P20(a)

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1.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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