P20(a)

55 Questions  I  By 1student1

  
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1.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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