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P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1
P20(A)

  
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1.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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