Vitamins And Minerals Quiz

98 Questions  I  By Gemstonejas
This quiz will test your knowledge on everything you need to know on fat soluble and water soluble vitamins along with trace and major minerals

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  In normal condition, our body cells produce many antioxidant enzymes to help neutralize free radicals and prevent cellular (DNA), lipids, protein , and other molecule damage.
A.
B.
2.  Vitamins exist in what to forms
3.  If high potassium and Clhoride are low in intakes → then blood pressure will be high
A.
B.
4.  Vitamin B7 is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Some of carotenoids  (not vitamins; from most colorful fruits and vegetables) can be converted to vitamin A
A.
B.
6.   Vitamin B3 Functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and Affect fat metabolism by blocking free acid release from adipose tissue to increase CHO use
A.
B.
7.  What two vitamins can function as coenzyme for DNA formation and red blood cell development
8.  Vitamin B6 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.   coenzymes consist of two parts: one part is a protein molecule and second part is a coenzyme.
A.
B.
10.  How do plants manufacture vitamins
A.
B.
C.
11.  Vitamin B12 is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Regular exercise training can increase the body’s natural antioxidant defense mechanisms and decrease free radicals
A.
B.
13.  Absorbic Acid is most commonly known as
14.  Water soluble vitamins act mainly as
15.  Vitamin D is also know as the sunshine vitamin
A.
B.
16.   which fat soluble vitamin Forms visual purple for night vision (visual pigment).Maintains epithelial tissue in skin and mucous membranes.Promotes bone formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  –Changes in pH reduces enzyme activity
A.
B.
18.  Vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene serve important protective functions as antioxidants.
A.
B.
19.  Iodine RDA recommnedation are
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Vitamin k is mainly stored in the
21.  Vitamin E is distributed through what tissue
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Recommendation for vitamin D in both women and men are both
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Excess water soluble vitamins are excretes through the
24.  Magnesium RDA for men are 400-420ug and 310-320ug for women
A.
B.
25.  RDA recommnedations for Potassium are
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Antioxidant vitamins prevent muscle damage during training and enhance exercise performance
A.
B.
27.   which bone cell secrete collagen and then pull calcium and phosphorus from the blood to form a hardened material that provide structure of bone
A.
B.
28.  Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What water soluble vitamin  is component of coenzyme A (CoA) in energy metabolism for CHO, fats, and protein into Krebs cycle
30.   whih trace mineral Activates the enzymes that involve in the reduction of free radicals.Activates the enzymes that involve in the energy metabolism (CHO and Fat) and Activates the enzymes that involve in the protein synthesis.
31.  Provide structure in forming bones and teeth. Help maintain normal heart rhythm, muscle contraction, neural conductivity, and acid base balance Regulate cellular metabolism by becoming part of enzymes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What mineral Activates enzymes that involved in protein synthesis, Bone metabolism (to maintain bone strength) and Serves as enzymes for CHO metabolism Regulate (lower) blood pressure
33.  Major minerals required higher amounts > 100  mg daily  
A.
B.
34.  Vitamin C, A, D, E, K and chloine are all water soluble vitamins
A.
B.
35.  Occurs when vitamins are not excreted effectively and accumulate in the tissue → toxic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Excessive vitamin E can affect vitamin K’s blood-clotting functions 
A.
B.
37.  B1 vitamins is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Water soluble vitamins in excess have a low potential for toxicity
A.
B.
39.  For coenzyme to function only one part needs to be present
A.
B.
40.  Which trace mineral is Essential for synthesis of thyroid hormone
41.  What minerals required smaller amounts < 100  mg daily
42.  Chloride + hydrogen  → hydrochloric acid (help to kill bacteria in the stomach)
A.
B.
43.  What water soluble vitamin can: 1.Functions as coenzyme in protein metabolism and glycogen metabolism   2.Neurotransmitter formation   3.Necessary for formation of hemoglobin and red blood cells.
44.   vitamin B7 can Functions as coenzyme in the metabolism of CHO, fats, and protein
A.
B.
45.  Recommendation for vitamin k in women is 120ug and 90ug in men
A.
B.
46.  Rickets in children and Osteomalacia in adult is a result in the deficiency of vitamin D
A.
B.
47.  Small rise in body temperature increases enzyme activity
A.
B.
48.  Minerals are organing compunds with caloric value
A.
B.
49.  If water soluble vitamin in the diet regularly contains less than 50% of recommended amount of , marginal deficiencies could develop within about four weeks.
A.
B.
50.  Excess fat soluble vitamins intake has a high potential for toxicity
A.
B.
51.  Proper use of iron in the body. *** converted ferrous iron (F2+) to ferric iron (F3+) so that iron (F3+ ) can be transported in the blood. Help to protect the body against free radical damage Involved in connective tissue formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.   which major mineral  functions as Bone and tooth formation, Blood clotting, Nerve impulse transmissio,n Muscle contraction
53.  Recommnedation for both men and women of vitamin E are
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Vitamin B9 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.   what vitamin functions as coenzyme involved in energy production from CHO and fats
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which water soluble vitamin has function that can; 1.Serve as coenzyme for energy production from CHO.   2.Maintain the normal function of nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  (1)Calcium (2)Phosphorus (3)Magnesium (4)Sodium (5)Chloride (6)Potassium (7)Sulfur Are all major minerals
A.
B.
58.   how many major minerals
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Actions of T4 and T3: (1) high metabolic rate (2) high O2 consumption (3) high heat production (4) high Necessary for CNS development (5) high metabolic reactions: protein and lipid synthesis. (6) high activity of many hormone, especially catecholamines. (7) high needed for normal GH function
A.
B.
60.  Vitamins can supply energy and contribute to body mass
A.
B.
61.  Which are minerals have electrical chared particles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  bone has two types of cells what are they
63.  Vitamin B5 is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Adequate calcium intake and regular weight-bearing exercise or resistance training help prevent bone loss at any age.
A.
B.
65.  Anti-inflection vitamin” is The maintenance of epithelial tissues (membrane) in preventing infection
A.
B.
66.  The role of coenzyme is for activation of enzymes
A.
B.
67.  Malonaldehyde (MDA)  and pentane are
68.   name of major mineral that functions with calcium for Bone and tooth formation,Cell membrane structure,Enzyme activation, and is  A component of ATP and CP
69.  What two factors alter enzyme activity
70.  Sodium function is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  What type of compunds are vitamins
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Water soluble vitamins influence after digestion are
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which vitamin 1.Forms collagen essential for connective tissue development  (e.g. tendons and ligaments)   2.Helps in absorption of iron.   3.Help the formation of epinephrine.   4.Serves as antioxidant
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Which bone cell breaks down hardened materials, releasing calcium and phosphorus into the blood
75.  What percentage of calcium is absorbed
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.   T3 (triiodothyronine) and  T4 (thyroxine) are both thyroid hormones
A.
B.
77.   Electrolyte Establish the proper electrical gradient across cell membranes.Modulate fluid exchange within the body's fluid compartments.Regulate the acid and base qualities of body fluids
A.
B.
78.  If vitamins taken in excess can be stored in
79.   which  fat soluble vitamin acts as hormone to increase intestinal absorption of calcium
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  (1)Iron (2) Zinc (3)Chromium (4)Fluoride (5)Copper (6)Manganese (7)Iodine (8)Selenium    are all trace minerals
A.
B.
81.  Which vitamin promotes bone and tooth formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Supplementing Vitamin B6, an essential coenzyme in glycogen and amino acid metabolism, did NOT benefit people, exercising in high-intensity aerobic exercise.
A.
B.
83.  Phosphorus combines with calcium to form hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate to provide rigidity (hardness) to bones and tooth. Phosphorus combines with lipids to form phospholipids to provide integrity to cell membranes. Phosphorus can activate or deactivate enzymes through phosphorylation
A.
B.
84.   what trace mineral function include: Formation of Hemoglobin and myoglobin, Forms some enzymes for energy metabolisms and is Important for immune functionBrain development 
85.  One of carotenoid, beta-carotene, is a powerful antioxidant to  interfere with free radical activity
A.
B.
86.  Vitamin B2 is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.   RDA recommendation for vitamin A for  women and men are
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  B-complex vitamins play key roles as coenzymes during CHO, fat, and protein catabolism.
A.
B.
89.  RDA recommnedation for calcium in both men and women are
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Both women and men RDA recommnedation for Sodium is 1000ug
A.
B.
91.  Fat soluble vitamins can be taken in excess without medical supervision
A.
B.
92.   vitamin B6 can Functions as coenzyme for DNA formation and red blood cell development
A.
B.
93.  Vitamin B3 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Exhaustive maximal exercise induces free radical generation while submaximal exercise (i.e. less than 70% VO2max) may inhibit free radical production
A.
B.
95.  It is a vitamin-like compound, but is NOT classified as a B vitamin.  its function include The formation of  neurotransmitter, acetylcholine which is involved in muscle activation and Maintain the structural integrity of cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Trabecular bone is more susceptible to calcium loss than the more dense compact bone
A.
B.
97.  Which three vitamins are also known as the antioxodant vitamins
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Zinc is a Cofactor of many enzymes in energy metabolism, functions in Protein synthesis, and Plays a role in wound healing, which enhance immune function
A.
B.
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