Plant Biology Review Quiz

30 Questions  I  By Somateria on January 25, 2009
This is a review quiz on general vocabulary terms for the unit on plants we are covering in science.  This quiz does not include terms associated with the anatomy of stems and roots, gymnosperms, or angiosperms.

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1.  Plants that reproduce using sporophytes.
2.  A package of genetic material that is released into the environment by a parent plant.
3.  Structures produced by some sexually reproducing plants that contain embryos and stored food and are protected by a tough, outer covering.
4.  Vascular tissue responsible for moving materials from the roots to the leaves in a plant.
5.  Part of a plant that contains all of the structures necessary for photosynthesis to occur.
6.  A type of reproduction where no new genetic material is passed from parent to offspring:  often characterized by the growth of new plant tissue from existing tissue.
7.  A type of plant containing transporting tissue. 
8.  Seeds moving by wind, water, or being attached to animals are all examples of this.
9.  A type of seed that has two cotyledons.
10.  These types of plants have two characteristics:  vascular tissue and the use of seeds to reproduce.
11.  Part of a seed that provides nutrients to a growing plant before it can photosynthesize on its own.
12.  In a seed this is a young developing plant.
13.  Small, root-like structures present on some non-vascular plants that aid in the absorption of water and nutrients from the surrounding environment.
14.  Organisms that contain cells with nuclei and other structures.
15.  Top layer of a leaf that serves as a tough, protective barrier that helps prevent water loss.
16.  The early growth stage of an embryo (seed).
17.  Reproduction that results from an egg being fertilized with sperm.
18.  Part of a plant responsible for support and positioning leaves for best exposure to the sun.
19.  Layer of a leaf that is tough and clear to allow light to pass through.
20.  A layer inside the leaf of a plant were gas exchange takes place and where some photosynthesis occurs.
21.  The layer inside of a leaf that gets the best exposure to the sun and where most photosynthesis takes place.
22.  The process by which a plant uses the energy of the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water to simple sugars (food). 
23.  Part of a leaf that contains stomata and guard cells.
24.  A type of seed with one cotyledon.
25.  A type of organism that makes its own food.
26.  The outer coating of a seed that protects the embryo inside.
27.  Vascular tissue that moves materials from leaves to the roots in a plant.
28.  Small openings in the leaf of a plant that open and close to help regulate photosynthesis.
29.  Cells that control the openings in the underside of a leaf.
30.  Also known as a "seed leaf".
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