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Unit 2 History Ch. 24

66 Questions
History Quizzes & Trivia

AMH2020 - America: A Narrative History 8th Edition

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Progressives generally believed government should not interfere with big business.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Theodore Roosevelt gave muckrakers their name.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Theodore Roosevelt took a strong, activist approach to the presidency.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The phrase “Square Deal” is associated with Theodore Roosevelt.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In Swift and Company v. United States, the Supreme Court put forth the “stream-of-commerce” doctrine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    William H. Taft achieved the most significant tariff reduction of any progressive president.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    One of Taft’s major issues became his support for high tariffs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Theodore Roosevelt initiated more anti-trust suits than any president in history.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Woodrow Wilson was a minister’s son who grew up in the South.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The Underwood-Simmons Tariff created the first regular federal income tax.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    William Howard Taft finished second in the presidential election of 1912.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Woodrow Wilson was elected president in 1908.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Wilson was a weak president who trusted Congress to adopt the proper policies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Theodore Roosevelt considered the Federal Trade Commission to be the cornerstone of his program for big business.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Federal money for farm demonstration agents was approved in the Adamson Act.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The author of The Shame of the Cities was: Ref: The muckrakers
    • A. 

      George F. Baer

    • B. 

      Ray Stannard Baker

    • C. 

      Henry Demarest Lloyd

    • D. 

      Lincoln Steffens

  • 18. 
    The subject of Wealth against Commonwealth was: Ref: The muckrakers
    • A. 

      Standard Oil

    • B. 

      Municipal corruption

    • C. 

      Child labor

    • D. 

      Urban transportation

  • 19. 
    Frederick W. Taylor: Ref: The “gospel of efficiency”
    • A. 

      Was an Oregon reformer responsible for many progressive measures enacted there

    • B. 

      Wrote The Principles of Scientific Management

    • C. 

      Was the progressive editor of Arena

    • D. 

      Was founder of the National Child Labor Committee

  • 20. 
    The commission plan of city government was first adopted in: Ref: The “gospel of efficiency”
    • A. 

      Atlanta, Georgia

    • B. 

      Durham, North Carolina

    • C. 

      Galveston, Texas

    • D. 

      Springfield, Missouri

  • 21. 
    The originator of the “Wisconsin idea” of efficient government was: Ref: The “gospel of efficiency”
    • A. 

      Lewis Hine

    • B. 

      Hiram Johnson

    • C. 

      Florence Kelley

    • D. 

      Robert M. La Follette

  • 22. 
    Which of the following best describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses? Ref: Corporate regulation
    • A. 

      Adopt a socialist program of public ownership

    • B. 

      Follow the principles of laissez-faire government

    • C. 

      Regulate big business

    • D. 

      Allow business to work out its own destiny

  • 23. 
    The National Child Labor Committee pushed: Ref: Social justice
    • A. 

      To allow as many immigrant children to enter the workforce as possible

    • B. 

      To open more technical schools

    • C. 

      Federal legislation allowing children to work more hours

    • D. 

      For laws banning the widespread employment of young children

  • 24. 
    The Seventeenth Amendment: Ref: The Taft-Roosevelt break
    • A. 

      Authorized the popular election of U.S. senators

    • B. 

      Gave women the right to vote

    • C. 

      Called for direct primaries

    • D. 

      Authorized the federal income tax

  • 25. 
    The title of the novel that described the terrible conditions of the meat-packing industry was: Ref: Food and drug regulations
    • A. 

      Chicago

    • B. 

      The Great American Fraud

    • C. 

      The Jungle

    • D. 

      Maggie

  • 26. 
    During the coal strike: Ref: Coal Strike of 1902
    • A. 

      President Theodore Roosevelt won support for his use of the “big stick” against big business

    • B. 

      Thousands of striking miners marched on Washington, starting a riot that lasted three days

    • C. 

      President Theodore Roosevelt threatened to use the army to force strikers back to work

    • D. 

      Arbitrators awarded the miners all their demands

  • 27. 
    In the area of conservation, Theodore Roosevelt:
    • A. 

      Believed strongly that natural resources should be preserved but felt that this was a matter for state, not federal, action

    • B. 

      Angered many conservationists by his appointment of Gifford Pinchot, a businessman with no experience in conservation, as head of the Division of Forestry

    • C. 

      Used the Forest Reserve Act to withdraw over 170 million acres of timberland from logging

    • D. 

      Vetoed a bill authorizing a National Conservation Commission

  • 28. 
    William Howard Taft:
    • A. 

      Was Roosevelt’s choice as his successor

    • B. 

      Was described by many journalists as “the ultimate politician”

    • C. 

      Found solid support from voters only in the South and Southwest

    • D. 

      Was, in the Republican tradition, opposed to a lower tariff

  • 29. 
    President Taft’s domestic policies generated a storm of controversy: Ref: Tariff reform
    • A. 

      Overseas

    • B. 

      Within the Democratic party

    • C. 

      Within the Progressive party

    • D. 

      Within his own party

  • 30. 
    Contrary to his party’s tradition, President Taft called for:
    • A. 

      A moderately high tariff

    • B. 

      No tariff

    • C. 

      A lower tariff

    • D. 

      A high tariff only on luxury items

  • 31. 
    In the case of Lochner v. New York, the Supreme Court:
    • A. 

      Upheld a Utah law limiting miners to eight-hour workdays

    • B. 

      Ordered the breakup of the “beef trust”

    • C. 

      Ordered the breakup of the American Tobacco Company

    • D. 

      Voided a state-legislated ten-hour day because it violated workers’ “liberty of contract”

  • 32. 
    Which candidate was shot during the 1912 presidential campaign?
    • A. 

      Eugene V. Debs

    • B. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C. 

      William H. Taft

    • D. 

      Woodrow Wilson

  • 33. 
    Woodrow Wilson was:
    • A. 

      A professor and college president

    • B. 

      The leading Roman Catholic politician at the turn of the century

    • C. 

      The progressive governor of Oregon

    • D. 

      Influenced mainly by Populist reformers

  • 34. 
    In the presidential election of 1912, William Howard Taft:
    • A. 

      Was the Republican candidate

    • B. 

      Campaigned for his “Bull Moose” program

    • C. 

      Named George W. Norris as his vice-presidential running mate

    • D. 

      Defeated Woodrow Wilson

  • 35. 
    The Hepburn Act of 1906:
    • A. 

      Was the first federal law regulating labor standards

    • B. 

      Authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum rates for railroads

    • C. 

      Said that coal miners were required to be paid in cash

    • D. 

      In effect outlawed the Northern Securities Company

  • 36. 
    As president, Taft: Ref: The Taft-Roosevelt break
    • A. 

      Was able to unite a faction-ridden Republican party with his towering personality

    • B. 

      Opposed both the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments

    • C. 

      Brought fewer than one-third the number of anti-trust suits prosecuted under Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Withdrew more public lands in four years than Roosevelt had in nearly eight

  • 37. 
    George Bird Grinnell is associated with:
    • A. 

      The Audubon Society

    • B. 

      Writing Man and Nature

    • C. 

      The anti-conservation movement

    • D. 

      San Francisco

  • 38. 
    The election of 1912 brought about all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Gave the Democrats effective national power for the first time in over half a century

    • B. 

      Signaled the return of southerners to national and international affairs for the first time since the Civil War

    • C. 

      Brought the same man to the White House in nonconsecutive terms

    • D. 

      Altered the character of the Republican party, making it more conservative

    • E. 

      Offered a high-water mark for progressivism

  • 39. 
    Louis D. Brandeis:
    • A. 

      Was the first Jewish member of the Supreme Court

    • B. 

      Led the conservative opposition to federal labor laws

    • C. 

      Was Theodore Roosevelt’s vice-presidential running mate in 1912

    • D. 

      Was president of the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company

  • 40. 
    A major factor in Woodrow Wilson’s victory in the 1912 presidential campaign was the fact that:
    • A. 

      Many Republicans supported his nomination

    • B. 

      The Republican party had split in two

    • C. 

      Wealthy Democrats poured millions of dollars into his campaign

    • D. 

      The United States was at war

  • 41. 
    The Underwood-Simmons Tariff:
    • A. 

      Raised the average tariff and hence was supported by Wilson

    • B. 

      Lowered the average tariff and hence was opposed by Wilson

    • C. 

      Raised the average tariff and hence was opposed by Wilson

    • D. 

      Lowered the average tariff and hence was supported by Wilson

  • 42. 
    The Clayton Anti-Trust Act:
    • A. 

      Was more lenient toward big business than was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    • B. 

      Outlawed price discrimination and interlocking directorates

    • C. 

      Was originally opposed by labor union leaders

    • D. 

      Was considered by Theodore Roosevelt the crowning achievement of his administration

  • 43. 
    In his first term as president, Wilson did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Refused to support a federal amendment for women’s suffrage

    • B. 

      Allowed the spread of racist practices in the federal government

    • C. 

      Withheld support from federal child-labor legislation

    • D. 

      Failed to reorganize the banking system

  • 44. 
    The Federal Highways Act: Ref: a resurgence of progressivism
    • A. 

      Passed in 1889

    • B. 

      Was vetoed by pro-railroad politicians

    • C. 

      Passed in 1916

    • D. 

      Illustrated the power of the Ford family

  • 45. 
    The Federal Reserve Act did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Shifted the U.S. Treasury back to the gold standard

    • B. 

      Made currency and bank credit more elastic

    • C. 

      Created twelve Federal Reserve banks

    • D. 

      Lessened the power of the huge New York banks

  • 46. 
    In the progressive period:
    • A. 

      Reformers were generally pessimistic about finding solutions to social ills

    • B. 

      Voter turnout increased

    • C. 

      Many groups—blacks, the poor, the unorganized—had little influence

    • D. 

      Conservative politicians destroyed any semblance of a welfare state

  • 47. 
    The muckrakers saw their primary objective as:
    • A. 

      Converting Americans to socialism

    • B. 

      Exposing social problems to the public

    • C. 

      Increasing the circulation of sensationalist newspapers

    • D. 

      Proposing detailed legislation

  • 48. 
    Progressives supported all of the following as measures to democratize government EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The initiative

    • B. 

      The referendum

    • C. 

      The poll tax

    • D. 

      The party primary

  • 49. 
    At the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911:
    • A. 

      A strike resulted in the intervention of federal troops

    • B. 

      Frederick Taylor first applied his scientific management principles

    • C. 

      Workers died as a result of a fire

    • D. 

      The labor force was found to be made up entirely of children

  • 50. 
    Theodore Roosevelt’s close friend Gifford Pinchot was:
    • A. 

      A forestry expert and leading conservationist

    • B. 

      A strict prohibitionist who pushed for the Seventeenth Amendment

    • C. 

      The president’s chief speechwriter

    • D. 

      One of the most famous muckrakers

  • 51. 
    In the 1908 presidential race:
    • A. 

      Theodore Roosevelt sought reelection

    • B. 

      The Democrats once again nominated William Jennings Bryan

    • C. 

      The Socialist vote practically disappeared

    • D. 

      Prohibition became the major issue

  • 52. 
    The issue that provoked an open break between Taft and Roosevelt was:
    • A. 

      Taft’s support for lower tariffs

    • B. 

      Taft’s reduction in the size of the navy

    • C. 

      Taft’s anti-trust suit against United States Steel

    • D. 

      Taft’s support for the federal income tax

  • 53. 
    Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom platform:
    • A. 

      Proposed vigorous anti-trust action to break up corporate concentration

    • B. 

      Accepted gigantic corporations as a fact of modern economic life

    • C. 

      Was the creation of a writer named Herbert Croly

    • D. 

      Was the reason he won the 1912 election

  • 54. 
    Of the four presidential candidates in 1912, the one most likely to advocate government ownership of big business was:
    • A. 

      William Jennings Bryan

    • B. 

      Woodrow Wilson

    • C. 

      William Howard Taft

    • D. 

      Eugene Debs

  • 55. 
    Upon becoming president, Wilson appointed as secretary of state:
    • A. 

      Louis Brandeis

    • B. 

      Champ Clark

    • C. 

      Colonel Edward House

    • D. 

      William Jennings Bryan

  • 56. 
    The Adamson Act of 1916:
    • A. 

      Restricted child labor

    • B. 

      Provided low-interest loans to farmers

    • C. 

      Established the eight-hour day for railroad workers

    • D. 

      Provided federal funds to build highways

  • 57. 
    The Newlands Act of 1902:
    • A. 

      Created new homesteading areas in Alaska

    • B. 

      Established a new federal agency to deal with water in the West

    • C. 

      Was one Nevada senator’s attempt to lessen the role of a “socialist” government

    • D. 

      Made it illegal for children to work night shifts

  • 58. 
    Which of the following statements regarding coal is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Roosevelt once bellowed that “the Constitution is more important than coal!”

    • B. 

      Taft had a problem with United States Steel acquiring Tennessee Coal and Iron.

    • C. 

      In 1902, Roosevelt threatened to take over coal mines in West Virginia and Pennsylvania.

    • D. 

      Rutherford Hayes and Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to coal country during periods of labor unrest.

  • 59. 
    WCTU:
    • A. 

      Was the first radio station in America

    • B. 

      Stood for Women’s Christian Temperance Union

    • C. 

      Was the radio station Roosevelt made famous while president

    • D. 

      Stood for Western Colorado Teamsters Union

  • 60. 
    In 1917, a prohibition amendment to the Constitution:
    • A. 

      Passed Congress, then went to the states for ratification

    • B. 

      Was ratified by the states as the Eighteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Was overturned by the Twenty-first Amendment

    • D. 

      Failed passage by Congress, but was ratified by the states anyway

  • 61. 
    Jane Addams called the impulse to found settlement houses:
    • A. 

      “a woman’s response to alcoholism and abuse”

    • B. 

      “urban enlightenment”

    • C. 

      “the upper-class prayer answered”

    • D. 

      “Christian humanitarianism”

  • 62. 
    Frances Willard lobbied:
    • A. 

      For child labor laws

    • B. 

      For dams to be built in the West

    • C. 

      For the eight-hour workday

    • D. 

      For women to become ministers

  • 63. 
    The Seamen’s Act of 1915 did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Strengthened shipboard safety requirements

    • B. 

      Increased the power of ship captains

    • C. 

      Set minimum food standards

    • D. 

      Reduced the power of ship captains

  • 64. 
    Congress established the Bureau of Corporations:
    • A. 

      To monitor the activities of interstate corporations

    • B. 

      To encourage the development of American industry

    • C. 

      To educate businesses about tariff standards

    • D. 

      To keep an eye on the lobbying efforts in Congress

  • 65. 
    This company refused to turn over its records to the government, leading to a suit and the breakup of the company in 1911:
    • A. 

      Ford Motorcoach

    • B. 

      Standard Oil

    • C. 

      Duke Tobacco

    • D. 

      United States Steel

  • 66. 
    _______________ eventually became chief justice of the Supreme Court in 1921.
    • A. 

      William Jennings Bryan

    • B. 

      Herbert Croly

    • C. 

      William Howard Taft

    • D. 

      Gifford Pinchot