Theories Of Personality Quiz 3

22 Questions  I  By Stephsquiz12
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  • 1. 
    The basic goal of existential therapy is:
    • A. 

      To expand self-awareness

    • B. 

      To increase choice potentials

    • C. 

      To help clients accept the responsibility of choosing

    • D. 

      To help the client experience authentic existence

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 2. 
    Which is not a key concept of existential therapy?
    • A. 

      It is based on a personal relationsihp between client and therapist

    • B. 

      It stresses personal freedom in deciding one's fate

    • C. 

      It places primary value on self-awareness

    • D. 

      It is based on a well-defined set of techniques and procedures

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 3. 
    The function of the existentially oriented counselor is:
    • A. 

      Develop a specific treatment plan that can be objectively appraised

    • B. 

      Challenge the client's irrational beleifs

    • C. 

      Understand the client's subjective world

    • D. 

      Explore the client's past history in detail

    • E. 

      Assist the client in working through transference


  • 4. 
    According to the existential view, anxiety is seen as a:
    • A. 

      Result of repressed sexuality

    • B. 

      Part of the human condition

    • C. 

      Neurotic symptom that needs to be cured

    • D. 

      Result of faulty learning


  • 5. 
    Existential therapy is best considered as:
    • A. 

      An approach to understanding humans

    • B. 

      A school of therapy

    • C. 

      A system of techniques designed to create authentic humans

    • D. 

      A strategy for uncovering dysfunctional behavior


  • 6. 
    Which might be considered the most crucial quality of a therapist in building an effective therapeutic relationship with a client?
    • A. 

      Teh therapist's knowledge of theory

    • B. 

      The therapist's skill in using techniques

    • C. 

      The therapist's ability to diagnose effectively

    • D. 

      The therapsist's authenticity


  • 7. 
    Philosophically, the existentialist would agree that:
    • A. 

      The final decisions and choices rest wtih teh client

    • B. 

      People redefine themselves by their choicse

    • C. 

      A person can go beyond early conditioning

    • D. 

      Making choices can create anxiety

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 8. 
    The central issues in therapy is:
    • A. 

      Freedom and responsibility

    • B. 

      Resistance

    • C. 

      Transference

    • D. 

      Examining irrational beliefs


  • 9. 
    According to the existential viewpoint, death:
    • A. 

      Makes life absurd

    • B. 

      Makes life meaningless and hopeless

    • C. 

      Gives significance to living

    • D. 

      Should not be discussed or explored in therapy


  • 10. 
    Expanding awareness
    • A. 

      A basic goal of existential therapy

    • B. 

      Possible only with a few clients

    • C. 

      Not given emphasis in existential therpay

    • D. 

      Not possible beacasue of our unconscious resistance


  • 11. 
    The philosophical assumptions underlying the existentail aproach include the notion(s) that:
    • A. 

      People are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone

    • B. 

      People must create their own meangings through their choices

    • C. 

      Freedom is merely an illusion

    • D. 

      Human destiny is mainly determined by external forces and social coniditioning

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)


  • 12. 
    The notion of authorship states that we are authors of our life in the sense that we create our
    • A. 

      Destiny

    • B. 

      Life situation

    • C. 

      Problems

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      All but (b)


  • 13. 
    Existentialists contend that the experience of relatedness to other human beings:
    • A. 

      Is jus ta neurotically dependent attachment

    • B. 

      Shoudl be based on our needs and theirs

    • C. 

      Can be therapeutic

    • D. 

      Is not necessary, since we are basically alone

    • E. 

      All but (c)


  • 14. 
    According to existentialists, all fo the following issues are involved in our search for meaning except:
    • A. 

      Discarding old values

    • B. 

      Meaninglessness

    • C. 

      Creating our own value system

    • D. 

      Exploring unfinished business

    • E. 

      The struggle for significance in life


  • 15. 
    According to Yalom, the concern that make up the core of existentail pscyhodynamics is/are:
    • A. 

      Death

    • B. 

      Freedom

    • C. 

      Isolation

    • D. 

      Meaninglessness

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 16. 
    A statement that best illustrates "bad faith" is:
    • A. 

      Naturally I am this way, because I grew up in an alcoholic family

    • B. 

      I will not consider others in the choices that I make

    • C. 

      I mus tlive by commitments I make

    • D. 

      I am responsible for the choices that I make

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 17. 
    Living authentically implies
    • A. 

      Following the norms of our social group

    • B. 

      Being true to our own evaluation of what constitutes a meaningful existence

    • C. 

      Accepting responsibility for the fact that we create our lives by the choices that we make

    • D. 

      Both (b) and (c)


  • 18. 
    Existential therapy is unlike many other therapies in that:
    • A. 

      It does nto have a well-defined set of techniques

    • B. 

      It stresses the I/Thou encounter in the therapy process

    • C. 

      It focuses on the use of the therapist's self as the core of therapy

    • D. 

      It allows for incorporation of techniques from mnay other approaches

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 19. 
    The concept of "bad faith" refers to
    • A. 

      Not keeping up to date with paying ones therapist

    • B. 

      Leading in inauthentic existence

    • C. 

      The failure to cooperate with the therapeutic venture

    • D. 

      The experience of aloneness

    • E. 

      The unwillingness to search for meaning in life


  • 20. 
    Existential therapy can best be described as a system of highly developed techniques designed to foster authenticity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      Faulse


  • 21. 
    Existential therapy is rooted in the premise that humans can not escape from freedom and responsibility
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    According to existential thinking, effective therapy does not stop with awareness, for clients are challenged to take action based on their insights
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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