P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1

  
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1.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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