P20(a)

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1.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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