Take Another Quiz

U.S. History: The Expansion Of Industry

25 Questions
US History Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz covers post civil war America's industry expansion. Inventions and inventors of this time period are included.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The first person to use a steam engine to drill for oil.
    • A. 

      Mr. Mattox

    • B. 

      Edwin L. Drake

    • C. 

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • D. 

      George Bessemer

    • E. 

      Thomas Alva Edison

  • 2. 
    The inventor of the telephone.
    • A. 

      T. La Fone

    • B. 

      Thomas Edison

    • C. 

      Thomas Morse

    • D. 

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
  • 4. 
    The law granting Congress authority to regulate railroad activities.
  • 5. 
    Christopher Sholes invented:
    • A. 

      The typewriter.

    • B. 

      Sandals that exercise your feet.

    • C. 

      Gasoline engine.

    • D. 

      Telegraph.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT a cause of the technological advances after the civil war?
    • A. 

      A large supply of natural resources.

    • B. 

      An explosion of inventions.

    • C. 

      A growing city population that wanted the new products.

    • D. 

      Gold and silver were plentiful.

  • 7. 
    What was a by product of oil when it was first being used to light lamps?
  • 8. 
    What is the name of the product made from oil that was used to light lamps?
  • 9. 
    What is the element that is removed from iron to make it lighter and more flexible?
  • 10. 
    Henry Bessemer invented a process that turned iron into what?
  • 11. 
    The invention of the light bulb is credited to:
  • 12. 
    The railroad that was built to cross the entire country was called:
  • 13. 
    What is the name of the court case that gave government the right to regulate private industry.
  • 14. 
    What were some results of the transcontinental railway being built?
    • A. 

      Many workers died.

    • B. 

      New cities and towns sprang up across the country.

    • C. 

      Trade increased.

    • D. 

      Time zones were instituted.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 15. 
    The theory that taught that only the strong survived is called:
    • A. 

      Monopoly

    • B. 

      Trust

    • C. 

      Social Darwinism

    • D. 

      Horizontal integration

    • E. 

      Vertical integration.

  • 16. 
    A monopoly is:
    • A. 

      A game that takes hours to play.

    • B. 

      Situation in which one company controls an entire industry.

    • C. 

      When companies who produce similar products merge.

    • D. 

      When someone buys out companies that supply the raw materials.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 17. 
    Horizontal consolidation is when
  • 18. 
    Vertical integration was when:
  • 19. 
    The Scottish immigrant who became a giant in the steel industry was:
    • A. 

      John D. Rockefeller

    • B. 

      Joseph Darwin

    • C. 

      Thomas Edison

    • D. 

      Andrew Carnegie

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 20. 
    A system in which different companies agreed to work together as a large corporation. In this system, the companies then split the profits earned.
    • A. 

      A trust.

    • B. 

      A monopoly.

    • C. 

      A boom.

    • D. 

      A holding company.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 21. 
    Which is not a reason that the South had little to no industrial growth at this time?
    • A. 

      The region was still recovering from the Civil war.

    • B. 

      Many Southerners refused to invest their money in businesses in the South after the war.

    • C. 

      Most Southerners who tried to start businesses had difficulty overcoming economic obstacles.

    • D. 

      Southern businesses could not compete with Northern companies which were already well established.

    • E. 

      Southerners are just lazy as evidence in their southern drawl accent.

  • 22. 
    Who was the leader of the American Federation of Labor?
    • A. 

      Samuel Gompers

    • B. 

      George Bush

    • C. 

      Andrew Carnegie

    • D. 

      John D. Rockefeller

    • E. 

      Samuel Clemens

  • 23. 
    Because of poor working conditions, workers began to form groups to advocate for them. These groups are known as:
  • 24. 
    When workers went on strike to protest poor working conditions, owners hired replacement workers called:
  • 25. 
    One who leaves a country to settle in another country is called: