Phlebotomy Basics

40 Questions  I  By Sumotherland
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Phlebotomy Quizzes & Trivia
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Why do we draw bood?
    • A. 

      Helps diagnose Patient illness

    • B. 

      Because we are told to do it

    • C. 

      To teach new methods


  • 2. 
    The results of the tests are only as good as the specimen quality .
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    What are the basic information REQUIRED  on a requisition form? (pt = patient)
    • A. 

      Pt name, birthdate, hosp #, pt room ,test ordered , time and date of collection , DR name

    • B. 

      Pt name,birthdate, hosp#, Dr name, billing address

    • C. 

      Pt name, birthdate, test ordered, Pt room #, diagnosis, Dr billing #


  • 4. 
    What might be on a requisiton, but not required?
    • A. 

      Pt diagnosis, pt ethnic origin, pt gender

    • B. 

      Pt diagnosis, pt gender, phlebotomis ID or name

    • C. 

      Pt symptoms, phlebotomist name and address


  • 5. 
    What is the correct INPATIENT identification process?
    • A. 

      Ask Pt name, DOB ,confirm with requisition and match pt info on ID band

    • B. 

      Great Pt with "Hi Mr Smith", match Id band and requisition form info

    • C. 

      Match Id band and requisition form only, its too stressful to talk to an inpatient


  • 6. 
    An ID band will have the Pt name , Hosp. room # and unique ID #?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    What is the correct way to ID out patients?
    • A. 

      Picture ID

    • B. 

      Ask Pt to spell name or ask birthdate , compare with requisition

    • C. 

      Get the pt to sign requisition form, so he/she is responsible for any mistakes made.


  • 8. 
    Your first priority as an MLA is-____?
    • A. 

      The collection of specimen

    • B. 

      The aseptic collection of specimen

    • C. 

      The Patient


  • 9. 
    What are some "special situations" you may encounter when getting a specimen?
    • A. 

      No ID braclet on an In patient

    • B. 

      No Id on an out patient

    • C. 

      Unconscious Pt

    • D. 

      Pt in Emergency room

    • E. 

      Sleeping Pt

    • F. 

      Pt out and about

    • G. 

      Visitor in room

    • H. 

      Pediatric

    • I. 

      Refusal

    • J. 

      Difficult or agressive


  • 10. 
    What are the methods of collecting blood ?
    • A. 

      Evacuated tube method

    • B. 

      Butterfly method

    • C. 

      Syringe method

    • D. 

      Transfusion needle method

    • E. 

      Blood leeching method

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      A B and C

    • H. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    A single sample needle is used when more than one evacuated tube is needed
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    A multi sample needed is used when more than one evacuated tube is needed
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    Needles are identified by_____?
    • A. 

      Length

    • B. 

      Guage

    • C. 

      Type of steel used

    • D. 

      Left or right handed


  • 14. 
    The higher the guage # the larger the needle?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    Adults + 20-22 guage needle, Children = 21-23 guage needle , Transfusions = 17 guage needle
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    What are the types of tourniquets used?
    • A. 

      Latex

    • B. 

      Velcro

    • C. 

      Buckle

    • D. 

      Blood pressure cuff

    • E. 

      Corded rope


  • 17. 
    What is the most common anticeptic used?
    • A. 

      70 % isopropyl iodine

    • B. 

      70 % buffered formalin

    • C. 

      70 % isopropyl alcohol

    • D. 

      100% alcohol


  • 18. 
    Why do you use an antiseptic?
    • A. 

      Cool the skin to reduce hematomas

    • B. 

      Reduce bacteria population

    • C. 

      Eliminate contamination of blood sample

    • D. 

      Protect the phlebotomist


  • 19. 
    What are the main components used in a evacuated tube method?
    • A. 

      Needle , holder, sharps container

    • B. 

      Needle , holder, vaccum tubes with rubber stoppers

    • C. 

      Needle , holder, vaccum tubes with scew caps


  • 20. 
    MLA's apply a touniquet to locate a suitable vein and asses the status of that vein
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Where do you apply a tourniquet?
    • A. 

      1-2 " above the antecubital fossa

    • B. 

      2-3 " above the antecubital fossa

    • C. 

      3-4 " above the antecubital fossa

    • D. 

      4-5 " above the antecubital fossa


  • 22. 
    How tight do you apply the tourniquet?
    • A. 

      Tight enought to reduce all blood flow to lower limb

    • B. 

      Tight enough to reduce artirial blood flow, but have no effect on venous blood flow

    • C. 

      Tight enough to reduce venous blood flow , but have no effect on artirial blood flow

    • D. 

      Tight enough to keep skin tight to prevent rolling veins


  • 23. 
    Hemolysis is ____?
    • A. 

      Distruction of red blood cells

    • B. 

      Higher than normal concentration of cellular components of blood

    • C. 

      Occurs when a hematoma is formed


  • 24. 
    Hemoconcentration is _____?
    • A. 

      Destruction of red blood cells

    • B. 

      Higher than normal concentration of cellular components of blood

    • C. 

      Occurs when a hematoma is formed


  • 25. 
    Order of Draw for a evacuated tube method?
    • A. 

      Blood cultures , coagulation studies, serum tubes heprin tubes, edta, grey

    • B. 

      Blood cultures , Edta, serum , grey , heprin, coagulation tudies

    • C. 

      Blood cultures, Green , serum, edta, grey coagulation studies


  • 26. 
    Colour of tubes in Order of Draw for a evacuated tube method?
    • A. 

      Blood culture, red, green , light blue, lavender, grey ,gold,

    • B. 

      Blood cultures, light blue, heprin , grey, gold, red, lavender

    • C. 

      Blood cultures,light blue,red, gold, green , lavender, grey


  • 27. 
    Order of draw for syringe method with vaccum tube.
    • A. 

      Sterile, light blue, lavender, green, gold, grey ,red

    • B. 

      Sterile, lavender, green, grey ,red ,gold, light blue

    • C. 

      Sterile, green, lavender, light blue, grey, red , gold


  • 28. 
    Order of draw for a Pt needing the following tests PT, CBC, and culture for bacteria. using the evacuated tube method.
    • A. 

      Sterile, light blue ,lavender

    • B. 

      Light blue, lavender, green

    • C. 

      Sterile, green, lavender


  • 29. 
    What is the correct order for site selection ?
    • A. 

      Arms, foot/ankle, wrist / hand, skin punctures

    • B. 

      Arms , wrist / hands, foot/ankle , skin puncture

    • C. 

      Wrist/hand, arm, foot/ankle, skin puncture


  • 30. 
    You can't use the arms as a collection site if the Pt has/is ____?
    • A. 

      I.V in both arms

    • B. 

      Mastectomy

    • C. 

      Edema or hematoma

    • D. 

      Cannula or fustula

    • E. 

      Burns or scarring


  • 31. 
    What is the order of choice for the veins used in the antecubital fossa of the arm?
    • A. 

      Cephalic, basilic, median cubital

    • B. 

      Basilic , median cubital, cephalic

    • C. 

      Median cubital, cephalic, basilic


  • 32. 
    What is a Luer adapter?
    • A. 

      Device that connect the needle to the blood collection container

    • B. 

      Device that connects the blood collection container to the arm

    • C. 

      Device that attaches to the needle before the butterfly tubing


  • 33. 
    When do you use a butterfly method?
    • A. 

      Cancer/ renal dialysis pt

    • B. 

      Difficult veins

    • C. 

      Difficult pt

    • D. 

      Children

    • E. 

      When needing a clotted sample


  • 34. 
    Green tubes contain ? and tests are ?
    • A. 

      Lithium heprin, electrolyes, BUN

    • B. 

      Lithium heprin, coagulation studies ie CBC

    • C. 

      EDTA, blood cultures

    • D. 

      Soduim citrate , PT PTT


  • 35. 
    Lavender tubes contain _____? and are used for _____tests?
    • A. 

      Lithium Heprin, CBC

    • B. 

      EDTA, BUN, Blood cultures

    • C. 

      EDTA, CBC WBC,ESR

    • D. 

      Sodium citrate, PT, PTT


  • 36. 
    Gold Tubes contain ___? and are used for ___tests
    • A. 

      SST , clot activators ie glass particles, serum chemistry tests

    • B. 

      SST , blood alcohol levels, glucose

    • C. 

      No preservatives, serology tests


  • 37. 
    Light Blue tubes contain____? and are used for ___tests?
    • A. 

      Lithium heprin, BUN , basic chemistry

    • B. 

      Sodium citrate, PT PTT

    • C. 

      SST and Clot activators, serum chemistry test


  • 38. 
    Red tubes contain_____? and are used for ___tests
    • A. 

      Sterile tubes, culture for bacteria

    • B. 

      No preservatives, blood typing, serology

    • C. 

      Sodium floride, glucose test, blood alcohol


  • 39. 
    Grey Tubes contain ____? and are used for ___tests?
    • A. 

      Sodium citrate, Pt,PTT

    • B. 

      Sodium heprin, Bun, electrolyes

    • C. 

      Sodium floride, blood alcohol levels, glucose


  • 40. 
    You must invert a light blue tube ____ times after collection?
    • A. 

      2-5

    • B. 

      5-8

    • C. 

      8-10


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