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Psychology Chapter 3

40 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology chapter 3 quizpsychology in action 9th ed. (huffman)

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to your text, stress is _______.
    • A. 

      A nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it

    • B. 

      The arousal to situations or events we perceive as threatening or challenging

    • C. 

      Both of these options

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 2. 
    Life changes may affect health because they _______.
    • A. 

      Require adjustments in behavior and lifestyle

    • B. 

      Cause us to reassess our lifestyle

    • C. 

      Are always the result of something bad happening

    • D. 

      Are known to increase the level of cortisol above normal

  • 3. 
    A bad marriage, poor working conditions, and an intolerable political climate are all examples of possible ______.
    • A. 

      Life changes

    • B. 

      Avoidance-avoidance conflicts

    • C. 

      Chronic stressors

    • D. 

      Hassles

  • 4. 
    An example of a(n) _____ conflict world be trying to decide which of two equally good concerts to attend on a Friday night.
    • A. 

      Approach-avoidance conflict

    • B. 

      Avoidance-avoidance conflict

    • C. 

      Approach-approach conflict

    • D. 

      Transitory positive conflict

  • 5. 
    Research has shown that ____ can permanently damage the hippocampus, a key part of the brain involved in memory.
    • A. 

      Prolonged stress

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Corticoamnestics

    • D. 

      All but one of these options

  • 6. 
    Which is NOT a factor know to contribute to the onset of cancer?
    • A. 

      Heredity

    • B. 

      Essential hypertension

    • C. 

      Environment

    • D. 

      Immune system changes

  • 7. 
    A heart attack is _______.
    • A. 

      A disorder of the lining of the heart

    • B. 

      Death of heart muscle tissue

    • C. 

      Elevated blood pressure that leads to death

    • D. 

      Elevated blood pressure because of kidney failure

  • 8. 
    A laid back, calm, relaxed attitude toward life are characteristic of ________.
    • A. 

      Brain disease

    • B. 

      Type A personalities

    • C. 

      Type B personalities

    • D. 

      Alzheimer's disease

  • 9. 
    Hardy people see changes as _____.
    • A. 

      Obstacles to self-actualization

    • B. 

      A challenge rather than a threat

    • C. 

      A chance for purposeful activity and problem solving

    • D. 

      Opportunities for enlisting social support

  • 10. 
    People who survive a horrific attack or personal tragedy may develop _____.
    • A. 

      An approach-approach conflict

    • B. 

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C. 

      A problem-focused form of coping with stress

    • D. 

      A Type A personality

  • 11. 
    ________ studies how biological, psychological, and social factors interact in health and illness.
    • A. 

      Environmental psychology

    • B. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • C. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • D. 

      Health psychology

  • 12. 
    Why do young people start smoking?
    • A. 

      Peer pressure

    • B. 

      Imitation of role models

    • C. 

      Simple curiosity

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    If you wanted to help teenagers stop smoking, you should emphasize the _______.
    • A. 

      Link between nicotine and lung cancer

    • B. 

      Link between nicotine and emphysema

    • C. 

      Link between smoking and bad breath

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    The American Medical Association considers ____ to be the most dangerous and damaging of all drugs.
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Methamphetamine

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Chronic pain should never last longer than a few days.

    • B. 

      Exercise is an effective way to treat chronic pain

    • C. 

      Chronic pain is the leading cause of drug addiction in the 45-60 year old age group

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 16. 
    Naturally produced brain chemicals that reduce pain perception are called _______.
    • A. 

      Opiates

    • B. 

      Adrenaline

    • C. 

      Endorphins

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

  • 17. 
    During ______, we assess our resources and choose a coping method.
    • A. 

      Health psychology intervention

    • B. 

      Biofeedback

    • C. 

      Secondary appraisal

    • D. 

      Complaint-catharsis therapy

  • 18. 
    _____ deals directly with a stressor to decrease or eliminate it.
    • A. 

      Problem-focused coping

    • B. 

      Emotion-focused coping

    • C. 

      Both of these options

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a good resource for effectively coping with stress?
    • A. 

      Sense of humor

    • B. 

      Health and energy

    • C. 

      Social skills

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    _____ refers to a person's belief that life's circumstance are under his or her internal, person control or outside, external factors.
    • A. 

      Positive beliefs

    • B. 

      Locus of control

    • C. 

      Self-efficacy

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 21. 
    An unpleasant state of tension resulting from a blocked goal is called ________.
    • A. 

      Conflict

    • B. 

      Burnout

    • C. 

      Heart disease

    • D. 

      Frustration

  • 22. 
    ____ is a forced choice between two or more incompatible goals.
    • A. 

      Frustration

    • B. 

      Burnout

    • C. 

      Distress

    • D. 

      Conflict

  • 23. 
    Approach-avoidance conflicts are caused by _______.
    • A. 

      Increasing life demands, hassles, and chronic stressors

    • B. 

      An exaggerated response to a real or perceived threat

    • C. 

      Forced choice between two or more alternatives, both of which have desirable and undesirable results

    • D. 

      A blocked goal

  • 24. 
    The SAM system _________.
    • A. 

      Is activated by the hypothalamus during stress

    • B. 

      Increases heart rate

    • C. 

      Releases hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 25. 
    Hans Selye described a generalized physiological reaction to severe stressors that he called the ______.
    • A. 

      HPA axis

    • B. 

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C. 

      General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

    • D. 

      Internal locus of control (ILOC)

  • 26. 
    _______ is an interdisciplinary field that studies the effects of psychological factors on the immune system.
    • A. 

      Health psychology

    • B. 

      Psychiatry

    • C. 

      Psychoneuroimmunology

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
    Chest pain due to an insufficient blood supply to the heart is called _______.
    • A. 

      Angina

    • B. 

      Heart disease

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      A heart attack

  • 28. 
    Having a Type A personality is associated with _______.
    • A. 

      Chronic pain

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Smoking cigarettes

    • D. 

      Heart disease

  • 29. 
    Hardiness is _____.
    • A. 

      A high level of phenylalanine

    • B. 

      A resilient personality characteristic

    • C. 

      Aerobic stamina

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 30. 
    An increase in acetylcholine and norepinephrine is associated with _____.
    • A. 

      Nicotine

    • B. 

      Any alcohol consumption

    • C. 

      Binge drinking

    • D. 

      Stress

  • 31. 
    Once you begin smoking, you continue because ______.
    • A. 

      Nicotine is addictive

    • B. 

      It increases alertness

    • C. 

      It stimulates the release of dopamine

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 32. 
    Chronic pain from tension headaches and lower back pain has been effectively treated with ______.
    • A. 

      EMG biofeedback

    • B. 

      EEG biofeedback

    • C. 

      Psychopharmacology

    • D. 

      Emotion-focused forms of coping

  • 33. 
    Chronic pain is frequently ___________.
    • A. 

      Increased by psychological factors

    • B. 

      Treated with behavior modifications

    • C. 

      Helped by regular exercise

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 34. 
    Deciding if a situation is harmful, threatening, or challenging is known as ________.
    • A. 

      Problem-focused forms of coping

    • B. 

      Emotional approaches

    • C. 

      Primary appraisal

    • D. 

      Secondary appraisal

  • 35. 
    When you manage your emotional reaction to stress, you are using _________.
    • A. 

      An emotion-focused form of coping

    • B. 

      a problem-solving set

    • C. 

      A problem-focused form of coping

    • D. 

      a practical defense mechanism

  • 36. 
    Taking this practice test is a(n) _______ form of coping.
    • A. 

      Primary appraisal

    • B. 

      Overachiever's

    • C. 

      Problem-focused

    • D. 

      Resource enlisted coping style (RECS)

  • 37. 
    Compared to nonprocrastinators, students who procrastinate on class assignments _______.
    • A. 

      Get higher grades because they work better under pressure

    • B. 

      Drop out of college in greater numbers

    • C. 

      Have fewer illnesses because they are less stressed

    • D. 

      Receive lower grades on term papers

  • 38. 
    A(n) _____ locus of control is associated with better coping skills.
    • A. 

      Extrinsic

    • B. 

      Internal

    • C. 

      Heightened

    • D. 

      Relaxed

  • 39. 
    John has been diagnosed with hypertension and is making no attempts to follow his doctor's advice because he thinks he has little or no power over his health.  John is likely to have a(n) ______.
    • A. 

      Type A personality

    • B. 

      Hardy personality

    • C. 

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • D. 

      External locus of control

  • 40. 
    _______ helps people recognize the difference between tense and relaxed muscles.
    • A. 

      Biomuscular training

    • B. 

      Progressive relaxation

    • C. 

      Posttraumatic stress retraining (PTSR)

    • D. 

      None of these options