P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1 on March 28, 2013

  

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1.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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