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P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1
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1.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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