P20(a)

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Blood Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The visceral peritoneum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The early stage of vomiting causes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What does the defecation reflex require?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What is the definition of achalasia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What does esophageal atresia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following applies to cleft palate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Oral candidiasis is considered to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What does the term periodontitis refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  What is a common cause of hiatal hernia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What does the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis include?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is a common cause of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following individuals is likely to develop acute gastritis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What does congenital pyloric stenosis involve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A patient with acquired pyloric stenosis would likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The pathophysiology of peptic ulcer disease may involve any of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following would a perforated gastric ulcer likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What is frequently the first manifestation of stress ulcers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.   Following gastric resection, the onset of nausea, cramps, and dizziness immediately after meals indicates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which of the following is/are (a) manifestation(s) of hemolytic jaundice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Predisposing factors to cholelithiasis include excessive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following describes the supply of bile following a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following applies to hepatitis A infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What can be concluded if the hepatitis B antigen level remains high in the serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What causes elevated serum levels of AST and ALT during the preicteric stage of hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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