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P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1
P20(A)

  
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1.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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