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Principles Of Biology Chapter 2 And 3

44 Questions
Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This is based on the college level course Principles of Biology 1. This particular quiz pertains to chapters 2 and 3 of the book Essential Biology.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What charge does the subatomic particle proton have?
    • A. 

      No charge

    • B. 

      (+) positive

    • C. 

      (-) negative

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      (-) negative

    • B. 

      (+) positive

    • C. 

      No charge

  • 3. 
    What charge does the subatomic particle electron have?
    • A. 

      No charge

    • B. 

      (-) negative

    • C. 

      (+) positive

  • 4. 
    What are the subatomic particles?
  • 5. 
    Which subatomic particle is involved with forming chemical bonds?
    • A. 

      Neutron

    • B. 

      Electron

    • C. 

      Proton

  • 6. 
    What are the levels of organization of living things?
    • A. 

      Atom, Molecule, Class, Tissue, Organ, Organism, Population, Ecosystem, Bioshpere

    • B. 

      Atom, Molecule, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ system, Organism, Population, Community, Evolution

    • C. 

      Atom, Molecule, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ system, Organism, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere

    • D. 

      Atom, Cell, Tissue, Organ system, Community, Biosphere

  • 7. 
    What is the term for atoms that are electrically charged as a result of gaining or losing electrons?
  • 8. 
    Which is the reactant?Ex.A+B ---> C
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      A+C

    • D. 

      A+B

    • E. 

      C

  • 9. 
    Which is the product?Ex.A+B ---> C
    • A. 

      A+B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      B

    • E. 

      B+C

  • 10. 
    What is the process of smaller things built up to larger?Ex.A+B ---> C(Sm) (L)
    • A. 

      Catabolic

    • B. 

      Anabolic

  • 11. 
    What is the process of larger things breaking down to smaller?Ex.C ---> A+B(L) (Sm)
    • A. 

      Catabolic

    • B. 

      Anabolic

  • 12. 
    What elements make up water?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      H2O

  • 13. 
    What type of bond holds the atoms of the molecule together?
    • A. 

      Chemical bond

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bond

    • C. 

      Ionic bond

    • D. 

      Covalent bond

  • 14. 
    What are the properties of water?
    • A. 

      Cohesion, surface tension

    • B. 

      Temperature regulation, freezing properties

    • C. 

      Solvent for biochemical reactions

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    The fluids of organisms are _______ solutions.
  • 16. 
    What is the tool used to measure the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration in a solution?
    • A. 

      Acids

    • B. 

      Bases

    • C. 

      PH scale

  • 17. 
    What is the chemical compound that releases H+ to a solution?
    • A. 

      Bases

    • B. 

      Acids

    • C. 

      Buffers

  • 18. 
    What compound accepts H+ and removes it from solution?
    • A. 

      Acids

    • B. 

      Bases

    • C. 

      Buffers

  • 19. 
    What pH level makes a solution chemically neutral?
    • A. 

      Above 7

    • B. 

      Below 7

    • C. 

      7

  • 20. 
    How many bonds does carbon form?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      1

    • E. 

      3

  • 21. 
    How many bonds do hydrogen form?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      5

  • 22. 
    In correct order, what does HONC stand for?
  • 23. 
    The organic molecules that make up a cell are very large. What are they called?
  • 24. 
    What are the 4 macromolecules that make up the cell?
    • A. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

    • B. 

      Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    What are the 4 elements that are most prevalent in biology?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Carbon, proteins, oxygen, nucleic acid

    • D. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

  • 26. 
    A _____ is a long chain of repeating subunits. Also known by being large molecules made by stringing together many smaller molecules.
  • 27. 
    3 of the macromolecules are also polymers. Which 3 are they?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids

    • B. 

      Proteins, lipids, nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids

  • 28. 
    Mono means:
    • A. 

      Many

    • B. 

      One

    • C. 

      Several

  • 29. 
    Poly means:
    • A. 

      Several

    • B. 

      Many

    • C. 

      One

  • 30. 
    Oligo means:
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Many

    • C. 

      Several

  • 31. 
    What is the name for the smaller molecules that are strung together to form polymers?
  • 32. 
    If the polymer is a carbohydrate what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Monosaccharides

    • C. 

      Nucleotides

  • 33. 
    If the polymer is a protein what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharides

    • B. 

      Nucleotides

    • C. 

      Amino acids

  • 34. 
    If the polymer is a nucleic acid then what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Nucleotides

    • C. 

      Monosaccharides

  • 35. 
    What are the functional group(s) of an amino acid?
    • A. 

      Amino group

    • B. 

      Carboxyl group

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?
    • A. 

      Chemical bond

    • B. 

      Peptide bond

    • C. 

      Hydrogen bond

    • D. 

      Ionic bond

    • E. 

      Covalent bond

  • 37. 
    The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process of ________.
  • 38. 
    The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers and polymers are broken is called ______.
  • 39. 
    How many amino acids make up the proteins in the human body?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      23

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      3

    • E. 

      1

  • 40. 
    In carbohydrates what are the monosaccharides that contain 6 carbon sugars?
    • A. 

      Glyceraldehyde, dihydroxyacetone - Triose Sugars

    • B. 

      Ribose, ribulose - Pentose Sugars

    • C. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose - Hexose Sugars

  • 41. 
    Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are called homopolysaccharides because they all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats. What monosaccharide is it?
  • 42. 
    As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes _____ soluble.
    • A. 

      Less

    • B. 

      More

  • 43. 
    Almost all carbohydrates are ______, which means "water-loving".
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

  • 44. 
    In contrast to carbohydrates, lipids are ______, which means that they do not mix with water ("water-fearing").
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic