P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1

  
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1.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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