Science Benchmark Test - 2nd Quarter - 5th Grade

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Cory's 5th Grade Science - 2nd Quarter Benchmark Test

  
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  • 1. 
    What is the function of the Mitochondria?
    • A. 

      To control the activities of the cell

    • B. 

      To store water, food and wastes

    • C. 

      To support the cell's structures

    • D. 

      To supply energy for the cell


  • 2. 
    Which instrument would be best for studying living animal cells?
    • A. 

      An electron microscope

    • B. 

      A compound light microscope

    • C. 

      A scanning electron microscope

    • D. 

      A magnifying glass


  • 3. 
    What is a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function?
    • A. 

      An organism

    • B. 

      An organ system

    • C. 

      Organelles

    • D. 

      An organ


  • 4. 
    What is the BEST description of a decomposer?
    • A. 

      A microorganism that makes its own food through photosynthesis

    • B. 

      A microorganism that feeds on dead organisms

    • C. 

      A microorganism that spreads germs

    • D. 

      A microorganism found in humid environments


  • 5. 
    A student collected data on the root systems of plants.  She observed that in dry, desertlike conditions, plants often had shallow, widespread root systems.  She also observed that in areas with pelntiful rainfall, many plants had deep roots.  What is a valid conclusion that she might draw from her data?
    • A. 

      Root systems of plants perform similar functions

    • B. 

      Root growth is influenced by the amount of precipitation

    • C. 

      Roots are similar in shape and size

    • D. 

      Root systems are affected by the average termperature of a region


  • 6. 
    All of the following are vascular plants EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Trees

    • B. 

      Moss

    • C. 

      Ferns

    • D. 

      Grass


  • 7. 
    One difference between an animal cell and a plant cell is that a plant cell
    • A. 

      Has no nucleus

    • B. 

      Is smaller

    • C. 

      Has a supportive cell wall

    • D. 

      Is filled with air rather than cytoplasm


  • 8. 
    This table shows the effect of fertilizer on the growth of sunflowers.  The groups of flowers were grown in the same soil and had the same amount of water and sunlight.Amount of Liquid Fertilizer per week       1 ounce        2 ounces             3 ouncesSunflower Height                               10-12 Inches   13-15 inches      16-17 inchesWhat is the depedent variable in this experiment?
    • A. 

      Fertilizer

    • B. 

      Height

    • C. 

      Soil

    • D. 

      Water and sunlight


  • 9. 
    How do microscopic producers contribute to the environment?
    • A. 

      They release oxygen into the atmosphere.

    • B. 

      They consume dead organisms

    • C. 

      They give off heat to warm the atmosphere

    • D. 

      They give off light while performing photosynthesis


  • 10. 
    A student placed a long-stemmed white flowers in blue water.  The petals gradually turned blue.  What hpothesis did he MOST LIKELY set out to prove?
    • A. 

      Impurities in the water will stop photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Plants need water to prevent wilting

    • C. 

      Transpiration draws water into every plat cell

    • D. 

      Plants give off oxygen


  • 11. 
    Which of the following animals are classified as amphibians?
    • A. 

      Chicken, duck, goose

    • B. 

      Frog, salamander, toad

    • C. 

      Alligator, turtle, lizard

    • D. 

      Whale, horse, dog


  • 12. 
    A student noticed that a shady pond had very little algae.  She also noticed that a pond that received full sunshine most of the day had a large quantity of algae.  What conclusion might she draw from her observations?
    • A. 

      Algae are photosynthetic

    • B. 

      Direct sunlight kills algae

    • C. 

      Algae kill figh

    • D. 

      Algae can only grow in the dark


  • 13. 
    When purpose and white pea plants are crossed, all of the offspring plants have purple flowers.  What kinds of plants should Melina's science class get when they cross a tall plant with a short plant?                                                       Flower Color                       Plant HeightDominant Trait                                      Purple                                TallRecessive Trait                                     White                                 Short
    • A. 

      Half the offspring plants will be short and half will be tall

    • B. 

      All of the offsprint plants will be short

    • C. 

      All of the offsprint plants will be tall

    • D. 

      Half the offspring plants will be medium height and half will be short or tall


  • 14. 
    Which is a learned behavior
    • A. 

      Speaking a language

    • B. 

      Spinning a web

    • C. 

      Migration

    • D. 

      Digestion


  • 15. 
    Josh is studying hereedity in science class.  Which is a trait that Josh inherited from his parents?
    • A. 

      Where he lives

    • B. 

      His eye color

    • C. 

      His age

    • D. 

      His hair length


  • 16. 
    A researcher decided to cross two flowers of the same species; one has a blue flower and the other has a green one.  The researcher finds that the four offspring flowers that result are all blue.  A blue flower is the
    • A. 

      Dominant trait

    • B. 

      Recessive Trait

    • C. 

      Carrier

    • D. 

      Not Enough Information is given


  • 17. 
    Emma saw a show on inherited and learned characteristics.  Her mother told her that she inherited her green eyes from her mother's side of the family.  Emma wondered which of her characteristics were learned.  Which describes a learned characteristic?
    • A. 

      Sneezing

    • B. 

      Having Brown Hair

    • C. 

      TTaking a deep breath

    • D. 

      Playing the Piano


  • 18. 
    An offspring does not have traits identical to it's parent.  This offspring was produced by
    • A. 

      Regeneration

    • B. 

      Budding

    • C. 

      Fertilization

    • D. 

      Closing


  • 19. 
    Of the following events, which would be the direct result of a gene expression?
    • A. 

      A dog sitting on command

    • B. 

      A baby born with six fingers

    • C. 

      A man becoming an accomplished pianist

    • D. 

      The length of a girl's hair reaching her shoulders


  • 20. 
    By eating an apple a deer could be helping an apple tree reproduce.  In this way, the deer is MOST like
    • A. 

      A bear eating honey from a beehive

    • B. 

      Ocean currents carrying the seeds of coconut palms to islands

    • C. 

      A rabbit nibbling on lettuce leaves

    • D. 

      Tree roots cracking open a sidewalk


  • 21. 
    In humans, heredity determines
    • A. 

      Eye color

    • B. 

      Life cycle

    • C. 

      Hair length

    • D. 

      Body weight


  • 22. 
    An individual who has inherited the gene for a trait but does not physically show it is a
    • A. 

      Pedigree

    • B. 

      Thoroughbred

    • C. 

      Carrier

    • D. 

      Chromosome


  • 23. 
    Which is the best example of imprinting?
    • A. 

      Young ducks following their mother

    • B. 

      A young horse beginning to trot

    • C. 

      A baby crying

    • D. 

      A spider learning to build a web


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