Pharm - Antihypertensives

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1.  Preload is....?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Baroreflexes and the Renin-Angiotension-Aldosterone System function in the short-term control of blood pressure
A.
B.
3.  Acebutolol (Sectral), Betaxolol (Kerlone) and Nebivolol (Bystolic) are which class of drug?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Direct Vasodilators are reserved for urgent to emergent HTN
A.
B.
5.  Which of the following is true about Valsartan (Diovan)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following are least likely to cause HTN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following statistics about HTN is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Pt presents with HTN and PMH of AV Block and Sick Sinus Syndrome. Which of the following drugs are contraindicated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following is not true about Hydralazine (Apresoline)
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Amlodipine (Norvasc) is indicated for Unstable angina.
A.
B.
11.  A patient taking Verapamil (Calan), Cimetadine (Tagamet) or Sildenafil (Viagra) should take precautions when taking which of the following medications?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is Diltiazem (Cardizem)  least likely to have a significant interaction with?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.   28 y/o female presents with HTN and CHF. ROS reveals essential tremor and performance anxiety but no history of respiratory problems or depression. The patient is a newlywed and is currently taking Hydochlorothiazide and Methyldopa(Aldomet). Which of the following drugs may be a better choice.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Non-dyhydropyridine Calcium Channel Blockers include which of the following drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following drugs should not be prescribed to pregnant women?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  35 y/o african american female presents with HTN. Past medical history shows hepatic disease and anemia but no history of gout or diabetes. Has two children and no FH of premature HTN. You recommend them Oral Fe supplements and order liver function tests. Which of the following methods is best to treat their HTN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Increasing dosage   of Hydrochlorothiazide is the best method to help patients with increased need for Blood pressure control
A.
B.
18.  Which of the following has a high side effect profile and ceiling effect
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following prescriptions would be appropriate HTN dosing for Diltiazem (Cardizem)
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following drugs is a Selective Renin Inhibitor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  ACE Inhibitors are the Drugs of choice for patients with both HTN and CHF
A.
B.
22.  35 y/o male HTN patient presents for follow up. PE reveals gynecomastia and peripheral edema. Which drug is the patient most likely to have been taking?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following presentations is not consistent with a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Candesartan (Atacand), Losartan (Cozaar), Olmesartan (Benicar) and Valsartan (Diovan)  belong to which class of drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following drugs inhibit Calcium influx into vascular smooth muscle and cardiac myocites
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Amlodipine (Norvasc), Nicardipine (Cardene), Nisoldipine (Sular) and Clevidipine (Cleviprex) are in which class of drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following is true about vasodilators
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following describes Hydrochlorothiazide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Before administering Doxazosin (Cardura) it is necessary to rule out Prostate Cancer for your differential diagnosis.
A.
B.
30.  Which of the following HTN medications would be indicated post MI
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Angiotension II receptor Blockers prohibit the conversion of Angiotension-1 to Angiotension-2
A.
B.
32.  40 y/o male presents with HTN and chonic headaches. convenient tx would include which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following would not be a risk factor for  developing Cardiovascular Disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following effects are not consistent with an increase in Angiotension-II levels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A 35 y/o female presents with HTN, no H/O  diabetes or gout. Has one child delivered by c-section and is currently on Birth control and Dofetilide. All labs were normal and Physical exam was unremarkable. Patient has no allergies. Which of the following medications are contraindicated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Patients taking Verapamil (Calan) should be aware of its increased side effect profile and its negative inotropic effects
A.
B.
37.  Which of the following drugs may cause orthodstatic hypotension on the first dose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A newly wed 25 y/o male presents with HTN. Which of the following drugs may prevent him from being able to have children?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A patient may experience rebound HTN if they abruptly stop using which of the following drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Increased blood pressure causes damage to the brain, heart and kidneys
A.
B.
41.  A patient has recently developed HTN. Which of the following treatments are most appropriate at this stage of Tx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following drugs have an adverse effect of orthostatic hypotension or hypotentinsion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  According to the Frank-Starling Law, as preload increases the stroke volume decreases
A.
B.
44.  Moexipril (Univasc), Perindopril (Aceon), Quinapril (Accupril) and Trandolapril (Mavik) belong to which class of drugs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  A patient presents with HTN and  BPH. Is currently on no other medications and has no known allergies. No past history of gout or diabetes and all labs are normal. which of the following drugs will be the most useful in treatment of this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  20 y/o female presents with HTN. has no past history of gout or diabetes and is currently on no other drugs. Family history reveals HTN in mother before 65 and father before 55. All labs are normal, pregnancy test is positive. Physical exam is unremarkable. Pt. has no known allergies and is a non smoker. Which of the following drugs would be the recommended treatment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the following drugs have renal protective effects in patients with diabetes and slows progression of LVH post MI?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Guanafacine(Tenex), Clonidine (Catapres), Guanabenz (Wytensin), Methyldopa (Aldomet) belong to which class of drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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