Related Topics
Take Another Quiz

Theories Of Personality Quiz 4

22 Questions
Theories Of Personality Quiz 4

Theories of Personality Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The person-centered view of human nauture is
    • A. 

      Contends that people are basically competitive

    • B. 

      Holds that humans are driven by irrational forces

    • C. 

      Is rooted in a faith in the person's capacity to direct his or her own lfie

    • D. 

      Assumes that, while humans have the potential for growth, there is a tendency toward remaining stagnant

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 2. 
    Person-centered therapy is best described as:
    • A. 

      A completed and fixed "school" of counseling

    • B. 

      A dogmatic set of therapeutic principles

    • C. 

      A systematic set of behavioral techniques

    • D. 

      A set of tentative principles describing how the therapy process develops

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Person-centered therapy is a form of:
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Humanisitic therapy

    • C. 

      Behavioral therapy

    • D. 

      Cogngitive-oriented therapy

    • E. 

      Both (c) and (d)

  • 4. 
    What is the central variable related to progress in person-centered therapy
    • A. 

      Defining concrete and measurable goals

    • B. 

      The therapist's technical skills

    • C. 

      The relationship between the client adn therapist

    • D. 

      The client's ability to think logically and employ the scientific method to solving problems

  • 5. 
    "Therapist congruence" is a term that refers to the therapist's:
    • A. 

      Genuiness

    • B. 

      Empathy for clients

    • C. 

      Postiive regard

    • D. 

      Respect for clients

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT a key concept of the person-centered approach
    • A. 

      The focus is on experiencing the immediate moment

    • B. 

      The person has the capacity to resolve his or her own problems in a climate of safety

    • C. 

      The client is primarliy responsible for hte direction of therapy

    • D. 

      THe focus is on exploration of a client's past

  • 7. 
    The person-centered therapist is best described as
    • A. 

      Facilitator

    • B. 

      Teacher

    • C. 

      Human engineer

    • D. 

      Friend

  • 8. 
    THe concept of "unconditional postive regard" implies:
    • A. 

      The therapist's acceptance of the client's right to all his or her feelings

    • B. 

      Acceptance of all behavior on the client's part

    • C. 

      The therapist's acceptance of the client without stipulations

    • D. 

      Both (a) and (c)

  • 9. 
    "Accurate empathetic understanding" refers to the therapist's ability to
    • A. 

      Accurately diagnose the client's central problem

    • B. 

      Objectively undersatnd the dynamics of a client

    • C. 

      Like and care for the client

    • D. 

      Sense the inner world of the client's subjective experiene

  • 10. 
    Which techniques are most often used int he person-centered approach
    • A. 

      Questioning and probing

    • B. 

      Analysis of resistence

    • C. 

      Free association

    • D. 

      Active listening adn reflection

  • 11. 
    What is a limitation of person-centered therapy
    • A. 

      The approach does not make use of research to study the process or outcomes of therapy

    • B. 

      The therapist has mroe power to manipulate and control the client than is true of most other therapies

    • C. 

      People in crisis situations often need more direcive intervention strategies

    • D. 

      The client is not given enogh responsibilty to direct the course of his or her own therapy

    • E. 

      It is a long-term approach to therapy.

  • 12. 
    One point of disagreemnet between existential and humanistic thought involves
    • A. 

      A respect for the client's subjective experience

    • B. 

      A trust in the capacity of the client to make positive choices

    • C. 

      An emphasis on freedom

    • D. 

      The idea of an innate self-actualizing drive

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 13. 
    According to Rogerian therapy, an "internal source of evaluation" is defined as
    • A. 

      Internalizing the validation one receives from others

    • B. 

      Looking more to oneself for the answers to the problems of existence

    • C. 

      Going on one's instincts when judging the behavior of others

    • D. 

      A neurotic tendnecy to be self-critical

    • E. 

      A success identity

  • 14. 
    Which of the following personal characterisitcs of the therapist is most important, according to Rogers
    • A. 

      Unconidtional positive regard

    • B. 

      Acceptance

    • C. 

      Genuineness

    • D. 

      Accurate empathetic understanding

    • E. 

      Accurate active listening

  • 15. 
    A consistent theme that underlies most of Roger's writings :
    • A. 

      The need to find meaning in life through love, work, or suffering

    • B. 

      The need for a religion to find meaning in life

    • C. 

      The importance of expressing feelings that stem from childhood issues

    • D. 

      A faith in the capacity of individuals to develop in a constructive manner if a climate of trust is established

    • E. 

      The need for clients to relive past traumatic situations in the hear-and-now

  • 16. 
    From Roger's persepctive the client/therapist relationship is characterized by
    • A. 

      A sense of equality

    • B. 

      A reliving of the transference relationship

    • C. 

      The therapist functioning as the expert

    • D. 

      A clearly defined contract that specifies what clients will talk about in the sessions

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    As a result of experiencing person-centered therapy, it is hypothesized that the client will more toward:
    • A. 

      Self-trust

    • B. 

      An internal source of evaluation

    • C. 

      Being more open to experience

    • D. 

      A willingness to continue growing

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    According to Rogers, the three core coniditions that create a growth-promoting climate are
    • A. 

      Congruence, coniditional accpetance, faith in a client

    • B. 

      Congruence, unconditional positive regard, empathetic understanding

    • C. 

      Total love and caring, thearpist transparency, and empathy

    • D. 

      Realness, objecively viewing the client's world, full acceptance

    • E. 

      Commitment, compassion, and confrontation

  • 19. 
    Accurate empathy helps clients to
    • A. 

      Pay attention and value thier experience

    • B. 

      See earlier experiences in new ways

    • C. 

      Modify their perceptions of themselves, others and the world

    • D. 

      Increase thier confidence in making choices and in pursuing a course of action

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    One of the limitations of the person-centered approach for counseling ethnic-minorities clients is
    • A. 

      Not enough empahsis is given to understnading the world of a client who is different from teh counselor

    • B. 

      The tendency on these clients' part to expect amroe sturctured approach

    • C. 

      The fact that this approach is gorunded on the therapist's expertise

    • D. 

      That it is easy to translate the ore conditions into actual practice in certain cultures

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    Roger's approach is based on the assumpion that humans can be trusted, that clients can find thier own way without directive interpretation from therapists, and that clietns have a growth urge.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      Flase

  • 22. 
    The person-centered approach is based on a set of therapeutic tehniques designed to promote behavior change.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False