complex organic

  • 2. 
    How do plants manufacture vitamins
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      From the soil

    • C. 

      Water absorbtion

  • 3. 
    Vitamins exist in what to forms
  • 4. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
  • 6. 
    Excess fat soluble vitamins intake has a high potential for toxicity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Water soluble vitamins in excess have a low potential for toxicity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Excess water soluble vitamins are excretes through the
  • 9. 
    B1 vitamins is
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      Biotin

    • D. 

      Thiamin

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Biotin

    • C. 

      Folic acid

    • D. 

      Thiamin

  • 11. 
    Vitamin B3 is
    • A. 

      Pyrodoxine

    • B. 

      Folic acid

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Cobalin

  • 12. 
    Vitamin B5 is also known as
    • A. 

      Biotin

    • B. 

      Folic acid

    • C. 

      Cobalin

    • D. 

      Pantothenic acid

  • 13. 
    Vitamin B6 is
    • A. 

      Thiamin

    • B. 

      Pyridoxine

    • C. 

      Cobalin

    • D. 

      Riboflavin

  • 14. 
    Vitamin B7 is called
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Thiamin

    • C. 

      Biotin

    • D. 

      Folic acid

  • 15. 
    Vitamin B9 is
    • A. 

      Folic acid

    • B. 

      Thiamin

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Riboflavin

  • 16. 
    Vitamin B12 is known as
    • A. 

      Folic acid

    • B. 

      Thiamin

    • C. 

      Cobalin

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 17. 
    Vitamin C, A, D, E, K and chloine are all water soluble vitamins
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Vitamin k is mainly stored in the
  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Water soluble vitamins act mainly as
  • 21. 
    Water soluble vitamins influence after digestion are
    • A. 

      8 to 14 hours

    • B. 

      5 to 10 hours

    • C. 

      6 to 12 hours

    • D. 

      2 to 3 hours

  • 22. 
    If water soluble vitamin in the diet regularly contains less than 50% of recommended amount of , marginal deficiencies could develop within about four weeks.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
     coenzymes consist of two parts: one part is a protein molecule and second part is a coenzyme.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    For coenzyme to function only one part needs to be present
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    What two factors alter enzyme activity
  • 26. 
    Small rise in body temperature increases enzyme activity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    –Changes in pH reduces enzyme activity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    The role of coenzyme is for activation of enzymes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    In normal condition, our body cells produce many antioxidant enzymes to help neutralize free radicals and prevent cellular (DNA), lipids, protein , and other molecule damage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Which three vitamins are also known as the antioxodant vitamins
    • A. 

      C, D, K

    • B. 

      A, D, C

    • C. 

      B1, B5, B9

    • D. 

      A, C, E

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      B6

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      B9

    • D. 

      D

  • 32. 
    Occurs when vitamins are not excreted effectively and accumulate in the tissue → toxic reaction
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Hypotension

    • C. 

      Hypervitaminosis

    • D. 

      Hypovitaminosis

  • 33. 
     which fat soluble vitamin Forms visual purple for night vision (visual pigment).Maintains epithelial tissue in skin and mucous membranes.Promotes bone formation
    • A. 

      K

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      E

  • 34. 
    Anti-inflection vitamin” is The maintenance of epithelial tissues (membrane) in preventing infection
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Some of carotenoids  (not vitamins; from most colorful fruits and vegetables) can be converted to vitamin A
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    One of carotenoid, beta-carotene, is a powerful antioxidant to  interfere with free radical activity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
     which  fat soluble vitamin acts as hormone to increase intestinal absorption of calcium
    • A. 

      K

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      C

  • 38. 
    Rickets in children and Osteomalacia in adult is a result in the deficiency of vitamin D
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Excessive vitamin E can affect vitamin K’s blood-clotting functions 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      K

  • 41. 
    Absorbic Acid is most commonly known as
  • 42. 
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      E

  • 43. 
    Vitamin E is distributed through what tissue
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Fatty

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Bone

  • 44. 
     RDA recommendation for vitamin A for  women and men are
    • A. 

      500 women 700 men

    • B. 

      700 women 750 men

    • C. 

      900 men 700 women

    • D. 

      700 men 900 women

  • 45. 
    Recommendation for vitamin D in both women and men are both
    • A. 

      5ug

    • B. 

      10ug

    • C. 

      8ug

    • D. 

      14ug

  • 46. 
    Vitamin D is also know as the sunshine vitamin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Recommnedation for both men and women of vitamin E are
    • A. 

      10ug

    • B. 

      20ug

    • C. 

      15ug

    • D. 

      30ug

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B3

    • C. 

      B1

    • D. 

      B9

  • 50. 
     what vitamin functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and fats
    • A. 

      B12

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      B2

    • D. 

      B4

  • 51. 
     Vitamin B3 Functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and Affect fat metabolism by blocking free acid release from adipose tissue to increase CHO use
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    What water soluble vitamin  is component of coenzyme A (CoA) in energy metabolism for CHO, fats, and protein into Krebs cycle
  • 53. 
    What water soluble vitamin can: 1.Functions as coenzyme in protein metabolism and glycogen metabolism   2.Neurotransmitter formation   3.Necessary for formation of hemoglobin and red blood cells.
  • 54. 
     vitamin B7 can Functions as coenzyme in the metabolism of CHO, fats, and protein
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
  • 57. 
    • A. 

      Chlorine

    • B. 

      Choline

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 58. 
    B-complex vitamins play key roles as coenzymes during CHO, fat, and protein catabolism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    Supplementing Vitamin B6, an essential coenzyme in glycogen and amino acid metabolism, did NOT benefit people, exercising in high-intensity aerobic exercise.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    Vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene serve important protective functions as antioxidants.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Exhaustive maximal exercise induces free radical generation while submaximal exercise (i.e. less than 70% VO2max) may inhibit free radical production
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    Malonaldehyde (MDA)  and pentane are
  • 63. 
    Antioxidant vitamins prevent muscle damage during training and enhance exercise performance
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Regular exercise training can increase the body’s natural antioxidant defense mechanisms and decrease free radicals
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    Minerals are organing compunds with caloric value
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    Provide structure in forming bones and teeth. Help maintain normal heart rhythm, muscle contraction, neural conductivity, and acid base balance Regulate cellular metabolism by becoming part of enzymes.
    • A. 

      Vitamins B1 to B12

    • B. 

      All vitamins

    • C. 

      Minerals

    • D. 

      Choline

  • 67. 
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      7

  • 68. 
    Major minerals required higher amounts > 100  mg daily  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    What minerals required smaller amounts < 100  mg daily
  • 70. 
    (1)Calcium (2)Phosphorus (3)Magnesium (4)Sodium (5)Chloride (6)Potassium (7)Sulfur Are all major minerals
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    (1)Iron (2) Zinc (3)Chromium (4)Fluoride (5)Copper (6)Manganese (7)Iodine (8)Selenium    are all trace minerals
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
     which major mineral  functions as Bone and tooth formation, Blood clotting, Nerve impulse transmissio,n Muscle contraction
  • 73. 
    bone has two types of cells what are they
  • 74. 
     which bone cell secrete collagen and then pull calcium and phosphorus from the blood to form a hardened material that provide structure of bone
    • A. 

      Osteoblast

    • B. 

      Osteocalst

  • 75. 
    Which bone cell breaks down hardened materials, releasing calcium and phosphorus into the blood
  • 76. 
    What percentage of calcium is absorbed
    • A. 

      50%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      40%

  • 77. 
    Adequate calcium intake and regular weight-bearing exercise or resistance training help prevent bone loss at any age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 78. 
    Trabecular bone is more susceptible to calcium loss than the more dense compact bone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 79. 
    RDA recommnedation for calcium in both men and women are
    • A. 

      100

    • B. 

      1000

    • C. 

      101

    • D. 

      1001

  • 80. 
     name of major mineral that functions with calcium for Bone and tooth formation,Cell membrane structure,Enzyme activation, and is  A component of ATP and CP
  • 81. 
    Phosphorus combines with calcium to form hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate to provide rigidity (hardness) to bones and tooth. Phosphorus combines with lipids to form phospholipids to provide integrity to cell membranes. Phosphorus can activate or deactivate enzymes through phosphorylation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 82. 
    Magnesium RDA for men are 400-420ug and 310-320ug for women
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    What mineral Activates enzymes that involved in protein synthesis, Bone metabolism (to maintain bone strength) and Serves as enzymes for CHO metabolism Regulate (lower) blood pressure
  • 84. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 85. 
    Sodium function is
    • A. 

      Maintain body electrolyte balance maintan electrolyte balance

    • B. 

      Maintain blood pressure

    • C. 

      Muscle contaction

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 86. 
    Which are minerals have electrical chared particles
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Pottasium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 87. 
     Electrolyte Establish the proper electrical gradient across cell membranes.Modulate fluid exchange within the body's fluid compartments.Regulate the acid and base qualities of body fluids
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 88. 
    Chloride + hydrogen  → hydrochloric acid (help to kill bacteria in the stomach)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    If high potassium and Clhoride are low in intakes → then blood pressure will be high
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 90. 
    RDA recommnedations for Potassium are
    • A. 

      7,400 for both men and women

    • B. 

      7,600 for both men and women

    • C. 

      7,000 for men 600 for women

    • D. 

      600 for men 7,000 for women

  • 91. 
     what trace mineral function include: Formation of Hemoglobin and myoglobin, Forms some enzymes for energy metabolisms and is Important for immune functionBrain development 
  • 92. 
    Zinc is a Cofactor of many enzymes in energy metabolism, functions in Protein synthesis, and Plays a role in wound healing, which enhance immune function
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 93. 
    Proper use of iron in the body. *** converted ferrous iron (F2+) to ferric iron (F3+) so that iron (F3+ ) can be transported in the blood. Help to protect the body against free radical damage Involved in connective tissue formation
    • A. 

      Flouride

    • B. 

      Copper

    • C. 

      Magnesium

    • D. 

      Selenium

  • 94. 
  • 95. 
    Which trace mineral is Essential for synthesis of thyroid hormone
  • 96. 
    Iodine RDA recommnedation are
    • A. 

      150ug for men and women

    • B. 

      250ug for men and women

    • C. 

      175 for men and women

    • D. 

      200 for men and women

  • 97. 
     T3 (triiodothyronine) and  T4 (thyroxine) are both thyroid hormones
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 98. 
    Actions of T4 and T3: (1) high metabolic rate (2) high O2 consumption (3) high heat production (4) high Necessary for CNS development (5) high metabolic reactions: protein and lipid synthesis. (6) high activity of many hormone, especially catecholamines. (7) high needed for normal GH function
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False