US History Unit 4 Test

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 US history unit 4 test
Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer. DC Standards: 8. 1, 8. 1. ES. E, 8. 1. PS. C, 8. 1. ES. F, 8. 4, 8. 6. ES. A, 8. 5. ES. B

  
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  • 1. 

    How many more German immigrants arrived in the United States in 1850 than arrived in 1840?
    • A. 

      Approximately 90,000

    • B. 

      Approximately 25,000

    • C. 

      Approximately 50,000

    • D. 

      Approximately 100,000


  • 2. 

    How would you describe the overall pattern of Irish immigration?
    • A. 

      Both the number and the percentage decreased from 1840 to 1850

    • B. 

      The number increased sharply but the percentage declined more

    • C. 

      The number decreased sharply but the percentage increased

    • D. 

      Both the number and the percentage increased from 1840 to 1850


  • 3. 

    Which source provided a lower percentage of immigrants in 1850 than in 1840?
    • A. 

      Ireland

    • B. 

      Other Europeans

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Ireland, Germany and other Europeans


  • 4. 

    What conclusion can you draw about non-European immigration?
    • A. 

      It did not occur in 1840

    • B. 

      It was a major portion of immigration in 1850

    • C. 

      It decreased between 1840 and 1850

    • D. 

      It increased between 1840 and 1850


  • 5. 

    Why might it be said that British immigration grew more than Irish immigration between 1840 and 1850?
    • A. 

      The percentage of Irish immigration declined

    • B. 

      The number of British immigrants increased more than the number of Irish

    • C. 

      The number of Irish immigrants decreased from 1840 to 1850

    • D. 

      British immigration did not grow more than Irish immigration between 1840 to 1850


  • 6. 

    Judging from the action listed on this time line, which of the following best describes the attitude of President Polk?
    • A. 

      He was an opponent of manifest destiny

    • B. 

      He did not concern himself with events in the Southwest

    • C. 

      He was a supporter of manifest destiny

    • D. 

      He sought friendly relations with Mexico at any cost


  • 7. 

    Why was General Scott's invasion along Mexico's eastern coast so important?
    • A. 

      General Taylor's forces needed to rest

    • B. 

      U.S. forces had already won the land along the Pacific Ocean

    • C. 

      The U.S. navy now equaled the British navy

    • D. 

      It attacked southern Mexico, not far from Mexico City


  • 8. 

    About how much time passed between Genearl Taylor's troops marched across the Rio Grande and his victory at Buena Vista?
    • A. 

      About 6 weeks

    • B. 

      About one year

    • C. 

      About 10 months

    • D. 

      Less than 3 weeks


  • 9. 

    Which military leader played the key role in winning Mexico's surrender?
    • A. 

      Genearl Stephen Kearny

    • B. 

      General Winfield Scott

    • C. 

      General Zachary Taylor

    • D. 

      Generals Kearny, Scott & Taylor


  • 10. 

    What event led to the initial clash between Mexican and U.S. troops?
    • A. 

      General Kearny invaded New Mexico

    • B. 

      Genearl Taylor wins the battle at Buena Vista

    • C. 

      President Polk declared war on Mexico

    • D. 

      Polk ordered U.S. troops into disputed territory


  • 11. 

    How many more electoral votes did Jackson get than Adams?
    • A. 

      103

    • B. 

      95

    • C. 

      85

    • D. 

      261


  • 12. 

    How many more popular votes did Jackson receive than Adams?
    • A. 

      1,155,350

    • B. 

      139,222

    • C. 

      1,143,450

    • D. 

      143,222


  • 13. 

    How many people voted in the election of 1828?
    • A. 

      139,222

    • B. 

      1,144,450

    • C. 

      141,656

    • D. 

      1,155,350


  • 14. 

    Which two states had the largest number of electoral votes?
    • A. 

      New York and Pennsylvania

    • B. 

      Virginia and Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Virginia and New York

    • D. 

      Virginia and West Virginia


  • 15. 

    In which of the states that splits its electoral votes between the two candidates was the vote most evenly divided?
    • A. 

      Maine

    • B. 

      Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Maryland

    • D. 

      New York


  • 16. 
    Why did J.Q. Adams have difficulty accomplishing his goals as president?
    • A. 

      Adams died shortly after becoming president

    • B. 

      Henry Clay, his vice-president, was too eager to compromise

    • C. 

      He did not defend himself against attacks by Jackson

    • D. 

      Jackson supporters dominated Congress


  • 17. 
    What was the central principle of Jacksonian democracy?
    • A. 

      Easing voting restrictions to include women

    • B. 

      Practicing the spoils system and supporting industrialization

    • C. 

      Spreading political power to common people

    • D. 

      Using tariffs to increase federal revenues


  • 18. 
    What changed Calhoun into a champion of states' rights?
    • A. 

      The need to conform to Jackson's program as Jackson's vice-president

    • B. 

      His concern for the well-being of the South

    • C. 

      His humble beginnings and his lack of formal education

    • D. 

      He married a woman from the North Dakota


  • 19. 
    What distinguished the Cherokee from other tribes?
    • A. 

      Sequoya developed a written language

    • B. 

      The Cherokee had their own constitution

    • C. 

      Cherokee owned farms and ranches

    • D. 

      All answer choices are correct


  • 20. 
    After the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees, Jackson said, "John Marshall has made his decision...Now let him enforce it." What did he mean?
    • A. 

      That it was up to the Supreme Court to enforce its decisions

    • B. 

      That it was not the president's job to enforce the rulings of the Court

    • C. 

      That Jackson was upset that Marshall had made the Court's decision

    • D. 

      That Jackson did not intend to carry out the Court's ruling


  • 21. 
    Which was NOT a reason why Southerners objected to high tariffs?
    • A. 

      Tariffs were used to pay for improvements in the Northeast

    • B. 

      Southerners bought many products from Northeastern manufacturers

    • C. 

      Southerners believed that tarrifs hurt them to help the Northeast

    • D. 

      The South's economy depended on trade with Great Britain


  • 22. 
    Why would Jackson's Western background shape his dislike of the national bank?
    • A. 

      As a Westerner, Jackson did not understand how banks worked

    • B. 

      The national bank was owned by rich investors from the South

    • C. 

      Westerners wanted easier credit to buy public land

    • D. 

      Bank supporters were Democrats, but most Westerners were Whig


  • 23. 
    Why did Northeasterners oppose Jackson's easy credit policies for land sales?
    • A. 

      They feared Western crops would compete with Northeastern crops

    • B. 

      They believed that the West and South would unite against the Northeast

    • C. 

      They feared that their factory workers would move West to become farmers

    • D. 

      They feared the national bank would create an inflationary situation


  • 24. 
    How did some Native Americans resist the Removal Act?
    • A. 

      They left and then returned

    • B. 

      They challenged the law in the U.S. court system

    • C. 

      They fought wars against the U.S. government

    • D. 

      All the answer choices are correct


  • 25. 
    Why was Daniel Webster featured in newspapers across the country?
    • A. 

      He was made an eloquent Senate speech attacking Jackson's removal policy

    • B. 

      He developed the nation's first dictionary

    • C. 

      He supported John Quincy Adams in the 1824 presidential election

    • D. 

      He defended the federal government in a Senate debate over nullification


  • 26. 
    How did the gold rush affect the population of California?
    • A. 

      Miners deprived many Californios of their legal rights and their land

    • B. 

      White miners forced nonwhites off their claims

    • C. 

      Miners hunted down and killed many Native Americans

    • D. 

      All the answer choices are correct


  • 27. 
    What complicated the process of California becoming a state?
    • A. 

      African Americans helped Native Americans and the Californios

    • B. 

      If California were a free state, the slave states would be outnumbered

    • C. 

      Native Americans and Californios rebelled against the United States

    • D. 

      There were not enough people to apply for statehood


  • 28. 
    Which action provoked the Mexican War?
    • A. 

      Mexicans refused to accept the U.S. offer of $10 million for Texas

    • B. 

      Polk ordered Zachary Taylor to station troops on disputed land

    • C. 

      All the answer choices are correct

    • D. 

      U.S. troops ambushed a Mexican outpost near the Rio Grande


  • 29. 
    What effect did the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo NOT have?
    • A. 

      The United States protected the Native Americans living in these areas

    • B. 

      The Mexicans living in the United States became a minority

    • C. 

      The Southwest became part of the United States

    • D. 

      Texas became an independent republic


  • 30. 
    Which motive was common to most Americans who went west?
    • A. 

      They wanted religious freedom

    • B. 

      They wanted to improve their economic situation

    • C. 

      They were escaping trouble in the East

    • D. 

      They already had relatives in the West


  • 31. 
    Which best describes the relationship between Tejanos and Americans in Texas?
    • A. 

      Tejanos taught Americans Spanish, and Americans taught them English

    • B. 

      They agreed that Texas should be a self-governing Mexican state

    • C. 

      Americans and Tejanos agreed to make peace with Native Americans

    • D. 

      Tejanos supported the Americans' attitude toward Mexican laws


  • 32. 
    Which national issue was the reason some people opposed the War with Mexico?
    • A. 

      The fear that the United States was growing too large to govern

    • B. 

      The fear that slavery would spread into new territories

    • C. 

      The fear that another war would bankrupt the national government

    • D. 

      The fear that Spain would enter the war as Mexico's ally


  • 33. 
    Which was NOT a reason why the admission of Texas as a state was delayed for nearly ten years after Texans gained their independence?
    • A. 

      Most Texans did not want to become a part of the United States

    • B. 

      Northerners did not want to upset the slave-nonslave balance in Congress

    • C. 

      Americans feared that annexing Texas would lead to war with Mexico

    • D. 

      Some Americans objected to the existence of slavery in Texas


  • 34. 
    What did Stephen Austin and Brigham Young have in common?
    • A. 

      Both carried and founded new colonies in the West

    • B. 

      Both were mountain men who traded in furs and exploded the West

    • C. 

      Both were religious leaders who traveled west to flee persecution

    • D. 

      Both were military heroes in the Western wars


  • 35. 
    Which was true of mountain men?
    • A. 

      Mountain men refused to share their knowledge with others

    • B. 

      Mountain men eventually went into business with land speculators

    • C. 

      Some mountain men were Native American

    • D. 

      Their careers declined after men in the East started wearing silk hats


  • 36. 
    Which was NOT an example of a push factor in immigration?
    • A. 

      Catholics who faced discrimination in Ireland came to the United States

    • B. 

      Swedes setting on public land in the United States

    • C. 

      German Jews religious persecution

    • D. 

      German artisans put out of business by factory-made products


  • 37. 
    Why did immigrants from Ireland tend to settle in cities?
    • A. 

      City life reminded them of Dublin

    • B. 

      They found jobs in the port cities where they had arrived

    • C. 

      Cities provided free education

    • D. 

      All answer choices are correct


  • 38. 
    Which principle did civil disobedience share with nullification?
    • A. 

      Government cannot exceed its power

    • B. 

      All of the answer choices are correct

    • C. 

      The will of the majority rules

    • D. 

      An unjust law can be resisted


  • 39. 
    Which of teh following was NOT tru of transcendentalism?
    • A. 

      It was the basis for a form of protest called civil disobedience

    • B. 

      It influenced U.S. painters to focus on nature

    • C. 

      It followers believed that people could learn from nature

    • D. 

      It taught that people could find the truth within themselves


  • 40. 
    Why did white Southerners NOT want slaves to learn to raed?
    • A. 

      William Lloyd Garrison was criticized for his abolitionist newspaper

    • B. 

      No colleges accepted African Americans

    • C. 

      Reading was not a skill slaves would use

    • D. 

      White Southerners feared that educated slaves would rebel


  • 41. 
    Why did some Americans oppose immigration?
    • A. 

      Immigrants refused to join the Know-Nothing party

    • B. 

      Some Americans were prejudiced against immigrants

    • C. 

      Immigrants refused to learn American ways

    • D. 

      The Pope sent Catholics to the United States to overthrow democracy


  • 42. 
    Why did Stanton and Mott organize the Seneca Falls Convention?
    • A. 

      To form an all-female antislavery organization

    • B. 

      Because male abolitionist were not doing enough to end slavery

    • C. 

      To win for women the same rights as men

    • D. 

      To win women's support for more public schools


  • 43. 
    Which was NOT true about the spread of information and knowledge in America in the mid-1800s?
    • A. 

      Hundreds of new magazines appeared

    • B. 

      Abolitionists published antislavery newspapers

    • C. 

      Newspapers became more affordable for the average American

    • D. 

      Public schools in the North taught reading to African Americans


  • 44. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution in Europe act as a push factor?
    • A. 

      Machines increased productivity and salaries

    • B. 

      Artisans that made expensive goods by hand were put out of work

    • C. 

      All the answer choices are correct

    • D. 

      It created many new jobs with better working conditions for laborers


  • 45. 
    What did women reformers achieve in the first half of the nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      Suffrage

    • B. 

      Abolition

    • C. 

      Right to attend college

    • D. 

      They were not able to achieve suffrage, abolition or the right to attend college


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