Psychology: Chapter 4- Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, And Drugs

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  • 1. 
    Most of our time awake is spent in a state called _____, in which our thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear and organized, and we feel alert.
    • A. 

      Altered state of consciousness

    • B. 

      Waking consciousness

    • C. 

      Unconsciousness

    • D. 

      Working consciousness


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT an altered state of consciousness?
    • A. 

      You are daydreaming

    • B. 

      You have been drinking beer

    • C. 

      You are concentrating hard on a math test

    • D. 

      You are asleep


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of a circadian rhythm?
    • A. 

      Menstrual cycle

    • B. 

      Sleep-wake cycle

    • C. 

      Blood pressure changes

    • D. 

      Body temperature changes


  • 4. 
    When light begins to fade at the end of the day, the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the ______ signals the pineal gland to release _______.
    • A. 

      Hippocampus; melatonin

    • B. 

      Hippocampus; serotonin

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus; melatonin

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus; serotonin


  • 5. 
    Which of the following was NOT listed as one of the factors involved in the ability to go to sleep?
    • A. 

      Body mass

    • B. 

      Body temperature

    • C. 

      Serotonin levels

    • D. 

      Melatonin levels


  • 6. 
    The symptoms of sleep deprivation include all but which of the following?
    • A. 

      Trembling hands

    • B. 

      Inability to concentrate

    • C. 

      Feeling on general discomfort

    • D. 

      Hypnic jerk


  • 7. 
    You hear about an accident that took place at 3:00 A.M. The car was traveling along and them seemed to drift into the opposing lane of traffic, hitting an oncoming car head on. Given the early morning time, you suspect that the driver of the car that drifted over the center line most likely experienced a ______.
    • A. 

      Lapse in judgement

    • B. 

      Microsleep episode

    • C. 

      Hypnogogic episode

    • D. 

      Hypnopompic episode


  • 8. 
    It might be best to say that adaptice theory explains _____ whereas restorative theory explains _______.
    • A. 

      Why we NEED to sleep; WHEN we sleep

    • B. 

      WHERE we sleep; why we NEED to sleep

    • C. 

      Why we NEED to sleep; WHERE we sleep

    • D. 

      WHEN we sleep; why we NEED to sleep


  • 9. 
    What is the first stage of sleep in which, if awakened, you will realize that you were asleep?
    • A. 

      Stage One

    • B. 

      Stage Two

    • C. 

      Stage Three

    • D. 

      Stage Four


  • 10. 
    In which stage of sleep do night terrors occur?
    • A. 

      Stage One

    • B. 

      Stage Two

    • C. 

      Stage Three

    • D. 

      Stage Four


  • 11. 
    Sleepwalking _______.
    • A. 

      Is partly hereditary

    • B. 

      Occurs more frequently in girls than in boys

    • C. 

      Occurs in about 50 percent of the population

    • D. 

      Lasts well into late adulthood in most people


  • 12. 
    Night terrors ______.
    • A. 

      Are the same thing as nightmares

    • B. 

      Are always vividly remembered afterward

    • C. 

      Are more common in children

    • D. 

      Take place in one of the lighter stages of sleep.


  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about REM sleep is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The eyes move rapidly back and forth under the eyelids

    • B. 

      Most people report that they were dreaming if awakened

    • C. 

      The body is aroused and brain waves resemble waking beta waves

    • D. 

      Lack of REM sleep produces psychological disorders


  • 14. 
    If you are in REM sleep but are able to move around and act out your dreams, you may have a rare condition called _______.
    • A. 

      REM behavior disorder

    • B. 

      Somnambulism

    • C. 

      Nightmare disorder

    • D. 

      Narcolepsy


  • 15. 
    If you suddenly and without warning slip into REM sleep during the day, often falling down as you do so, you may have a condition called _____.
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Insomnia

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy

    • D. 

      Epilepsy


  • 16. 
    A sleep disorder that may require the use of a machine to force air gently into the nasal passages is called ______.
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Insomnia

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy

    • D. 

      Cataplexy


  • 17. 
    Randall tells his therapist that he had a dream about riding on a train that went through a tunnel. The therapist tells Randall that his dream was most likely about sexual intercourse, as the tunnel represents a woman's vagina. Randall's therapist is using the _______ theory of dreams to explain Randall's dream.
    • A. 

      Activation-synthesis

    • B. 

      Dreams-for-survival

    • C. 

      Hobson/McCarley

    • D. 

      Freudian


  • 18. 
    Hypnosis has been shown to do all of the following BUT ______.
    • A. 

      Induce amnesia for what happens during the hypnotic state

    • B. 

      Provide pain releif without medication

    • C. 

      Alter sensory perceptions

    • D. 

      Regress people back to their early childhood experiences


  • 19. 
    Jackie used Esctasy while she was in college, but now that she has a government job she has avoided using any recreational drugs. Although she had no problem quitting, she still finds that every now and then she gets a strong craving to use Ecstasy again. Her craving si most likely the result of ______.
    • A. 

      Psychological dependence

    • B. 

      Physical dependence

    • C. 

      Withdrawal

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a naturally occuring substance?
    • A. 

      Nicotine

    • B. 

      Amphetamine

    • C. 

      Caffeine

    • D. 

      Cocaine


  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT a depressant?
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Valium

    • C. 

      PCP

    • D. 

      Barbiturate


  • 22. 
    Alcohol actually ______ the release of GABA, a neurotransmitter that inhibits many brain functions.
    • A. 

      Depresses

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Stimulates

    • D. 

      Prevents


  • 23. 
    _________ was originally thought to be a more pure form of morphine, with fewer side effects.
    • A. 

      Heroin

    • B. 

      Laudanum

    • C. 

      Paregoric

    • D. 

      Methadone


  • 24. 
    "Magic mushrooms" are the source of _______.
    • A. 

      Marijuana

    • B. 

      Psilocybin

    • C. 

      Mescaline

    • D. 

      Ecstacsy


  • 25. 
    High doses of marijuana can lead to ____.
    • A. 

      Death

    • B. 

      Hallucinations and delusions

    • C. 

      Extreme arousal

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 26. 
    Which of the following statements concerning sleep deprivation is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Driving after 17 to 19 hours without sleep is less dangerous than having a blood alcohol level of .05

    • B. 

      Sleep deprivation accounts for 30-40 percent of all accidents involving heavy trucks

    • C. 

      Sleep deprivation accounts for 16-60 percent of all road accidents

    • D. 

      Sleep deprivation can cause stress, anxiety, and depression and increase risky behavior


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